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Reliance Jio, Marketing and Business Analysis.


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Reliance Jio,Project work Report..

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Reliance Jio, Marketing and Business Analysis.

  1. 1. A PROJECT REPORT ON A Study on the factors required to enhance the scope of Wi-Fi and 4G LTE coverage for Reliance JIO For Reliance Jio By M.VinayKumar ESCI/PGDM-GEN/14/419 Under The Guidance of Mr.Balivadha Sridhar In partial fulfillment of POST GRADUATE DIPLOMA IN MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING STAFF COLLEGE OF INDIA HYDERABAD (2014 – 2016)
  2. 2. DECLARATION I hereby declare that project entitled “A Study on the factors required to enhance the scope of Wi- Fi and 4G LTE coverage for Reliance JIO” is bonafide work duly completed by me. It does not contain any part of the project or thesis submitted by any other candidate to this or any other institute of the university. All such materials that have been obtained from other sources have been duly acknowledged. M.VinayKumar ESCI/PGDM-GEN/14/419
  3. 3. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the Project Report titled “A Study on the factors required to enhance the scope of Wi-Fi and 4G LTE coverage for Reliance JIO” submitted by in partial fulfilment of Post Graduate Diploma in Management at Engineering Staff College of India, Hyderabad is a record of bonafide work carried out by him under my guidance and supervision. Mr.BalivadhaSridhar Manager – Reliance Jio ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
  4. 4. The authorship of a monograph is usually attributed to one person but a report on the internship or a project work like this is a joint affair. I am indebted to all those who have directly and indirectly in this endeavor. I would like to express my sincere thanks to Dr. Sarath, Academic Director–ISTTM Business School, - Hyderabad for his continuous and deliberate discussion on the topic andindeterminable burden taken by him in helping me during the project. I would like to express my profound and heartfelt gratitude to Mr. Balivadha Sridhar(Kawadiguda JIO Center Manager, Reliance JIO Infocomm Ltd.) who inspired me and guided me throughout the period of Project Work that enabled me to successful completion the Market research project on ―“A Study on the factors required to enhance the scope of Wi-Fi and 4G LTE coverage for Reliance JIO”Special regard and greatest appreciation is reserved for Marketing team of Reliance JIO Infocomm Ltd., whose honest feedback, ideas and thoughts helped me navigate through the most difficult phases of the project work. Last, but not least I am thankful to my parents and friends who supported me throughout the Summer Internship Programme. This project would not have been possible without their blessings. Mr. Vinaykumar ESCI/PGDM-GEN/14/419
  5. 5. TABLE OF CONTENT INDEX S.NO CONTENT PAGE NO 1 Summary 01 2 Introduction 02-04 3 Organization Introduction 05-13 4 Review Of Literature 14-24 5 Objectives Of The Study 25 6 Research Methodology 26-27 7 Data Analysis and their Interpretations 28-47 8 Findings 48 9 Conclusion 49 10 Bibliography 50 11 Questionnaire 51 1. SUMMARY This project titled “A Study And Identify The Factors Required To Enhance The Scope Of Wi-Fi And 4G LTE Coverage For Reliance JIO” is being 5
  6. 6. conducted to identify factors and provide revolutionary 4G LTE coverage and high speed Wi-Fi services of Reliance JIO at all parts of Hyderabad city. RJIL has successfully demonstrated legal interception and monitoring rules compliance of its 4G network for high speed wireless internet, phone calls, video and messaging service across country. To identify all the below buildings in work scope area and establish contacts with the building owner/association and explain them the benefits of high speed internet and 4G connectivity.  All G+5 (ground floor +five floors) and above buildings  Shopping malls  Hospitals  Hotels  Multiplex To capture all the details of the building. The variables are involved in this project 1. Area 2. Address 3. Building Name 4. Number of Floors 5. Type (commercial, residential, both, Hotel, Hospital) 6. Latitude &Longitude {By using Smart phone app} 7. Number of Home passes The Research methodology is exploratory with a sample size of 704. Data was collected through survey. The data was analyzed by performing chi-square analysis. Excel, SPSS were used as statistical computing software. Findings:  Number of home passes depends on using internet  Number of floors depends on using internet. 6
  7. 7. 2. INTRODUCTION Industry Introduction: India's telecommunication network is the second largest in the world based on the total number of telephone users (both fixed and mobile phone). It has one of the lowest call tariffs in the world enabled by the mega telephone networks and hyper competition among them. It has the world's third largest Internet user base. According to the Internet And Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), the Internet user base in the country stood at 190 million at the end of June, 2013. Major sectors of the Indian telecommunication industry are telephony, internet and television broadcast Industry in the country which is in an ongoing process of transforming into next generation network, employs an extensive system of modern network elements such as digital telephone exchanges, mobile switching Centre’s, media gateways and signaling gateways at the core, interconnected by a wide variety of transmission systems using fiber optics or Microwave radio relay networks. The access network, which connects the subscriber to the core, is highly diversified with different copper pair, optic fiber and wireless technologies. DTH, a relatively new broadcasting technology has attained significant popularity in the Television segment. The introduction of private FM has given a fillip to the radio broadcasting in India. Telecommunication in India has greatly been supported by the INSAT system of the country, one of the largest domestic satellite systems in the world. India possesses a diversified communications system, which links all parts of the country by telephone, Internet, radio, television and satellite. Indian telecom industry underwent a high pace of market liberalization and growth since the 1990s and now has become the world's most competitive and one of the fastest growing telecom markets. The Industry has grown over twenty times in just ten years, from under 37 million subscribers in the year 2001 to over 1,002 million subscribers in the year 2015 Communications in India 7
  8. 8. Revenue (Total) USD 33,350 million Total telephone subscribers 1,002.05 million (May 2015) Mobile subscribers 975.78 million (May 2015) Fixed line subscribers 26.27 million (May 2015) Monthly telephone additions (Net) (May 2015) 2.34 million Teledensity 79.67% (May 2015) Rural Teledensity 48.60% (May 2015) Internet users 278 million (October 2014) Internet penetration Dec 2014 20.01% Broadband internet users 104.96 million (May 2015) Internet Service Providers 161 (May 2013) country code .in Broadcasting: Television channels 813 (September 2014) Radio stations 247 (March 2012) Sectors in India Telecommunication: Major sectors of telecommunication industry in India are telephony, internet, Data centers and broadcasting. Telephony: The telephony segment is dominated by private sector and two state run Businesses. Most companies were formed by a recent revolution and restructuring launched within a decade, directed by Ministry of Communications and IT, Department of Telecommunications and Minister of Finance. Since then, most companies gained 2G, 3G and 4G licenses and engaged fixed line, mobile and internet business in India. On landlines, intracircle calls are considered local calls while intercircle are considered long distance calls. Foreign Direct Investment policy which increased the foreign ownership cap from 49% to 74%.Now it is 100%. The Government is working to integrate the whole country in one telecom circle. For long distance calls, the area code prefixed with a zero is dialed first which is then followed by the number (i.e., to call Delhi, 011 would be dialed first followed by the phone number). For international calls, "00" must be dialed first followed by the 8
