Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line  Community Visioning Process        Public Meeting #2          March 30, 2011            ...
Process Map                 Tonight’s Meeting    Issue            Community            Community                Community ...
Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line          Community Visioning Process     Traffic and Parking          March 30, 2011Eric ...
Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover:   • Commuting Patterns and Ridership     • Where Are People Going and How Are ...
Commuting Patterns and Ridership            T                                   5
Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover:   • Commuting Patterns and Ridership     • Where Are People Going and How Are ...
Commuting Patterns and RidershipWorkforce Living within 1 Mile               13,000   Number of Workers Living within     ...
Commuting Patterns and RidershipTravel Time from Mystic Valley Parkway to Park Street Station in Downtown Boston          ...
Commuting Patterns and RidershipHow many people are projected to take the Green Line?  • 800 riders during the peak hour a...
Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover:   • Commuting Patterns and Ridership     • Where Are People Going and How Are ...
Station AccessRiders access stations using different modes of transportation:                  Walking                    ...
Station AccessHow many people are projected to be dropped off at the MVPstation in the morning?    • DEIR projects 40 drop...
Station AccessHow does Mystic Valley compare to other stationssurveyed?                Peak Hour Kiss N Ride (KNR) Analysi...
Green Line – Newton Centre Station          2006 Peak                     2007 KNR ActualStation     Period               ...
Green Line – Reservoir Station            2006 Peak                       2007 KNR Actual Station      Period             ...
Green Line – Brookline Village Station            2006 Peak                       2007 KNR Actual  Station     Period     ...
Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover:   • Commuting Patterns and Ridership     • Where Are People Going and How Are ...
ParkingKey ways to regulate on-street parking:1. Develop a strong parking ordinance    • MassDOT has agreed to work with t...
Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover:   • Commuting Patterns and Ridership     • Where Are People Going and How Are ...
Existing and Future Traffic PatternsHow is traffic congestion typically measured?  • Delay      • Time you might wait at a...
Existing and Future Traffic PatternsWhat might traffic be like in the year 2030?  • Population and employment is expected ...
Existing and Future Traffic PatternsLevel of Service Comparison – 2007, 2030 No-GLX, 2030 GLX                             ...
Changes in Traffic Patterns as a Result of Increased Capacity on a Roadway       Year 2011                              Ye...
ConclusionIn Conclusion:   • Population in Metro Boston is increasing modestly, but   the number of automobile trips taken...
Questions?             25
Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line          Community Visioning Process          Air Quality         March 30, 2011Mariana A...
Air Quality• Air quality as the main motivation for Green Line  Extension (GLX)• What’s been done to understand air qualit...
The Green Line Extension is an         air quality improvement project• Extending the Green Line will reduce  vehicle traf...
Understanding Air Quality:           What’s been done• GLX underwent a preliminary Massachusetts  Environmental Protection...
What Was Done• Air quality analysis overview  – How is our air quality now?  – What will air quality be in the future     ...
What Was Measured• Pollutants measured and projected  – Carbon monoxide (CO)  – Nitrogen oxides (NOx)  – Volatile organic ...
Study Area32
Regional Findings• The Green Line Extension is an air quality  improvement project.• Air quality will be improved above an...
Intersections Studied                        34
MVP Intersection Findings                                             Mystic Valley Parkway at Boston      Mystic Valley P...
Green Line Trains and Commuter Rail  • Trains that will be used on the Green Line Extension    Project will be electric an...
Summary of Findings• The Green Line Extension will improve air quality  throughout the region, reducing levels of pollutan...
What’s Next?• Another MEPA review and other governmental and  environmental reviews are likely• This visioning process is ...
Questions?             39
Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line              Community Visioning Process         Land Acquisitions             March 30, ...
Land AcquisitionsPresentation Will Cover:   • Land Acquisitions Around College Ave   • Land Acquisitions Around Mystic Val...
Land                    Acquisitions     • Minimal land acquisitions     around College Ave. station     area     • Acquis...
