Neil Alden Armstrong• Neil Alden
Armstrong (August 5, 1930 – August 25, 2012) was an American astronaut, test pilot, aerospace engineer, university professor and United States Naval Aviator. He was the first person to walk on the Moon. Before becoming an astronaut, Armstrong was a United States Navy officer and had served in the Korean War. After the war, he served as a test pilot at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics High-Speed Flight Station, now known as the Dryden Flight Research Center, where he logged over 900 flights. He graduated from Purdue University and the University of Southern California.• A participant in the U.S. Air Forces Man In Space Soonest and X-20 Dyna-Soar human spaceflight programs, Armstrong joined the NASA Astronaut Corps in 1962. His first spaceflight was the NASA Gemini 8 mission in 1966, for which he was the command pilot, becoming one of the first U.S. civilians in space. On this mission, he performed the first manned docking of two spacecraft with pilot David Scott.
• Armstrongs second and last
spaceflight was as mission commander of the Apollo 11 moon landing in July 1969. On this mission, Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin descended to the lunar surface and spent 2½ hours exploring, while Michael Collins remained in orbit in the Command Module. Armstrong was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Richard Nixon along with Collins and Aldrin, the Congressional Space Medal of Honor by President Jimmy Carter in 1978, and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2009.• On August 25, 2012, Armstrong died in Cincinnati, Ohio, at the age of 82 due to complications from blocked coronary arteries.
Quick bites about Neil Armstrong•
Armstrongs interest in flight began in childhood: He earned his student pilots certificate on his 16th birthday, before he got an automobile drivers license. "He never had a girl. He didnt need a car. All he had to do was get out to that airport," Armstrongs father was quoted as saying in the astronauts biography, "First Man."• Armstrongs pulse was measured at 150 beats per minute as he guided the lunar lander to the moons surface, NASA said. "I believe every human has a finite number of heartbeats," Armstrong once said. "I dont intend to waste any of mine."• Asked about his experience on the moon, he told CBS: "Its an interesting place to be. I recommend it."• A crater on the moon is named for Armstrong. It is located about 30 miles (50 kilometers) from the site of the landing.• In 2005 Armstrong was upset to learn that his barber had sold clippings of his hair to a collector for $3,000. The man who bought the hair refused to return it, saying he was adding it to his collection of locks from Abraham Lincoln, Napoleon, Marilyn Monroe, Albert Einstein and others.• Although he was famously reticent, Armstrong once appeared in a TV commercial for Chrysler. He said he made the ad because of Chryslers engineering history and his desire to help the company out of financial troubles.
Neil Armstrong waving in front,
heads for the van that will take the crew to the rocket for launch to the moon at Kennedy Space Center in Merritt Island, Fla., July 16, 1969.
The Apollo 11 Saturn space
vehicle climbs toward orbit after liftoff from Pad 39A at 9:32am EDT, July 16, 1969. In 2 minutes 30 seconds of powered flight, the S-IC booster lifts the vehicle to an altitude of about 39 miles, some 55 miles downrange. This photo was taken with a 70mm telescopic camera mounted in an Air Force EC-135N plane. Onboard are astronauts Neil A Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin E Aldrin, Jr.
The lunar module, with Neil
Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin aboard, approaches the Apollo 11 command module for a rendezvous on July 21, 1969. A half-Earth is seen in the background.
Apollo XI astronauts, from left,
Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin laughing with President Richard Nixon aboard the USS Hornet. The president was on hand to greet the astronauts after their splashdown in the Pacific on July 24, 1969.
Former astronaut Neil Armstrong, a
member of thepresidential panel investigatingthe shuttle explosion, listens to testimony before the commission in Washington, Feb. 11, 1986.David Acheson, a commission member, listens in the background.
Neil Armstrong is awarded the
Samuel P. Langley medal in front of the Apollo 11 Columbia Command Module during a ceremony on the 30th anniversary of the moon landing as US Vice President Al Gore applauds July 20, 199, at theNational Air and Space Museum in Washington D.C. Gore awarded also awarded the medal to the two other members of the Apollo 11 crew, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins, who were also present at the ceremony.
People walk around the Apollo
11 Command Module "Columbia" at the National Air and Space Museum on July 16, 2009, in Washington, D.C., on the 40th anniversary of the Apollo 11 launch.
Nikos Neil Armstrong speaks during
the Congressional Gold Medal ceremony at the U.S. Capitol on Nov. 16, 2011. You Can Keep Listening To The Music Or Press ‘Esc’ To ExitCOPYRIGHTS TO ALL PHOTOS AND MUSIC BELONG TO THE ORIGINAL AUTHORS.