PC Assembly,Troubleshooting &   Networking
Part IIntroduction
Parts of Computer► Motherboard► CPU► Memory► Video Card► Power Supply► Hard Disk► CD/DVD Rom Drive► IDE Cable
Motherboard- A motherboard is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern...
Motherboard Design
Microprocessor►Amicroprocessor -- also known as aCPU or central processing unit -- is acomplete computation engine that is...
Microprocessor Design
Memory►Memory-     is technically any form of electronic storage, it is used most often to identify fast, temporary forms ...
Video Card►A  video card, (also referred to as a graphics accelerator card, display adapter, graphics card, and numerous o...
Video Card Design
Power Supply►In a personal computer (PC), the power supply is the metal box usually found in a corner of the case. The pow...
Power Supply Design
Hard Disk►Hard   Disk Drive (HDD), commonly referred to as a hard drive, hard disk or fixed disk drive, is a non- volatile...
Hard Disk Design
CD ROM►CD-ROM     (an abbreviation of "Compact Disc read-only memory") is a Compact Disc that contains data accessible by ...
CD ROM Design
IDE Cable► Thiscable will work fine in two-drive configurations, but there is a drawback: its suboptimal for one-drive ins...
IDE Cable Design
SATA Cable Design
Part II►PC   ASSEMBLY
Processor Physical Installation             Procedure► Determine  Socket Type► Orient Processor To Socket► Open ZIF Socket...
Heat sink Installation Procedure► Attach Fan to Heat Sink► Apply Heat Sink Compound► Attach Heat Sink
Memory Physical Installation            Procedure►   1. Identify Installation Socket►   2. Orient Module►   3. Insert Modu...
Installing a Desktop PC Motherboard► 1.   The first step will be to open the case up
2. Optional) Remove the Motherboard Tray
3. Replace the ATX Connector            Plate
4. Determine Motherboard    Mounting Location
5. Install the Motherboard         Standoffs
6. Fasten the Motherboard
7. Attach ATX Control Wires
8. Connect the ATX Power       Connector
9. (Optional) Replace the    Motherboard Tray
10. Install Any Port Headers
PART III►OPERATING  SYSTEMINSTALLATION
OPERATING SYSTEM INSTALLATION         PROCEDURE► Turn on the power of your computer► Press delete/F2 to enter the CMOS Set...
OPERATING SYSTEM INSTALLATION         PROCEDURE► Press F8 to Agree► Press Enter to Continue Install Win XP► Press “C” to C...
Part IV       PCTROUBLESHOOTING
Troubleshooting Tips (1) Trial-and-error (2) "Its the cable, s-----.“ (3) Dont be frustrated! (4) Take notes! (5) Tak...
Troubleshooting Tips for New              Monitors1.   The picture does not appear2.   The Screen is not synchronized3.   ...
Troubleshooting Tips for a New        Motherboard► System  has no power at all. Power  light does not illuminate, fan insi...
Troubleshooting Tips for a New         Motherboard► System does    not boot from hard disk drive,  can be booted from flop...
Troubleshooting Tips for a New        Motherboard► Screen  message says "Invalid  Configuration" or "CMOS Failure."► Scree...
Troubleshooting Tips for a New        Motherboard► Screen  goes blank periodically.► Keyboard failure► No color on screen....
Troubleshooting Tips for a New        Motherboard► Missing   operating system on hard  drive.► Certain keys do not functio...
Trouble Shooting Tips after   Installing a New Video Card► Check  that the card is seated properly in its  expansion slot....
Basic Troubleshooting Tips after Installing a New Hard Drive► Verify compatibility► Check  all cards► Check all connectors...
Additional Tips for HDDAfter you install your new drive, your computer will not boot, and no error message appears on the...
Additional Tips for HDD The system hangs in FDISK or fails to create or  save the partition record. The system error mes...
Basic Troubleshooting Tips after   Installing a New Memory1. No Display, 3 short beep2. computer always hang during   the ...
PART V►PC   MAINTENANCE
PC Maintenance•   you use your computer more than a few hours per    day, we suggest you not to turn off your computer    ...
PC Maintenance• If your area experiences a few times of  power outage per year, it is necessary to  use a UPS. Sudden powe...
PC Maintenance•   Use your hand to touch and feel the cover    of your computer at least once a week. The    cover should ...
PART VI►Computer   Networking
TOOLS IN NETWORKING► RJ-45► Twisted pair cable► Crimp tool► Ethernet hub► router► Network Adapter Card (NIC)
RJ 45► Eight-conductor data cable contains 4 pairs of wires. Each pair consists of a solid (or predominantly) colored wire...
Twisted Pair Cable► Twisted  pair cabling is a form of wiring in which two conductors are wound together for the purposes ...
