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Our Oceans and
Climate Change
John Bullard
Regional Administrator Greater
Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office
One of our goals is to help fishing communities catch as much
fish as they can, while still managing fishery so that there...
Municipal
Historic District Revitalization
Mayor of New Bedford
Federal
Office of Sustainable Development
President’s Coun...
Source: Northeast Fisheries Science Center and NOAA
Watersheds & EstuariesOceans
ResourcesCommunities
Climate and Changing...
Changes
Sea level
Temperature
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
Precipitation
Melillo et al. (2014) after Karl et al. (2009)
NOAA GFDL'...
Regional Changes
• Rate of temperature increase on Northeast U.S. Shelf
among highest on planet
• Rate of sea-
level rise ...
Other Regional Changes
• Increase in
• Annual precipitation and
river flow
• Magnitude of extreme
precipitation events
• M...
Source: Jon Hare (Northeast Fisheries Science Center)
Shifting DistributionsChanging Productivity
Changing FisheriesChangi...
Ocean & Northern Quahogs
Atlantic Salmon
Bay Scallop
14 Atlantic species including: 18 species including:
Halibut
Scallop
...
Photo: NEFSC/NOAA
American lobster is depleted and in recruitment failure in Southern New England,
due in part to increase...
Atlantic Sea Scallops
With limited mobility and high sensitivity to the ocean acidification, scallops are
highly vulnerabl...
Atlantic Cod
Source: Jon Hare and David Richardson (Northeast
Fisheries Science Center)
If warming oceans are affecting re...
River Herring
U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA Fisheries | Page 13
Sou...
Changes in predator-prey relationships are important considerations. Research is
underway to understand the effect of clim...
How Are We Responding to Climate Change?
SCIENCE
Working with partners to fund research
on climate change predictions MANA...
Endangered Species Act & Marine Mammal Protection ActMagnuson-Stevens Act
Endangered Species Act
Marine Mammal Protection ...
Fresh Water
Restoration and Conservation of Freshwater/Estuary Habitats
Ocean Habitat
Ecosystem Based Management
Community Resilience Science
Lisa Colburn -NEFSC
Potential Effects MA Community Vulnerability
Marine aquaculture is in a growth stage globally, yet domestic production
accounts for less than 5% of seafood consumed in...
Community Resilience Workshops
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John bullard mas 2017

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Presentation at Massachusetts Sustainable Communities and Campuses Conference on March 17, 2017

Published in: Environment
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John bullard mas 2017

