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V1 marybeth smuts epa


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Presentation for 2015 Massachusetts Sustainable Communities and Campuses Conference

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V1 marybeth smuts epa

  1. 1. Environmental Health Improvements in Communities Making  a  Visible  Difference  in   Communi5es   MA  Sustainable  Communi1es  and   Campuses  Conference:     The  Pursuit  of  Sustainable  Living   April  16,2015  
  2. 2. EPA’s Themes-Meeting the Challenge Ahead •  Making  a  Visible  Difference  in  Communi5es  across  the  Country   •  Addressing  Climate  Change  and  Improving  Air  Quality   •  Taking  Ac1on  on  Toxics  and  Chemical  Safety   •  Protec1ng  Water   •  Launching  a  New  Era  of  State,  Tribal  and  Local  Partnerships   •  EPA  as  a  High  Performance  Organiza1on   •  Working  Towards  a  Sustainable  Future   Administrator  Gina  McCarthy  
  3. 3. Making a Visible Difference in Communities across the Country •  EPA  must  work  each  and  every  day-­‐hand-­‐in-­‐hand  with  other  federal   agencies,  states,  tribes  and  local  communi5es  –to  improve  the   health  of  American  families  and  protect  the  environment  one   community  at  a  5me,  all  across  the  country.    We  must  expand  the   work  we  do  to  enhance  the  livability  and  economic  vitality  of   neighborhoods  in  and  around  brownfields  sites;  strengthen  our   rela1onship  with  America’s  agricultural  community;  support  green   infrastructure  to  manage  urban  waters;  reduce  air  pollu1on  along   roadways,  railways  and  at  ports;  and  take  into  considera5on  the   impacts  of  our  decisions  on  environmental  jus5ce  communi5es   through  increased  analysis,  beUer  science,  and  enhanced  community   engagement  to  ensure  the  protec1on  of  basic  fundamental  rights.  
  4. 4. Place Matters in Environmental Health EPA Wants to make a Visible Difference •  Rank  34th  in  world  for  Life  Expectancy:  USA-­‐79  yrs    vs    Japan-­‐84  yrs   •  Disparity  within  USA  :  zipcode  predicts  life  expectancy   •  Using  DC  subway  line-­‐  9  yr  difference  in  life  expectancy:                    Downtown  DC-­‐  72yr.  out  to  Chevy  Chase-­‐  81.3yrs.                              12  miles  and  9+  yrs  difference                      Causes  of  mortality  vary  as  well         •  No  community  wants  to  be  known  for  being  unhealthy  hotspot:            Asthma,    respiratory  diseases,  birth  defects  and  mortality,  cardiac   diseases,  cancers,  autoimmune  diseases  
  5. 5. What  Works:  Community-­‐based,  Community-­‐ driven  Programs  created  to  build  local   partnerships  to  help  communi5es  understand   and  reduce  risks  from  all  sources  of  toxics.       Collabora1on          Bring  together  local  businesses,  residents  and  local  governments  in  a  collabora1ve   process  to  address  local  environmental  risks.   •  Ranking          Helps  communi1es  gain  an  understanding  of  all  poten1al  sources  of  exposure  to  toxic   pollutants    in  order  to  address  environmental  problems  at  the  local  level.   •  Assistance          Provides  communi1es  with  funding,  tools,  and  technical  assistance  for  implemen1ng   local  solu1ons  that  reduce  environmental  exposures  
  6. 6. How  to  Work  with  Communi5es-­‐   Strategies  That  Work!   •    Support  and  educate  communi5es     •    Build  effec5ve  collabora5ons     •    Mobilize  local  resources  and  use   voluntary  programs     •    Build  long  term  community  capacity     Industrial  Economics  Inc.  “Community  KPI  2012”   survey  
  7. 7. 7 How    EPA  Community  Ac5ons  for  a   Renewed  Environment  (CARE)  Worked    CARE  helps  communi1es  access  technical  support   and  build  capaci)ty)y  to  reduce  toxics  through   collabora1ve  ac1on  at  the  local  level.    CARE  helps   communi1es:   (1)  Join  together  in  partnerships  with  local   business,  government,  and  organiza1ons.     (2)  Develop  a  comprehensive  understanding  of   the  sources  of  environmental  pollutants  and   set  local  environmental  priori1es;     (3)  Carry  out  projects  to  reduce  risks  through   collabora1ve  ac1on  at  the  local  level,  and     (4)  Ensure  self-­‐sustaining  partnerships  and   capabili1es  so  that  it  leaves  behind  organized   stakeholder  groups  and  a  structure  to  con1nue  to   improve  human  health  and  the  local  environment.    
  8. 8. County  Health     Rankings  &  Roadmaps   www.countyhealthrankings.or g       A  Robert  Wood  Johnson   Founda1on  Program  
