SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 12
People and groups that influence our self-
concept, emotions, attitudes, and behavior
Agents of socialization prepare us for our
place in society
The most important socializing agent
Studies show that warm, supportive
moderately restrictive family environments
usually produce happy-well behaving
children
Cold, rigid, and overly restrictive families
tend to cause kids to be rebellious,
resentful and insecure
Lower-class families tend to be more
authoritarian and strict than middle-class
families
• Parents tend to train children to respect and obey
parental authority
Middle class parents are more permissive
and lenient, emphasizing the value of
independence
• More child centered and sensitive to the child’s
feelings
Some neighborhoods are better for
children than others
research shows that children from poor
neighborhoods are more likely to get in
trouble with the law, get pregnant, drop out
of school or end up disadvantaged
Religion plays a major role in socialization
Religious especially influences morality but
also ideas about dress, speech, and
manners that are appropriate
One of the first tasks at school is to learn to
fit in by getting along with others
• School provides children with their first training in
how to behave
School contribute to uniformity
• Expected to both help children develop their
potential and mold them into social conformity
• The hidden curriculum- trains students to be
patriotic, to believe in their country’s cultural values
and obey its laws
Teaches it’s members several things:
• Independent of adult authority
 Create distinct subcultures with own values, jargon,
music, dress, and heroes
• Social skills and group loyalty
• The value of friendship and companionship
• Can also teach members to disobey authorities
Research by Patricia and Peter Adler
demonstrates how peer groups influence
behavior
• For boys, norms that make them popular are:
athletic ability, coolness, and toughness
• For girls, norms are: family background, physical
appearance, and the ability to attract boys
• Its almost impossible to go against peer
groups; children who do become labeled
as outsiders, nonmembers or outcasts.
Sports- teaching social skills and values
Workplace- learn a set of skills and a
perspective on the world
• What does a woman who has just become
a nun have in common with a man who
has just divorced?
• Resocialization is the process of learning
new norms, values, attitudes, and
behaviors to match new situations in life
– Occurs each time we learn something that is
contrary to our previous experiences, such as
going to work in a new job
• Erving Goffman coined the term to refer to a place
where people are cut off from the rest of society
and are under almost total control of agents of the
institution
– boot camp, prisons, concentration camps, convents, some
religious cults and some boarding schools
• A person entering the institution is greeted with a
degradation ceremony through which current
identity is stripped away and replaced
• Total institutions are effective b/c they isolate
people from outside influences and information

More Related Content

Similar to Influences on Self-Concept & Behavior

Family Communication Lecture Family Communication Lecture
Family Communication Lecture Family Communication LectureFamily Communication Lecture Family Communication Lecture
Family Communication Lecture Family Communication LectureTrackerCrazy
 
Week 14 Peer Relationships - Gender Identity
Week 14 Peer Relationships - Gender IdentityWeek 14 Peer Relationships - Gender Identity
Week 14 Peer Relationships - Gender IdentityBrenna Hassinger-Das
 
Socialization part 2 ss
Socialization part 2 ssSocialization part 2 ss
Socialization part 2 ssMrAguiar
 
CONCEPT OF VALUES.pptx
CONCEPT OF VALUES.pptxCONCEPT OF VALUES.pptx
CONCEPT OF VALUES.pptxImranUllah81
 
Preventing School Bullying
Preventing School BullyingPreventing School Bullying
Preventing School BullyingEDITHA HONRADEZ
 
Development in infancy and childhood 1 (1)
Development in infancy and childhood 1 (1)Development in infancy and childhood 1 (1)
Development in infancy and childhood 1 (1)Haseeb Tanveer
 
Family Structures and Legacies
Family Structures and LegaciesFamily Structures and Legacies
Family Structures and LegaciesMaryjoydailo
 
Changes during late and middle adolescence ( Challenges faced by adolescent) ...
Changes during late and middle adolescence ( Challenges faced by adolescent) ...Changes during late and middle adolescence ( Challenges faced by adolescent) ...
Changes during late and middle adolescence ( Challenges faced by adolescent) ...Nicole Angelique Pangilinan
 
