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INTRODUCTION OF SHAMPOO
Shampoo is hair care product that is used for cleaning hair. The goal of using shampoo is to
remove unwanted build up, providing proper cleaning without extreme usage of chemical along
with proper smoothening.
HISTORY OF SHAMPOO
The word shampoo entered English language from India during 1762 and is derived from
Hindi ‘chāmpo’, itself derived from the Sanskrit root capayati, which means to press,
During the early stage of shampoo, English hair stylists boiled shaved soap in water and
added herbs to give the hair shine and fragrance. ‘Kasey Hebert’ was the first known
maker of shampoo and the origin is currently attributed to him.
In India, a variety of herbs and their extracts were used as shampoos. A very effective
early shampoo was made by boiling ‘Sapindus’ with ‘aamla’ and a few other herbs, using
the strained extract. It leaves the hair soft, shiny and manageable.
Other products used for hair cleansing were Shikakai, Soapnuts, and Aritha.
Cosmetics Regulation in India – the law you need to know before getting
into cosmetics manufacturing business:
Cosmetics market in India is growing at a rapid pace. Cosmetic is also a sector that needs
to be strictly regulated.
Presently the governing legislation in case of cosmetics in India is the Drugs &
Cosmetics Act, 1940 which defines a ‘cosmetic’ as
“any article intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled or sprayed on, or
introduced into, or otherwise applied to, human body or any part thereof for
Cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance, and includes
any article intended for use as a component of cosmetic.”
However implementation came into effect in the mid1960, when the rules relating to
import and manufacturing of cosmetics were formed by the government of India in 1964.
Then rules have been amended from time to time to achieve the intended purpose under
Prohibited Cosmetics in India:
Manufacturing and / or sale of certain cosmetics is prohibited under the Drug and Cosmetic act
and rules made there under are:
1. Which is not of standard quality or is misbranded.
2. Containing any ingredient that may render it unsafe or harmful for use under directions
indicated or recommended.
3. Manufactured in contravention of provisions of act or rules made there under.
What are the requirements for factory premises?
The factory premises needs to comply with certain conditions as laid down under Schedule M-II.
Some of the general requirements are as follows:
1. Location and Surroundings:
It is required that the area in which the factory/manufacturing facility is located and
the vicinity are hygienic with proper sanitary conditions. No operations should take
place within or around a residential locality.
The rooms of the building should be at least 6 feet from the floor in height. It should
also be smooth, waterproof and capable of being kept clean.
3. Disposal of used water:
Suitable arrangements should be made for careful and proper discharge or disposal of
The appointed staff persons should not be suffering from any communicable or
infectious disease. It is also important that they are provided with the necessary tools
such as hand gloves, masks, uniforms etc. as and when required.
What are the requirements pertaining to labelling of products?
Following are some of the labelling requirements as laid down under the Drugs and Cosmetics
Name of the product along with the manufacturing address must be mentioned on both
the inner and the outer labels. If the container is small in size then the principal place of
manufacturing and the pin code are enough.
The outer label should clearly specify the net contents of the ingredients used in the
manufacture of the product.
The inner label should contain the ‘directions for use’ along with any warning or caution
that may be necessary. It should also contain names and quantities of ingredients which
are hazardous in nature.
Quality standards in case of the aforementioned categories of products must conform to
the Indian standards laid down and revised by the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) from
time to time.
What may happen if the rules are not complied with?
If any of the provisions or rules under the Act with respect to Cosmetics is/are not
complied with, imprisonment upto one year or fine up toRs.1000 or both can be imposed
on first conviction and on subsequent convictions, imprisonment can be extended to two
years and fine to Rs. 2000.
TOP 10 BEST SHAMPOO BRANDS IN INDIA
Shampoos are available in different variants and user can choose depending on the type of hair
and problem. There are numerous shampoo brands in the market and its difficult to find the best
one, so here is the list of Top 10 Best Shampoo Brands in India on the basis of popularity:
Year of Establishment 1947
Year of establishment 1909
Founder Eugène Schueller
Head quarter & Registered Office 41 rue Martre, 92110 Clichy, France
3. MATRIX :
Year of Establishment 1980
Country The United States
Founder American husband and wife hairdressing team,
Arnie and Sydell Miller.
Year of Establishment 1929
Place of Manufacturing in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Germa
ny, India,Indonesia, Ireland Mexico, Netherlan
ds, Pakistan, Philippines, SouthAfrica,Thailand
, Turkey, The United States,etc…
Dove's logo is a silhouette profile of the brand's ‘namesake bird’.
Schwarzkopf has customers in 125 countries worldwide that purchased EUR 3.269 billion in
Their 'Schwarzkopf Professional' division holds a top 4 position among salon exclusive brands.
Year of Establishment 1837 by William Procter and James Gamble
First introduced In 1947 by Hoffmann-La Roche, a Switzerland
Year of First Launching 1964
Producer The Unilever Group
Year of First Launching 1930
The company has 70 researchers that study ayurvedic herbs and minerals.
