LlZETH ADRIANA PÁEZ
MARTHA J. GARCÍA
MARTHA JOSEFINA GARCÍA AVILA
NÉSTOR JAVIER VARGAS
BOGOTÁ, NOVEMBER 10, 2016
The paragraph is a logical,
linguistic and contextual unit,
it is maked up by one or more
sentences that present a main
idea, which should be
expressed clearly, coherence
The paragraphs can be classified
according to their:
Initial or introduction paragraph:
It is the beginning of a writing and
its function is to introduce the
reader to the topic to consider.
There are several ways to present
the initial paragraphs.
An quote: Related to the
An anecdote: in order to
capture the reader's attention.
One or several questions: posed
the problem to develop.
A Synthesis: summarizes the
topic or thesis of the text.
Transition paragraph: indicates the
change to a different idea or
theme. This paragraph shows the
relationship between the new idea
or theme and the previous.
Some expressions used to link
paragraphs, are: with that said, in
view of the above, as a result,
therefore, besides the above, an
example of this is, with the purpose
of, in order to, etcetera.
Final or conclusion paragraph:
Summarize the general meaning
of the text and it serves to close or
finish the subject.
Some expressions that can be used
are: in conclusion, in short, in
Argumentative paragraphs: These are the one that have an idea
to convince the reader of what is being denied or affirmed.
Conceptual or definition paragraphs: These
make a precision of the meaning of a term or it
focuses a thought that is clarified ahead in the
These are the type of paragraphs that help the
reader get a better understanding about the
Chronological paragraphs: these refer to
temporal series of an event.
List paragraphs: These ones organize the text.
This paragraph can be before or after a list
of things and properties that refer to: an
object, idea or fact.
Descriptive paragraphs: These ones
describe: objects, people, ideas or
These type of paragraphs must to have an order; for example:
From the general to the particular, from the external to the
internal or from the past to the present and vice versa.
Its function is to do than reader understands clearly
Its contents characterize the cause get increase and in
detail the information.
One of its purpose is in the education. Some
Specific and objective.
Provide information and
Written in present.
Narrative paragraph: Tells a situation through facts
sequence in chronological order.
The same paragraph must to be descriptive.
The topic must progress.
Shows difference and similarity between several objects,
success or any phenomenon.
The main idea is easy to identify and delimit its cause. May
separate the ideas with the differences or connect it with
Introduces the topic through a series of facts or events,
The reason or causes that have generated the fact or
the consequences derivative of it.
May be narrative, informative or argumentative.
Organized in two parts:
The first presents the problema in explicit or veiled way.
In the second one the solution is exposed, in the same
way that the problem.
Describes a series of events or a process in
some kind of order.
Main idea at the beginning. For its
construction is part of a
generalization and then present
Main idea at the end. It begins with sentences
that express secondary ideas to arrive at a
generalization, or thematic idea as a
conclusion of what has been affirmed.
"That life is simpler than what we
believe in. That is what my best friend
thinks, and I began to think when I saw
the cruel scene of a woman who had
lost everything on TV the other
"There was a sound in the middle of the night."
He woke up after the barking of his dog and
heard the front door close abruptly, and he
shuddered, a few steps approaching his
bedroom ... Joaquín lived alone: someone
had entered in his house in half of the night
and the danger had it”.
Is used to close a topic or section. It is easy to
detect it because it starts with expressions
such as the following: in conclusion, in
synthesis, of all the above we can conclude
that, consequently and others similar.