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Rhodes island ( Nikos)


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Rhodes island ( Nikos)

  1. Rhodes island Agios Nikolaos Fort Photos and information’s Click to continue
  2. Dodecanese Islands Greece Rhodes island
  3. Rhodes <ul><li>Rhodes is an island in Greece, located in the eastern Aegean Sea. It is the largest of the Dodecanese islands in terms of both land area and population, with a population of 117,007, and also the island group's historical capital. Administratively the island forms a separate municipality within the Rhodes regional unit, which is part of the South Aegean region. The principal town of the island and seat of the municipality is Rhodes. The city of Rhodes had 53,709 inhabitants in 2001. It is located northeast of Crete, southeast of Athens and southwest of the Anatolian coast in Turkey. </li></ul><ul><li>Historically, Rhodes was famous worldwide for the Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The medieval Old Town of the City of Rhodes has been declared a World Heritage Site. Today, it is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Europe. </li></ul>
  4. The name of Rhodes and other names of Rhodes island <ul><li>The name of the island from ancient times has often been connected to the name of the homonym flower, holy like the God Ilios (Sun) and thus until today Rhodes is associated with the island of Roses, in the Greek language as well as in other languages. Thus the coins of Rhodes presented on the one side the head of the God Ilios Sun and on the other side the rodon (rose). The name Rhodes is also met in the ancient Greek philological monument of Homerus the Iliad. </li></ul><ul><li>According to myths and historical reports the name Rhodes did not originate by the historical era but it existed from previous populations, as well as Symi, Kalymnos, Kamiros, Attaviros etc. Taking into consideration that the name rodon (rose) of the plant comes from the same era as well as ambelos (vines), elea (oils), erevinthos etc then we conclude that the populations that were previous to the Greek population, named the island. At the same time it had more names that were connected to the vegetation, the shape and other characteristics of the island: </li></ul><ul><li>Ofiousa: Because there were many snakes Asteria: Because of its sky that was full of stars Trinakria: Because its shape consists of two triangles Korymvia: because of the shape of a corymb that ends at two summits Telhinis: Because of its first residents Makaria: namely happy Pondia: Because of the sea Ethria: Because of its beautiful climate Poiessa: Because of its rich vegetation Ancient writers talk about these names: Eykratis, Diodoros, Plinios, Pindaros, Stravonas and Souda </li></ul>
  5. Mythology of Rhodes Rhodes the nymph of iliou (sun) <ul><li>When the gods divided the earth between them, Rhodes did not show on the surface of the sea, it was immersed. Ilios (Sun) was away on his usual trip and the other gods forgot to give him a share. When Zeus heard about it he wanted to redistribute the earth. Ilios (Sun) yet did not allow him to do this , due to the fact that he could see a new region immersing from the sea and asked to be given that one. Zeus invited Lahesi to give oath that the new region would be the share of Ilios (Sun). So the beautiful island came up to the surface of the sea and they gave it to God Ilios (Sun). </li></ul><ul><li>On that island God Ilios (Sun) with the nymph Rhodes had seven sons the Heliades: Ohimo, Kerkafo, Makar, Aktiona, Tenagi, Triopa, Kandalo and a daughter Ilektryoni. Kerkafos had three sons Kamiro, Ialiso and Lindo, they divided the island into three towns and each one of the sons had his own town and they named them after themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>This myth that is created by persons imagination, tries to interpret the different events. The surfacing of the island of Rhodes from the ocean is relative to the subsidences, that are mentioned in Geology relatively to the forming of the land. The love of Ilios (Sun) for Rhodes is explained with the sunny days that Rhodes has nearly all year round. This is why they called Rhodes the Nymph of Ilios (Sun) and they still think of Rhodes as the daughter of Aphrodite that emerged from the ocean. </li></ul>
