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Grammar class 8. Conditionals

Conditionals

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Grammar class 8. Conditionals

  1. 1. STEP-UP (Pre-Intermediate) Grammar Class 8. Conditional Sentences
  2. 2. 4 Basic Types of Conditionals Zero Conditional общеизвестные закономерности, вне времени If people eat too much, they get fat. First Conditional относится к будущему, условие реальное If you study hard, you’ll pass your exams easily. Second Conditional относится к настоящему, условие реально-нереальное If I had more free time, I would take up tennis. Third Conditional относится к прошлому, условие 100% нереальное If you had studied hard, you would have entered the university.
  3. 3. Zero Conditional If/when + S + Present Simple, S + Present Simple  If you touch a fire, you get burned.  People die if they don't eat.  You get water if you mix hydrogen and oxygen.  Snakes bite if they are scared.  If babies are hungry, they cry.
  4. 4. Grammar Practice
  5. 5. First Conditional If + S + Present Simple, S + will + Verb Infinitive 1. If it is hot this afternoon, we ______________ (go) to the beach. 2. If it is cold this afternoon, we ______________ (not go) to the beach. 3. Peter ______________(get) into trouble if he steals that cell phone! 4. You ______________(not pass) if you don’t study harder! 5. I ______________(make ) dinner if you like. 6. If it ______________(not be) too expensive, we’ll buy it. 7. I ______________(give) you $5 if you ______________ (wash) my car. 8. I ______________(phone) you if I ______________(have) any news. 9. If we ______________(not help) them, they ______________(not finish the work on time. 10. I ______________(buy) a new laptop computer if I ______________(save) enough money. 11. He ______________(not go) to school tomorrow if he ______________(not feel) better. 12. If they (not hurry), they ______________(be) late. 13. If it ______________(snow), we ______________ (build) a snowman. 14. If you ______________(eat) everything now, you ______________(not have) anything to eat at lunchtime! 15. If you ______________(not turn down) the music, you ______________ (wake up) the baby!
  6. 6. Superstitions 1. If a black cat walks in front of you, you _____________ . 2. If you walk under a ladder or open an umbrella in the house, you _______ . 3. If you break a mirror, you _________ . 4. If you carry a lucky charm, like a rabbit’s foot, you __________ . 5. If you see a shooting star in the sky, you ___________ . 6. If you want a good thing to continue, you should _______ . 7. If you spill salt on the table, you should _______ .
  7. 7. Second Conditional If + S + Past Simple, S + would + Verb Infinitive  If I had a lot of money, I would travel around the world.
  8. 8. What would you do if…?
  9. 9. Third Conditional If + S + had + Ved/V3, S + would + have + Ved/V3  If I had gone to bed early, I would have caught the train.
  10. 10. Conditional Chains

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