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Tracking Threat Arousal Cycle and
States in the Elements of the Felt-
Experience
Trauma B– Somatic Approaches to Trauma
20...
Possible Threat
Mobilize
Defensive
Response
Freeze Response
Step 1 Brace
Freeze
Response
Step 2
Collapse
Mobilize
Defensiv...
Threat Arousal
Cycle
If the completion of a
part of the threat
arousal cycle is thwarted
symptoms related to
that stage wi...
Over Inhibition
Not Enough Energy
To Reach Threshold
Failure to Inhibit
Going Past
Threshold
Failure to
Complete/Discharge...
Threat Detection Phase
The body stops and becomes arrested. This happens before the
orienting response. There is a pause a...
Orienting Response
In the orienting phase one scans the environment for danger. There is an
engagement of the neck muscles...
Threat Detected
At this stage a threat is detected. There is a danger perception.
This system is a fuzzy fast system that ...
Defensive Orienting Response/
Mobilize Defensive Response
Defensive response chosen and mobilization of the response is
st...
Completion – Success of Defensive Strategy
When the defensive response is able to protect the individual the
system moves ...
Freeze State – Tonic Immobility
If a threat is unavoidable and one can not in the moment fight it
off the defensive protec...
Mobilization of Defensive Response
After the threat is gone the animal mobilizes the defensive
strategy initially attempte...
Elements of SIBAM-R
The Elements of SIBAM-R make up the “Felt-Experience.” The mind’s
attentional capacity regularly cycle...
Coupling Dynamics
Memory is laid down in a sequence of felt-sensory states. Trauma
is in essence too much too fast for the...
Coupling Dynamics
Over-Coupling: When two ore more
elements of SIBAM are paired together
when a traumatic memory is encode...
Coupling Dynamics
Under-Coupling: If the information processing comes in
far to fast for processing and the body initiates...
Boundary and Trauma
 Trauma is in essence a boundary rupture.
 Re-establishing the ability to say yes and no is the hall...
Somatic approaches to treating trauma threat arousal cycle
Somatic approaches to treating trauma threat arousal cycle
Somatic approaches to treating trauma threat arousal cycle
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Somatic approaches to treating trauma threat arousal cycle

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These slides explored the threat arousal cycle and how to work with protective responses associated with fight, flight and freeze states. These slide address who people can be thwarted in moments of self-protection and how to work with completion of these survival strategies.

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Somatic approaches to treating trauma threat arousal cycle

  1. 1. Tracking Threat Arousal Cycle and States in the Elements of the Felt- Experience Trauma B– Somatic Approaches to Trauma 2016 Summer
  2. 2. Possible Threat Mobilize Defensive Response Freeze Response Step 1 Brace Freeze Response Step 2 Collapse Mobilize Defensive Strategy Completion Discharge and Return to Social Engagement THREAT ARROUSAL CYCLE
  3. 3. Threat Arousal Cycle If the completion of a part of the threat arousal cycle is thwarted symptoms related to that stage will develop. Completion happens when the sequence of that phase is allowed to move through to the natural fulfilment of the cycle http://www.pods- online.org.uk/index.php/information/articles/article- categories/crisis-care-and-grounding/235-managing- flashbacks
  4. 4. Over Inhibition Not Enough Energy To Reach Threshold Failure to Inhibit Going Past Threshold Failure to Complete/Discharge 3 Main Types of Dysregulation
  5. 5. Threat Detection Phase The body stops and becomes arrested. This happens before the orienting response. There is a pause and a scan of the environment for danger.
  6. 6. Orienting Response In the orienting phase one scans the environment for danger. There is an engagement of the neck muscles and eye muscles. There is a body arousal and a feeling that there might be a threat.
  7. 7. Threat Detected At this stage a threat is detected. There is a danger perception. This system is a fuzzy fast system that gets to the brain before one can consciously think. It is error prone and has lots of false positives because the risk of not identifying a danger is too great.
  8. 8. Defensive Orienting Response/ Mobilize Defensive Response Defensive response chosen and mobilization of the response is started. The main defensive responses at this stage are: Fight (aggression as protection), Flight (avoiding danger), Tend and Befriend (Social Caretaking to Sooth Aggressor).
  9. 9. Completion – Success of Defensive Strategy When the defensive response is able to protect the individual the system moves towards discharge of energy and completion. There is often a feeling of success and pronking (the experience of healthy pride in self-protection).
  10. 10. Freeze State – Tonic Immobility If a threat is unavoidable and one can not in the moment fight it off the defensive protective response of Freeze is engaged. This response has three parts. The first is a bracing or tonic immobility. The second is a collapse or cataplexia. The third is rebound. In the last stage people tend to come out of a freeze state in the same defensive strategy they entered.
  11. 11. Mobilization of Defensive Response After the threat is gone the animal mobilizes the defensive strategy initially attempted. This mobilization discharges the energy of protection. Once the response has completed the body returns to social engagement and rest.
  12. 12. Elements of SIBAM-R The Elements of SIBAM-R make up the “Felt-Experience.” The mind’s attentional capacity regularly cycles through awareness of parts of consciousness. As attention cycles through these parts of consciousness (Mental Saccade) they add together through working memory and sensory integration to develop a sense of self-in-context. Regulation has four key parts… Attention, Attentional Shift, Integration of Sensorium and Affect State
  13. 13. Coupling Dynamics Memory is laid down in a sequence of felt-sensory states. Trauma is in essence too much too fast for the brain to lay down appropriate memories. In heightened states of arousal parts of consciousness become ‘coupled’ or connected. Paired tightly together. This in essence warps the relationship and bends the elements of the sensory experience creating a tight bond between elements of SIBAM-R.
  14. 14. Coupling Dynamics Over-Coupling: When two ore more elements of SIBAM are paired together when a traumatic memory is encoded. This process is more associated with fight flight states being paired with elements of SIBAM-R. Sensation Tingling in Stomach Affect Hopelessness Behavior Using a Drug
  15. 15. Coupling Dynamics Under-Coupling: If the information processing comes in far to fast for processing and the body initiates the freeze state often elements of SIBAM-R become paired with one another and then fragmented from the larger sequence of the trauma memory. This leads to floating disconnected patterns that have no sequence or connectivity. Often this is disorienting and has a feeling of being shattered.
  16. 16. Boundary and Trauma  Trauma is in essence a boundary rupture.  Re-establishing the ability to say yes and no is the hallmark of boundaries  Defensive orienting responses allow for healthy boundaries  Felt-Experience of Safety - Feeling the Container of Self  Muscles can be overly tight as a way to contain the uncontainable affect  Micro-Boundaries are a tool to support re-establishment of protective responses

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