Crimp Tool► crimpsRJ45 modular plugs. Simply place the plug with the cable in the crimp tool and squeeze the grips togethe...
Ethernet Hub► An Ethernet hub or concentrator is a device for connecting multiple twisted pair or fiber optic Ethernet dev...
Router►A router is a device that determines the proper path for data to travel between different networks, and forwards da...
Router
Router Connection
Wiring Diagrams for StraightThrough, Cross Over and Y cables
Straight ThroughStraight Through Cable   Color Code  Pin 1                    white orange  Pin 2                    orang...
Cross OverCross Over Cable    Color Code Pin 1               white green Pin 2               green Pin 3               whi...
Y cables           white orangePin 1Pin 2           orangePin 3           white greenPin 6           greenPin 1     bluePi...
Connecting 2 Computers using LAN► Connectthe cable to the LAN Card and the other end to Ethernet Hub.
Click the control panel
Click Network Connection
Click the Local Area Connection
Click the Properties of LAN
Click the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
Type the IP Address► Class A Network Address   1-126► Class B Network Address   128-191► Class C Network Address   192-254...
Select Use the ff. IP address& Type the Specified IP Address, then click                   OK.
For the Other Computer type the IP Addresswith the same class, then change only the last           number of the Address.►...
Sharing your Internet to other PC► Use 2 LAN Card to your server.► The internet is connected to the server in  the LAN car...
Procedure in Sharing your internet to      other workstation (PC)► Click   the control panel
► Click   Network Wizard
Click Next
Click Next
Select the first choice, then Next
Select the Local Area connection where the     internet is connected, then Next
Type the Computer Description and         Name, then Next
Type MSHOME, then Next
Select Printer Sharing, then Next
Click Next
Click Next
Select the last choice, then Next
Click Finish
Configure the IP Address of LocalArea Connection 2 of the other LAN
The Other Workstation is ready for Internetconnection by configuring IP Address of LAN
To Find the DNS Server IP Address
Click Properties
Click Details
List of IP Address of the Server
The Other Workstation is ready for Internetconnection by configuring IP Address of LAN
WORKSHOP ON    LAN
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MELJUN CORTES PC assembly-troubleshooting-networking

  1. 1. PC Assembly,Troubleshooting & Networking
  2. 2. Part IIntroduction
  3. 3. Parts of Computer► Motherboard► CPU► Memory► Video Card► Power Supply► Hard Disk► CD/DVD Rom Drive► IDE Cable
  4. 4. Motherboard- A motherboard is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. It is also known as a main board, baseboard, system board
  5. 5. Motherboard Design
  6. 6. Microprocessor►Amicroprocessor -- also known as aCPU or central processing unit -- is acomplete computation engine that isfabricated on a single chip.
  7. 7. Microprocessor Design
  8. 8. Memory►Memory- is technically any form of electronic storage, it is used most often to identify fast, temporary forms of storage
  9. 9. Video Card►A video card, (also referred to as a graphics accelerator card, display adapter, graphics card, and numerous other terms), is an item of personal computer hardware whose function is to generate and output images to a display.
  10. 10. Video Card Design
  11. 11. Power Supply►In a personal computer (PC), the power supply is the metal box usually found in a corner of the case. The power supply is visible from the back of many systems because it contains the power-cord receptacle and the cooling fan.
  12. 12. Power Supply Design
  13. 13. Hard Disk►Hard Disk Drive (HDD), commonly referred to as a hard drive, hard disk or fixed disk drive, is a non- volatile storage device which stores digitally encoded data on rapidly rotating platters with magnetic surfaces.
  14. 14. Hard Disk Design
  15. 15. CD ROM►CD-ROM (an abbreviation of "Compact Disc read-only memory") is a Compact Disc that contains data accessible by a computer.