My first Newsletter - CDA Class 2012
My first Newsletter - CDA Class 2012My first Newsletter - CDA Class 2012
My first Newsletter - CDA Class 2012kambranichols
 
Introduction of Motivation in psychology
Introduction of Motivation in psychology Introduction of Motivation in psychology
Introduction of Motivation in psychology AqsaHayat3
 
Socialisation definition and types
Socialisation definition and typesSocialisation definition and types
Socialisation definition and typesPavithraM75
 
6.attitude sfs.pptx
6.attitude sfs.pptx6.attitude sfs.pptx
6.attitude sfs.pptxRitukumar47
 
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power PointSociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power PointMrTimBradley
 
Sociology unit4socialinstitutionspowerpoint-140425093714-phpapp02
Sociology unit4socialinstitutionspowerpoint-140425093714-phpapp02Sociology unit4socialinstitutionspowerpoint-140425093714-phpapp02
Sociology unit4socialinstitutionspowerpoint-140425093714-phpapp02Cleophas Rwemera
 
Milestones of development middle years
Milestones of development  middle yearsMilestones of development  middle years
Milestones of development middle yearsPramila Kudva
 
childhood-socialization.pptx
childhood-socialization.pptxchildhood-socialization.pptx
childhood-socialization.pptxAnamikaShakya4
 
Module_Adulting_101.pptx
Module_Adulting_101.pptxModule_Adulting_101.pptx
Module_Adulting_101.pptxMarlonNolong
 
Social and Emotional Development
Social and Emotional DevelopmentSocial and Emotional Development
Social and Emotional DevelopmentRobert Saculles
 

Similar to Influences on Self-Concept & Behavior (20)

Family Communication Lecture Family Communication Lecture
Family Communication Lecture Family Communication LectureFamily Communication Lecture Family Communication Lecture
Family Communication Lecture Family Communication Lecture
 
Week 14 Peer Relationships - Gender Identity
Week 14 Peer Relationships - Gender IdentityWeek 14 Peer Relationships - Gender Identity
Week 14 Peer Relationships - Gender Identity
 
Socialization part 2 ss
Socialization part 2 ssSocialization part 2 ss
Socialization part 2 ss
 
Chapter8 PP HDEV MJC
Chapter8 PP HDEV MJCChapter8 PP HDEV MJC
Chapter8 PP HDEV MJC
 
CONCEPT OF VALUES.pptx
CONCEPT OF VALUES.pptxCONCEPT OF VALUES.pptx
CONCEPT OF VALUES.pptx
 
Preventing School Bullying
Preventing School BullyingPreventing School Bullying
Preventing School Bullying
 
Development in infancy and childhood 1 (1)
Development in infancy and childhood 1 (1)Development in infancy and childhood 1 (1)
Development in infancy and childhood 1 (1)
 
Family Structures and Legacies
Family Structures and LegaciesFamily Structures and Legacies
Family Structures and Legacies
 
Changes during late and middle adolescence ( Challenges faced by adolescent) ...
Changes during late and middle adolescence ( Challenges faced by adolescent) ...Changes during late and middle adolescence ( Challenges faced by adolescent) ...
Changes during late and middle adolescence ( Challenges faced by adolescent) ...
 
My first Newsletter - CDA Class 2012
My first Newsletter - CDA Class 2012My first Newsletter - CDA Class 2012
My first Newsletter - CDA Class 2012
 
Introduction of Motivation in psychology
Introduction of Motivation in psychology Introduction of Motivation in psychology
Introduction of Motivation in psychology
 
Unit-I (C).ppt
Unit-I (C).pptUnit-I (C).ppt
Unit-I (C).ppt
 
Socialisation definition and types
Socialisation definition and typesSocialisation definition and types
Socialisation definition and types
 
6.attitude sfs.pptx
6.attitude sfs.pptx6.attitude sfs.pptx
6.attitude sfs.pptx
 
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power PointSociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
Sociology Unit 4 Social Institutions Power Point
 
