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Atomic Radiation is MoreHarmful to Women and Children               Mary Olson Nuclear Information & Resource Service     ...
No Safe Dose of Radiation• All it takes is a single living cell and a single  emission from a radioactive nucleus to start...
No Safe Dose is not a folk song• EPA Standards explicitly state “there is no safe dose”• US Nuclear Regulatory Commission ...
Nuclear Energy is thought of as           “CLEAN”Only because DIRTY radiation is          INVISIBLE
Nuclear Factories have Routine   Releases of RadioactivityPeople can get sick from these             BUTOn a BAD DAY the w...
APRIL 26 1986 – CHERNOBYL EXPLODES and FIRE STARTSNote Spain on lower left, Scandinavia center top, “Black Tornadois the P...
40% of Europe contaminated above 4,000 Bq / meter2
Radiation impacts our cellsIonizing radiation part of the electromagnetic  spectrumCharged and energized subatomicwaves (X...
At very high doses, radation damage can                be seen      Radiation burn from accident or malfunction
At Lower doses it takes a microscope but we can see    Radiation Induced Chromosomal Aberrations   Common from high-end of...
US and international radiation standards assume that the individualgetting the “dose” is an adult male. Turns out they are...
Life-cycle “dose – response” curve to ionizing radiation
PROTECT FIRST, STUDY SECOND – WE DON’T YET KNOW WHYGIRLS AND WOMEN ARE MORE VULNERABLE TO RADIATION –BUT WE KNOW ENOUGH NO...
Eating, drinking, breathing in radioactivity is very different thangetting an X-ray. All the radioactivity results in radi...
Visible damage to lung tissue from           Plutonium   On alpha emitting particle will result in an extremely low       ...
National Academy of Science:Biological Effects of Ionizing RadiationBEIR VII Phase 2
Women and Children not Protected
Regulation of Ionizing RadiationUS Nuclear Regulatory Com.       EPA -- Superfund• 3.5 fatal cancers in every     • 1 canc...
We can be pro-nuclear: the best nuclear reactor is a nice safe93 million miles away – requires no cooling water, wastedisp...
Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS
Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS
Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS
Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS
Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS
Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS
Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS
Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS
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Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS

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Presentation by Mary Olson of the Nuclear Information & Resource Service (NIRS) at the KNOW NUKES Y'ALL SUMMIT, in Chattanooga, TN, June 29, 2012.

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Atomic Radiation Is More Harmful To Women and Children_Mary Olson_NIRS

  1. 1. Atomic Radiation is MoreHarmful to Women and Children Mary Olson Nuclear Information & Resource Service www.nirs.org
  2. 2. No Safe Dose of Radiation• All it takes is a single living cell and a single emission from a radioactive nucleus to start a fatal cancer• Does cancer result from every dose?No, but death is possible from a dose so small it is not measurable – or other impacts such as loss of an embryo
  3. 3. No Safe Dose is not a folk song• EPA Standards explicitly state “there is no safe dose”• US Nuclear Regulatory Commission – Chapter 10 of the US Code of Regulations, part 20 and an additional regulation called ALARA reflect this• National Academy of Sciences Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR I – VII) affirm “No Safe Dose”• ! And data from human populations supports
  4. 4. Nuclear Energy is thought of as “CLEAN”Only because DIRTY radiation is INVISIBLE
  5. 5. Nuclear Factories have Routine Releases of RadioactivityPeople can get sick from these BUTOn a BAD DAY the whole world can get contaminated with radioactive fall-out
  6. 6. APRIL 26 1986 – CHERNOBYL EXPLODES and FIRE STARTSNote Spain on lower left, Scandinavia center top, “Black Tornadois the PLUME of HIGHLY RADIOACTIVE FUEL PARTICLES
  7. 7. 40% of Europe contaminated above 4,000 Bq / meter2
  8. 8. Radiation impacts our cellsIonizing radiation part of the electromagnetic spectrumCharged and energized subatomicwaves (X-rays, Gamma) andparticles (beta, alpha, neutron)Can damage living cells and tissues
  9. 9. At very high doses, radation damage can be seen Radiation burn from accident or malfunction
  10. 10. At Lower doses it takes a microscope but we can see Radiation Induced Chromosomal Aberrations Common from high-end of “low-dose” spectrum
  11. 11. US and international radiation standards assume that the individualgetting the “dose” is an adult male. Turns out they are the mostresistant part of the lifecycle to radiation. Women and children arenot protected to the same level by these standards.
  12. 12. Life-cycle “dose – response” curve to ionizing radiation
  13. 13. PROTECT FIRST, STUDY SECOND – WE DON’T YET KNOW WHYGIRLS AND WOMEN ARE MORE VULNERABLE TO RADIATION –BUT WE KNOW ENOUGH NOW TO DEMAND BETTER PROTECTION
  14. 14. Eating, drinking, breathing in radioactivity is very different thangetting an X-ray. All the radioactivity results in radiation exposure –and continues until it (hopefully) leaves the body.
  15. 15. Visible damage to lung tissue from Plutonium On alpha emitting particle will result in an extremely low dose to body - - but VERY HIGH dose to tissue
  16. 16. National Academy of Science:Biological Effects of Ionizing RadiationBEIR VII Phase 2
  17. 17. Women and Children not Protected
  18. 18. Regulation of Ionizing RadiationUS Nuclear Regulatory Com. EPA -- Superfund• 3.5 fatal cancers in every • 1 cancer in a million 1000 (men) exposed • 1 cancer in 100,000• = 1 death in every 286 men • 1 cancer in 10,000• JAPAN –• 2000 millirem/ year goal for school children – from time in school only• 2 rems = 1 in 4 children getting cancer
  19. 19. We can be pro-nuclear: the best nuclear reactor is a nice safe93 million miles away – requires no cooling water, wastedisposal or special security. THE SUN!

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