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Building Agricultural Extension Capacity in Post-Conflict Settings: A Collective Volume


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By Dr. Austen Moore pr

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Building Agricultural Extension Capacity in Post-Conflict Settings: A Collective Volume

  1. 1. Building Agricultural Extension Capacity in Post-Conflict Settings: A Collective Volume Austen Moore Paul McNamara MEAS Project University of Illinois MEAS Symposium 2015
  2. 2. Background & Rationale Extension and Conflict: • Extension, via agricultural development, is linked to conflict – Agriculture-related factors (e.g. poverty and hunger) contribute to conflict(Lagi, Betrand, & Bar-Yam, 2011) – Disproportionate number of conflicts begin in rural areas dependent on agriculture(Zaur, 2006) – Effective extension addresses these factors • Conflict disrupts agriculture more than any sector – Reduces productivity and compromises food security – Damages and compromises extension systems(Collier, 2006)
  3. 3. Background & Rationale Extension & Post-Conflict Development/Peacebuilding: • Extension is a central post-conflict development strategy – Addresses poverty, livelihoods, and food security (Wiggins & Leturque, 2010) – Many MEAS countries are emerging from recent conflict • Extension promotes stability – Represents a public service targeted at populations most prone to conflict – Addresses causal factors of conflict (e.g. poverty and hunger) – Demonstrates governmental commitment to the rural poor (Collier, 2006) • Extension challenges in post-conflict settings are unique • Literature base requires expansion
  4. 4. Purpose of the Book Project The purpose of this collective volume is to: a) investigate the experience and issues involved with rebuilding extension systems in post- conflict settings b) evaluate the impact of different extension policy approaches and practice in such settings c) identify the key elements needed to effectively rebuild agricultural extension systems and programs in post-conflict contexts
  5. 5. Approach & Process 1) Conduct literature review to develop background chapters – Provide an overview of the links between extension and conflict 2) Identify authors to prepare country-specific case studies on post-conflict extension 3) Authors prepare initial chapter drafts 4) Coordinate writing workshop 5) Engage a expert to synthesize country experiences to: – Determine lessons learned – Generate recommendations 6) Editorial and publishing procedures
  6. 6. Case Study Chapters Iraq – Afghanistan – Republic of Georgia – Sri Lanka Myanmar – South Sudan – Sierra Leone – Liberia Democratic Republic of Congo
  7. 7. Case Study Authors Iraq • Dr. Edwin Price • Director • Center for Conflict & Development • Texas A&M University Afghanistan • Dr. Chris Pannkuk • Director • International Research & Agricultural Development • Washington State University Republic of Georgia • Dr. Anastasiya Shtaltovna • Associated Researcher • Center for Research & Development • University of Bonn
  8. 8. Case Study Authors Sri Lanka • Dr. Wijaya Jayatilaka • Senior Lecturer • Dept. of Agricultural Extension • University of Peradeniya Myanmar • Dr. Joshua Ringer • CEO • Indigdev LLC South Sudan • Dr. Robert Strong • Assistant Professor • Dept. of Agricultural Leadership, Education, & Communications • Texas A&M University
  9. 9. Case Study Authors Sierra Leone • Dr. Paul McNamara • Director • MEAS Project • University of Illinois Liberia • Dr. Austen Moore • Post-Doctoral Research Associate • MEAS Project • University of Illinois Democratic Republic of Congo • Dr. Catherine Ragasa, Dr. John Ulimwengu, Dr. Josee Randriamamonjy, Dr. Thaddee Badibanga • International Food Policy Research Institute
  10. 10. Synthesis Chapter Authors Role of NGOs in Post-Conflict Extension • S. Walsh, T. Remington, A. Chassy, L. Kamara, K. Bhattarcharyya, Z. Zewdie, J. Schofield, A. Okecha • Catholic Relief Services Post-Conflict Extension in a Global Context • Dr. Ian Christoplos • Senior Researcher • Danish Institute for International Studies
  11. 11. Writing Workshop • Held in February 2015 in Washington, DC • Individual chapter presentations • Designed to: – Produce revisions and recommendations • Written peer review • Group verbal review – Generate critical questions – Identify emergent themes
  12. 12. Writing Workshop Workshop Participants
  13. 13. Emergent Themes from the Workshop • Capacity loss – Weakened institutional capacity • “Brain drain” and attrition – Decreased individual capacity • Lack of training opportunities and information • “Forgetting by not doing” (Collier & Duponchel, 2013) • Funding dynamics – Short-term funding “bubbles” vs. long-term resource constraints
  14. 14. Emergent Themes from the Workshop • Pluralism challenges & competing priorities – Emergency services vs. capacity development – Circumventing governments vs. collaboration • Transitional governments and short-term extension bodies – Governments operating without established policies and/or developing new policies – Short-term non-traditional extension providers • South Sudan Armed Forces agricultural battalion • US-military Provincial Reconstruction Teams and Agribusiness Development Teams in Afghanistan
  15. 15. Emergent Themes from the Workshop • Extension must deliberately be conflict- sensitive – Extension for social cohesion • Reincorporation of marginalized and displaced peoples, former fighters, etc. – Manage roles of governmental vs. local authorities • e.g. sheiks, warlords – Consider extension impacts on inequalities and marginalization • Consider land rights in extension • Safety and security considerations facing personnel
  16. 16. Next Steps 1) Finalize chapters and case studies – Target date: June 2015 2) Analysis and synthesis – Target date: August 2015 3) Editing and refinement – Target date: September 2015 4) Publishing – Target date: January 2016
  17. 17. Disclaimer This presentation was made possible by the generous support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development, USAID. The contents are the responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government.