43Land Acquisitions
Land AcquisitionsReal Estate Acquisition Process• Acquisitions are identified• Acquisition Staff meet with property owners...
Questions?             45
Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line             Community Visioning ProcessManaging Neighborhood Change            March 30, ...
Managing Neighborhood ChangeThe introduction of new transit spurs community changes,including:   • Housing affordability  ...
Presentation Objectives1) Define neighborhood change2) Provide an overview of MAPC’s ongoing research on   neighborhood ch...
Defining TermsWhat is gentrification?Gentrification is a pattern of neighborhood change inwhich a neighborhood experiences...
Defining TermsWhat is displacement?A pattern of change in which current residents areinvoluntarily forced to move out beca...
MAPC Research on Strategies in PracticeMAPC is talking to communities around the country to gaininsight on strategies to m...
Attributes of ChangeMAPC is developing a methodology for identifying andtracking areas susceptible to gentrification (anti...
Study Area        53
Attributes of ChangeThe following are some of the attributes studied:1) Age of Householder/ Family/ Nonfamily Households  ...
Household SizeThere are 9,600 households in the study area, split almostevenly among owner and rental units, and occupied ...
Household Size                         4 or 5 people,        4 or 5 people,    Non-Family            Family         Househ...
Single-Person Household Characteristics1) Most of the single-person households in the study area   are a resident younger ...
Renter Housing Cost BurdenCost Burden:   • Moderate Housing Cost Burden: Gross Housing       Costs are 30-50% of HH Income...
Owner Housing Cost Burden1) 35% of all homeowners are cost burdened2) The largest number of homeowners and also the   larg...
MAPC Next Steps in Research1) Refining methodology for identifying and tracking   gentrification and anti-displacement ris...
Questions?             61
Thank you for your participation!     Next Meeting: Mid-May, Stay Tuned!If you have further questions or comments please c...
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3.30.11 glx community visioning meeting

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Powerpoint presentation from MAPC's second Community Visioning Process meeting in Medford on March 30, 2011.

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3.30.11 glx community visioning meeting

  1. 1. Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line Community Visioning Process Public Meeting #2 March 30, 2011 1
  2. 2. Process Map Tonight’s Meeting Issue Community Community Community DraftIdentification Concerns Opportunities Vision Recommendations Continuous Public Involvement Continuous Stakeholder Outreach 2
  3. 3. Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line Community Visioning Process Traffic and Parking March 30, 2011Eric Halvorsen, Transit Planner, MAPC 3
  4. 4. Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover: • Commuting Patterns and Ridership • Where Are People Going and How Are They Getting There • Accessing a Station at Mystic Valley Parkway • Walking, Biking, Public Transit, Driving • Parking • Policy and Enforcement • Existing and Future Traffic Patterns • Green Line vs. No-Green Line Patterns 4
  5. 5. Commuting Patterns and Ridership T 5
  6. 6. Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover: • Commuting Patterns and Ridership • Where Are People Going and How Are They Getting There • Accessing a Station at Mystic Valley Parkway • Walking, Biking, Public Transit, Driving • Parking • Policy and Enforcement • Existing and Future Traffic Patterns • Green Line vs. No-Green Line Patterns 6
  7. 7. Commuting Patterns and RidershipWorkforce Living within 1 Mile 13,000 Number of Workers Living within 1 mile of MVP StationWorking Along the Green Line 33% Employment destination within ½ mile of the Green Line 7
  8. 8. Commuting Patterns and RidershipTravel Time from Mystic Valley Parkway to Park Street Station in Downtown Boston 15-30 Minutes by Car Route 16 to I-93 South *Depending on traffic 30 Minutes by Green Line Extension MVP Station to Park Street Station *One Seat Ride 35-60 Minutes by Existing Bus and Subway Route 94 Bus to Red Line at Davis to Park Street Station *Depending on connection 8
