6

Complete the LPC Questionnaire
Total your scores
Interpretation (next)
7

If your score is 57 or below = low LPC, which
suggests you are task motivated
If your score is within the range or 58 –...
Leader-member relations:





Group atmosphere: degree of confidence, loyalty,
and attraction that followers feel for th...
Task Structure:





Is the degree to which the requirements of a task are
clear and spelled out.



Tasks that are com...
Position Power:





Is the amount of authority a leader has to reward
or to punish followers.



It includes legitimat...
Effective leadership is contingent on
matching a leader’s style to the right
setting.
Contingency theory posits that certa...
Reasoning for why leaders who are working
in the “wrong” situation are ineffective:
a) A leader whose LPC style does not
m...


Obstacles are an integral part of our lives.
Leaders must help others overcome these
obstacles.
o Leaders need to first...


Path-goal leadership addresses the way
leaders can assist others in overcoming
obstacles that hinder productivity.
o

L...








It is not uncommon for individuals to be
unclear or confused about their goals.
Sometimes the goal is unknown,...







Ineffective performance results from unclear
directions from leaders.
Directions that are vague, confusing, ram...




Hundreds of articles have been written in an
attempt to explain human motivation.
Path-goal leadership incorporates ...


Solution: Give relevant support.



Let people know that they are competent.



Make sure the outcome people expect f...


When the task is unstructured, ambiguous, or
complex, it creates an obstacle for individuals.



Some may feel overwhe...




When the task is complex the leader needs
to be directive and clarify the path to the
goal.
Directive leaders give o...


When the task is unstructured, ambiguous, or
complex, it creates an obstacle for individuals.



Some may feel overwhe...


Solution: Give support and nurturance
o

It is important for leaders to use a supportive
style—It provides what is miss...


Having a “voice” in what happens is very
important to people.
o
o



People want to “fit in.”
By expressing their thou...




Some people do not work well because they do not
feel challenged by what they are doing.
o Without challenge, people...


Challenges and difficulties will always be
present for people in the workplace.



Effective leaders help individuals ...
MSMC BUS 3180 Topic 5 contingency theory ppt lecture 2.25.2014
MSMC BUS 3180 Topic 5 contingency theory ppt lecture 2.25.2014
MSMC BUS 3180 Topic 5 contingency theory ppt lecture 2.25.2014
MSMC BUS 3180 Topic 5 contingency theory ppt lecture 2.25.2014
MSMC BUS 3180 Topic 5 contingency theory ppt lecture 2.25.2014
MSMC BUS 3180 Topic 5 contingency theory ppt lecture 2.25.2014
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MSMC BUS 3180 Topic 5 contingency theory ppt lecture 2.25.2014