  9. 9. country code, area code and local phone number. The country code for India is 91. Several international fiber optic links include those to Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, Russia, and Germany. Some major telecom operators in India include Airtel, Vodafone, Idea, Aircel, BSNL, MTNL, Reliance Communications, TATA Teleservices, Infotel, MTS, Uninor, TATA DoCoMo, Videocon, Augere, Tikona Wireless Internet: 2nd Generation Internet is the most prevalent in India in the Past Decade. Wireless ISPs in India use both CDMA and Edge technologies for 2G. India's wireless Internet frequencies are 2G: GSM 900 MHz, GSM 1800 MHz 3G: UMTS 2100 MHz 4G: TDLTE 2300 MHz, FDLTE 1800 MHz Data centres:  BSNL Internet Data Centers, in collaboration with Dimension Data  Trimax IT Infrastructure & Services Limited Tier  III data centers in Mumbai and Bengaluru [56]  Airlive Broadband  Sify Technologies Limited  CtrlS Datacenters Ltd  Tata Communications Limited  Netmagic Solutions  Reliance Datacenter  Web Werks IDC  Net4 Datacenter Broadcasting: Television broadcasting began in India in 1959 by Doordarshan, a state run medium of communication, and had slow expansion for more than two decades.[57] The policy reforms of the government in the 1990s attracted private initiatives in this sector, and since then, satellite television has increasingly shaped popular culture and Indian society. However, still, only 9
  10. 10. the government owned Doordarshan has the license for terrestrial television broadcast. Private companies reach the public using satellite channels both cable television as well as DTH has obtained a wide subscriber base in India. In 2012, India had about 148 million TV homes of which 126 million has access to cable and satellite services. 3. Organization Introduction Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited (commonly called RJIL) is an Indian Internet access (commonly called “broadband”) and telecommunications company headquartered in Mumbai, India. RJIL is a subsidiary of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), India’s largest private sector company, is the first telecom operator to hold pan India Unified License. This license authorizes RJIL to provide all telecommunication services except Global Mobile Personal Communication by Satellite. Company holds Universal Service License and is the only pan India operator with Broadband Wireless Access (‘BWA’) spectrum for commercial Long-Term Evolution (LTE) services across 22 circles capable of offering fourth generation (4G) LTE wireless services across India. Reliance Jio is setting up a pan India telecom infrastructure to provide fourth generation 4G LTE TDD high speed wireless internet and mobile communication services which may be launched by June 2015. The company is in process to set-up the 4G LTE infrastructure which will also be an enabler for a portfolio of rich multi-media digital services including education, health- care, entertainment, payment and cloud services for millions of individuals, homes and businesses across India. RJIL holds spectrum in 1800 MHz (across 14 circles) and 2300 MHz (across 22 circles) capable of offering fourth generation (4G) wireless services. RJIL plans to provide seamless 4G services using FDD-LTE on 1800 MHz and TDD-LTE on 2300 MHz through an integrated ecosystem. RJIL is setting up a pan India telecom network to provide to the highly underserviced India market, reliable (4th generation) high speed internet connectivity, rich communication services and various digital services on pan 10
  11. 11. India basis in key domains such as education, healthcare, security, financial services, government citizen interfaces and entertainment. RJIL aims to provide anytime, anywhere access to innovative and empowering digital content, applications and services, thereby propelling India into global leadership in digital economy. RJIL is also deploying an enhanced packet core network to create futuristic high capacity infrastructure to handle huge demand for data and voice. In addition to high speed data, the 4G network will provide voice services from / to non-RJIL networks. Reliance Jio is part of the “Bay Of Bengal Gateway” Cable System, planned to provide connectivity between South East Asia, South Asia and the Middle East, and also to Europe, Africa and to the Far East Asia through interconnections with other existing and newly built cable systems landing in India, the Middle East and Far East Asia. RJIL’s subsidiary has been awarded with a Facility Based Operator License (“FBO License”) in Singapore which will allow it to buy, operate and sell undersea and/or terrestrial fibre connectivity, setup its internet point of presence, offer internet transit and peering services as well as data and voice roaming services in Singapore. RJIL has finalized key agreements with its technology partners, service providers, infrastructure providers, application partners, device manufacturers and other strategic partners for the project. These strategic partners have committed significant resources, know-how and global talent to support planning, deployment and testing activities currently underway. Agreements:  An agreement with Ascend Telecom for their more than 4,500 towers across India. (June 2014) 11
  12. 12.  An agreement with Tower Vision for their 8,400 towers across India. (May 2014)  An agreement with ATC India for their 11,000 towers across India. (April 2014)  An agreement with Viom Networks for their 42,000 telecom towers. (March 2014)  Agreement with Bharti Airtel for a comprehensive telecom infrastructure sharing agreement to share infrastructure created by both parties to avoid duplication of infrastructure wherever possible. (December 2013)  A key agreement for international data connectivity with Bharti to utilise dedicated fiber pair of Bharti’s i2i submarine cable that connects India and Singapore. (April 2013)  Agreements with Reliance Communications Limited for sharing of RCOM’s extensive inter-city and intra-city optic fiber infrastructure of nearly 1,20,000 fiber-pair kilometers of optic fiber and 500,000 fiber pair kilometers respectively (April 2013 / April 2014), and 45,000 towers (June 2013) Acquisition & Subsidiaries:  Acquired Infotel Broadband Services Limited in 2010.  Technology - Rancore Technologies  ILD & NLD - Infotel Telecom Technology:  Reliance Jio Infocomm is currently laying OFC across the country to offer Fiber to the home/premises (FTTH). This fiber backbone will 12
  13. 13. also help them to carry huge amount of data originated from their 4G network as well as public Wi-Fi network.  Reliance Jio is deploying LTE-TDD technology for 2.3 GHz spectrum band, acquired in 2010.  Reliance Jio will deploy LTE-FDD for 1.8 GHz spectrum, which will ultimately paved to roll out of LTE-A network aggregation of both technology and both spectrum band.  At present in different cities of India Reliance Jio offers Wi-Fi services. Most of these cities are in Gujarat, where Reliance Industries also have one of the largest petro-refinery.  Once commercially launched, Jio users can have access to Reliance Communications’ 2G & 3G network. INDIA Bharti Airtel launched India's first 4G service, using TD-LTE technology, in Kolkata on 10 April 2012.[73] On June 2013 prior to the official launch in Kolkata, a group consisting of China Mobile, Bharti Airtel and Soft Bank Mobile came together, called Global TD-LTE Initiative (GTI) in Barcelona, Spain and they signed the commitment towards TD-LTE standards for the Asian region. It must be noted that Bharti Airtel's 4G network does not support mainstream 4G phones such as Samsung Galaxy Note 3, Samsung Galaxy S4 and others.  Bharti Airtel 4G services are available in Kolkata, Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam and Chandigarh region (The Tricity or Chandigarh region consists of a major city Chandigarh, Mohali and Panchkula). Since May 2015, Airtel had also partnered with Samsung India to introduce 4G services in Chennai, on a trial basis.  RIL is launching 4G services through its subsidiary, Jio Infocomm. RIL 4G services are currently available only in Jamnagar, where it is 13
