Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Marie macchiarolo2015masccc

239 views

Published on

Presentation at the 5th Massachusetts Sustainable Communities and 4th Sustainable Campuses Conference

Published in: Environment
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Marie macchiarolo2015masccc

  1. 1. FOOD IN THE CITY An  process  to  assess  land  suitable  for   urban  agriculture.   Marie  Macchiarolo,  Abigail  Elwood  &  Emily  Berg   The  Conway  School  
  2. 2. Springfield,  MassachuseAs   Albany,  NY   Boston,  MA   HarEord,  CT   SPRINGFIELD   •  PopulaGon  153,552  (US  Census  2012)   •  34.6%  of  residents  below  poverty  level  (ACS  2009)   •  44.5%  percent  of  households  are  food-­‐insecure  (FRAC  2010)  
  3. 3. Vacancy  –  not  just  an  eyesore.  
  4. 4. Urban  Agriculture  CommiAee  (2010  a[er  SFPC)     ➔  Advocate  for  policies  that  create  opportuniGes  and   infrastructure  for  people  to  grow  their  own  food   ➔  IdenGfied  vacant  lots  as  an  opportunity  for  urban   agriculture     Springfield  Food  Policy  Council  (2010)     ➔  Oversees  public  and  private  efforts  to  improve  food   security     ➔  Has  diverse  representaGon  in  membership  -­‐  farmers,   distributors,  health  care,  residents,  non-­‐profit   organizaGons,  municipal  departments  
  5. 5. How  do  we  know  where  we  can  grow?   Is  the  soil  contaminated?   Will  the  garden  be  accessible  to  the  community?   Which  neighborhoods  need  a  community  garden?   Is  the  site  big  enough?   How  can  I  access  vacant  land?   Who  will  benefit?   Is  it  the  “right”  site?   Where  is  urban  agriculture  permiAed?   ?
  6. 6. Stakeholder  Input  
  7. 7. Scope  of  the  Assessment   Community  Gardens   Commercial  Farms   Community  &  Youth   Farms   Urban  Orchards  
  8. 8. GIS  Inventory  &  Assessment   City-­‐owned,   structure-­‐free,   vacant  lots   In  January  2014   there  were  over   500  vacant  lots  in   Springfield.  
  9. 9. Tiered  Results   ➔ Tier  1  criteria  focus  on  the  immediate  and   neighborhood  condiGons  of  the  site.   ➔ Tier  2  criteria  also  relate  to  neighborhood   condiGons  for  which  mappable  data  was   not  available.     ➔ Tier  3  criteria  relate  individual  vacant  lots   to  broad,  city-­‐wide  consideraGons.   GOOD   BETTER   BEST  
  10. 10. AssumpGons   ü  All  sites  that  met  the  Tier  1  criteria  may  be  suitable  for   urban  agriculture.   ü  If  not  idenGfied  as  hazardous,  soils  are  suitable  for   agriculture.   ü  City  water  can  be  accessed  from  every  site  and  is  suitable   to  use  to  grow  food.   ü  Adequate  sun  is  available.    
  11. 11. Ground  Truthing   ü  Street  width   ü  Vehicular  traffic     ü  Fencing     ü  Surrounding  buildings  and  exisGng  vegetaGon     ü  Soil  should  be  tested  or  use  raised  beds  
  12. 12. Criteria  for  Community  Gardens  
  13. 13. Criteria  for  Community  Gardens  
  14. 14. Tier  1  =  27  parcels  
  15. 15. Criteria  for  Community  Gardens  
  16. 16. Tier  2  =  6  parcels  
  17. 17. Criteria  for  Community  Gardens  
  18. 18. Tier  3  –  Environmental  JusGce    
  19. 19. Tier  3  –  Food  Deserts  
  20. 20. Tier  3  –  Parks  and  Open  Space  
  21. 21. Community  Garden  Results   Tiers   Parcels   Tier  1a   39   Tier  1b   27   Tier  2   6   Tier  3   3   GROUND  TRUTHING  OBSERVATIONS     ü  sits  on  a  narrow  two-­‐way  road   ü  exisGng  split-­‐rail  fence  surrounds  the  property   ü  lot  “cleaned  and  greened”   ü   some  tree  debris  on  the  property  will  need  to  be  cleared   ü  good  solar  access   ü  trees  and  scrub  to  the  east  of  the  property  
  22. 22. Urban  Agriculture  CommiAee:   Strategic  Planning   Short  Term  Goals:     ➔  PrioriGze  a  robust  community  garden  network     ➔  Expand  the  capacity  of  Gardening  the  Community     Long  Term  Goals:     ➔  Land  Tenure      
  23. 23. Currently  in  Springfield   Community  Gardening  Ordinance  (2012)     ➔  Encourages  ciGzen  engagement  in  urban  agriculture,     ➔  Acknowledges  the  benefits  of  urban  agriculture,  and   ➔  Permits  people  to  peGGon  to  temporarily  use  vacant   lots  for  urban  agriculture.     Hen  Ordinance     ➔  Will  be  introduced  into  the  discussion  this  year    
  24. 24. Defining  Success   Municipal  Support     "   Passing  addiGonal  ordinances  to  ease  implementaGon   "   Water  access     Community  Development  Block  Grant  (CDBG)     "   Awarded  grant  dollars  for  infrastructure     Private  sector  support     "   Currently  a  missing  component  
  25. 25. FOOD IN THE CITY Marie  Macchiarolo   marie.macchiarolo@gmail.com     The  Conway  School  of  Landscape  Design   www.csld.edu   332  South  Deerfield  Road   Conway,  MA  01341     Find  this  report  on  ISSUU   hAp://issuu.com/conwaydesign  

×