Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
GEOFFREY CHAUCER
FATHER OF ENGLISH POETRY
BY,
ANKHITHA A
ST MARY’S COLLEGE
MANARCAUD
GEOFFREY CHAUCER (1340-1400)
• Born on the reign of EDWARD III
• Lived through that of RICHARD II
• Died the year after HE...
POETICAL WORKS OF CHAUCER
• Poetical works are broadly divided into three classes coresponding the three
periods of life
▫...
ITALIAN PERIOD
• influenced by Dnate,Petrarch and Boccaccio
• main works of this perod:
• “TROILUS AND CRECIDE”- a poem of...
• “ THE LEGEND OF GOOD WOMEN “ - great
skill and freedom in expressing heroic couplet
narrated tales of eight virtuous wom...
THE ENGLISH PERIOD (1386-1400)
• belongs Chaucer’s masterpiece and monumental work
“THE CANTERBURY TALES”
• 29 pigrims inc...
CHAUCER’S REALISM
• represents his own age - holds the mirror to
life of his time
• Social chronicle of England in the 14t...
• He is the wider and capacious soul
• Takes a fuller view of his times mere than any
one else could have taken in those d...
CHAUCER,THE REALIST
• was a realist -revealed the truth about life as he
saw it
• Realism primarly comes out in the settin...
CHAUCER’S ART OF CHARACTERISATION
• First great painter of character in English
literature
• Employs poetry with tolerent ...
• Presents characters with minute details about their
dress,physical features ,habits,peculiar manners
and idiosyncracies
...
• Wife of Bath –expert cloth maker
• Hair dresser- smaller trade
• Plough man, Miller, Franklin- agriculture
• Manciple, R...
CHAUCER’S HUMOUR
• born humourist – master of humour and irony –
first true humourist in english literature
• Mansfield ca...
• He refers to himself as a simple unlettered man
“my wit is short/ye may wel understood”
• No one can deny it
CHAUCER’S LANGUAGE
• Found English as a dialect –East midland dialect
was the simplest in grammatical structure
• Left it ...
CHAUCER’S VERSIFICATION
• Only known form of versification known to the
people of England before Chaucer was
“alleteration...
CHAUCER’S PLACE IN ENGLISH
LITERATURE
• Great not only by historical position but also by
his genius
• Fresh ness and simp...
THANK YOU
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Geoffrey chaucer

6,457 views

Published on

Chaucer the man, age and works

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Geoffrey chaucer

  1. 1. GEOFFREY CHAUCER FATHER OF ENGLISH POETRY BY, ANKHITHA A ST MARY’S COLLEGE MANARCAUD
  2. 2. GEOFFREY CHAUCER (1340-1400) • Born on the reign of EDWARD III • Lived through that of RICHARD II • Died the year after HENTRY IV • Father of English poetry • Grand father of English novel
  3. 3. POETICAL WORKS OF CHAUCER • Poetical works are broadly divided into three classes coresponding the three periods of life ▫ FRENCH PERIOD(1359-72) ▫ Influenced by French masters such as Machaut, Guillaume, Delloris and Jean de meung ▫ Main works of this period ▫ “THE REMOUNT OF THE ROSE”,a lengthy poem- 7700 lines ▫ “DEATHE OF BLANCHE THE DUCHESSE” better known as “BOKE OF THE DUCHESSE”
  4. 4. ITALIAN PERIOD • influenced by Dnate,Petrarch and Boccaccio • main works of this perod: • “TROILUS AND CRECIDE”- a poem of 8200 lines • “THE HOUSE OF FAME”- a poem in octosyllabic couplets,an allegory of dreamy type- exquisit combination of lofty thought and simply homely language
  5. 5. • “ THE LEGEND OF GOOD WOMEN “ - great skill and freedom in expressing heroic couplet narrated tales of eight virtuous women of antiquity- remarkable for their chastity ,sincerity and devotion to love • Two other poems –”ANELIDA AND ARCITE”, “THE PARLIAMENT OF FOULS”
  6. 6. THE ENGLISH PERIOD (1386-1400) • belongs Chaucer’s masterpiece and monumental work “THE CANTERBURY TALES” • 29 pigrims including Chaucer himself meet in Tabard- inn,in Southwark - settimg out for a pilgrimage to the tomb of Thomas Becket at Cnaterbury • Pilgrim is required to narrate two stories on the outward and two on the return • Chaucer could finish only 20 and left 4 in an incomplete state
  7. 7. CHAUCER’S REALISM • represents his own age - holds the mirror to life of his time • Social chronicle of England in the 14th C • poetry reflects 14th C not in fragments but as a complete whole • he directs his comprehensive gaze not on one aspect only of his times but on all its wide and variegated life
  8. 8. • He is the wider and capacious soul • Takes a fuller view of his times mere than any one else could have taken in those days • Direct transcription of reality • Symbolises the Middle ages
  9. 9. CHAUCER,THE REALIST • was a realist -revealed the truth about life as he saw it • Realism primarly comes out in the setting “THE CANTERBURY TALES” • Solid touch of realism in portrayel of characters • Realistically present the picture of the real world of the 14th C
  10. 10. CHAUCER’S ART OF CHARACTERISATION • First great painter of character in English literature • Employs poetry with tolerent curiosity to the sudy of men and manners • 30 pilgrims representing all types and shades of 14th C society • Picture gallery of 14th C
  11. 11. • Presents characters with minute details about their dress,physical features ,habits,peculiar manners and idiosyncracies • Knight and his Son- war like elements-heroes • Man of law, Doctor,Oxford clerck,Poet – learned and liberal professions • The Merchant and Shipman- commercial community
  12. 12. • Wife of Bath –expert cloth maker • Hair dresser- smaller trade • Plough man, Miller, Franklin- agriculture • Manciple, Reeve- upper servants of society • Yoeman ,Cook- lower circle • Monk, Prioress, Parson,Frair,Pardoner, and Summoner - ecclesiastical order • There is a universal touch in Chaucer’s character
  13. 13. CHAUCER’S HUMOUR • born humourist – master of humour and irony – first true humourist in english literature • Mansfield calls him “a great Renaissance gentle man mocking the middle ages” • humour is esentially English in character
  14. 14. • He refers to himself as a simple unlettered man “my wit is short/ye may wel understood” • No one can deny it
  15. 15. CHAUCER’S LANGUAGE • Found English as a dialect –East midland dialect was the simplest in grammatical structure • Left it a language wel fitted to express the finest thought of literary artist of his time • Imported words from French • Heralded as the first national poet who gave to the people a language so reformed and reshaped
  16. 16. CHAUCER’S VERSIFICATION • Only known form of versification known to the people of England before Chaucer was “alleteration” • Chaucer had no love for alleterative verse • “RHYME OF SIR THOPAS”-dogged rhyme • Chaucer’s poetry is extremely musical and must be judged by the ear rather than by the eye
  17. 17. CHAUCER’S PLACE IN ENGLISH LITERATURE • Great not only by historical position but also by his genius • Fresh ness and simplicity of style - gentle humour -quaint fun -hearty praise of what is good and true • Kindly redicule of weakness and folliesv – earnest denunciation of injustice and oppression are among his most marked characteristics
  18. 18. THANK YOU

×