  14. 14. testing the new TD-LTE technology. Reliance's 4G rollout is planned to start in Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata and expand to cover 700 cities, including 100 high-priority markets in 2015.  Bharti Airtel launched 4G on mobiles in Bangalore, thus becoming the first in India to offer such a service on 14th Feb, 2014  Bharti Airtel in July 2014, expanded 4G services to many cities in Punjab like Amritsar, Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Ajitgarh, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Phagwara and Kapurthala Until July 2014, Customers in these cities access 4G services through dongles and Wi-Fi modems on Apple iPhone 5S and 5C, XOLO LT 900 and LG G2 (model D802T).  Aircel in July 2014, launched 4G in four circles Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar and Odisha. India uses 2.3 GHz frequency Tikona Digital Networks holds broadband wireless access spectrum in the 2300 MHz band and is waiting for the appropriate time and maturity of the 4G ecosystem before making a foray into the space. Tikona holds 4G spectrum licenses in five circles in northwest India, covering Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh (East and West) and Himachal Pradesh. Introduction of Goods & services: The fourth generation of wireless standards for cellular systems is 4G, the planned successor to the 3G standard. The ITU (International Telecommunications Union) has specified that the peak speed requirements for the 4G standard are to be 100Mbps for a mobile connection (such as in a car) and 1Gbps for stationary connections (such as sitting at a computer). 4G services that meet these requirements are not publically available yet (as of June 2011) but telecommunications providers are looking to upgrade their infrastructure to cater for 4G services in the not too distant future. The 4G service is set to offer a fast and secure all-IP, roaming mobile broadband solution to devices such as laptops with wireless 4G modems, 4G smartphone mobile phones and other 4G mobile devices that require internet access with speed intensive facilities being made available, including on-demand HD 14
  15. 15. television, IP telephony, on-demand gaming and, of course, high speed internet access. Currently marketed technologies such as LTE (Long Term Evolution) and WiMAX have been around for a few years and are being marketed as 4G whilst not meeting the requirements set by the ITU. It was recently announced that these services could continue to be marketed as 4G as they are precursors to the IMT Advanced, 4G standard whilst also operating on the same basis of technology; however, these should really be considered as "Pre-4G" or "3.9G" as they technically do not offer the required data rates of (stationary) 1Gbps. The ITU has recognized two standards that are planned to meet the 4G IMT- Advanced requirements put forward by the two groups, 3GPP and IEEE. These are the LTE Advanced and Wireless MAN-Advanced (WiMAX- Advanced) standards and will almost certainly abandon the old spread system technology found in 3G systems for OFDMA and other equalization schemes, use MIMO technology, channel-dependent scheduling and dynamic channel allocation... all technologies that are being found on new, modern wireless networking equipment. Applications: The use of the 4G service will be very similar to that of the 3G service whilst offering much higher data transfer rates and therefore allowing either more speed intensive applications or more users to experience good speeds whilst only connected through 1 carrier. Applications could include:  4G Ultra high speed internet access - E-mail or general web browsing is available.  4G Data intensive interactive user services - Services such as online satellite mapping will load instantly.  4G Multiple User Video conferencing - subscribers can see as well as talk to more than one person. 15
  16. 16.  4G Location-based services - a provider sends wide spread, real time weather or traffic conditions to the computer or phone, or allows the subscriber to find and view nearby businesses or friends whilst communicating with them.  4G Tele-medicine - a medical provider monitors or provides advice to the potentially isolated subscriber whilst also streaming to them related videos and guides.  4G HDTV - a provider redirects a high definition TV channel directly to the subscriber where it can be watched.  4G High Definition Video on demand - a provider sends a movie to the subscriber.  4G Video games on demand - a provider sends game data directly to the subscriber where they can play in real time. The other main application that 4G could make available that 3G in general did not, or could not, is the capability to be used as a main internet access point within homes or businesses whilst catering for multiple connections at high speeds. If the 1Gbps rate is available within these areas, the speeds would be many times more than those that are currently publicly available and this application could be very useful for creating 4G wireless networks that can be located in rural areas with no access to the high speed, cabled, broadband grid. Performance: The IMT-Advanced Standard (4G) requires the following specifications to be met:  It must be based upon an all-IP packet switched network  Peak data rates must be up to 100Mbps in high mobility situations and up to 1Gbps for low mobility/stationary applications  Network resources should be utilized and dynamically shared to support more users on same connection 16
  17. 17.  Channel bandwidth should be scalable between 5, 20 and up to 40MHz  Spectral efficiency should be no less than 15bit/s/Hz and 6.75bit/s/Hz for outdoor downlink and uplink usage respectively  Spectral efficiency should be no less than 3bit/s/Hz and 2.25bit/s/Hz for indoor downlink and uplink usage respectively  Connection transitions across heterogeneous networks should be smooth  A high quality of service must be available to allow the next generation of multimedia support on mobile devices. Difference between 3G and 4G: To begin with, 3G or 2G technologies were designed keeping voice and data in mind, while 4G has been designed keeping data as the main element. To put it in context, if you are downloading a full length Hindi movie (on an average 500 MB) on 2G, you will have to wait for more than five hours, while on 3G networks you will need to spend around 25-30 minutes (if the download speed is 2Mbps). 4G can cut down this time to five minutes (at a download speed of 10Mbps). Various kinds of 4G technologies: There are two - LTE (Long Term Evolution) and Wi-Max (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access), which can theoretically offer wireless broadband access at speeds of up to 100 Mbps, though the actual speeds will be around 10 Mbps. Data speeds of LTE Advanced Peak download 1 Gbit/s Peak upload 500 Mbit/s 4G Deployments: 17
  18. 18. BT is planning to launch a trial of 4G LTE technology in the rural areas near New quay soon and is hopeful to roll out the 4G LTE service by 2014. O2 are planning to use Slough as a testing ground and has planned with Huawei to install 4G LTE technology in six masts across the area to allow users to communicate via HD video conferencing and play high end video games whilst being mobile. Reliance Industries Chairman Mukesh Ambani committed an investment of Rs. 250,000 crores on "Digital India" and said he expected the group's initiatives under it will create over 500,000 direct and indirect jobs. "I believe Digital India will be a huge success because of the adoption of technology by the youth of India," Ambani said at an event that saw Prime Minister Narendra Modi launch the "Digital India" week to empower citizens by the use of IT and its tools. "Digital India as we have seen empowers them to fulfil their aspirations. We at Reliance will invest over Rs. 2,50,000 crores across the Digital India pillars," he said, adding: "I estimate Reliance's 'Digital India' investments will create employment for over 500,000 people." Ambani said the launch of Digital India initiative was a momentous occasion in an information age where digitization was changing the way one lives, learns, works and plays. It can transform the lives of 1.2 billion Indians using the power of digital technology. He said his group, under the Reliance Jio platform, will roll out an internet protocol based wireless broadband infrastructure across all 29 states in India. Reliance Jio will also set up a nationwide distribution network for 150,000 small vendors to sell and service devices. "This apart Jio is working with leading device manufacturers, encouraging them to 'Make in India' smart phones and internet devices at an affordable price. We will give them an assured off take through our retail system." Mukesh Ambani’s Reliance Jio Infocomm gave us all a little tease of what is to come with its 4G services at Techfest, an anual science & technology festival held at the IIT-Bombay. The service will be 10-12x faster than 3G 18