  1. 1. 6 Complete the LPC Questionnaire Total your scores Interpretation (next)
  2. 2. 7 If your score is 57 or below = low LPC, which suggests you are task motivated If your score is within the range or 58 – 63, you are middle LPC, which means you are independent If you score is 64 or above = high LPC, which suggests you are relationship motivated
  3. 3. Leader-member relations:   Group atmosphere: degree of confidence, loyalty, and attraction that followers feel for their leader.  If the group atmosphere is positive and subordinates trust, like, and get along with their leader, the leader-member relations are good.  On the other hand, if the atmosphere is unfriendly and friction exists within the group, the leadermember relations are defined as poor. 8
  4. 4. Task Structure:   Is the degree to which the requirements of a task are clear and spelled out.  Tasks that are completely structured lend to give more control to the leader, whereas vague and unclear tasks lessen the leader’s control and influence.  A Task is considered structured when a) The requirements of the task are clearly stated and known by the people required to perform them, b) The path to accomplishing the task has few alternatives, c) Completion of the task can be clearly demonstrated, and d) Only a limited number of correct solutions to the task exist. 9
  5. 5. Position Power:   Is the amount of authority a leader has to reward or to punish followers.  It includes legitimate power individuals acquire as a result of the position they hold in an organization.  Position power is strong if a person has the authority to hire and fire or give raises in rank or pay; it is weak if a person does not have the authority to do these things. 10
  6. 6. Effective leadership is contingent on matching a leader’s style to the right setting. Contingency theory posits that certain styles are effective in certain situations. 11
  7. 7. Reasoning for why leaders who are working in the “wrong” situation are ineffective: a) A leader whose LPC style does not match a particular situation experiences stress and anxiety. b) Under stress, the leader reverts to less mature ways of coping that were learned in early development, c) The leader’s less mature coping style results in poor decision making, which results in negative work outcomes. 12
  8. 8.  Obstacles are an integral part of our lives. Leaders must help others overcome these obstacles. o Leaders need to first figure out what the problems are and then determine how best to solve them. o If a leader does this, employees will be more motivated, productive, and satisfied with their work. o 14
  9. 9.  Path-goal leadership addresses the way leaders can assist others in overcoming obstacles that hinder productivity. o Leaders need to choose a style that best fits the needs of individuals & the work they do. o Leaders should help individuals define the goals & paths to reaching these goals. 15
  10. 10.     It is not uncommon for individuals to be unclear or confused about their goals. Sometimes the goal is unknown, obscure, or hidden among competing goals. When goals are not apparent, people are less likely to be successful. Leaders need to make goals clear. If goal is vague → Clarify it o If goal is embedded among other goals → Identify it o 16
  11. 11.     Ineffective performance results from unclear directions from leaders. Directions that are vague, confusing, rambling, imprecise, or incomplete can have a debilitating effect on individuals. o People lose the capacity to move forward o Group members feel lost; they do not know how to reach their goal Leaders must define the path to the goal. Individuals vary in their need for direction. 17
  12. 12.   Hundreds of articles have been written in an attempt to explain human motivation. Path-goal leadership incorporates expectancy theory as a way to motivate others. o Expectancy Theory suggests people will be more motivated when the effort they put into a task leads to an expected outcome that they value. o This occurs when individuals:  feel competent  get what they expect  value what they do 18
  13. 13.  Solution: Give relevant support.  Let people know that they are competent.  Make sure the outcome people expect from their effort is achievable and will likely occur.  Help others see the value in their work performance through monetary rewards, positive personal feedback, or special achievement awards. 19
  14. 14.  When the task is unstructured, ambiguous, or complex, it creates an obstacle for individuals.  Some may feel overwhelmed in these situations.  When leaders simplify complex tasks, it helps others feel more competent about their work. 20
  15. 15.   When the task is complex the leader needs to be directive and clarify the path to the goal. Directive leaders give others instruction, including: o o o o What is expected of them How it is to be done Timeline for when it should be completed Setting clear performance standards 21
  16. 16.  When the task is unstructured, ambiguous, or complex, it creates an obstacle for individuals.  Some may feel overwhelmed in these situations.  When leaders simplify complex tasks, it helps others feel more competent about their work . 22
  17. 17.  Solution: Give support and nurturance o It is important for leaders to use a supportive style—It provides what is missing by giving nurturance when group members are engaged in boring tasks. o Social support can take a variety of forms and it shows care for the well-being of the worker. 23
  18. 18.  Having a “voice” in what happens is very important to people. o o  People want to “fit in.” By expressing their thoughts & opinions, individuals feel like they are making a contribution to the group. Leaders should use a participative style to address the issue of low involvement. o Leaders invite others to share in the ways and means of getting things done. They create a climate that is open to new and diverse opinions. 24
  19. 19.   Some people do not work well because they do not feel challenged by what they are doing. o Without challenge, people find work uninteresting. o As a result, they work less or quit & find something more challenging. Leaders should adopt an achievement-oriented style of leadership. o Challenge individuals to perform at the highest level. o Set standards of excellence & challenge others to meet them. 25
  20. 20.  Challenges and difficulties will always be present for people in the workplace.  Effective leaders help individuals define their goals and the paths they wish to take to meet those goals.  Four leadership styles can be used to help people overcome obstacles: directive, supportive, participative, and achievement oriented. 26

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