Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Presentation at 2016 Massachusetts Sustainable Campuses and Communities Conference

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this


  1. 1. 1. Advance commitments from each country: Every country walked in with a plan. 2. Financing for a Transition and agreement to double their R&D finance 3. Engaging civil society: change happens in the cities, states, provinces and regions, and among foresters, farmers, energy providers and energy users 4. Agreed after much negotiating to 2 degrees ceiling.
  2. 2. Over 28,000 participants: 19,208 accredited governmental representatives of 190+countries 6,306 NGO representatives and scientists 2,800 accredited journalists. 150 heads of state (largest number under one roof in world history)
  3. 3. Telling the truth when it is unpopular: The “high ambition coalition” forms and acts as a “mosquito fleet, sending envoys to various parties with which they have bilateral ties” to “bite them in a nice way”. “Don’t allow agreement to be diluted to the point that it’s a watered down” We will not agree to leave anyone behind. Eventually over 100 countries push for a more ambitious deal, refusing to accept that 2 degrees accepts the loss of people and land without even trying for better. May not get there but we will try.
  4. 4. •Fuel efficiency standards double miles per gallon by 2025. •Four methane emissionsreductions from the oil and gas sector. •The Clean Power Plan for power plants •Acting on Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). •Medium and heavy-duty vehicles standards
  5. 5. Under 2 MOU: 123 jurisdictions represent more than ¼ of the global economy committed to limit emissions to below 80-95% below 1990 levels, (or below two metric tons per capita), by 2050 to limit global warming to less than 2°C by the end of this century. (MA quietly signed) RE100: 100 companies committed to 100% RenewableEnergy: Adobe, Autodesk, Biogen, BMW Group, Coca-Cola Enterprises, Goldman Sachs, Google, IKEA Group, Infosys, ING, Johnson & Johnson, Mars Incorporated, Microsoft, Nestlé, Nike, Inc., Novo Nordisk, Philips, Procter & Gamble, Salesforce, SAP, Starbucks, Steelcase, UBS, Unilever, Walmart Important Side Agreements
  6. 6. 400 cities set targets to cut their emissions in half $1Trillionin Solar investments and R&D from investors world wide 127 million hectares of land to be restored and replanted in Africa and Latin America 114 major internationalcompanies agree to use scientific targets to set their own internal planning and emission reduction setting goals Important Side Agreements
  7. 7. 1. Mitigation plans submitted by 187 countries, to be ratcheted up every 5 years, absolute targets. 2. Enhanced transparency and accounting to be sure commitments are kept 3. Climate financing for a Transition: from industrialized countries and 20 agree to double their R&D 4. Adaptation is a central pillar to help the world’s poor. 5. Legally binding nature, ratification over the year, acceptance and approvals (US, China and EU alone bring the agreement into force). 6. To achieve net zero emissions in the long-term (under 2 degrees of warming)
  8. 8. • A turning point for action to limit climate change below dangerous levels. • Signals the end of business as usual for the energy industries. • Investment now needs to be compatible with a zero carbon world. • The CO2 reductions which countries promised are not enough to avert climate change. • It was a victory for science, for understanding, and for humanity. There is much more to do.