  19. 19. networks. Here’s what Reliance, the only company which holds a pan India 4G license, showed off  Jio Television: Set-top box running on Android. The service will have live television (Jio Play) and Video on Demand (Jio World).  Jio Drive: 100 GB free storage to subscribers  Mi-Fi: The Company’s customer premise equipment will connect to a Reliance operated mobile tower and provide local Wi-Fi network. Next Big What has learned that Reliance Jio 4G plans also include the launch of a suite of services including 1. Music Streaming 2. Video Calling & VoIP Services 3. Instant Messenger 4. Payment Services: Reliance Jio already has obtained a license to operate prepaid wallets for mobile transactions (this need not necessarily be linked to the 4G launch). Reliance is also launching its own mobile apps to enable many of these services. According to Reliance, the 4G infrastructure will also support its portfolio of multimedia digital services in education, health-care, entertainment, payment and cloud services. With these launches, Reliance will not only be making its much anticipated entry to 4G mobile services, it is also likely to corner a large share of the media & entertainment marketin India. The idea is to capture the living room of the consumer which is otherwise the undisputed territory of cable television. Pan India 4G services on the Reliance network could also give a leg-up to the digital economy in India. While the launch dates for the company’s big foray into 4G hasn’t been announced, it could be as early as the first half of this year. 19
  20. 20. 4. REVIEW OF LITERATURE The following is the literature review for this study. The content have been taken from several sources. Abhishek Kumar Singh and Malhar Pangrikar (2013) did a study titled “A Study Report, to Find out Market Potential for 4g Businesses in Pune”. The Report is all about “Study of market potential for 4G business in pune” and also to know about the customer perceptions and attitudes towards their current service provider. Satisfaction level of the customers was also judged. The customer expectations were analyzed thoroughly. Major factors considered in research are: what are the needs of the companies based on the data services usage, major player in internet services, and support to customers. The research was conducted on companies mainly from Industries like IT, Education, Manufacturing and others which are located in Pune city. It is clear from the survey done that Reliance & Tata are Leading Internet service Provider; they are providing products like Data Card, Broadband etc to the corporate end users. Most of the companies are getting internet speed form 1MBPS-4MBPS. Most of the companies are having good perception about 4 20
  21. 21. G and are willing to switch to it from their current service provider. Speed of 4G is around than 30 to 35 MBPS, is going too boom the Market. Because majority of the companies are facing Speed problem with their current ISP. Purpose of the Study : 1. To study the market potential for 4G Business. 2. To find out the customer satisfaction level with their existing ISP. 3. To find out the Market share of Companies Using Different Operators Internet services. Research Methodology: Type: Quantitative Research Sample unit: Small and medium Enterprises Sample size : 86 Companies Sampling Method: Simple Random Sampling Sources & Methods of Data Collection: They have used two methods for data collection:-Primary Data:- Survey, Questionnaire , Interview Secondary Data: Books, Internet Conclusion: 4G revolution is started in Pune by Airtel. Drastic changes and improvements from 3G Technology need to be a priority. But if done intelligently and thoroughly, 4G holds enormous potential for Pune and can really create a boom in the IT industry, key to the Indian economy. Hence the evolution from 3G to 4G will be stimulated by services offering enhanced quality, requires increased bandwidth, needs elevated sophistication of large- scale information provisions and must have improved customization capabilities to support user demands. 21
  22. 22. Mudit Ratana Bhalla and Anand Vardhan Bhalla (2010) did a study titled “Generations of Mobile Wireless Technology: A Survey”.This paper will throw light on the evolution and development of various generations of mobile wireless technology along with their significance and advantages of one over the other. In the past few decades, mobile wireless technologies have experience 4 or 5 generations of technology revolution and evolution, namely from 0G to 4G. Current research in mobile wireless technology concentrates on advance implementation of 4G technology and 5G technology. Currently 5G term is not officially used. In 5G researches are being made on development of World Wide Wireless Web (WWWW), Dynamic Adhoc Wireless Networks (DAWN) and Real Wireless World. Gurpreet Saini (2009) did a study titled “examining the 4g mobile standard convergence to the lte standard”This research study examines the phenomenon of the decisive convergence to a single mobile communication standard using a multi-level longitudinal case study of the LTE standard to explore the context, process and content of change associated with all relevant events and the stakeholders involved in them. The research produces a set of constructs that can be used to describe the convergence to LTE as well as applied to other similar phenomena in emerging information and communications technology open standards. The objective of this research is to answer the following research question and produce insights: What are the constructs that could be used to describe the convergence to the LTE mobile communication standard? The key contributions of the research are: i) Validating a methodology that was previously used to study the adoption of an open standard to involve the phenomenon of technology convergence ii) Develop a set of constructs describing the evolution of LTE by taking into account the convergence phenomena, iii) Provide insights that are relevant to top management teams of firms willing to engage in the development and adoption of emerging open standards in 22
  23. 23. order to align their competitive and product development strategies. Subharthi Paul (2008)did a study titled “Long Term Evolution (LTE) & Ultra- Mobile Broadband (UMB) Technologies for Broadband Wireless Access” gives a brief study of Long Term Evolution (LTE) & Ultra-Mobile Broadband (UMB) Technologies.The evolution of wireless telephone technologies can be discretely grouped into various generations based on the level of maturity of the underlying technology. The classification into generations is not standardized on any given metrics or parameters and as such does not represent a strict demarcation. However, it represents a perspective which is commonly agreed upon, both by industry and academia, and hence conceived to be an unwritten standard. At this time, there are two major efforts towards the development of the next generation - "4G" wireless access technology. The 3GPP or 3rd Generation Partnership project (brand named as Long Term Evolution) is the name of the 4G efforts being undertaken in Europe and the 3GPP2 or 3rd Generation Partnership project 2 (brand named as Ultra Mobile Broadband) is the 4G effort of North America and parts of Asia. This survey tries to present an evolutionary and objective sketch to the development efforts of these technologies that mark the future of wide area broadband wireless access technologies. Irfan Ullah (2012) Did a study titled“A study and analysis of Public WiFi”. The objective of this survey is to compare different technologies with WiFi in terms of cost factor, bandwidth and performance factor, and technology implementation factor The goal of this thesis is to analyze and compare different wireless network technologies with as focus on availability, number of nodes, total cost, end-user cost, vendor cost, range, reliability and security. The goal is to compare Local Area Network Wi-Fi technology (IEEE 802.11 a/g) with mobile wireless technology like 3G, 4G and LTE. Liwen Zhang (2010) did a study titled “a survey on long term evolution” Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a significant project of 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP), initially proposed on the Toronto conference of 3GPP in 2004 and officially started as LTE work item in 2006. LTE, as a transition from the 23
