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Crime and Justice


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Chris Bisset gives a session on Crime and Justice.

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Crime and Justice

  1. 1. Crime and Justice<br />Chris Bisset<br />
  2. 2. discretion<br />Where are the discretion points in the criminal justice system?<br /><ul><li>Arrest
  3. 3. Charge
  4. 4. Commence Proceedings
  5. 5. Nature of Proceedings
  6. 6. Conviction
  7. 7. Sentencing
  8. 8. Parole Board</li></li></ul><li>Debates<br />Accountability vs. Efficiency<br />Public Participation vs expertise<br />Sanctions<br />Victim vs Society<br />Fear<br />
  9. 9. The police<br />Community Policing<br />Zero Tolerance<br />Problem-orientated policing<br />Over-policing vsunder policing<br />Corruption<br />Discretion<br />
  10. 10. ELECTIONS vs appointment<br />All have same elements:<br />Look at faults of elections<br />Role of the public in participating<br />Role of Victims in participation<br />
  11. 11. Public Prosecutors<br />Elect them or Appoint them?<br />Accountability<br />Performance<br />Selection<br />
  12. 12. Judges<br />Elect them?<br />
  13. 13. juries<br />Arguments Against<br /><ul><li>Juries are incapable of understanding complex technical information
  14. 14. The rule of law should guide judicial decisions
  15. 15. Juries contain biases and are not truly representative
  16. 16. Juries slow the justice system</li></ul>Arguments For<br /><ul><li>Provides legitimacy to decisions
  17. 17. Allows for unbiased assessment of questions of fact
  18. 18. Allows for a check on state power exercised through the legislature
  19. 19. Gives the law a moral code</li></li></ul><li>Sanctions<br />Aspirations: DRDRP<br />Purposes: Reduce crime and be fair<br />Fairness vs. Reducing crime<br />Short Term protection vs. Long term<br />Average perspective vs. informed perspective<br />
  20. 20. Why are victim’s important in debates<br /><ul><li>Double Victimisation
  21. 21. Willingness to report
  22. 22. Vigilantism</li></li></ul><li>Compelling participation in trials<br />Why might someone chose not to press charges?<br />Good?<br />Bad?<br />
  23. 23. Attitudes to criminal justice<br />• Broadcast and tabloid media provide the major source of information for most members of the public about crime and justice. Almost 80 percent of respondents rate TV, radio and newspapers as fairly or very important sources of information.<br /><ul><li>The proportion of Australians who agree that stiffer sentences are needed has gradually declined from a peak of 84.8 percent in 1987 to 71.7 percent in 2007.
  24. 24. The majority of Australians have little or no confidence in the prison system to rehabilitate prisoners (87.7%), as a form of punishment (59.2%), in deterring future offending (84.7%) or in teaching prisoners skills (63.8%).
  25. 25. The desire for harsher sentences was significantly positively associated with the self-rated importance of television and radio, for informing views of crime. The relationship between desire for stiffer sentences and beliefs about crime trends over the past two years was also examined using Spearman’s rho correlations. The desire for stiffer sentences was significantly positively associated with beliefs that crime was increasing (rho=.35, p<.001) and perceptions of the number of crimes reported to the police that involved violence (rho=.30, p<.001).</li></li></ul><li>fear<br />Of zombies<br />