  1. 1. Our Oceans and Climate Change John Bullard Regional Administrator Greater Atlantic Regional Fisheries Office
  2. 2. One of our goals is to help fishing communities catch as much fish as they can, while still managing fishery so that there will be enough for future generations. One of our goals is to help fishing communities catch as much fish as they can, while still managing fishery so that there will be enough for future generations.
  3. 3. Municipal Historic District Revitalization Mayor of New Bedford Federal Office of Sustainable Development President’s Council on Sustainable Development National Marine Fisheries Service Academic Sea Education Association
  4. 4. Source: Northeast Fisheries Science Center and NOAA Watersheds & EstuariesOceans ResourcesCommunities Climate and Changing Conditions are Important Considerations
  5. 5. Changes Sea level Temperature Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Precipitation Melillo et al. (2014) after Karl et al. (2009) NOAA GFDL's ESM2M projection for the Northest U.S. Continental Shelf (Source: NEFSC Ecosystem Status Report) Ocean Surface pH
  6. 6. Regional Changes • Rate of temperature increase on Northeast U.S. Shelf among highest on planet • Rate of sea- level rise also among highest • Many other aspects of climate system are changing http://www.nefsc.noaa.gov/ecosys/ecosystem-status-report/Climate Source: Jon Hare (Northeast Fisheries Science Center)
  7. 7. Other Regional Changes • Increase in • Annual precipitation and river flow • Magnitude of extreme precipitation events • Magnitude and frequency of floods • Dissolved Co2 increasing (resulting in “acidification”) Citations: Northeast Regional Climate Action Plan) Source: After Collins (2009) and Armstrong et al. (2014)
  8. 8. Source: Jon Hare (Northeast Fisheries Science Center) Shifting DistributionsChanging Productivity Changing FisheriesChanging Abundance Northeast U.S. Shelf Climate Change and Variability
  9. 9. Ocean & Northern Quahogs Atlantic Salmon Bay Scallop 14 Atlantic species including: 18 species including: Halibut Scallop Surfclam Tilefish Witch flounder Northern Shrimp Winter flounder Oysters River herring Shortnose & Atlantic sturgeons Shellfish (blue mussel, softshell crab, whelks, blue crab) Stripe bass Tautog 12 Atlantic species including Red drum American eel Conger eel Black sea bass Spotted sea trout Cod Redfish Mackerel Sandlance Lobster Hagfish Pollock Skate species 21 species including Summer flounder Spanish mackerel Atlantic croaker Spot Northern kingfish Menhaden Weakfish Scup Butterfish Squid species Bluefish Deep-sea red crab Hake species (silver, red, offshore) Skate species (winter, clearnose) Anchovies Flounders (yellowtail, windowpane) Haddock Atlantic Herring Vulnerability to Climate Related Abundance Changes Climate Exposure BiologicalSensitivity Please note: These predictions have varying degrees of certainty Adapted from : Hare JA, Morrison WE, Nelson MW, Stachura MM, Teeters EJ, et al. (2016) A Vulnerability Assessment of Fish and Invertebrates to Climate Change on the Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf. PLoS ONE 11(2): e0146756. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0146756
  10. 10. Photo: NEFSC/NOAA American lobster is depleted and in recruitment failure in Southern New England, due in part to increased water temperatures at southern end of range American Lobster Source: NOAA and NEFSC
  11. 11. Atlantic Sea Scallops With limited mobility and high sensitivity to the ocean acidification, scallops are highly vulnerable to climate change impacts Source: NOAA and NEFMC, Framework Adjustment 26 to Scallop FMP
  12. 12. Atlantic Cod Source: Jon Hare and David Richardson (Northeast Fisheries Science Center) If warming oceans are affecting rebuilding for the long term, it may not be possible to rebuild the stock
  13. 13. River Herring U.S. Department of Commerce | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA Fisheries | Page 13 Source: Jerry Prezioso, NOAA Forage fish are important parts of the ecosystem. River herring provide food for a variety of animals including important commercial and recreational fish like cod and haddock. Diadromous fish like river herring are very highly vulnerable to climate change Source: Tara Trinko-Lake, NOAA
  14. 14. Changes in predator-prey relationships are important considerations. Research is underway to understand the effect of climate change on copepod distribution and how the change impacts right whale distributions Atlantic Right Whales Source: NOAA
  15. 15. How Are We Responding to Climate Change? SCIENCE Working with partners to fund research on climate change predictions MANAGEMENT Incorporate ecosystems and climate science into management plans PROTECTION Restoring and protecting vulnerable species and habitats to increase resilience of communities and aquatic ecosystems ENGAGEMENT Engaging fishing industry in discussions of community resiliency in the face of climate change effects
  16. 16. Endangered Species Act & Marine Mammal Protection ActMagnuson-Stevens Act Endangered Species Act Marine Mammal Protection Act Living Marine Resources
  17. 17. Fresh Water Restoration and Conservation of Freshwater/Estuary Habitats
  18. 18. Ocean Habitat
  19. 19. Ecosystem Based Management
  20. 20. Community Resilience Science
  21. 21. Lisa Colburn -NEFSC Potential Effects MA Community Vulnerability
  22. 22. Marine aquaculture is in a growth stage globally, yet domestic production accounts for less than 5% of seafood consumed in the United States. Aquaculture
  23. 23. Community Resilience Workshops

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