Himalaya Global Holdings Ltd. (HGH) is the parent of The Himalaya Drug Company
worldwide. It is also the global headquarters of all Himalaya subsidiaries.
9. CLINIC PLUS:
Year of Launching 1987
Owner Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL)
Year of Establishment 1904
Owner L’Oreal, a French CosmeticCompany
Countries Asia, China, Japan &India.
Kesh Ratna Shampoo is 100% Ayurvedic Patented Shampoo, No side effects purely based on
safe and harmless Ayurvedic theory .It is recommended for deep nourishment of hair roots and
scalp, checks loss of hair, stops premature of hair, prevents from dandruff, sleeplessness &
Full name Tasha industries
Nature Hair Shampoo Manufacturer and Hair
Type sole proprietorship
Owner Mr. Kaushik R.Patel (M.D.)
Mr. Parth K. Patel
Year of establishment 1986
Annual turnover Rs. 50,00,000 approximate
Project margin 13%
Number of worker 15 to 20 employees
Working hours Monday – Saturday :
9:30 AM – 6:30 PM
Sunday : Closed
Motto, Goaland Mission:
The company’s prime goal is to provide the people of the world with quality hair care
remedies for different problems.
With over 25 years of experience, the company is known for high quality of its products,
consistent and timely deliveries.
Administrative office & main head office:
14, Shriji Estate,
Nr. Asopalav Hotel,
The products of the company include mainly Hair shampoo & Hair oil which are
Ayurvedic Beauty products. These products are perfect solution for various hair problems
such as Baldness, thinning of hair, dandruff, male pattern baldness, irritation and itching
These products are a result of the years of research and development and are best in their
class. These products are as following:
1. Hair Shampoo
2. Hair Oil
3. Hair Gel
4. Car Shampoo
5. Glass Cleaner
14, Shriji Estate,
Nr. Asopalav Hotel,
Land area 100*40 feet(owned)
Division of land
Utillised for manufacturing, packaging, storing
As narol is an industrial area, the industry receives many advantages from it.
Advantages of location:
Easy and constant procurement of raw material.
Proper disposal facility.
To follow polluter pay principle.
Specific government facility like 24*7 electricity, water supply, are facilitated to
The plant is totally utilized for
Management office &
o Storage of raw material
o Storage of finished goods.
Area of building 100*40 feet
Division of Building 2 ( Ground floor and first floor)
Costof Building Rs.6,00,000 Approximately
Parth Patel is the owner of building
Name of machineries
Auto Filling Machine
Number of Machines 7-8
Year of acquisition 2004
Working hours/day 8 (1 shift)
Working days in a year 300
Number of workers working on
8 to 10
Name of Suppliers of machinaries :
All machines are movable.
For semi filling machine 900 bottles in one process
For auto filling machine 1500 bottles in one time
The unit has been assumed to operate at 70%, 80% and 90% of its
Installed capacity in the first, second and third year and onwards
of its operation.
Requirement of machinery:
The Company’s Power consumption is 20-25 KW per machine.
They use electricity &deminaralized water for manufacturing shampoo.
They clean machines every month and maintenance of machines is for every 2 year.
Their depreciation rate is 15%
Their all machines are environment friendly.
Expected life of machine is 10 – 15 years.
There is no wastage of Machine and no insurance for the same.
Vehicles for transportation:
Truck and Train
Raghuvir transport Company,
KESH RATNA HERBEL SHAMPOO
1. Dm water
Demineralised Water is water of an extremely high quality. It is produced by means of a
physical process, that is to say, you need a specialist piece of equipment to produce it called a
demineralisation plant or a deionisation plant.
Sodium laurel ether sulfate (SLES), is an anionic detergent and surfactant found in many
personal care products (soaps, shampoos, toothpaste etc.). SLES is an inexpensive and very
effective foaming agent. SLES, SLS, ALS and sodium pareth sulfate are surfactants that are
used for their cleansing and emulsifying properties.
3. Coco amido propyl betaine
Cocamidopropylbetaine is an organic compound derived from coconut
oil. Cocamidopropylbetaine (CAPB) has been increasingly used in cosmetics and personal
hygiene products because it induces relatively mild skin irritation.
4. Coco diethanolamide
Cocamide DEA, or cocamide diethanolamine, is a diethanolamide made by reacting the
mixture of fatty acids from coconut oils with diethanolamine. It is a viscous liquid and is
used as a foaming agent in bath products like shampoos and hand soaps, and incosmetics as
an emulsifying agent.s
5. Citric acid
Citric acid is a weak organic acid. It is a natural preservative which occurs naturally in citrus
fruits and is also used to add an acidic or sour taste to foods and drinks
Ethylene Glycol Mono Stearate(EGMS) Veg is primarily a monoester and stabilizer for oil-
in-water systems. EGMS is used as an opacifier, thickener and pearlizing agent for creams,
lotions, shampoos and personal cleansing preparations.
