Dirty Thar coal project versus environment friendly Kalabagh dam in Pakistan and South Asia.
“Dirty Thar Coal Versus Environment Friendly Kalabagh Dam in Pakistan& South Asia”.• It is very strange to note that present Government of Pakistan is advocating for Air Polluting Thar Coal Project Versus Environmental Friendly Kalabagh Dam.• Kalabagh dam which will increase the water resources of the country is being opposed while Thar coal project, which will consume huge amount of water and will contaminate all water, air and land resources of Pakistan is being advocated by the government.• Clean electricity produced by Kalabagh dam will be available to every citizen of the country while Thar coal project will pollute all water, air and land resources of not only of Pakistan but also of neighbouring countries like India and China.• Thar coal will effect each and every living organism while environment friendly Kalabagh will not only store water for the cultivation of land , but also will produce clean energy without carbon emmision, by that electricity it will be possible to pump out under ground water which will also increase water resources and will store water for cultivation of land, Kalabagh Dam will increase wet land for fisheries, will increase green land which will be helpful in decreasing environmental carbon dioxide produce by coal and other fuels and will control flooding and erosion of land and will save lives and lands of people.• Coal is one of the most polluting sources of energy available, jeopardizing our health and our environment. While Kalabagh Dam will have multiple advantages and will act as clean electricity power house, Sweet water reservoir and floods controller all these things will improve fertility of lands, will reduce poverty and will increase food production. The Effects of Coal on the Environment. Coal as a source of energy is probably the most environmentally damaging of all the traditional sources of energy.• One must keep in mind that a typical power coal plant generates 3 million tons of CO2 or 17 tons of carbon per megawatt and draws about 2.3 billion gallons of water per annum from nearby source while on land coal produces mercury which not only renders water useless for human consumption but also for irrigation purpose as well.• “Coal Power in a Warming World” by Barbara Freese et al, published by theUnion of Concerned Scientists in October 2008 states that “The underground
mining of coal is a dangerous profession, and underground and surface miningare both highly damaging to landscapes, water supplies, and ecosystems”.• The Natural Resources Defense Council paper entitled “Coal in a ChangingClimate”, issued in February 2007 claims that “Coal mining—and particularlysurface or strip mining—poses one of the most significant threats to terrestrialhabitats in the United States.”• Figures from “Key World Energy Statistics: 2008″ show that coal is responsiblefor 42% of the world’s carbon dioxide emissions.• “Coal in a Changing Climate” shows that coal produces large amounts ofairborne toxic chemicals, including sulfur dioxide, mercury, nitrous oxides,arsenic and lead.• Coal is a highly polluting energy source. It emits much more carbon per unit of energy than oil, and natural gas. CO2 represents the major portion of greenhouse gases. It is, therefore, one of the leading contributors to climate change.• From mine to sky, from extraction to combustion — coal pollutes every step of the way. The huge environmental and social costs associated with coal usage make it an expensive option for developing countries.• Coal mining is responsible for acid drainage from coal mines, polluting rivers and streams, to the release of mercury and other toxins when it is burned, as well as climate-destroying gases and fine particulates that wreak havoc on human health, COAL is unquestionably, a DIRTY BUSINESS.South Asia.On one side China and India are planning to curb the Carbon emission bycurbing the use of oil, coal and other fossil fuels, and Bangladesh and Maldivesare crying for taking measures against rise of seas due to global warming andmelting of glaciers and on other side Government of Pakistan is planning to useThar coal which will not only cause global warming but also pollute the wholeenvironment of South Asia but in fact will endanger the life of 3 Billion peoplesliving in China, India, Kashmir, Northern areas, NWFP, PUNJAB and Sindh, asthe direction of smoke and dangerous gases will be from east to north west ofPakistan. And people of these areas will suffer from respiratory diseases such asAsthma, Bronchitis, Cardiovascular diseases and cancer, and people of theseareas will suffer from dangers and adverse effects of smoking without smokingthe cigarettes.Government of Pakistan is leaving no stone unturned for sinking delta dwellerspeople of Bangladesh and Island dweller people of Maldives under sea by
