Grid computing

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Presentation held by Mr.Anastas Mishev as a part of the - Cooperation between academia and ICT businesses Session at the 8th SEEITA and 7th MASIT Open Days Conference, 14th-15th October, 2010

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Grid computing

  1. 1. Grid computing – from scientific toward business infrastructure Anastas Misev Institute of Informatics, Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics, University Ss Cyril and Methodius Skopje, Macedonia 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  2. 2. Agenda • What is grid computing • Roads ahead • Grid@MK • Business opportunities • … and open issues • Conclusion 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  3. 3. What is grid computing? • Different meaning to different people • Sharing of resources (computing, storage, sensors) between users from different organizations • Enabling an environment for execution of complex applications • Integration of heterogeneous systems • The foundation for collaborative research – eInfrastructures • Primarily scientific use – The foundations for the e-Science – With great business potential 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  4. 4. Roads ahead • Different views and visions • Different interest groups • Sharing common goal – computing anywhere, anytime • Main directions – Community grids – Agent based grids – Cloud computing 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  5. 5. Community grids http://www.worldcommunitygrid.org/ • … in the past – Seti@Home – Folding@Home • World Community Grid – Launched 2004 – Based on cycle stealing – Different from the past (no single problem commitment) – Project approval done by advisory board 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  6. 6. Agent based grids www.ganzha.euh-e.edu.pl • “Back to the basic idea” • Agent +ontologies • Resource brokerage based on sound business rules and principles – Commercial exchange of resources – Yellow pages, bargaining, service level agreements, penalties … 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  7. 7. Cloud computing • Different (and often not so similar) definitions • Commercial, very restrained form of grid computing • Remove the computing out of the boundaries of the companies, into the area known as “the cloud”. • Computing on demand – Virtualization and provisioning of computing and storage – Lacks support for advanced workflows, VOs – User to service over public network http://groups.google.com/group/cloud- computing/web/list-of-cloud-platforms-providers- and-enablers 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  8. 8. Challenges • Sustainability – Project based financing • Current status “Better tools for understanding failures and increasing reliability” “Policy, support, security, QoS” (SUPER study, UK) • Major issues: grid interoperability – Many, non interoperable middlewares • Efforts to mitigate the problem – EU grid interoperability – InterGrid 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  9. 9. Grid@MK • MARGI – Macedonian Academic and Research Grid Initiative – UKIM is a founding member • Member of the European Grid Initiative – EGI • Previous projects – SEE-GRID series (3 FP projects, total 6 years) • Current projects – EGI InSPIRE – HP-SEE – SEERA-EI 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  10. 10. Business opportunities • Apply greater computational power to a task and enable greater utilization of available infrastructure • Enables cost savings in the IT departments of companies due to reduced total cost of ownership (TCO) • Enables greater scalability of infrastructure by removing limitation inherent in the artificial IT boundaries existing between separate groups or departments • Results in improved efficiency of computing, data and storage resources • Furthermore enables a more efficient management of distributed IT resources of companies • In combination with Utility Computing, Grid Computing enables the transformation of capital expenditure for IT infrastructure into operational expenditure and provides the opportunity for increased scalability and flexibility. 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  11. 11. Business challenges • Considerable change in processes but also in the mindset of involved people. • The transformation of the existing scattered IT infrastructure into a Grid alone is not sufficient. In most cases, considerable investments need to be made for adjusting existing applications • Lack of standards for Grid Computing makes investments decisions for Grid technology difficult and risky • Security and privacy issues • Long-term project, not an overnight solution. 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  12. 12. Conclusion • Powerful scientific infrastructure • Many flavors • Open issues • Great business potential • … • Working to make it worth the name - grid 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org
  13. 13. Thank you for your attention 8th SEEITA – 7th SEE ICT Forum Meeting & 7th MASIT Open Days Conference 14-15 October 2010, Ohrid www.seeita.org

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