  24. 24. 3rd generation (3G) to the 4th generation (4G), has achieved great capacity and high speed of mobile telephone networks without doubt. It defines a new packet-only wideband radio with flat architecture and assumes a full Internet Protocol (IP) network architecture in order to assure voice supported in packet domain in design. In addition, it is combined with top-of-the-line radio techniques in order to gain better performance than Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) approaches. LTE provides scalable carrier bandwidths from 1.4 MHz to 20 MHz and frequency division duplexing (FDD), as well as time division duplexing (TDD). In this paper, it presents an overall description of LTE technology separately in different aspects of LTE architecture and technical principles to clarify how LTE as a radio technology achieves a high performance for cellular mobile communication systems. Victor Wolfe, William Frobe, Vineetha Shrinivasan, Tsung-Yen Hsieh (2014) Did a study titled “Feasibility Study of utilizing 4G LTE signals in combination with unmanned aerial vehicles for the purpose of search and rescue of avalanche victims”. This research report uses quantitative data and analysis to explore the feasibility of using Fourth Generation Long Term Evolution devices that are loaded with an application as a device that can also help save an avalanche victim’s life. During the research process we explored the idea of getting an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle to the site of an avalanche quicker than the current search and rescue process as long as the victims have a Fourth Generation Long Term Evolution device plus the loaded app on them that is reporting their position. Going into this project our research team did not know how well Fourth Generation Long Term Evolution signals would propagate through snow. The study of Fourth Generation Long Term Evolution signal propagation through snow was our primary focus in this project in order to determine if it is even “feasible” to use a smart phone as an avalanche rescue beacon. Sumant Ku Mohapatra1 , BiswaRanjan Swain1 and Pravanjan Das (2015) did a study titled “Comprehensive Survey of possible security issues on 4G 24
  25. 25. networks” gives a brief study of recent advances in wireless network security issues. First, it studies the 4G mail threats and risk and their design decisions. Second, the security of 4G architecture with next generation network security and 8- security dimensions of 4G network. Third, security issues and possible threats on 4G are discussed. Finally, proposed four layer security model which manages to ensure more secure packets transmission by taking all the necessary security measures. Vishalakshi Prabhu , G.S.Nagaraja (2014) did a study titled“A Survey on Quality of Service Provision in 4G Wireless Networks”gives a brief study of Quality of Service (QoS), Internet Protocol (IP), heterogeneous network, Cross Layer Design (CLD). Worldwide many mobile operators, industry experts, and researchers have diverse visions of potential 4th generation (4G) features and its implementations. 4G networks will be incorporating advanced Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) protocol and the signaling will be done through Internet Protocol (IP). There are several key challenges in implementing 4G heterogeneous network. Few of these problems are all IP network, integration across different topologies, security and Quality of Service (QoS). This paper gives a survey and classification of the important QoS approaches proposed for 4G networks. Classification is based on the work done in each protocol layer and Cross Layer Design (CLD) approach. Finally, this paper presents outcomes of survey which includes significant observations, limitations and idea of further research in improving QoS in 4G networks. Hamner M., did an “Analysis which has been undertaken on the demand and supply characteristics of the Indian telecommunications market, with the aim of contributing to the debate on the effectiveness of universal access policies in developing countries Also, the design, development and testing of a model for use in evaluating the variety of issues that impact the telecommunications sector and affect its sustainability in developing countries has been done. The model developed considers the telecommunications sector to be a complex system that can be described in terms of supply (eg infrastructure) and demand (eg revenue per capita). To represent the telecommunications sector, the model 25
  26. 26. embodies the relationships and interactions between six major categories including: political, competitive and regulatory, economic, social, sector specific and technology. According to Dahlman, BWA can logically be a mix of pre 4G technologies such as mobile WiMax and the first release Long Term Evolution (LTE) which have been in market since 2006 and 2009 respectively and often branded as 4G in marketing material, and 4G technologies. The current versions of the pre 4G technologies do not fulfill the IMT- Advanced requirement. IMT- Advanced compliant version of the above two standards are under development and called “LTE Advanced” and “WirelessMAN Advanced” respectively. ITU has decided that “LTE Advanced” technology based on 3GPP release 10 and “WirelessMAN Advanced” technology based on IEEE 802.16m should be accorded the official designation of IMT- Advanced. Both LTE-Advanced technology and the IEEE WirelessMAN -Advanced technology make use of same key technologies viz. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA), Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) and System Architecture Evolution (SAE). Dodd, A.Z. did and analysis on the widespread adoption of GSM/CDMA as 2G technologies and WCDMA/UMTS/HSPA/CDMA 2000/EVDO for 3G service. LTE has been defined as the next step in the technological roadmap. LTE evolves from the Third-generation technology which is based on WCDMA and defines the long term evolution of the 3GPP UMTS/HSPA cellular technology. The specifications of these efforts are formally known as the evolved UMTS terrestrial radio access (E-UTRA) and evolved UMTS terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN), commonly referred to by the 3GPP project LTE. It offers higher data rates, lower latency and greater spectral efficiency than previous technologies. LTE supports high performance mobile access functional upto 350Km/h with 500Km/h under consideration. Peak data rates range from 100 to 326.4Mbps on the downlink and 50 to 86.4 Mbps on the uplink depending on the antenna configuration and 2 modulation depth. LTE is compatible with HSPA, UMTS and GSM-based technologies 26