  9. 9. §  Free  services  (DfE  workplace  safety  training,  on-­‐ site  health  visits,  business  development  training)   in  exchange  for  par1cipa1on  in  program.     §  Prac1ce  changes:  switching  to  aqueous  brake   cleaner,  reducing  perchloroethylene-­‐containing   aerosols,  using  hydrophic  mop  technology,  oil  and   solvent  recycling,  waterborne  coa1ngs  to   eliminate  VOCs.     §  Reduced  outdoor  and  indoor  air  pollutants,   hazardous  waste,  improper  disposal;  90-­‐100%   proper  use  of  best  work  prac1ces  in  175  shops   fully  inspected  and  trained   §  702  workers  trained,  428  shops  inspected   §  Na5onal  Implica5ons:    Model  project  for  EPA   Na5onal  Collision  Repair  Campaign  to  meet  CAA   rules  faster;  grantee  helped  design  EPA  campaign.   Boston,  MA  -­‐-­‐Releases  and  Waste  from  Auto   Body  Shops  Reduced   •  Con1nued  work  with  small  business:  nail  and  hair  salons   •  Brandeis  Uiversity  students  sampled  in  over  20  salons:   formaldehyde  over  OSHA  limits   •  Nail  salon  educa1on  and  regula1ons   Commission  will  con1nue  program,  use  model  for   other  sectors,  is  now  sharing  “Safe  Shops  Tool  Kit”   na1onally.    
  10. 10. 10 What  Local  Businesses     Gain  From  CARE   •  CARE  helps  businesses  build   new  posi5ve  rela5onships  in   the  community  and  develop   new  rela5onships  with  EPA,   state  and  local  governments     §  Addi5onal  informa5on   and  support  to  take   advantage  of  EPA’s   programs  regarding   emissions  reduc5ons    
  11. 11. Rank Issue Rank Issue 1 ETS 15 CO  (indoors) 2 PM  2.5 16 Asbestos 3 Diesel  Exhaust 17 NO2 4 Industrial  Air  Pollu1on 18 Microbial  Contamina1on 5 Vehicle  Exhaust 19 VOCs 6 Ozone 20 Disinfec1on  By-­‐Products 7 Chemicals/Pes1cides  (soil) 21 Illegal  Dumping 8 Chemical/Pes1cides  (indoors) 22 Trash/Debris 9 Mold  (indoors) 23 Pollen  and  Mold  (outdoors) 10 Lead  Paint 24 Heavy  Metals  (water) 11 Pests  (indoors) 25 PM10 12 Radon 26 CO  (outdoors) 13 Brownfields 27 Prescrip1on  Drugs  (water) 14 SO2                      28 Fish  Consump1on Table 9. The Ranking of All Individual Pollutants Based on the Risk Ranking Matrix* *The ranks presented in this table do not include community concern. Springfield  (CARE)  Ranking  of  Environmental  Problems  
  12. 12. Springfield  Community  Mobiliza5on  Project     Partners  for  a  Healthier  Community   •  Over  18  community  mee1ngs  to  educate  and  empower  residents   •  Solu1a  Ini1a1ve-­‐  mee1ng  with  ARISE  and  Solu1a  agreed  to  stop  burning   coal  and  formed  community  advisory  commiUee   •  Climate  jus1ce  leadership  skills  training  for  50  residents  and  worked  to   create  climate  change  plan  for  city   •  Air  quality  assessment  by  residents  and  youth  for  school  idling  and   monitoring:  parents  mainly  problem  –school  system  adopted  different   traffic  flow  and  an1-­‐idling  signs   •  Working  with  city  on  improving  schools’  indoor  air  quality   •  Focus  on  developing  Healthy  Housing  and  Energy  Coali1on  to  reduce   asthma  triggers  in  homes    
  13. 13. 13 What  Communi5es  Gain  from  CARE  or  Any   Broad  Based  Environmental  Program   •  Risk  reduc5on  -­‐  unadainable  through   na5onal  regula5ons   •  An  improved  understanding  of  risk   •  Collabora5ve  solu5ons  to  environmental   problems     •  Increased  capacity  for  environmental   stewardship   •  A  network  of  communi5es  to  learn  from   and  share  experiences  with  
  14. 14. 14 One-­‐Stop  Shop  To  Community   Tools:hdp:// care/   •  The  Roadmap:    A  10-­‐step  method  for  communi1es  to  assess  and   priori1ze  local  risks   •  Community  Guide  to  EPA’s  Partnership  Programs:  A  guide  of  EPA   voluntary  programs  of  greatest  benefit  to  communi1es   •  Grants  Guide:  A  compila1on  of  funding  sources  for  community   environmental  and  public  health  ac1vi1es   •  Promising  Prac5ces  to  Improve  Community  Performance  and   Sustainability:  Successful  prac1ces  used  by  14  CARE  communi1es   that  improved  performance  and  sustainability.   •  Measurement  Tips  &  Resources  for  Community  Projects:  How    to   measure  progress  made  by  community  projects  working  to   improve  environmental  health   •  Sustainability  Checklist:  Ways  to  ensure  the  project  con1nues  to   improve  the  environment  arer  the  EPA  CARE  funding  ends.   CARE  Partnerships  and  EPA  staff  collaborated  on  these  tools  to  help   community-­‐based  groups:  
  15. 15. RWJF Culture of Health Prize ‣  Annual  prize   ‣  Honoring  outstanding  community  efforts  and  partnerships   ‣  Winning  communi1es  receive  a  $25,000  cash  prize   ‣  2014  winners  to  be  announced  Summer  of  2014
  16. 16. Summary   • Where  we  live  maUers  to  our  health.   • There  are  great  dispari1es  in  health  based  on  where   we  live.   • Health  is  more  than  health  care.  Many  factors   contribute  to  health  such  as  environmental  health.     • We’re  all  in  this  together.  It  takes  all  of  us  working   together  to  improve  the  health  of  a  community.  
  17. 17. Environmental Health Improvements in Communities: Make a Visible Difference MaryBeth  Smuts,  Ph.D.   Regional  Toxicologist   Air  Permits,  Toxics  and  Indoor  Programs  Unit   US  EPA:  Region  1  New  England   5  Post  Office  Square,  OEP05-­‐2   Boston,  MA  02109   617/9181512