The Interwar Period and the Rise of Adolph Hitler
Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>War Guilt Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Reparations Payments </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial Losses ...
“ Hands off German homeland!” Postcards Title: “Lost but not forgotten land” Poem:   You must carve in your heart   These ...
Fascism and Adolf Hitler I. German Dissatisfaction with Versailles Treaty <ul><li>War guilt clause </li></ul><ul><li>Repar...
Polish Corridor Europe: 1919-1938 Rhineland Alsace-Lorraine
1871: Franco-Prussian War The Hall of Mirrors at Versailles <ul><li>1871, Franco-Prussian War, Alsace-Lorraine </li></ul>
Czechoslovakia and Sudetenland Ethnic Distribution in Austria-Hungary (1911) German Czech
II. Weimar Republic (1919-1933) Fascism and Adolf Hitler <ul><li>“ Stab-in-the-Back” theory </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Reichst...
Inflation
Inflation 1914: 10 Pfennig = ½ dozen eggs 1920: 1 Mark = ½ dozen eggs 1921: 3 Mark = ½ dozen eggs Jan. 1923: 250 Marks =  ...
Hitler and the Nazis <ul><li>Beer Hall Putsch, 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Mein Kampf   (1925):  lebensraum  (“living space”), ...
Adolf Hitler, 1889-1945 The Murky Family History of Adolph Hitler
Hitler, Munich: August, 1914 Social Darwinism
Hitler and World War I Romanticize, Nostalgia
Hitler After WWI 1919: Hitler infiltrates German Worker’s Party  1920: Hitler leaves military 1921: Hitler = F ü hrer of N...
Geli Raubal Scandal  ( 1931 ) Hitler becomes a vegetarian. Phobias: Dirt, Germs, Death Insomniac, hypochondriac
Hitler v. von Hindenburg (1932) 1847-1934 1933: Hitler becomes chancellor
Reichstag Fire (February, 1933) Reichstag Fire Decree : Articles 114, 115, 117, 118, 123, 124 and 153 of the Constitution ...
Night of the Long Knives (June 30-July 2, 1934) 85+ executed, thousands arrested SS (“protective squadron”) v. SA (“storm ...
Establishment of the Third Reich (August, 1934)
Hitler Rebuilds Germany Economically <ul><li>Government Spending </li></ul><ul><li>Public works (bridges, dams, highways, ...
Hitler Reconstructs Germany Socially Degenerate Art Exhibition (1937)
Otto Dix, “Mealtime in the Trenches (1923/24)
Pablo Picasso, “Guernica” (1937)
Helmut Herzfeld, “Hurrah, die Butter ist alle!” [Hurray, the butter is finished!] (1935)
“ Degenerate Music” (1937)
Marcel Duchamp, “Nude Descending a Staircase” (1912)
Visitors at the Degenerate Art exhibition
Visitors at the Great German Art exhibition
 
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Adolf.Hitler.Interwar

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Adolf.Hitler.Interwar

  1. 1. The Interwar Period and the Rise of Adolph Hitler
  2. 2. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>War Guilt Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Reparations Payments </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial Losses </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Re-establishment of Poland </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ Hands off German homeland!” Postcards Title: “Lost but not forgotten land” Poem:   You must carve in your heart   These words, as in stone -    What we have lost    Will be regained!
  4. 4. Fascism and Adolf Hitler I. German Dissatisfaction with Versailles Treaty <ul><li>War guilt clause </li></ul><ul><li>Reparations </li></ul><ul><li>Disarmament </li></ul><ul><li>Territorial losses </li></ul>
  5. 5. Polish Corridor Europe: 1919-1938 Rhineland Alsace-Lorraine
  6. 6. 1871: Franco-Prussian War The Hall of Mirrors at Versailles <ul><li>1871, Franco-Prussian War, Alsace-Lorraine </li></ul>
  7. 7. Czechoslovakia and Sudetenland Ethnic Distribution in Austria-Hungary (1911) German Czech
  8. 8. II. Weimar Republic (1919-1933) Fascism and Adolf Hitler <ul><li>“ Stab-in-the-Back” theory </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Reichstag (e.g. 40 political parties) </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation </li></ul><ul><li>Agreed to the Versailles Treaty </li></ul>
  9. 9. Inflation
  10. 10. Inflation 1914: 10 Pfennig = ½ dozen eggs 1920: 1 Mark = ½ dozen eggs 1921: 3 Mark = ½ dozen eggs Jan. 1923: 250 Marks = ½ dozen eggs Sept. 1923: 15 Million Marks = ½ dozen eggs Oct. 1923: 2 Billion Marks = ½ dozen eggs 1923: Ruhr Crisis
  11. 11. Hitler and the Nazis <ul><li>Beer Hall Putsch, 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>Mein Kampf (1925): lebensraum (“living space”), propaganda, anti-semitism </li></ul>
  12. 12. Adolf Hitler, 1889-1945 The Murky Family History of Adolph Hitler
  13. 13. Hitler, Munich: August, 1914 Social Darwinism
  14. 14. Hitler and World War I Romanticize, Nostalgia
  15. 15. Hitler After WWI 1919: Hitler infiltrates German Worker’s Party 1920: Hitler leaves military 1921: Hitler = F ü hrer of National Socialist German Worker’s (Nazi) Party 1923-1924: Beer Hall Putsch/Prison 1930: Great Depression; Nazi representation Reichstag 2.6 ->18.3%
  16. 16. Geli Raubal Scandal ( 1931 ) Hitler becomes a vegetarian. Phobias: Dirt, Germs, Death Insomniac, hypochondriac
  17. 17. Hitler v. von Hindenburg (1932) 1847-1934 1933: Hitler becomes chancellor
  18. 18. Reichstag Fire (February, 1933) Reichstag Fire Decree : Articles 114, 115, 117, 118, 123, 124 and 153 of the Constitution of the German Reich are suspended until further notice. It is therefore permissible to restrict the rights of personal freedom, freedom of opinion, including the freedom of the press, the freedom to organize and assemble, the privacy of postal, telegraphic and telephonic communications, and warrants for house searches, orders for confiscations as well as restrictions on property, are also permissible beyond the legal limits otherwise prescribed. March, 1933 Elections: Nazi Party = 43.9%/Reichstag
  19. 19. Night of the Long Knives (June 30-July 2, 1934) 85+ executed, thousands arrested SS (“protective squadron”) v. SA (“storm battalion”)
  20. 20. Establishment of the Third Reich (August, 1934)
  21. 21. Hitler Rebuilds Germany Economically <ul><li>Government Spending </li></ul><ul><li>Public works (bridges, dams, highways, railroads etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment Reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Armaments </li></ul><ul><li>Cross of Honor of the German Mother </li></ul>
  22. 22. Hitler Reconstructs Germany Socially Degenerate Art Exhibition (1937)
  23. 23. Otto Dix, “Mealtime in the Trenches (1923/24)
  24. 24. Pablo Picasso, “Guernica” (1937)
  25. 25. Helmut Herzfeld, “Hurrah, die Butter ist alle!” [Hurray, the butter is finished!] (1935)
  26. 26. “ Degenerate Music” (1937)
  27. 27. Marcel Duchamp, “Nude Descending a Staircase” (1912)
  28. 28. Visitors at the Degenerate Art exhibition
  29. 29. Visitors at the Great German Art exhibition

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