Campuses & Communities
Government Relations Executive
Northeast Clean Energy Council
March 17, 2017
Your Partner in the Clean Energy Economy
Northeast Clean Energy Council
u NECEC’s mission is to create a world-class
clean energy hub in the Northeast delivering
global impact with economic, energy and
u NECEC helps clean energy companies start,
scale and succeed with our unique business,
innovation and policy leadership.
New England Region
Clean Energy Growth
Clean Energy is Spreading Faster Than We Realize
Massachusetts: Home to the Clean Tech Movement
10% Renewable Electric Generation
Rhode Island: Second lowest Carbon Emitter in the US
Block Island Off Shore Wind leads nation
Vermont: First in Nation law, Act 56: 75% Renewables by 2032
New Hampshire: 17% Renewable: 25% by 2025
Connecticut: Working on a Five Year Power Plan: First Green Bank in Nation
Maine: Poised to use wind and forest land for renewable energy
University of Maine proposes unique floating wind platforms
What Drives New England Clean Energy?
Progressive Legislation Encouraging Growth
Aging Infrastructure Demands Change
Cost of Fossil Fuels
All of This Adds Up to Opportunity
Installed NE Solar (MW)
Dec 2013 Apr 2014 Aug 2014 Dec 2014 Apr 2015 Aug 2015 Dec 2015
Connecticut 73.75 78.416 98.02 118.80 133.83 158.73 188.01
Maine 8.12 8.512 8.16 10.38 11.04 12.43 15.34
Mass. 361.55 434.39 550.54 656.73 739.48 855.03 947.11
8.22 9.35 10.17 12.74 13.93 18.37 26.36
10.9 15.29 15.52 18.21 19.08 21.51 23.59
Vermont 36.13 29.40 66.55 81.85 90.76 108.27 124.57
Total 498.67 575.37 748.95 898.71 1,008.11 1,174.34 1,325.00
Resource: ISO New England – Final 2016 PV Forecast Details
Future Growth of NE Solar
Source: ISO-NE’s Final 2016 PV Forecast
Installed NE Wind (MW)
Wind Capacity Under
Connecticut 5 0
Maine 613 284
Massachusetts 107 8
Rhode Island 9 45
Vermont 119 0
Total: 1,038 337
Source: American Wind Energy Association – State Facts
Wind Cost Trends
Declining Cost of Wind
Source: DOE – “Revolution Now: The Future Arrives for Four Clean Energy
Technologies.” September, 2013.
Rhode Island Legislation
u Renewable Energy Standard expanded and extended from
2019 to 2035 (1.5%/year)
u Omnibus Rhode Island Energy Bill (S2450 B)
u Extends the Renewable Energy Fund until December
u Renewable Energy Growth Program expanded to allow
multi-family homes that share the same roof to
participate in REG
u Clean energy property tax provisions
u Net Metering eligible project size increased from 5-10
u Virtual Net Metering 30 MW Pilot Program
u 3rd Party Financing 9
Massachusetts Solar Legislation
H4173: An Act Relative to Solar Energy Legislation
u Increases Net Metering Caps by 3%
u 7% Private
u 8% Public
u Modifies Reimbursement Rate
u Keeps full retail Net Metering credit for under 25kw and
u Lowers credit to 60% for non-governmental projects
u Grandfathers existing projects in for 25 years
u Directs DOER to craft new incentive (SREC) program
u Allows utilities to propose a minimum monthly reliability
Massachusetts Omnibus Legislation
H4568: An Act to Promote Energy Diversity
u Clean Energy Procurement
u 9.45 TWH for clean energy generation
u Hydro, Hydro and Class I, Class I standalone
u 1600 MW for off shore wind
u Staggered 400 MW solicitations
u Guarantee for winter peak delivery
u Independent Evaluator
u Preference for combo of hydro + class I
u Fuel Cells
u Energy Storage
u Net Metering for small hydro
2017 Energy Considerations Around NE
u RPS increase – MA and CT; protection - ME
u Solar/DG incentives – CT, ME, MA, RI, NH, VT, NY
u MA Successor Solar Incentive program
u CT LREC/ZREC/VNM/SCEF (CSS)
u Interconnection issues
u Net metering
u NH, ME, MA, VT, RI (VNM), NY
u Storage – MA DOER recommendations, target
u Grid Modernization – MA, NH, RI, CT, NY
u Energy Efficiency, Demand Response – MA, NH, ME
u RPACE, CPACE – federal and state
u Wholesale electricity markets –public policy, nuclear LTC
u Massachusetts Smart Plan
Solar Massachusetts Renewal Target
1600 MW Declining Block
10-20 year Fixed Price
“Add-ons”- Location, Community Solar projects, Low
Income, Public, Storage
Maximum Size 5 MW
Reduce Risk, Reduce Costs
Incentives Decline with Cost Of Solar
Basic Compensation based on project size
Procurement sets price for large projects, indices for
Single compensation for energy and incentive
Net Metering II
u Connecticut: LREC/ ZREC Program Extension (Bridge to
Long Term Plan)
1 Year Extension in SB 106, released this week
u Rhode Island: Renewable Energy Growth Program
Expansion, Solar Permitting Bill, Interconnection
agreements, lift cap on Virtual Net Metering
u Siting of Solar
u Massachusetts: Green Field Subtractor
Connecticut: Looking at Prime Farmland definition or
referencing in Green Power Plan
u Vermont: Looking at Aesthetic Mitigation
u Number One Priority for many groups and advocates this
u Renewable Portfolio Standards require a percentage of our
power comes from renewable sources.
