Access to clean water and adequate sanitation leads to improvements in health, school attendance, productivity, and entrepreneurship, yet almost 2 billion people live without it. MCC and its partner countries have prioritized WASH, investing over $700 million and leveraging millions more from public-private partnerships.
Join WaterAid America and MCC's WASH experts to learn about our water-related investments in Jordan, Zambia, and Cabo Verde.
In order to understand our strategic direction, it is important to understand the global background. The MDGs were the first time the global community developed joint targets, which were to halve extreme poverty by 2015 – this goal was achieved in 2010. The targets we are interested in – were only “half” met. The water target was achieved, the sanitation target was not met. Fast forward to the post-2015 era, and we have a much more ambitious global agenda. We have more than doubled the number of goals, have 9 times as many targets and are ambitiously aiming to achieve universal access by 2030. There is now a focus on equality, universality, and finally, thanks to intense campaigning by WaterAid, and others, we now have our very own goal 6.
In order to understand our strategic direction, it is important to understand the global background. The MDGs were the first time the global community developed joint targets, which were to halve extreme poverty by 2015 – this goal was achieved in 2010. The targets we are interested in – were only “half” met. The water target was achieved, the sanitation target was not met. Fast forward to the post-2015 era, and we have a much more ambitious global agenda. We have more than doubled the number of goals, have 9 times as many targets and are ambitiously aiming to achieve universal access by 2030. There is now a focus on equality, universality, and finally, thanks to intense campaigning by WaterAid, and others, have our very own goal 6.
Against this backdrop – Wateraid’s Global Strategy from 2009-2015 was very much focused on the number of beneficiaries that WaterAid could reach at the household level – in alignment with the MDG targets for water and sanitation. Our current strategy is infinitely more ambitious, like the SDGs, aiming to put in place the systems and processes to reach everyone, everyone by 2030. And in order to do that, we must emphasize the importance of partnerships and influencing, and working with all levels, from the MCC and bilaterals, national, regional and local governments, all the way down to the communities themselves.
WaterAid’s global strategy prioritizes the need for partnerships – with its focus on integration. Aim: We will work with others to develop plans and activities that accelerate change by integrating water, sanitation and hygiene into sustainable development. Integrate water, sanitation and hygiene with poverty eradication work: Good child and maternal health, women’s empowerment, education, nutrition, food security, housing and urban planning require safe water, sanitation and hygiene. Governments are responsible for playing a lead role in ensuring equitable access to domestic water and sanitation in the face of competing demands, and ensuring that good hygiene is promoted.
Integrate water, sanitation and hygiene with water resource and waste management: Sustainable management of shared water resources to improve health and prosperity and to reduce environmental pollution from untreated industrial, agricultural and human waste requires governments, the private sector and civil society to have a common interest in integrated planning and in the delivery of the Sustainable Development Goals.
About 50 percent of Cabo Verdeans do not have access to clean public water, and poor households are especially vulnerable; only about 9 percent of these households have access to the public water network.
More than half of poor households receive their water from community fountains, and the rest from expensive private tankers—meaning the poorest are often paying the highest prices for water.
Poor people—especially women—spend hours each week collecting and transporting water, limiting households’ income-earning potential. Off-network water can be poor in quality and carry risks of illness.
Sanitation is another big problem among poor Cabo Verdean households. Only 40 percent of the country has access to improved sewerage systems such as sewer networks or septic tanks. In rural areas, fewer than 16 percent of households have access.
Jordan is one of the most water stressed countries in the world. Per capita water supply decreasing and now less that 15% of world average 1,000 m3/yr : 3600 m3/yr - 1946 140 m3/yr - 2010 128 m3/yr - 2014 Rapid population growth, urbanization and rising standards of living have put water resources under severe stress, and with virtually no untapped sources of additional water, the country has begun to rely heavily on non-renewable fossil aquifers and to “mine” its renewable groundwater aquifers well beyond their sustainable yield. The lack of water puts pressure on public expenditures, which support costly projects to capture, transport and utilize water resources, and strains household budgets, as consumers turn to expensive alternatives like bottled water and truck-delivered water to supplement the limited supplies they receive through the public delivery network. The focus on water is therefore consistent with the Constraints Analysis conducted by the MCU.
SmartAid: World Water Day Presentation
MCC & WASH: Fighting Poverty One Drop at a Time
Moderator: Sarah Dobsevage, WaterAid America
Panelists: MCC’s Kumar Ranganathan, Omar Hopkins, Marycel Tuazon
2000 - 2015
MDGs 8 Goals, 18 targets, 48 core indicators
Halve the population without access
2.3 billion gained access to water
1.9 gained access to sanitation
2015 - 2030
SDGs 17 goals, 169 targets, ~159 core indicators
Human rights and equality
WASH Goal 6
2009 - 2015
BEFORE Reaching the poorest
What can WaterAid do for THEM?
2015 – 2020
Everyone, Everywhere 2030
NOW Partnerships and influencing
How can we achieve scale TOGETHER?
What that means for us
is to transform the
lives of the poorest
and most marginalized
people by improving
access to safe water,
sanitation and hygiene.
WaterAid’s Global Strategy
• Location: Lusaka City and nearby areas
• Total Investment: $355,000,000
• Benefits 1 million people
Source to Sink,
Physical Systems & Institutions
Refurbish and Upgrade
• Treatment Works
• Transmission and Storage
• Non-Revenue Water
Sanitation: Collection Systems and
Drainage: Primary Storm water
Lusaka Water & Sewerage Co
• Asset Management
• Non-revenue Water
• Information Education
• Pro-poor implementation
Lusaka City Council
• Drainage Maintenance
• Solid Waste
• Information Education Communication
Zambia – Innovations & Challenges
Innovation Grant Program
• Testing new approaches
Complex Integrated Programs
• Fixed Budget & Time
• 10 Islands
• Pop. ~500k, half living in
the island of Santiago
• Extreme water scarcity
• Relies heavily on
desalinization of water
• Cabo Verdeans have one of
the highest tariffs in Africa
Cabo Verde Compact II
• Total Investment:
1) National Institutional and Regulatory
Reform to improve WASH services
2) Utility Reform Activity to develop a
corporatized entity on Santiago island
3) Infrastructure Grant Facility funding to
improve quality and reach of most island’s
Jordan Water Sector
• One of the world’s most water stressed
• Per capita water supply decreasing, now
less that 15% of world average (1,000
3600 m3/yr 140 m3/yr 128 m3/yr
1946 2010 2014
• Unsustainable extraction of groundwater
• Major constraint to economic growth
Investments in Water
As Samra WWTP
● 300 km network of
● 72% - 82% residents
● Reduces health risks,
odor, captures more
wastewater for treatment
● Reduce water losses
from 50% to 35%
● 800 km of new water
● 50k in water meters
● Additional WWTP
● More treated water
for agriculture: 134
MCM/ yr (over 10%
of Jordan’s water)
$275 Million in WASH investments│ 5 years │ 3,000,000 beneficiaries
• Program Logic
• Water Conservation & Reuse
• Urban Masterplan and Priority Investments
• Private Sector Finance and Participation
• Cost Savings and Scope Expansion