Sociology unit4socialinstitutionspowerpoint-140425093714-phpapp02
Sociology unit4socialinstitutionspowerpoint-140425093714-phpapp02Sociology unit4socialinstitutionspowerpoint-140425093714-phpapp02
Sociology unit4socialinstitutionspowerpoint-140425093714-phpapp02
 
Milestones of development middle years
Milestones of development  middle yearsMilestones of development  middle years
Milestones of development middle years
 
childhood-socialization.pptx
childhood-socialization.pptxchildhood-socialization.pptx
childhood-socialization.pptx
 
Module_Adulting_101.pptx
Module_Adulting_101.pptxModule_Adulting_101.pptx
Module_Adulting_101.pptx
 
Social and Emotional Development
Social and Emotional DevelopmentSocial and Emotional Development
Social and Emotional Development
 

More from MERLINDAELCANO3

ap10-isyu at hamong panlipunanan-converted.pptx
ap10-isyu at hamong panlipunanan-converted.pptxap10-isyu at hamong panlipunanan-converted.pptx
ap10-isyu at hamong panlipunanan-converted.pptxMERLINDAELCANO3
 
ap10genderatsekwaslidad-171027043918 (1)-converted.pptx
ap10genderatsekwaslidad-171027043918 (1)-converted.pptxap10genderatsekwaslidad-171027043918 (1)-converted.pptx
ap10genderatsekwaslidad-171027043918 (1)-converted.pptxMERLINDAELCANO3
 
371843625-Politikal-Na-Pakikilahok.pptx
371843625-Politikal-Na-Pakikilahok.pptx371843625-Politikal-Na-Pakikilahok.pptx
371843625-Politikal-Na-Pakikilahok.pptxMERLINDAELCANO3
 
2-agents-of-socialization.ppt
2-agents-of-socialization.ppt2-agents-of-socialization.ppt
2-agents-of-socialization.pptMERLINDAELCANO3
 
LEARNERS-PROGRESS-CHART.doc
LEARNERS-PROGRESS-CHART.docLEARNERS-PROGRESS-CHART.doc
LEARNERS-PROGRESS-CHART.docMERLINDAELCANO3
 

More from MERLINDAELCANO3 (8)

Globalisasyon.pptx
Globalisasyon.pptxGlobalisasyon.pptx
Globalisasyon.pptx
 
gender (2).pptx
gender (2).pptxgender (2).pptx
gender (2).pptx
 
ap10-isyu at hamong panlipunanan-converted.pptx
ap10-isyu at hamong panlipunanan-converted.pptxap10-isyu at hamong panlipunanan-converted.pptx
ap10-isyu at hamong panlipunanan-converted.pptx
 
ap10genderatsekwaslidad-171027043918 (1)-converted.pptx
ap10genderatsekwaslidad-171027043918 (1)-converted.pptxap10genderatsekwaslidad-171027043918 (1)-converted.pptx
ap10genderatsekwaslidad-171027043918 (1)-converted.pptx
 
AP10-CORRUPTION.pptx
AP10-CORRUPTION.pptxAP10-CORRUPTION.pptx
AP10-CORRUPTION.pptx
 
371843625-Politikal-Na-Pakikilahok.pptx
371843625-Politikal-Na-Pakikilahok.pptx371843625-Politikal-Na-Pakikilahok.pptx
371843625-Politikal-Na-Pakikilahok.pptx
 
2-agents-of-socialization.ppt
2-agents-of-socialization.ppt2-agents-of-socialization.ppt
2-agents-of-socialization.ppt
 
LEARNERS-PROGRESS-CHART.doc
LEARNERS-PROGRESS-CHART.docLEARNERS-PROGRESS-CHART.doc
LEARNERS-PROGRESS-CHART.doc
 

Recently uploaded

How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designKeynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designMIPLM
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfJemuel Francisco
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptxmary850239
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)lakshayb543
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...JojoEDelaCruz
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptxJonalynLegaspi2
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Seán Kennedy
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxlancelewisportillo
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationdeepaannamalai16
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Mark Reed
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxHumphrey A Beña
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfTechSoup
 