  6. THE TELHINES – THE FIRST RESIDENTS <ul><li>The first residents of Rhodes are considered to be the Telhines, a weird race of people that were presented to be demons. Their name originates from «θέλγω» (thelgo=entice) namely charmers, magicians. They produce clouds, rain, hailstone, change shapes and are brilliant at arts. They were the first to have created statues of the Gods, in Lindo the “Appolo Telhinion” in Ialyso “Ira” and the Nymphs and in Kamiro the “Ira Telhinia”. When Poseidon reached manhood he fell in love with their sister Alia, got married to her and had six sons and a daughter called Rhodes by whom it is believed that the island acquired its name by. </li></ul><ul><li>They were good sailors and also skillful craftsmen in metal work. Stravonas mentions that they came from Crete and Cyprus, something that reminds us of the early colony’s in Rhodes. The tradition presented them as wild, dark because they process metal whereas others called them “vaskanous” and “goites” and that they had divine origins. It was believed that they had Zeus grace who sent the wealth to Rhodes as gold rain and the protection of Athena who made them first in arts and they decorated Rhodes with plenty and beautiful artifacts. </li></ul>
  7. THE OLD TOWN <ul><li>The heart of Rhodes beats in the unique medieval city. Within the walls of the city you will live the most beautiful days and nights on the island. Thousands of visitors pass the gates of the medieval city daily for endless walks down the narrow streets, having fun at the multicoloured market of Sokratous, visiting the Palace of the Grand Master and the museums, fish-eating in restaurants with history and outing at bars up to final fall at Miltiadou. At night almost all the narrow streets fill with tables and stools were one may see people of all nationalities of the earth having fun in the bars listening to every type of music Greek, Latin, jazz, house and becoming a large company. And all of those who wish to see the most beautiful sunset - straight to the beach of the aquarium. </li></ul>Rhodes Old Town Plaza - Rhodes
  8. Old Rhodes City Wall
  10. Rhodes - Old Town Clock Tower & Mosque
  12. FALIRAKI <ul><li>Faliraki offers a large variety of entertainment to suit all preferences. The impressive night life is famous to the entire island since it covers all of the music demands and preferences of the visitors. Faliraki is similar to a massive Luna Park, where a restless crowd is entertained day and night. In the morning at the famous beach with the striped umbrellas at night at the noisy narrow streets with the multicoloured neon lights. Faliraki has two appearances: one is that of the grand luxury hotels with the private beaches and the other is of the noisy centre with the jeweller’s, the restaurants (Italian, Indian, Chinese, and Mexican) the cafeterias and the dance clubs. Vertical to the avenue, is Ermou Street that ends up at the beach, there one may find many bars, and clothing stores for youngsters, jewellers, fast foods, as well as shopping centres that house haberdasher’s to clubs. At the end of Ermou visitors can find the train that travels around the hamlet. Water games until final fall at the impressive water park, fun at the cart track, sky surfer, bungee jumping, Luna park, mini football, clubs of all types – as well as live strip shows, are some of the things the visitor may enjoy at Faliraki and if you still have your strength by night time then a swim in the beautiful sea is the best way to end your night. </li></ul>Faliraki
  13. Faliraki
  14. NEW TOWN <ul><li>In the New Town you can walk down the streets of Mandraki with the cafeterias and the imposing buildings of the Italian conquest, gaze at the shop windows of the New Agora (market) and you should not miss a visit to the Museum of Modern Greek Art at the Ekato Hourmadies. The casino that is housed in the old hotel of Rhodes is available for those who want to challenge their luck and gamble in style. A visit to Monte Smith is necessary, were the Citadel of Rhodes is and a walk in the all over green park of Rodiniou. </li></ul>Mandraki harbor during night
  17. Rhodes City beach
  18. Rhodes City beach
  21. OUT OF TOWN <ul><li>Setting off from Town heading East the first stop is Kallithea with the wonderful hot springs, the Italian buildings that were renovated with respect to the tradition and the environment and the view is spectacular. Following will be a visit to the Arhaggelo, a graphic village with hospitable inhabitants. An Ouzo at the village square will relax you and you will be impressed by the dialect of the village that is similar to the dialect of Cyprus. The Haraki is a wonderful pebbled beach between Arhaggelos and Lindos. There you will find fresh fish in the taverns serving ouzo next to the seashore. And we reach Lindos a famous village with a wonderful Citadel and the derelicts of the temple