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Makers’ ambitions to do socially valuable
things
1
Elisabeth Unterfrauner & Christian Voigt
Centre for Social Innovation, ...
Context Maker Movement
• Making = DIY with digital fabrication technology
• DIY culture
• Re-use of designs (Open Source, ...
Case explorations
MAKER
MOVEMENT
Case research process
4
Purposful
sampling
Case research
toolkit
Analysis of
cases
Cross-case
analysis
-Int...
Example case - Happylab
• FabLab following FabLab charter located in Vienna
• Founded in 2010
• Around 2,000 members
• SME...
Example maker
• Prototype in Happylab
• Now SME selling product in developing countries
• Approved by WHO
6
Example maker
7
Social Innovation
8
Education
Inclusion
Environmental
awareness
…
Educational ambitions
• Educate children: workshops with schools and
kindergartens
• Interest in STEM
• Mindshift consumer...
Educational ambitions
• Hands-on learning: learning from
others, collaborative learning,
project based learning with peopl...
Inclusion
(1) including diverse kinds
of makers in the maker
space
• democratised access for
all
• Mobile maker space
• Re...
Inclusion
(2) creating something
useful and beneficial for
diverse communities
• Prostheses
• Assistive technologies:
• Cu...
Printing Body Parts
(Prosthesis)
Christian Voigt (WWW.ZSI.AT)
Fieldready.org
Christian Voigt (WWW.ZSI.AT)
Environmental awareness
• Upcycling and recycling:
„I really like to create things out of junk. This is so
cool when you c...
Environmental awareness
• Energy-harvesting flower-pot
• Mycotecture
• Hydroponics
• Water pufication
16
http://www.iaacbl...
Social Innovation
Yes, but…
…micro-level
Awareness of societal needs among the maker
community but also severe challenges:...
18https://pinshape.com/items/25533-3d-printed-thank-you-stamp
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Makers’ ambitions to do socially valuable things @ Design for Next

  1. 1. Makers’ ambitions to do socially valuable things 1 Elisabeth Unterfrauner & Christian Voigt Centre for Social Innovation, ZSI, Vienna
  2. 2. Context Maker Movement • Making = DIY with digital fabrication technology • DIY culture • Re-use of designs (Open Source, CC Licenses) • Learning-through-doing in a social environment • Neil Gershenfield (Center for Bits and Atoms) speaks of the new industrial revolution • Dale Dougherty: Maker movement
  3. 3. Case explorations
  4. 4. MAKER MOVEMENT Case research process 4 Purposful sampling Case research toolkit Analysis of cases Cross-case analysis -Interviews guidelines -Self-reporting -On-site visits etc. -idiosyncratic approach -description of 10 cases -analysis of three research pillars -nomothetic approach -differences and communalities
  5. 5. Example case - Happylab • FabLab following FabLab charter located in Vienna • Founded in 2010 • Around 2,000 members • SME • Organisation & Governance: accessible to all; minimum fee; low hurdels technologywise; service infratructure for safe experimentation and prototyping; gender gap; • Peer & Collaborative Behaviour: loose community; interdisciplinarity; long-term vs. seasonal users • Value Creation & Impact: economic value for start-ups; social value; educational value 5
  6. 6. Example maker • Prototype in Happylab • Now SME selling product in developing countries • Approved by WHO 6
  7. 7. Example maker 7
  8. 8. Social Innovation 8 Education Inclusion Environmental awareness …
  9. 9. Educational ambitions • Educate children: workshops with schools and kindergartens • Interest in STEM • Mindshift consumers – producers -> prosumers “I don’t want to have a kid who thinks ‘OK, I want this and where can I buy it’, instead of “I want this and how can I make it” (maker, Croatia). • Train skills for job 9
  10. 10. Educational ambitions • Hands-on learning: learning from others, collaborative learning, project based learning with people with different backgrounds “I think that they are having this traditional education that is not preparing them for the real world, to be competitive (...). When one day they have to start working and they are being educated like you just sit and listen and here are 10 pages and then you learn them. Most teachers today are not working this way: they want their pupils to find out for themselves” (maker, Croatia). 10
  11. 11. Inclusion (1) including diverse kinds of makers in the maker space • democratised access for all • Mobile maker space • Refugee camps • Senior-Design-Lab 11 http://www.lukasbast.at/portfolio/pop-up-fablab-workspace/
  12. 12. Inclusion (2) creating something useful and beneficial for diverse communities • Prostheses • Assistive technologies: • Customised spoon • Golf tee • Makerton on ‘growing’ wheelchair 12 https://3dprint.com/107416/uc-berkeley-designathon/
  13. 13. Printing Body Parts (Prosthesis) Christian Voigt (WWW.ZSI.AT)
  14. 14. Fieldready.org Christian Voigt (WWW.ZSI.AT)
  15. 15. Environmental awareness • Upcycling and recycling: „I really like to create things out of junk. This is so cool when you can pick up something from the trash pile and make it into something useful again“ (maker, Estonia) • The repair culture and circular economy: “3D printing can help to repair more things and extend the lifetime of products (…) There would be production just in time to repair the part, and then you have a more sustainable consumption model because people will repair more” (Maker, Denmark). 15
  16. 16. Environmental awareness • Energy-harvesting flower-pot • Mycotecture • Hydroponics • Water pufication 16 http://www.iaacblog.com/programs/mycotecture-building-from-mushrooms-2/ https://www.greenoptimistic.com/make-solar-power-flower-pot/
  17. 17. Social Innovation Yes, but… …micro-level Awareness of societal needs among the maker community but also severe challenges: • Market pressures • Privacy concerns and uncertainty about intellectual property • Economic viability of making -> Nevertheless: source of inspiration 17
  18. 18. 18https://pinshape.com/items/25533-3d-printed-thank-you-stamp

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