  9. 9. Commuting Patterns and RidershipHow many people are projected to take the Green Line? • 800 riders during the peak hour at MVP station • 2,000 riders during the entire day at MVP station Travel Mode Shift for Peak Hour MVP Station Riders Previously Previously Previously Station Taking Transit Walking/Biking Driving 23% 3% 74% Mystic Valley Pkwy 184 Riders 24 Riders 592 Riders *Data provided by CTPS 9
  10. 10. Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover: • Commuting Patterns and Ridership • Where Are People Going and How Are They Getting There • Accessing a Station at Mystic Valley Parkway • Walking, Biking, Public Transit, Driving • Parking • Policy and Enforcement • Existing and Future Traffic Patterns • Green Line vs. No-Green Line Patterns 10
  11. 11. Station AccessRiders access stations using different modes of transportation: Walking Biking Transit Drop Offs 11
  12. 12. Station AccessHow many people are projected to be dropped off at the MVPstation in the morning? • DEIR projects 40 drop-offs during the morning peak hour • Based on 2007 Central Transportation Planning Staff (CTPS) study on kiss-n-ride (KNR) • Survey of 76 transit stations, with and without parking • Even if KNR projection doubled to 80, still low compared to overall traffic volumes • 800 cars on Boston Avenue • 3,100 cars on Route 16 • MVP station is not comparable to Alewife or Wellington • No parking, no easy access off major roadways • Mystic Valley Parkway station will not include parking 12
  13. 13. Station AccessHow does Mystic Valley compare to other stationssurveyed? Peak Hour Kiss N Ride (KNR) AnalysisStation Ridership KNR Observed KNR PercentageNewton Centre 394 46 11.7%Brookline Village 923 19 2.1%Reservoir Station 923 22 2.4%Station Projected Riders Projected KNR KNR PercentageMystic Valley Pkwy 800 40 5% *Data provided by CTPS 13
  14. 14. Green Line – Newton Centre Station 2006 Peak 2007 KNR ActualStation Period Headcount KNR % RidershipNewton 394 46 11.7%Centre Major Roadway On- Street Parking Circle Drop- Off Area 14
  15. 15. Green Line – Reservoir Station 2006 Peak 2007 KNR Actual Station Period Headcount KNR % RidershipReservoir 923 22 2.4% Major Roadway Circle Drop- Off Area 15
  16. 16. Green Line – Brookline Village Station 2006 Peak 2007 KNR Actual Station Period Headcount KNR % RidershipBrookline 923 19 2.1%Village Major Roadway Circle Drop- Off Area 16
  17. 17. Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover: • Commuting Patterns and Ridership • Where Are People Going and How Are They Getting There • Accessing a Station at Mystic Valley Parkway • Walking, Biking, Public Transit, Driving • Parking • Policy and Enforcement • Existing and Future Traffic Patterns • Green Line vs. No-Green Line Patterns 17
  18. 18. ParkingKey ways to regulate on-street parking:1. Develop a strong parking ordinance • MassDOT has agreed to work with the Cities on drafting updated parking ordinances2. Options for regulation • Residential permitted parking • Metered spaces promoting turnover, reducing day-long parking3. Enforcement • Consistent parking enforcement is important • Daily or spot checking at metered or permitted locations 18
  19. 19. Traffic and ParkingPresentation Will Cover: • Commuting Patterns and Ridership • Where Are People Going and How Are They Getting There • Accessing a Station at Mystic Valley Parkway • Walking, Biking, Public Transit, Driving • Parking • Policy and Enforcement • Existing and Future Traffic Patterns • Green Line vs. No-Green Line Patterns 19
  20. 20. Existing and Future Traffic PatternsHow is traffic congestion typically measured? • Delay • Time you might wait at an intersection • Expressed in “seconds of delay” • Level of Service (LOS) • Operating conditions at an intersection • Rated A – F • LOS A, B & = Little Congestion • LOS D = Near Congestion • LOS E & F = Congestion 20
  21. 21. Existing and Future Traffic PatternsWhat might traffic be like in the year 2030? • Population and employment is expected to modestly increase through 2030 • Drivers are averaging more trips per day, adding congestion to the transportation network More People = More Cars = More Congestion 21