  16. 16. CD ROM Design
  17. 17. IDE Cable► Thiscable will work fine in two-drive configurations, but there is a drawback: its suboptimal for one-drive installations. These high-speed disk cables really should always have a drive on the physical far end of the cable to reduce noise on the bus, but this cable puts the single drive in the middle
  18. 18. IDE Cable Design
  19. 19. SATA Cable Design
  20. 20. Part II►PC ASSEMBLY
  21. 21. Processor Physical Installation Procedure► Determine Socket Type► Orient Processor To Socket► Open ZIF Socket► Insert Processor Into Socket► Check That Chip Is Inserted Fully► Close ZIF Socket
  22. 22. Heat sink Installation Procedure► Attach Fan to Heat Sink► Apply Heat Sink Compound► Attach Heat Sink
  23. 23. Memory Physical Installation Procedure► 1. Identify Installation Socket► 2. Orient Module► 3. Insert Module► 4. Lock Module Into Place► 5. Double-Check Installation► 6. Repeat If Necessary: Steps 2 to 5
  24. 24. Installing a Desktop PC Motherboard► 1. The first step will be to open the case up
  25. 25. 2. Optional) Remove the Motherboard Tray
  26. 26. 3. Replace the ATX Connector Plate
  27. 27. 4. Determine Motherboard Mounting Location
  28. 28. 5. Install the Motherboard Standoffs
  29. 29. 6. Fasten the Motherboard
  30. 30. 7. Attach ATX Control Wires
  31. 31. 8. Connect the ATX Power Connector
  32. 32. 9. (Optional) Replace the Motherboard Tray
  33. 33. 10. Install Any Port Headers
  34. 34. PART III►OPERATING SYSTEMINSTALLATION
  35. 35. OPERATING SYSTEM INSTALLATION PROCEDURE► Turn on the power of your computer► Press delete/F2 to enter the CMOS Setup► Setup the Boot Priority (1st Boot – CD, 2nd Boot HDD)► Press Esc.► Press F10 (To save setup)► Insert the Start-up Disk (Windows XP) to CD Rom Drive.► The Computer Ask Boot CD.., then Press Enter.
  36. 36. OPERATING SYSTEM INSTALLATION PROCEDURE► Press F8 to Agree► Press Enter to Continue Install Win XP► Press “C” to Create Partition.► Press Enter to Continue Install Win XP► Select Format Using NTFS► Type the CD Key of Windows XP.► Continue Install by clicking next..
  37. 37. Part IV PCTROUBLESHOOTING
  38. 38. Troubleshooting Tips (1) Trial-and-error (2) "Its the cable, s-----.“ (3) Dont be frustrated! (4) Take notes! (5) Take a look?
  39. 39. Troubleshooting Tips for New Monitors1. The picture does not appear2. The Screen is not synchronized3. The position of the screen is not in the center4. The screen is too bright or too dark5. The screen is shaking
  40. 40. Troubleshooting Tips for a New Motherboard► System has no power at all. Power light does not illuminate, fan inside the power supply does not turn on, and indicator light on keyboard does not turn on.► System inoperative. Keyboard lights are on, power indicator lights are lit, and hard drive is spinning.
  41. 41. Troubleshooting Tips for a New Motherboard► System does not boot from hard disk drive, can be booted from floppy disk drive.► System only boots from Floppy Disk. Hard Disk can be read and applications can be used, but booting from Hard Disk is impossible.► After install an expansion card (network card, tape drive card, etc.) the system no longer works properly.
  42. 42. Troubleshooting Tips for a New Motherboard► Screen message says "Invalid Configuration" or "CMOS Failure."► Screen is blank.► System does not boot from hard disk drive, can be booted from floppy disk drive.► Problem
  43. 43. Troubleshooting Tips for a New Motherboard► Screen goes blank periodically.► Keyboard failure► No color on screen.► Floppy drive lights stays on.► Error reading drive A:► C: drive failure.► Cannot boot system after installing second hard drive.
  44. 44. Troubleshooting Tips for a New Motherboard► Missing operating system on hard drive.► Certain keys do not function.► Keyboard is locked, no keys function.
  45. 45. Trouble Shooting Tips after Installing a New Video Card► Check that the card is seated properly in its expansion slot.► Ensure the display cable is securely fastened to the cards display connector.► Make sure that the display and computer are plugged in and receiving power► If necessary, disable any built-in graphics capabilities on your motherboard.► Make sure you selected the appropriate display device and graphics card when you installed your enhanced driver.
  46. 46. Basic Troubleshooting Tips after Installing a New Hard Drive► Verify compatibility► Check all cards► Check all connectors and cables► Verify jumper settings► Check your power-supply specifications► Verify the drive-type settings in the system setup program► Check for viruses
  47. 47. Additional Tips for HDDAfter you install your new drive, your computer will not boot, and no error message appears on the screen.The screen remains blank when you power up the system.The system does not recognize the drive. The dealer partitioned and formatted the drive for you in the store, but the drive does not respond when you install it.
  48. 48. Additional Tips for HDD The system hangs in FDISK or fails to create or save the partition record. The system error message, "Drive not Ready," appears. The FDISK error message, "No Fixed Disk Present," appears. The drive does not format to full capacity. The DOS message "Disk Boot Failure," "Non- System Disk" or "No ROM Basic - SYSTEM HALTED" appears. The system error message, "HDD controller failure" appears.
  49. 49. Basic Troubleshooting Tips after Installing a New Memory1. No Display, 3 short beep2. computer always hang during the boot process3. The installation setup interrupt
  50. 50. PART V►PC MAINTENANCE
  51. 51. PC Maintenance• you use your computer more than a few hours per day, we suggest you not to turn off your computer at the end of the day. Instead turn off only the monitor to save electricity. Daily power up and down makes the components exposed to high and low temperature cycles that are not good for the life-time of the components, particularly the critical ones such as hard drives, CPU, and memory. The temperature cycle would result in expansion- shrinking cycle for the components. The life-time of electronic components would be increased if they are run at constant temperature with adequate ventilation.