7. Guar gum 0.3
During last decade Guar has immerged as an important industrial raw material and Produced
by man for thousands of years. India has been the single largest producer and exporter of
Guar gum accounting for more than 80 percent of the global output and trade.
Mode Of Payment:
→The Company usually do its payment by Cash or Check to the supplier.
→It mostly completes its payment within 15 – 20 days.
Frequency of Purchase:
→The Company purchases raw materials as and when required for its production.
→Tasha Industry never faces the condition of shortage due to the proper management and
procurement of raw material based of scientific methods like EOQ based purchase of raw
Unit of measurement:
The Units used by Tasha Industry to measure its raw materials are kilogram (kg) & in
Availability of Discount on bulk purchase:
They get 2% discount if payment is made by cash within 2 to 3 days.
This industry does its quality control of raw material from ‘guitar lab’ which is outside
The area covered in storing raw material is 15*10 ft.
2. Method of issue of raw material:
The Company issues liquid material in drums and plastic bottles in plastic bag.
3. Lift for internal transportation:
Being a small scale industry Tasha industry has horizontal organization structure.
No. of employees:
There are 15-20 employees in the organization.
o Unskilled workers are require for general purpose.
o Skilled workers are required for performing technical task.
Days Log in Log out
Monday 09.30 AM 06.30 PM
Tuesday 09.30 AM 06.30 PM
Wednesday 09.30 AM 06.30 PM
Thursday 09.30 AM 06.30 PM
Friday 09.30 AM 06.30 PM
Saturday 09.30 AM 06.30 PM
Sunday Closed Closed
Employees can take 12 leaves for year.
FACILITIES AND UTILITIES
In an industrial area, electricity charges are being bifurcated into two parts;
1. Fixed charges &
2. Operation charges.
In operation charges , freight is charged as per unit cost. And in an industrial area, per
unit cost is Rs.4.25.
In Tasha industry, they have 7-8 machines. All are based on electricity. Their monthly
electricity charges is Rs.15,000 approx. Their approx consumption of electricity units is
For personal purpose tube well is used. And for production purpose they use
De mineralized water plant.
Drainage and waste disposal:
The waste material incurred during production process is returned to suppliers.
PROCESS OF HERBAL SHAMPOO
THE MATERIALS WHICH ARE BEING USED IN PRODUCTION
PROCESS CAN BE DEFINED AS FOLLOWS WITH MATERIAL MIX
NAME OF RAW MATERIAL PROPORTION OF MATERIAL
MIX IN PERCENTAGE
1. CAPB 3
2. CDEA 3
3. Alovera extract 2
4. EGMS 1.2
5. SLES 14
6. Preservative 0.15
7. Conditioner 4
8. Citric Acid As per PH maintain
9. Perfume 0.5
10. Guar Gum(Thickener) 1.5
11. DM water 65
FLOW CHART OF PROCESS OF SHAMPOO MANUFACTURING
PROCESS OF SHAMPOO MANUFACTURING IN DETAIL
DESCRIBINGTHE ABOVE FLOW CHART :
Firstly, CAPB, CDEA, Alovera extract, EGMS and SLES are being heated till it
is converted into liquid form in one barrel.
Then it is heated for an hour.
Heated mixture is being transferred to the second floor through pipe lines.
On second floor, two components namely Preservative and Conditioner are added
in heated material and are being mixed for 15 minutes in the barrel.
The mixture which will be available after this much process will be checked by
PH maintained machine and if any defect is being found then Citric Acid will be
used as a controller to maintain its quality.
In the mixture perfume and guar gum (Thickener) are being added and further
process is done for an hour.
After these much process, shampoo is being ready and that is transferred to filling
machine where readymade shampoo is being filled and packed into shampoo
bottles by the workers themselves manually.
After that, labelling process is done through labelling machine and batch code
machine to make it attractive.
Product and packing
Bottles are put in labels.
Then bottles are transfer in shrink labelling machine.
Inside the machine due to heat the label get stick to the bottle.
The final output (i.e. Shampoo) is transfer to bottles.
Colour = Grey
Shape = Shapeless(Liquid)
Fragrance = Depends on perfume content use
Quantity = The product is available in various quantity.
(50ml, 100ml, 200ml, 500ml, 1 ltr)
Storage ofFinished goods:
The product is store on ground floor of the building.No specific condition are required to
store & preserve finished product.
Practical knowledge is as important as theoretical knowledge. The purpose of preparing this
project report is to get an idea about various aspects of production management and to get
knowledge about production research.
This project report has provided an opportunity to get a brief view of production of
shampoo.This project report has taught us the importance of hard work, teamwork and enriched
our communication skills.
While making the project report we learnt what production process is, how to interact with
people, how to maintain relations with them and how to manage a company and how to get work
Principles of business management
1. P C TRIPATHI
2. P N READY