  27. 27. and hence offers a simple evolutionary path for all existing GSM and HSPA operators. However, LTE s complementary core network also offers the ability‟ to support the handover of services between LTE and CDMA-2000 networks, making it a compelling option as a next step for CDMA-2000/EV-DO operators as well. LTE has been developed to offer both Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and Time Division Duplex (TDD) modes, enabling TD- SCDMA networks to also make a smooth transition to TDD LTE. Indeed, a combined FDD and TDD LTE deployment is expected to gain a broad foothold in many markets. Leite, J. comes from IEEE family of protocols and extends the wireless access from the Local Area Network (typically based on the IEEE 802.11 standard) to Metropolitan Area Networks (MAN) and Wide Area Networks (WAN). It uses a new physical layer radio access technology called OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access) for uplink and downlink. It provides wireless transmission of data using a variety of transmission modes, from point-to-multipoint links to portable and fully mobile internet access. According to the industry forum WiMax Forum, many technologies currently available for fixed wireless access can only provide line of sight (LOS) coverage, the technology behind WiMAX has been optimised to provide non line of sight (NLOS) coverage as well. WiMAX s advanced technology can‟ cover distances of up to 50 kilometers under LOS conditions and typical cell radii of up to 5 miles under NLOS conditions. The Mobile WiMAX uses an all IP backbone with uplink and downlink peak data rate capabilities of up to 75 Mbps depending on the antenna configuration and modulation, practicable to 10 Mbps within a 6 miles (10 Km) radius. The earliest iterations of WiMAX was approved with the TDMA TDD and FDD with line of sight (LOS) propagation across the 10 to 66 GHz frequency range which was later expanded to 4 include operation in the 2 to 11 GHz range with non line of sight (NLOS) capability using the robust OFDMA PHY layer with sub- channelization allowing dynamic allocation of time and frequency resources to multiple users. The 802.16m (Mobile WiMAX Release 2) Task-force is currently working on the next-generation systems with an aim for optimizations for improved interworking and coexistence with other access 27
  28. 28. technologies such as 3G cellular systems, WiFi and Bluetooth and enhance the peak rates to 4G standards set by the ITU under „IMT-Advanced umbrella‟ which calls for data rates of 100 Mbps for high mobility and 1 Gbps for fixed/nomadic wireless access. Protiviti, 2009 “The lackluster performance of the Broadband (BB) market, primarily attributable to the technical and economic non feasibility of the fixed line infrastructure in India, indicates that the solution for mass proliferation of broadband in India has to be wireless. Recognising the strong correlation between broadband proliferation and increased economic activity and experience of the burgeoning wireless voice market, the Government had announced its Broadband Policy (2004) and most recently the Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) auctions in 2008 to accelerate BB adoption in India. The industry and the country now wait with bated breath to see which wireless technology will be adopted to provide a cost effective and scalable BB solution to the Indian market, which is ripe with pent up demand for broadband services. Adoption of any new wireless technology would hinge on affordability, spectral efficiency (on account of scarcity of available spectrum and its high cost), scalability, robustness, range of devices available, evolution roadmap over the next 3~4 years and meeting the BWA policy requirements. While one school of thought backs WiMAX – “WiMAX emerges as the quintessential answer to these problems, given its superior performance and lower costs as compared to the existing 3G technologies and futuristic Long Term Evolution (LTE) equivalents. WiMAX was developed for high speed wireless BB data access and is a 4G technology available today at 3G prices. It presents an ideal choice to Telcos for providing high speed wireless BB at affordable rates and for the government to meet its growth and social objectives.” Ayvazian, B., 2010 did a study on the other backs LTE – “Long Term Evolution (LTE) has entered the mobile market as 3G has achieved wide deployment by mobile operators and subscriber adoption worldwide. Mobile broadband traffic is exploding at 100 percent per year in many markets, largely due to the growing popularity of 3G-enabled smart-phones, laptops, and tablet computers. To address this growing demand for mobile broadband, 28
  29. 29. the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standards body developed LTE as the next logical technological step for over 4 billion mobile subscribers on existing 3GPP and 3GPP2 networks. 7 On the one hand, LTE serves as the evolutionary path from 3G to 4G, transforming the mobile industry by supporting ultra-fast broadband, significantly improving the user experience, substantially improving end-user throughputs, increasing sector capacity, and reducing user plane latency. LTE is designed as a simple and flat, all-IP data- centric network architecture resulting in low operating costs for operators. LTE has an extremely low latency between network elements and end-to-end devices which is about 10 times lower than that of current 3G networks. LTE leverages existing mature radio technologies while also taking advantage of the fast moving semiconductor processing technologies that enables a low cost deployment even from the very beginning.” Puckering, J., 2008; Scrase, A., 2009 ; Stuck, B., 2008 did a Research on BWA Technology Roadmaps & Ecosystem Development, and its Operator Business Case and Adoption Forecast exist, and will have to be rationally evaluated /further research/studies undertaken. It is not only the Radio Access Network (RAN) to be considered but also the backhaul. Mobile operators worldwide are making serious financial commitments to deploy all-IP 4G mobile broadband networks. The race to 4G is being driven by operator competition to capture market share among the most advanced subscribers with new smartphone devices and applications that drive mobile data traffic growth. Operators are now deploying 4G mobile broadband networks and services to handle this traffic growth, although the first release of mobile WiMax, HSPA+ and, LTE are all considered by the ITU to be pre-4G technologies. Jain, R., 2010 did a study on the Technological developments in wireless and the decreasing costs have created opportunities for faster deployment of telecommunications services. This speed is critical for developing countries, especially in rural areas, as the role of telecommunications in development is more significant for them. The uptake of wireless technologies has been rapid in most developing countries. For the most part, these have been cellular networks that operate in the licensed bands. The Asian region has been one of 29
  30. 30. the fastest growing segments of the wireless market. Yet, a closer look at the policy and regulatory regime points to a need for a review of existing processes, institutions and instruments for more market-oriented outcomes for allotment of spectrum Narayana, M.R., 2011 did a research on the growth contributions of telecom services by public and private sectors, socioeconomic determinants of demand for telecom services need to be revisited, as , they have implications for selective design of policies towards promotion of higher demand and attainment of higher economic growth by fixed and mobile services in India. Stacey, O., 2011 did a study on “Network sharing has long occupied the minds of operators and, while most mobile operators already engage in various forms of sharing, much of this has focused on passive infrastructure sharing as operators remain cautious over the perceived risks associated with active infrastructure sharing. The significant capital and operating expenditure (CAPEX and OPEX) savings and the benefits of a better network in terms of coverage and capacity continue to appeal to many operators. But there are a number of risks and challenges which operators need to manage and control in order to successfully implement a sharing project. Krishnakumar, R., 2010; Kumar, M., et al., 2012 did a study to facilitate this the NTP 2012 intends to allow sharing of Networks and delink the licensing of Networks from the delivery of Service to the end users to facilitate faster roll 10 out of services across the country , enhance the quality of service, optimize the investment and address the issue of the digital divide. This will also facilitate increased competition in the telecom sector without putting any entry barrier in setting up of networks by new operators and at the same time allowing the existing operators to increase their network utilization by sharing the network facilities. A major policy objective is to reposition the mobile phone from a mere communication device to an instrument of empowerment that combines communication with proof of identity, fully secure financial and other transaction capability, multi-lingual services and a whole range of other capabilities that ride on them and transcend the literacy 30