  22. 22. Existing and Future Traffic PatternsLevel of Service Comparison – 2007, 2030 No-GLX, 2030 GLX AM Peak Hour Congestion/LOS• LOS gets worse in the 2007 2030 2030 GLX Intersection No-GLXNo-GLX 2030 scenario LOS LOS LOS Mystic Valley at Boston Avenue E - -• Green Line Extension Mystic Valley at Auburn Street (East) C - +provides a modest Mystic Valley at Auburn Street (West) B - +reduction in traffic in 2030 Mystic Valley at Winthrop Street F - = Boston Avenue at North Street B - + Boston Avenue at Winthrop Street D - =• Delay is reduced at Boston Avenue at College Avenue D - -some intersections, not Main Street at High Street E - +enough to change LOS Main Street at Harvard Street E - = *Data provided by VHB, Inc. - Means 2030 GLX is worse than No-GLX + Means 2030 GLX is better than No-GLX = Mean 2030 GLX is equal to No-GLX 22
  23. 23. Changes in Traffic Patterns as a Result of Increased Capacity on a Roadway Year 2011 Year 2020 Year 2030 Project Increased Implementation Roadway Capacity Congestion After Construction: Future Congestion: Existing Congestion: Drivers who were taking Auto trips are reduced on the roadwayDrivers are taking parallel parallel alternative routes have due to mode shift to new transit service. alternative routes due to now returned to the original Other drivers have not yet realized the existing congestion. roadway. This alleviates traffic increased peak hour capacity along the main travel route. on parallel routes. 23
  24. 24. ConclusionIn Conclusion: • Population in Metro Boston is increasing modestly, but the number of automobile trips taken are increasing at a faster pace • Traffic in the area will get worse over time • The Green Line Extension will provide modest traffic congestion reductions • Any reduction in automobile congestion is an air quality benefit 24
  25. 25. Questions? 25
  26. 26. Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line Community Visioning Process Air Quality March 30, 2011Mariana Arcaya, Senior Regional and Public Health Planner, MAPC 26
  27. 27. Air Quality• Air quality as the main motivation for Green Line Extension (GLX)• What’s been done to understand air quality and the GLX• What we know• What’s next 27
  28. 28. The Green Line Extension is an air quality improvement project• Extending the Green Line will reduce vehicle traffic over time, significantly improving air quality in the region 28
  29. 29. Understanding Air Quality: What’s been done• GLX underwent a preliminary Massachusetts Environmental Protection Act (MEPA) process• Air quality analysis required an examination of pollutants regulated by the Clean Air Act’s National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS)• MassDOT produced highly conservative estimates to understand the maximum impacts possible 29
  30. 30. What Was Done• Air quality analysis overview – How is our air quality now? – What will air quality be in the future • If the Green Line is extended to Mystic Valley Parkway? • If there is no extension?• Regional air quality and intersections right around the stations 30
  31. 31. What Was Measured• Pollutants measured and projected – Carbon monoxide (CO) – Nitrogen oxides (NOx) – Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) – Carbon dioxide (CO2) – Particulate matter (PM10, PM2.5) 31
  32. 32. Study Area32
  33. 33. Regional Findings• The Green Line Extension is an air quality improvement project.• Air quality will be improved above and beyond what was required by the state• Vehicles will drive 26,650 fewer miles/dayPollutant Volatile Organic Nitrogen Particulate Carbon Compounds Oxides Matter 10 Dioxide (VOCs) (NOx) (PM10) (CO2)Change in daily emissions - 7.9 kg -5.1 kg -0.8kg -18,043kgcompared to no extension 33
  34. 34. Intersections Studied 34
  35. 35. MVP Intersection Findings Mystic Valley Parkway at Boston Mystic Valley Parkway at Winthrop Mystic Valley Parkway Offramp at Main Extension to Extension to Extension to Pollutant NAAQS Current (2007) Mystic Valley No build Current (2007) Mystic Valley No build Current (2007) Mystic Valley No buildCarbon Monoxide (C0):concentration over 1 hour (ppm) 35 5.5 4.6 4.6 6.8 5.4 5.2 5 4.3 4.2Carbon Monoxide (C0):concentration over 8 hours (ppm) 9 3.6 3 3 4.5 3.6 3.4 3.3 2.8 2.8Particulate Matter 10 (PM10):concentration over 24 hours(µg/m3) 150 81 73 71 91 78 78 78 71 71Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM2.5):concentration over 24 hours(µg/m3) 35 31.7 32.1 30.9 32.9 32.9 31.7 31.7 31.7 30.9Particulate Matter 2.5 (PM2.5):concentration over 1 year (µg/m3) 15 12.1 12.1 11.9 12.3 12.3 12.1 12.1 12.1 11.9 Green means the air will be cleaner than the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect human health. Bright green means air quality will both meet NAAQS standards and be cleaner than it is now. No pollutant at any intersection studied exceeds EPA limits 35