29 states accounting for 55% of the renewable energy sold
have an RPS.
u Almost every state in region is looking at increasing the
program to keep pace with meeting climate change goals.
u Without increases, we will not meet our goals in the region.
u Without increases, the Renewable Energy Credit(REC)
prices will fall and lead to less renewables being built into
u Storage is this year’s buzzword.
u How do we integrate Storage into Grid? Everyone is looking at this?
Storage is commercially viable and there are over 500MW of storage
installed throughout the US.
u Types of Storage
u Pump Storage
u Heat Pumps
u Flow (Fuel) Cells
u Fly Wheels
u Compressed Air
Commonwealth Energy Storage
u Massachusetts has about 2 MW of storage installed and ranks 23rd in the US.
u ESI Demonstration Program Advancing Commonwealth Energy Storage
u DOER and MassCEC have an open request for proposals for energy storage
demonstration projects over a range of application scales – utility, distribution
system and behind the meter (BTM) – in Massachusetts. Successful applicants
will propose projects that address the unique needs and barriers to storage
deployment in Massachusetts, help to grow the state's energy storage
economy, and contribute to Massachusetts' continued clean energy innovation
u DOER will next adopt specific energy storage targets by July 1, 2017, and the
targets would take effect by Jan. 1, 2020.
Off Shore Wind
u Rhode Island- Block Island Wind Project is first off shore wind project
u It is a 5 Turbine 30 MW project. It offsets 40,000 tons of CO2/yr.
u Massachusetts- 2016 bill requires utilities to solicit bids totaling 1600
u The turbines must be generating by 2027.
u In January 2015, MassCEC completed the construction of the New
Bedford Marine Commerce Terminal, a multi-purpose facility specifically
designed to construct, assemble, and deploy offshore wind projects.
u Maine- University of Maine is testing floating platforms for wind
turbines. They are planning a demonstration project with 2 6 MW
u Bills have been filed in Several States.
u Carbon is a commodity like Gold or Crude Oil.
u Price of a commodity influences behavior
u But there are questions:
u How it is implemented?
u Can one state influence the market or do people go
elsewhere for power?
u How can you structure this so that it doesn’t impact
low income without the financial power to change
u Why is this here? Nuclear is a big part of our clean energy production.
u Nuclear Power generates roughly 4,000 MW (31%) of NE energy.
u Plymouth’s Pilgrim Nuclear Power Plant is shutting down in June of
u Dominion’s Millstone Nuclear Plant in Connecticut is looking for
u This is a difficult issue. Ratepayers have already paid for the
u However, we need to be mindful that nuclear plants depress the
clearing price for electricity.
u Nuclear Plants can’t be mothballed. They run or are decommissioned.
u Everyone is watching to see how this plays out.
Integrating Markets and Public Policy
The objectives of the ISO and IMAPP is to advance state public policy. The
question is how do we balance ISO’s mission of keeping the lights on and
the social policy enacted by each state?
Massachusetts SJC ruled that the proposal for rate payers to pay for
natural gas pipeline expansion was not the legislative intent. This slowed
or stopped pipeline proposals.
Massachusetts SJC also ordered the administration to develop new
regulations to meet the state’s obligations under the Global Warming
New Administration in Washington
How does this impact state policies?
2017 Preliminary Policy Priorities
Size of bubble indicates level of NECEC activity/priority.
Northeast Clean Energy Council