  31. 31. barrier. This could then be expected to lead to a rash of innovation and entrepreneurship related to mobile value-added services (MVAS) services. The goal in this area is to emerge as a global leader in MVAS services Kamal, K., 2008did a research on the Concerns about Cyber Security in general and security of telecom infrastructure in particular are escalating. Current efforts in these areas need to be stepped up by several orders of magnitude with appropriate arrangements for coordination across multiple agencies involved if they are to be effective in meeting new and emerging challenges The issues surrounding the management of wireless broadband access (including WiMAX and LTE) networks would have to be examined. The security, resilience and safety of these networks is of paramount importance. 31
  32. 32. 5. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY To Study about the Building’s  To study the importance and development of the telecommunication industry in the today’s world.  To Study about the Building’s characteristics viz., residential, commercial, or both.  To find the latitude and longitude of specific location.  To find the number of floors, number of home passes, number of families using internet, number of different brands used.  To know and assess relationship between building types and internet usage, internet services etc. 32
  33. 33. 6. Research Methodology Type: Exploratory research Method of Data Collection: Field survey Sampling procedure: I have to select 5 floors and above buildings in my segmented area and then based on my questioner I have collected my data. Sampling type: Cluster sampling Sample size: 704 following is the description to sample size determination. Pilot study was performed to know the sample size and it is calculated by using the formula Where Z= Z value (e.g. 1.96 for 95% confidence level) P=percentage picking a choice, expressed as decimal C=confidence interval. 33
  34. 34. Sample size : 100. Area: Kawadiguda Data: Secondary and primary data used. Secondary is collected from certain authenticated sources like: [1]&[2]. Primary data was collected from field survey with a structure questionnaire. There are seven questions in the questionnaire. All questions aimed to gather data related to type of the building, number of home passes, GIS coordinates of the location, internet usage, type of service. Statistical tools: Cross tabulation, chi-square test, Likelihood ratio, association measures. Tools used in Interpretation of the data: SPSS (Software Package For Statistical Analysis), Excel. 34
  35. 35. 7. DATAANALYSIS CHI SQUARE ANALYSIS: What is chi-square analysis? A chi-squared test, also referred to as test (or chi-square test), is any statistical hypothesis test in which the sampling distribution of the test statistic is a chi-square distribution when the null hypothesis is true. Chi- squared tests are often constructed from a sum of squared errors, or through the sample variance. Test statistics that follow a chi-squared distribution arise from an assumption of independent normally distributed data, which is valid in many cases due to the central limit theorem. A chi-squared test can then be used to reject the hypothesis that the data are independent. Also considered a chi-square test is a test in which this is asymptotically true, meaning that the sampling distribution (if the null hypothesis is true) can be made to approximate a chi-square distribution as closely as desired by making the sample size large enough. The chi-squared test is used to determine whether there is a significant difference between the expected frequencies and the observed frequencies in one or more categories. Does the number of individuals or objects that fall in each category differ significantly from the number you would expect. 1. Using internet vs. Number of Home passes Cross tabulation Count Number of Home passes Tot al 0 to 160 160 to 320 640 to 800 Using Internet 0 to 100 702 1 0 70 3 400 to 500 0 0 1 1 Total 702 1 1 70 4 35
  36. 36. Out of total 704 buildings surveyed, 702 buildings has home passes less than 160 in this category less than 100 home passes use internet. There is only one building in which less than 100 home passes use internet, but in another building it was observed that 400 to 500 home passes use internet. Chi-Square Tests: Value df Asymp. Sig. (2- sided) Pearson Chi-Square 704.000a 2 .000 Likelihood Ratio 15.112 2 .001 Linear-by-Linear Association 661.619 1 .000 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation: Since the p-value is less than 0.05 (i.e. 0.000< 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected. So, there is strong evidence for the alternative hypothesis that the internet usage depends on number of home passes. Finding: internet usage depends on number of home passes. Symmetric Measures: Value Asymp. Std. Error Approx. T Appro x. Sig. Interval by Interval Pearson's R .970 .040 105.944 .000c Ordinal by Ordinal Spearman Correlation .708 .250 26.533 .000c N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation : Since the Pearson correlation is 0.970 so, there is positive and strong relationship and p- value is 0.000 < 0.05 that means increase or decrease in one variable significantly relate to increase or decrease in second variable. There is relationship between number of home passes and internet usage. 36
  37. 37. 2. Building type vs. Using internet Cross tabulation: Count Using internet Total 0 to 100 400 to 500 Building type Commercial 132 0 132 Hospital 11 0 11 Hotel 8 0 8 Residential 495 1 496 Both 57 0 57 Total 703 1 704 37
  38. 38. Out of 704 Buildings, 495 Residential buildings are using Wi-Fi in the range of 0 to 100. Chi-Square Tests: Value Df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) Pearson Chi-Square .420a 4 .981 Likelihood Ratio .701 4 .951 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation : Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.981> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So, there is no evidence that relationship between using Internet and building type 38
  39. 39. 3. Building type vs. Using Diff. Internet Brands Cross tabulation: Count Using Diff. internet Brands Total 1 2 4 5 BUILDING TYPE Commercia l 0 35 54 43 132 Hospital 0 4 5 2 11 Hotel 0 4 3 1 8 Residential 2 101 226 167 496 Both 0 9 25 23 57 Total 2 153 313 236 704 Out of 704 building, 313 building are using 4 different brands, 236 Building are using 5 brands. Chi-Square Tests: Value df Asymp. Sig. (2- sided) Pearson Chi-Square 10.870a 12 .540 Likelihood Ratio 10.922 12 .536 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation: Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.540> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So, there is no evidence that relationship between using different Internet brands and building type. 39
  40. 40. 4. Building type vs. Number of Floors Cross tabulation: Count Floors 5 6 7 8 9 10 Building type Commerc ial 101 20 6 1 3 1 Hospital 6 3 1 0 1 0 Hotel 6 2 0 0 0 0 Residenti al 446 30 13 4 2 1 Both 49 5 3 0 0 0 Total 608 60 23 5 6 2 40
  41. 41. Out of 704 buildings, 608 building having 5 floors,60 buildings having 6floors, 23 building having 7floors. Building type vs. Floors Cross tabulation: Count Total BUILDING TYPE Commercial 132 Hospital 11 Hotel 8 Residential 496 Both 57 Total 704 Out of 704 building, 496 buildings are residential, 132 buildings are commercial, 57 buildings are both, 11 buildings are hospital and 8 buildings are hotel Chi-Square Tests: Value df Asymp. Sig. (2- sided) Pearson Chi-Square 40.068a 20 .005 Likelihood Ratio 31.069 20 .054 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation: Since the p-value is less than 0.05 (i.e. 0.000< 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected. So, there is strong evidence that there is relationship between building type vs. number of floors. 41
  42. 42. 5. Building type vs. Number of Home passes Cross tabulation: Count Number of Home passes Total 0 to 160 160 to 320 640 to 800 Building type Commercial 132 0 0 132 Hospital 11 0 0 11 Hotel 8 0 0 8 Residential 494 1 1 496 Both 57 0 0 57 Total 702 1 1 704 42
