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Marie macchiarolo2015masccc


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Presentation at the 5th Massachusetts Sustainable Communities and 4th Sustainable Campuses Conference

Published in: Environment
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Marie macchiarolo2015masccc

  1. 1. FOOD IN THE CITY An  process  to  assess  land  suitable  for   urban  agriculture.   Marie  Macchiarolo,  Abigail  Elwood  &  Emily  Berg   The  Conway  School  
  2. 2. Springfield,  MassachuseAs   Albany,  NY   Boston,  MA   HarEord,  CT   SPRINGFIELD   •  PopulaGon  153,552  (US  Census  2012)   •  34.6%  of  residents  below  poverty  level  (ACS  2009)   •  44.5%  percent  of  households  are  food-­‐insecure  (FRAC  2010)  
  3. 3. Vacancy  –  not  just  an  eyesore.  
  4. 4. Urban  Agriculture  CommiAee  (2010  a[er  SFPC)     ➔  Advocate  for  policies  that  create  opportuniGes  and   infrastructure  for  people  to  grow  their  own  food   ➔  IdenGfied  vacant  lots  as  an  opportunity  for  urban   agriculture     Springfield  Food  Policy  Council  (2010)     ➔  Oversees  public  and  private  efforts  to  improve  food   security     ➔  Has  diverse  representaGon  in  membership  -­‐  farmers,   distributors,  health  care,  residents,  non-­‐profit   organizaGons,  municipal  departments  
  5. 5. How  do  we  know  where  we  can  grow?   Is  the  soil  contaminated?   Will  the  garden  be  accessible  to  the  community?   Which  neighborhoods  need  a  community  garden?   Is  the  site  big  enough?   How  can  I  access  vacant  land?   Who  will  benefit?   Is  it  the  “right”  site?   Where  is  urban  agriculture  permiAed?   ?
  6. 6. Stakeholder  Input  
  7. 7. Scope  of  the  Assessment   Community  Gardens   Commercial  Farms   Community  &  Youth   Farms   Urban  Orchards  
  8. 8. GIS  Inventory  &  Assessment   City-­‐owned,   structure-­‐free,   vacant  lots   In  January  2014   there  were  over   500  vacant  lots  in   Springfield.  
  9. 9. Tiered  Results   ➔ Tier  1  criteria  focus  on  the  immediate  and   neighborhood  condiGons  of  the  site.   ➔ Tier  2  criteria  also  relate  to  neighborhood   condiGons  for  which  mappable  data  was   not  available.     ➔ Tier  3  criteria  relate  individual  vacant  lots   to  broad,  city-­‐wide  consideraGons.   GOOD   BETTER   BEST  
  10. 10. AssumpGons   ü  All  sites  that  met  the  Tier  1  criteria  may  be  suitable  for   urban  agriculture.   ü  If  not  idenGfied  as  hazardous,  soils  are  suitable  for   agriculture.   ü  City  water  can  be  accessed  from  every  site  and  is  suitable   to  use  to  grow  food.   ü  Adequate  sun  is  available.    
  11. 11. Ground  Truthing   ü  Street  width   ü  Vehicular  traffic     ü  Fencing     ü  Surrounding  buildings  and  exisGng  vegetaGon     ü  Soil  should  be  tested  or  use  raised  beds  
  12. 12. Criteria  for  Community  Gardens  
  13. 13. Criteria  for  Community  Gardens  
  14. 14. Tier  1  =  27  parcels  
  15. 15. Criteria  for  Community  Gardens  
  16. 16. Tier  2  =  6  parcels  
  17. 17. Criteria  for  Community  Gardens  
  18. 18. Tier  3  –  Environmental  JusGce    
  19. 19. Tier  3  –  Food  Deserts  
  20. 20. Tier  3  –  Parks  and  Open  Space  
  21. 21. Community  Garden  Results   Tiers   Parcels   Tier  1a   39   Tier  1b   27   Tier  2   6   Tier  3   3   GROUND  TRUTHING  OBSERVATIONS     ü  sits  on  a  narrow  two-­‐way  road   ü  exisGng  split-­‐rail  fence  surrounds  the  property   ü  lot  “cleaned  and  greened”   ü   some  tree  debris  on  the  property  will  need  to  be  cleared   ü  good  solar  access   ü  trees  and  scrub  to  the  east  of  the  property  
  22. 22. Urban  Agriculture  CommiAee:   Strategic  Planning   Short  Term  Goals:     ➔  PrioriGze  a  robust  community  garden  network     ➔  Expand  the  capacity  of  Gardening  the  Community     Long  Term  Goals:     ➔  Land  Tenure      
  23. 23. Currently  in  Springfield   Community  Gardening  Ordinance  (2012)     ➔  Encourages  ciGzen  engagement  in  urban  agriculture,     ➔  Acknowledges  the  benefits  of  urban  agriculture,  and   ➔  Permits  people  to  peGGon  to  temporarily  use  vacant   lots  for  urban  agriculture.     Hen  Ordinance     ➔  Will  be  introduced  into  the  discussion  this  year    
  24. 24. Defining  Success   Municipal  Support     "   Passing  addiGonal  ordinances  to  ease  implementaGon   "   Water  access     Community  Development  Block  Grant  (CDBG)     "   Awarded  grant  dollars  for  infrastructure     Private  sector  support     "   Currently  a  missing  component  
  25. 25. FOOD IN THE CITY Marie  Macchiarolo     The  Conway  School  of  Landscape  Design   332  South  Deerfield  Road   Conway,  MA  01341     Find  this  report  on  ISSUU   hAp://