  36. 36. Green Line Trains and Commuter Rail • Trains that will be used on the Green Line Extension Project will be electric and will not generate air pollution • Relocating the commuter rail closer to residential properties will not have an air quality impact, even for the closest property for the pollutant most sensitive to distance changesPollutant Current After Difference Percent NAAQS Exceeds relocation Difference NAAQS?24-hour PM2.5 29.7 30.1 .4 1.3% 35 NoConcentrationAnnual PM 2.5 11.7 11.8 .1 .9% 15 NoConcentration 36
  37. 37. Summary of Findings• The Green Line Extension will improve air quality throughout the region, reducing levels of pollutants that cause health problems• Local air quality around stations will be maintained: for some pollutants, air will be even cleaner than it is today• Green Line trains will not emit pollution, any changes to the commuter rail will not worsen air quality; vehicles are the primary source of air quality concern – The Green Line extension is designed to reduce car travel and prevent growth in car travel 37
  38. 38. What’s Next?• Another MEPA review and other governmental and environmental reviews are likely• This visioning process is an opportunity to think about how to reduce driving around the station and around town in general – Connections to bike/pedestrian and other transit – Land uses around the station• This visioning process is an opportunity to think about the positives of cleaner air – Enhancing recreational resources? 38
  39. 39. Questions? 39
  40. 40. Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line Community Visioning Process Land Acquisitions March 30, 2011Kate Fichter, Manager of Long-Range Planning, MassDOT 40
  41. 41. Land AcquisitionsPresentation Will Cover: • Land Acquisitions Around College Ave • Land Acquisitions Around Mystic Valley Parkway • Process for Land Acquisition 41
  42. 42. Land Acquisitions • Minimal land acquisitions around College Ave. station area • Acquisitions limited to small segments along bridge abutments and along the track right-of-way42
  43. 43. 43Land Acquisitions
  44. 44. Land AcquisitionsReal Estate Acquisition Process• Acquisitions are identified• Acquisition Staff meet with property owners to explain project andowner’s rights• Acquisition Staff contracts with an appraisal company whodetermines market value of property• Letter is sent to property owners detailing appraisal, negotiationsbegin• Agreement is reached, MBTA Board of Directors approvesacquisition• Payment is awarded to property owner 44
  45. 45. Questions? 45
  46. 46. Mystic Valley Parkway Green Line Community Visioning ProcessManaging Neighborhood Change March 30, 2011Jennifer Raitt, Chief Housing Planner, MAPC 46
  47. 47. Managing Neighborhood ChangeThe introduction of new transit spurs community changes,including: • Housing affordability • Demographic diversity (Age, Ethnicity, Class, Household Status) • Business diversityCommunities can manage neighborhood change andmitigate negative impacts on neighborhoods, people, andjobs by implementing equitable development policies andstrategies. 47
  48. 48. Presentation Objectives1) Define neighborhood change2) Provide an overview of MAPC’s ongoing research on neighborhood change3) Explore possible attributes of change in areas near the proposed stations4) Discuss next steps in research 48
  49. 49. Defining TermsWhat is gentrification?Gentrification is a pattern of neighborhood change inwhich a neighborhood experiences reinvestment andrevitalization, accompanied by increasing home valuesand/or rents.Gentrification, while frequently controversial, can be eithergood or bad for a neighborhood, depending on whobenefits from the reinvestment and revitalization.(Source: Stephanie Pollack, 2010) 49