wasting about 10 Million Acres feet water of River Indus from the catchmentsarea of whole of Pakistan in the sea and is not preserving and storing that waterin dams like Kalabagh and Basha, on one side people of Pakistan are sufferingfrom acute wastage of water and electricity and on other side Government iswasting sweet water in the sea which is not only causing sea rise and erosion ofcoastal land for whole of subcontinent, including Bangladesh and Maldives but isalso harmful for saline habitat fishes and saline and sea plants like MangrovesCountering Rise in Sea level and Global Warming.Global Warming:For countering global warming there is need to completely restrict use of coal forany purpose and to minimize other fossils fuels such as oil and gas and use ofalternatives resources such as wind, solar and water power by means of damslike Kalabagh and Basha Dams in Pakistan should be encouraged and preferred.Rise in Sea Level.For countering rise in sea level following measures should be taken to saveand to protect from submerging the people of Bangladesh, Maldives andother Island dwellers under sea. • All the rain and glaciers water on land should be preserved and stored in reservoirs and dams like Kalabagh and other dams for use on land( For Agriculture, Electricity generation and human consumption) and other purposes so that no water should waste in sea which will ultimately cause the rise in sea level. • In Coastal areas use of sea water should be increased as much as possible for Industrial and agricultural purposes. • After desalination and Purification Sea water should be use for human consumption as much as possible. • Wastage of sweet water and fertile silt in sea should be prevented and should be used for fertilization and irrigation of land and other useful purposes. • There should be maximum utilization of sea resources such as exploration of silt and stones from sea towards land and coastal areas. • There should be maximum utilization of sea resources such as exploration of sea salts for use as chemicals and other purposes. • There should be maximum utilization of sea resources such as sea plants such as algae and fishes to decrease the volume of sea so that rise in sea could be countered by each and every mean available.
Already Polluted Atmosphere of South Asia.South Asia is already suffering from the adverse effects of Browncloud(Accumulation of Dirty gases in upper atmosphere of Subcontinent and ishaving negative effects on the health of population of India and Pakistan ,Moreover there is already shortage of Ozone gas in the upper atmosphere ofSouth Asia, due to which people of South Asia (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh andSri Lanka ) are not having perfect healthy bodies as compared to other races ofthe world, .In view of such a bad condition of atmosphere burning the coal is justlike to throw the people of Pakistan into valley of death, where as there alreadyso many poor workers are daily dying in the coal mines of Balouchistan, but noone is having any care about those poor workers.There are a number of adverse environmental effects of coal mining and burning,especially the glaciers of the Himalayas, Karakoram, Hindukush and Pamirranges in Gilgit-Baltistan contribute significantly to the stream flow of the IndusBasin. More significantly, during the dry season these glaciers become thesystem’s only source. Impacts due to climate change on these glaciers havebeen studied in recent decades and vivid fluctuation of water flow in the IndusRiver Basin System has been reported.Conclusion:Due to flow of toxic gases and smoke from Thar Coal towards North and WesternPakistan, It is the responsibility of Jammu and Kashmir, Northern Areas, NWFP,Punjab and Sindh Governments to review the adverse effects of Thar coal as it isthe matter of life and death of the people of these areas. As unhealthyenvironment due to smoke and toxic gases will destroy the beauty of land ofKashmir and Gilgit and Baltistan and will cause health problems such as cancer,asthma, bronchitis and other respiratory and genetic diseases due toenvironmental pollution in the people of Punjab, NWFP, Kashmir, Gilgit andBaltistan. Thar coal will destroy the fertility of land and will pollute the waterresources of the country.It is the responsibility of Governments of China ,India, Bangladesh, Maldives,Kashmir and Provinces of Pakistan to persuade Federal government ofPakistan not to use Dirty coal while many dams may be constructed forgeneration of clean energy in Pakistan like Kalabagh and Basha Dam, it isnecessary as government of Pakistan is wasting its only Indus River sweetwater( 10 Million Acres Feet Water )in the sea while on the other side commonpeople of Pakistan are suffering from the thirst and hunger due to shortage ofwater and electricity.Written By:M.AKRAM KHAN NIAZI.Karachi, Pakistan.Email:firstname.lastname@example.org