of Lindias Athinas. </li></ul><ul><li>Walk up and down the graphic narrow streets that offer every type of shop and after swim at the busy beach of Lindou. The taxi of Lindou – the donkeys – can take you long-distance rides. At the beautiful folklore museum you can see local ceramic and embroidery. Next to the Pefkous you will find great restaurants and also a swim in the sea will please you. </li></ul><ul><li>At the Western side, 25km from the Town of Rhodes is the valley of the Petaloudes (Butterflies). It is a small valley full of trees – plane-trees, pine-trees, streams with clear water and thousands of butterflies that are either relaxing on the trunks of the trees or flying all together creating a feast of colours that make the visitors believe they are in paradise. Bridges and small footpaths ease the tour. There are also a museum, a refreshment room and a restaurant. It is also worth visiting the Ancient Kamiro, were you will see Archaeological findings from the temples, the market and the Citadel of the ancient town. At the southern end of the island, the Prasonisi, the seas join covering the land in the winter and in the summer the water is pulled away creating two beautiful beaches. Windsurfers consider it a paradise for their sport. There are also cafeterias and restaurants with traditional snacks. </li></ul>Lindos
  22. Lindos
  23. Lindos
  24. Lindos
  25. Lindos
  26. Donkeys at the Lindos acropolis
  28. Valley Of The Butterflies, Rhodes
  29. Butterflies
  30. Temple of Apollo
  31. Temple of Athena Lindia, Lindos - Rhodes
  33. Kalithea Bay
  34. The Colossus of Rhodes ONE OF THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE WORLD <ul><li>The Town of Rhodes was created at the Northeast of the island in 408 BC by the union of the three towns of the island, Ialiso, Kamiro and Lindo. </li></ul><ul><li>In Ancient Rhodes – the beauty of the Greek Towns – as the Historians call it, prytaneums, markets, arcades, stadiums, music schools, philosophical and rhetorical schools, five large ports and at least 3.000statues existed. </li></ul><ul><li>The masterpiece of all was the colossus. It was created around 293 by Hari from Lindo,who was a student of Lysippou. It was a massive brass statue of the patron saint God Iliou (Sun), approximately 31meters high. The inhabitants of Rhodes sold (300talanda) the besieger machines of Dimitriou when he ceased the siege and left defeated then they made the statue, the construction of which remained for 12 years. The statue has been a topic of conversation for ancient people and also medieval writers. It remained in its position for 66 years and collapsed in the earthquake of 227 yet they didn’t re erect it due to their fear of some prophesy as Stravonas mentions. For 9 centuries the colossus was not re erected until 653AC when the Arabian caliph Moavias took it and sold it to a Jew from Edessa, for the brass, he needed 900 camels to transport it. </li></ul><ul><li>The problem that occupies modern researchers is of were the Colossus use to stand. Misunderstanding a phrase of the epigram engraved on the base of the colossus, they said that it was positioned “not only over the ocean but also on the land” they imagined that it was positioned at the entrance of the port with its limbs open standing with one leg on the one edge of the port and with the other leg on the opposite edge of the port, while holding in its hand high up a light like a lighthouse for the ships that went past to enter the port. From the 16th century such an engraving was presented and lasts until today.  </li></ul><ul><li>Modern researchers believe that it was impossible for it to be positioned close to the sea and conclude that the only place that it could have been standing was the grounds of a temple and the most probable at the temple of the God Ilios (Sun) were the palace of the Grand Master of Knights is located today. A beautiful marble head of God Ilios (Sun) with broken beams that today is located in the Museum of Rhodes was found nearby. Also in the way that Stravonas describes it, it shows clearly that he saw it on land “It is now broken from the knees and fell due to the earthquake”. If it was positioned over the sea it would have been lost completely or only a part would show, something that the writer would have mentioned. </li></ul><ul><li>The Colossus of Rhodes was an hymn to Art and Freedom. </li></ul>
  36. Colossus of Rhodes
  37. Mandraki harbor
  39. Agios Pavlos beach
  40. COPYRIGHTS TO ALL PHOTOS AND MUSIC BELONG TO THE ORIGINAL AUTHORS. Nikos Agios Nikolaos Fort You Can Keep Listening To The Music Or Press ‘Esc’ To Exit