  43. 43. Out of 704 Buildings, 702 buildings having 0 to 160 home passes, 1 building having 160-320, 1 building having 640-800. Chi-Square Tests: Value df Asymp. Sig. (2- sided) Pearson Chi-Square .841a 8 .999 Likelihood Ratio 1.403 8 .994 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation: Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.999> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So, there is no evidence that relationship between using number of home passes and building type. 43
  44. 44. 6. Floors vs. Number of Home passes Cross tabulation: Count Number of Home passes Total 0 to 160 160 320 640 to 800 Floors 5 608 0 0 608 6 60 0 0 60 7 22 0 1 23 8 5 0 0 5 9 5 1 0 6 10 2 0 0 2 Total 702 1 1 704 Out of 704 Buildings, 608 buildings of 5 floors having 0 to 160 home passes, 60 buildings of 6 floors having 0 to 160 home passes, 1 building of 7 floors 44
  45. 45. having 640 to 800 home passes, 1 building of 9 floors having 160 to 320 home passes. Chi-Square Tests: Value Df Asymp. Sig. (2- sided) Pearson Chi-Square 146.147a 10 .000 Likelihood Ratio 16.588 10 .084 Linear-by-Linear Association 15.937 1 .000 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation1 : Since the p-value is less than 0.00 (i.e. 0.000< 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected. So, there is strong evidence that relationship between number of home passes vs. number of floors. Symmetric Measures: Value Asymp. Std. Errora Approx. Tb Approx. Sig. Interval by Interval Pearson's R .151 .053 4.035 .000c Ordinal by Ordinal Spearman Correlation .149 .052 3.982 .000c N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation 2: Since the Pearson correlation is 0.151 so, there is positive and strong relationship and p-value is 0.000<0.05 that means increase or decrease in one variable significantly relate to increase or decrease in second variable 45
  46. 46. 7. Floors vs. Using WIFI Cross tabulation: Count Using Internet Total 0 to 100 400 to 500 Floors 5 608 0 608 6 60 0 60 7 22 1 23 8 5 0 5 9 6 0 6 10 2 0 2 46
  47. 47. Total 703 1 704 Out of 704 buildings, 608 buildings of 5 floors by using internet 0 to 100, 1 building of 7 floors by using internet 400 to 500 Chi-Square Tests: Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) Pearson Chi-Square 29.651a 5 .000 Likelihood Ratio 6.885 5 .229 Linear-by-Linear Association 7.220 1 .007 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation 1: Since the p-value is less than 0.00 (i.e. 0.000< 0.05), the null hypothesis is rejected. So, there is strong evidence that relationship between using internet vs. number of floors. Symmetric Measures: Value Asymp. Std. Errora Approx. Tb Approx. Sig. Interval by Interval Pearson's R .101 .051 2.699 .007c Ordinal by Ordinal Spearman Correlation .102 .051 2.716 .007c N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation 2: Since the pearson correlation is 0.101 so, there is positive and no relationship 47
  48. 48. 8. Floors vs. Using Diff. Wi-Fi Brands Cross tabulation: Count Using Diff. internet Brands Total 1 2 4 5 Floors 5 2 145 268 193 608 6 0 7 23 30 60 7 0 1 13 9 23 8 0 0 2 3 5 9 0 0 5 1 6 48
  49. 49. 10 0 0 2 0 2 Total 2 153 313 236 704 Out of 704 buildings having, 313 buildings having 4 different internet brands,236 buildings having 5 brands, 153 buildings having 2 brands, 2 buildings having 1 brand. Chi-Square Tests: Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) Pearson Chi-Square 22.992a 15 .084 Likelihood Ratio 27.321 15 .026 Linear-by-Linear Association 9.467 1 .002 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation1: Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.999> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So, there is no evidence that relationship between using number of different brands and floors. Symmetric Measures: Value Asymp. Std. Error Approx. T Approx. Sig. Interval by Interval Pearson's R .116 .023 3.096 .002c Ordinal by Ordinal Spearman Correlation .131 .033 3.495 .001c N of Valid Cases 704 Intrepretaion2: Since the Pearson’s correlation is 0.116 so, there is positive and no relationship. 49
  50. 50. 9. Number of Home passes vs. Using Diff. internet Brands Cross tabulation: Count Using Diff. internet Brands Total 1 2 4 5 Number of Home passes 0 to 160 2 153 312 235 702 160 to 320 0 0 1 0 1 640 to 800 0 0 0 1 1 50
  51. 51. Total 2 153 313 236 704 Out of 704 buildings, 312 buildings of 0 to 160 home passes are having 4 internet brands, 1 building of 640 to 800 home passes are having 5 internet brands. Chi-Square Tests: Value df Asymp. Sig. (2-sided) Pearson Chi-Square 3.234a 6 .779 Likelihood Ratio 3.809 6 .703 Linear-by-Linear Association .996 1 .318 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation1: Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.779> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So, there is no evidence that relationship between Number of home passes and floors Symmetric Measures: Value Asymp. Std. Errora Approx. Tb Approx. Sig. Interval by Interval Pearson's R .038 .019 .998 .319c Ordinal by Ordinal Spearman Correlation .027 .029 .726 .468c N of Valid Cases 704 Intrepretation2: Since the Pearson’s correlation is 0.038 so, there is positive and no relationship. 51
  52. 52. 52
  53. 53. 10. Using WIFI vs. Using Diff. internet Brands Cross tabulation: Count Using Diff. internet Brands Total 1 2 4 5 Using WIFI 0 to 100 2 153 313 235 703 400 to 500 0 0 0 1 1 Total 2 153 313 236 704 Out of 704 buildings,313 buildings of 0 to 100 using internet having 4 different brands,1 building of 400 to 500 using internet having 5 different brands. Chi-Square Tests: Value df Asymp. Sig. (2- sided) Pearson Chi-Square 1.986a 3 .575 Likelihood Ratio 2.189 3 .534 Linear-by-Linear Association 1.007 1 .316 N of Valid Cases 704 Interpretation1: Since the p-value is Greater than 0.05 (i.e. 0.575> 0.05), the null hypothesis is accepted. So, there is no evidence that relationship between using internet and using different brands Symmetric Measures: Value Asymp. Std. Errora Approx. Tb Approx. Sig. Interval by Interval Pearson's R .038 .019 1.004 .316c Ordinal by Ordinal Spearman Correlation .047 .023 1.239 .216c N of Valid Cases 704 53
  54. 54. Intrepretation2: Since the Pearson’s correlation is 0.038 so, there is positive and no relationship. 54
  55. 55. 8. FINDINGS FROM THE RESEARCH 1. Wi-Fi usage depends on Number of home passes 2. Wi-Fi usage depends on Type of building 3. Number of different brands depends on Type of buildings 4. Building type depends on Number of floors 5. Type of buildings depends on number of home passes 6. Number of home passes depends on Number of floors 7. Wi-Fi usage depends on Number of floors. 8. Number of different brands usage depends on Number of floors 9. Number of different brands depends on Number of home passes 55
  56. 56. Wi-Fi usage depends on Number of different brands CONCLUSION From the above details I conclude that most of the customers are willing to go with Reliance 4G services, as most of them are satisfied with the free WI-FI services which are the main advantage of the organization to attract the customers. Beta version of 4g has been tested successfully and the customer satisfaction is highly met which implies that the Reliance JIO will compete with other network service providers also after the commercial launch. 56
  57. 57. 9. BIBLIOGRAPHY References: [1] Available from [2]Available from [3] Abhishek Kumar Singh and Malhar Pangrikar, (2013),” A Study Report to Find out market Potential for 4g Businesses in Pune” available at [4] Berge Ayvazian,(2014),”lessons for 4G in india” available at [5] Available from [6 Available from over-rs-250000-crores-in-digital-india-710273 [7] Available from [8] Available from launch-beta-programme-to-assess-4g-network-quality-1200326?utm_source=taboola [9] Available from voicedataservicesinfivecitiesby. [10] Available from t1=1/22/2014&redir [11] available from [12] available from 57
  58. 58. 11.Questionnaire NAME: JC (JIO CENTRE) NAME: DATE: S.N Area Adress Building Name No of Floors Type(Resi/ Comm/ Both) Lat/lo ng Number of Home passes Using Intern et Using Diff. Internet Brands CONTACT NUMBER: 58