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17Celine George
 
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptxProduction of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptxAnupkumar Sharma
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptxmary850239
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
How to Add Barcode on PDF Report in Odoo 17
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-designKeynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
Keynote by Prof. Wurzer at Nordex about IP-design
 
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdfGrade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
Grade 9 Quarter 4 Dll Grade 9 Quarter 4 DLL.pdf
 
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
4.18.24 Movement Legacies, Reflection, and Review.pptx
 
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
Visit to a blind student's school🧑‍🦯🧑‍🦯(community medicine)
 
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptxINCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION PRACTICES FOR TEACHERS AND TRAINERS.pptx
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
 
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxFINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
FINALS_OF_LEFT_ON_C'N_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptxweek 1 cookery 8  fourth  -  quarter .pptx
week 1 cookery 8 fourth - quarter .pptx
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
Student Profile Sample - We help schools to connect the data they have, with ...
 
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptxQ4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
Q4-PPT-Music9_Lesson-1-Romantic-Opera.pptx
 
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentationCongestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
Congestive Cardiac Failure..presentation
 
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
Influencing policy (training slides from Fast Track Impact)
 
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptxINTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
INTRODUCTION TO CATHOLIC CHRISTOLOGY.pptx
 
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdfInclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
Inclusivity Essentials_ Creating Accessible Websites for Nonprofits .pdf
 
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
How to Manage Engineering to Order in Odoo 17
 
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptxProduction of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
Production of Monoclonal Antibodies by Hybridoma Technology.pptx
 
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
4.16.24 21st Century Movements for Black Lives.pptx
 

Influences on Self-Concept & Behavior

  • 1.
  • 2. People and groups that influence our self- concept, emotions, attitudes, and behavior Agents of socialization prepare us for our place in society
  • 3. The most important socializing agent Studies show that warm, supportive moderately restrictive family environments usually produce happy-well behaving children Cold, rigid, and overly restrictive families tend to cause kids to be rebellious, resentful and insecure
  • 4. Lower-class families tend to be more authoritarian and strict than middle-class families • Parents tend to train children to respect and obey parental authority Middle class parents are more permissive and lenient, emphasizing the value of independence • More child centered and sensitive to the child’s feelings
  • 5. Some neighborhoods are better for children than others research shows that children from poor neighborhoods are more likely to get in trouble with the law, get pregnant, drop out of school or end up disadvantaged
  • 6. Religion plays a major role in socialization Religious especially influences morality but also ideas about dress, speech, and manners that are appropriate
  • 7. One of the first tasks at school is to learn to fit in by getting along with others • School provides children with their first training in how to behave School contribute to uniformity • Expected to both help children develop their potential and mold them into social conformity • The hidden curriculum- trains students to be patriotic, to believe in their country’s cultural values and obey its laws
  • 8. Teaches it’s members several things: • Independent of adult authority  Create distinct subcultures with own values, jargon, music, dress, and heroes • Social skills and group loyalty • The value of friendship and companionship • Can also teach members to disobey authorities
  • 9. Research by Patricia and Peter Adler demonstrates how peer groups influence behavior • For boys, norms that make them popular are: athletic ability, coolness, and toughness • For girls, norms are: family background, physical appearance, and the ability to attract boys • Its almost impossible to go against peer groups; children who do become labeled as outsiders, nonmembers or outcasts.
  • 10. Sports- teaching social skills and values Workplace- learn a set of skills and a perspective on the world
  • 11. • What does a woman who has just become a nun have in common with a man who has just divorced? • Resocialization is the process of learning new norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors to match new situations in life – Occurs each time we learn something that is contrary to our previous experiences, such as going to work in a new job
  • 12. • Erving Goffman coined the term to refer to a place where people are cut off from the rest of society and are under almost total control of agents of the institution – boot camp, prisons, concentration camps, convents, some religious cults and some boarding schools • A person entering the institution is greeted with a degradation ceremony through which current identity is stripped away and replaced • Total institutions are effective b/c they isolate people from outside influences and information