  50. 50. Defining TermsWhat is displacement?A pattern of change in which current residents areinvoluntarily forced to move out because they cannotafford to stay in the gentrified neighborhood.This housing turnover is marked both by unequal retentionof existing residents (with wealthier and/or better-educated residents more likely to remain) and in-migrationof wealthier, better-educated residents.(Source: Stephanie Pollack, 2010) 50
  51. 51. MAPC Research on Strategies in PracticeMAPC is talking to communities around the country to gaininsight on strategies to manage neighborhood change.These include: • Workforce strategies that promote local/small business retention and employer-assisted housing • Conversion ordinances that increase protections for renters • Preservation of housing currently in private markets • Development without displacement policies and/or strategies • Community benefits agreements 51
  52. 52. Attributes of ChangeMAPC is developing a methodology for identifying andtracking areas susceptible to gentrification (anti-displacement risk) and change over time using Censusdata. The study area includes Census Tracts within a 1-mile radius of the proposed Mystic Valley Parkway stationlocation.MAPC will focus strategies to manage neighborhoodchange in these areas. 52
  53. 53. Study Area 53
  54. 54. Attributes of ChangeThe following are some of the attributes studied:1) Age of Householder/ Family/ Nonfamily Households • Seniors on Fixed Incomes - could be displaced by rising housing costs2) Household Size3) Housing Cost Burden • Cost Burdened Renters – may be priced out of the market • Cost Burdened Long-Term Resident Owners – may be further burdened by housing costs/ rising property values 54
  55. 55. Household SizeThere are 9,600 households in the study area, split almostevenly among owner and rental units, and occupied asfollows:1) One-third are occupied by single-person households2) One-half are occupied by 2-3 people households • Predominantly family households • 11% are nonfamily households3) There are only 135 large nonfamily households (four or more people) 55
  56. 56. Household Size 4 or 5 people, 4 or 5 people, Non-Family Family Household Household2 or 3 people, Non-Family Single Person Household Household 2 or 3 people, Family Households
  57. 57. Single-Person Household Characteristics1) Most of the single-person households in the study area are a resident younger than age 65.2) While only 38% of the single-person households are senior citizens, seniors comprise a (slight) majority of single-person households north of the proposed station in West Medford.3) In Arlington, more than ¾ of single person households are working age (15-64). 57
  58. 58. Renter Housing Cost BurdenCost Burden: • Moderate Housing Cost Burden: Gross Housing Costs are 30-50% of HH Income • Severe Housing Cost Burden: Gross Housing Costs are >50% of HH Income1) More than 80% of renters in the station area are people younger than age 65 and are the vast majority of cost-burdened households.2) Approximately 17% of all renters in the station area are seniors - 20% are cost burdened.
  59. 59. Owner Housing Cost Burden1) 35% of all homeowners are cost burdened2) The largest number of homeowners and also the largest number of housing cost burdened owners overall live north of the station in West Medford3) Seniors comprise 32% of homeowners and the same proportion of housing cost burdened homeowners4) Nearly 1,000 seniors own their home outright, this comprises 65% of all homeowners over 65.
  60. 60. MAPC Next Steps in Research1) Refining methodology for identifying and tracking gentrification and anti-displacement risk2) Talking with City and State leaders who will help manage and oversee neighborhood change3) Identifying innovations and best practice while exploring existing housing, community and economic development policies in Medford and Somerville4) Further defining appropriate strategies for communities in and around the Station Area to manage neighborhood change 60
  61. 61. Questions? 61
  62. 62. Thank you for your participation! Next Meeting: Mid-May, Stay Tuned!If you have further questions or comments please contact us at: glx@mapc.orgAdditional information on previous and future meetings can be found at: www.mass.gov/greenlineextension www.mapc.org 62

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