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John MacDonald MAS 2017

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Presentation at Massachusetts Sustainable Communities and Campuses Conference on March 17, 2017

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John MacDonald MAS 2017

  1. 1. Facilities Management Demand Management 2017 1
  2. 2. • Utility Budget Context • About Installed Capacity (ICAP) • Potential Impact • Possible Responses • Results 2 Agenda
  3. 3. • Memorandum Of Understanding with Eversource • 7,325,398 Square Feet • 338 Acres • 4 Campuses • 147 Buildings • 14,077 Students • 168,651 Alumni (as of 2013) 3 Boston College Statistics
  4. 4. 80M kWh Consumption 4 Our utility budget is dominated by electricity Electricity 50% Water 18% Natural Gas 29% Oil 3%
  5. 5. 13,671 kW 5 Our Typical Peak Demand
  6. 6. 6 ICAP
  7. 7. • Installed Capacity (ICAP) • Based on a high demand day determined by the ISO-NE • Individual customer “Tags” are set annually • ICAP “Tags” reset every year based on the year before • The “Tag” you set this year will effect your charge next year 7 ICAP
  8. 8. Budget impact – kW on TOU account
  9. 9. 9 ISO New England supplies our electricity Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) created Independent System Operators, or ISOs ISO New England (ISO-NE) is an independent, non-profit Regional Transmission Organization (RTO), serving Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Vermont
  10. 10. 10 Electrical make-up
  11. 11. 11 Renewables
  12. 12. 12 ISO-NE’s mission is Reliability Grid Operation Market Administration Power System Planning Coordinate and direct the flow of electricity over the region Design, run and oversee the billion-dollar markets where electricity is bought and sold Perform studies, analysis and planning to ensure electricity needs will be met over the next 10 years ISO-NE’s Three Critical Roles
  13. 13. 13 Reliability requires capacity • Installed Capacity (ICAP) is the ability of the electrical grid to supply electricity to its customers • ISO-NE funds capacity through ICAP surcharges • Surcharges are based on customers’ electrical usage at peak times (e.g., during a heat wave)
  14. 14. 14 Estimated Capacity Costs – June 1st to May 31st • 2015/2016 = $3.43/kW/Month • 2016/2017 = $8.26/kW/Month • 2017/2018 = $15.00/kW/Month • 2018/2019 = $9.55/kW/Month • 2019/2020 = $7.03/kW/Month • 2020/2021 = $5.30/kW/Month https://www.iso-ne.com/about/key-stats/markets#fcaresults
  15. 15. • BC’s estimated ICAP tag 13,671 kW • FY 18 ICAP charge: $15.00/kW/Month The Math: 13,671 kW x $15.00 = $205,065/Month = $2,460,780/Year Budget impact for next Fiscal Year
  16. 16. 16 Analysis
  17. 17. 17 Previous ICAP data https://www.iso-ne.com
  18. 18. Which months did the test occur?
  19. 19. Which days did the test occur?
  20. 20. 20 Possible Responses
  21. 21. 21 Options • No change to operations Absorb entire $2.4 million impact in FY18 as a one-time hit. • Low impact Could avoid $45k. Turn up temperatures on office air conditioning & lights throughout campus. • High impact Could avoid an additional $600k. Shut down up to 62 buildings and early dismissal. • Lock ICAP rate Negotiate with electricity provider based on total annual volume usage with a premium. Regardless, keep focus on conserving electricity throughout the year (1 million kWh = $38k)!
  22. 22. 22 Cost Avoidance vs. Inconvenience • ICAP tag dates are most often in July or August and the hour is typically mid- to late-afternoon (2 to 5 p.m.) • High impact option could affect: – Academic / Admissions events – Camps / Summer operations – Athletic events – Student move-in • Need to balance cost avoidance with inconvenience
  23. 23. 23 Developing a strategy to reduce ICAP costs Low Impact Option  Set air conditioning to 75F  Turn off office lights  Close windows  Draw curtains & blinds  Unplug chargers  Turn off small electronics (e.g., coffee makers)  Requires community-wide participation Reduce electricity use on predicted ICAP days Could Avoid ~$45k Affects 1,500 offices
  24. 24. 24 Developing a strategy to reduce ICAP costs High Impact Option  Turn off all non-emergency lighting  Turn off all air conditioning  Can be done by Facilities staff at building panels and remotely with building automation systems  May necessitate an early release Reduce electricity use on predicted ICAP days Could Avoid an additional ~$600k Affects 62 buildings
  25. 25. 25 High impact option would affect 62 buildings  Main Campus  Newton Campus  Brighton Campus  All buildings over 10,000 GSF
  26. 26. 26 Capacity costs as a pass through
  27. 27. 27 Managing potential ICAP “tag” days • 3rd party prediction services notified BC the day before • Decision made by 10:00 a.m. of the potential peak day • Advisories sent out in advance – Mass email, Website and hanging notifications on building entrances – Tiger Teams • Upon notification, start the building turn-off process
  28. 28. 28 Email messaging
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. 30
  31. 31. 31 Downloadable messaging
  32. 32. 32 Downloadable Messaging
  33. 33. 33 Managing potential ICAP “tag” days • 6:00 p.m. start the building turn-on process IN STAGES!!! • Next day all systems are back to normal • Anticipate *3 occurrences over the course of the summer *LOL!
  34. 34. 34 BMS Demand Response
  35. 35. 35 CHM Results
  36. 36. 36 Source: ISO New England Customer Support (413) 540-4220 (call center) CustServ@iso-ne.com ISO New England Inc. One Sullivan Road | Holyoke, MA 01040-2841
  37. 37. 37 Discussion

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