  52. 52. PC Maintenance• If your area experiences a few times of power outage per year, it is necessary to use a UPS. Sudden power downs while the system is running may cause severe damage to hard drives.• A tape backup and a lock to make systems hard to move are worthy investment for critical data.
  53. 53. PC Maintenance• Use your hand to touch and feel the cover of your computer at least once a week. The cover should be at room temperature. If it feels warm there may be a problem! Check to make sure that the cooling fans on the power supply and CPU are working properly. Clean the air pathway on the back of the power supply on a regular basis.
  54. 54. PART VI►Computer Networking
  55. 55. TOOLS IN NETWORKING► RJ-45► Twisted pair cable► Crimp tool► Ethernet hub► router► Network Adapter Card (NIC)
  56. 56. RJ 45► Eight-conductor data cable contains 4 pairs of wires. Each pair consists of a solid (or predominantly) colored wire and a white wire with a stripe of the same color.
  57. 57. Twisted Pair Cable► Twisted pair cabling is a form of wiring in which two conductors are wound together for the purposes of canceling out electromagnetic interference (EMI) from external sources, electromagnetic radiation from the UTP cable, and crosstalk between neighboring pairs.
  58. 58. Crimp Tool► crimpsRJ45 modular plugs. Simply place the plug with the cable in the crimp tool and squeeze the grips together, thus causing the plug to bite into the cable.
  59. 59. Ethernet Hub► An Ethernet hub or concentrator is a device for connecting multiple twisted pair or fiber optic Ethernet devices together, making them act as a single segment.
  60. 60. Router►A router is a device that determines the proper path for data to travel between different networks, and forwards data packets to the next device along this path.They connect networks together; a LAN to a WAN for example, to access the Internet.
  61. 61. Router
  62. 62. Router Connection
  63. 63. Wiring Diagrams for StraightThrough, Cross Over and Y cables
  64. 64. Straight ThroughStraight Through Cable Color Code Pin 1 white orange Pin 2 orange Pin 3 white green Pin 4 blue Pin 5 white blue Pin 6 green Pin 7 white brown Pin 8 brown
  65. 65. Cross OverCross Over Cable Color Code Pin 1 white green Pin 2 green Pin 3 white orange Pin 4 blue Pin 5 white blue Pin 6 orange Pin 7 white brown Pin 8 brown
  66. 66. Y cables white orangePin 1Pin 2 orangePin 3 white greenPin 6 greenPin 1 bluePin 2 white bluePin 3 white brownPin 6 brown
  67. 67. Connecting 2 Computers using LAN► Connectthe cable to the LAN Card and the other end to Ethernet Hub.
  68. 68. Click the control panel
  69. 69. Click Network Connection
  70. 70. Click the Local Area Connection
  71. 71. Click the Properties of LAN
  72. 72. Click the Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
  73. 73. Type the IP Address► Class A Network Address 1-126► Class B Network Address 128-191► Class C Network Address 192-254► Spare Address 127
  74. 74. Select Use the ff. IP address& Type the Specified IP Address, then click OK.
  75. 75. For the Other Computer type the IP Addresswith the same class, then change only the last number of the Address.► Example► PC1 192.168.0.1► PC2 192.168.0.2► PC3 192.168.0.3► And so on…
  76. 76. Sharing your Internet to other PC► Use 2 LAN Card to your server.► The internet is connected to the server in the LAN card1 and the Lan card #2 is connected to hub/switch.
  77. 77. Procedure in Sharing your internet to other workstation (PC)► Click the control panel
  78. 78. ► Click Network Wizard
  79. 79. Click Next
  80. 80. Click Next
  81. 81. Select the first choice, then Next
  82. 82. Select the Local Area connection where the internet is connected, then Next
  83. 83. Type the Computer Description and Name, then Next
  84. 84. Type MSHOME, then Next
  85. 85. Select Printer Sharing, then Next
  86. 86. Click Next
  87. 87. Click Next
  88. 88. Select the last choice, then Next
  89. 89. Click Finish
  90. 90. Configure the IP Address of LocalArea Connection 2 of the other LAN
  91. 91. The Other Workstation is ready for Internetconnection by configuring IP Address of LAN
  92. 92. To Find the DNS Server IP Address
  93. 93. Click Properties
  94. 94. Click Details
  95. 95. List of IP Address of the Server
  96. 96. The Other Workstation is ready for Internetconnection by configuring IP Address of LAN
  97. 97. WORKSHOP ON LAN

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