Warm-Up

B2

Answer the 2 questions in the first
concept column – The Catholic
Church.
Crusades
The Causes
Who called for the Crusades?

• 1095 Pope Urban II asks Europe’s
lords to launch a crusade, or holy
wa...
Crusades
The Fight
How long did the Crusades last?

• The Crusades lasted over a period
of nearly 200 years, and took
plac...
Crusades
The Fight
What was the Muslim response
to the Crusades?

What did King Richard
accomplish during the Third
Crusad...
Crusades
The Effects

• The Effects of the Crusades:
1. Failed to accomplish goals longterm
2. Weakened feudalism

What we...
Crusades
First Effect

The Crusades largely failed.
How could one say the
Crusades partly succeeded?

• The Crusades mostl...
Crusades
Second Effect

How did the Crusades lead to
the weakening of feudalism?

• Nobles spent much of their money
on th...
Crusades
Third Effect

• The Crusades were called for by
the Pope. He claimed the
Crusades were holy and any who
What kind...
Crusades
Fouth Effect
What did Christians discover as
a result of the Crusades?

• The Christians discovered new ideas,
te...
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Who called for the Crusades?
Why did Christians start the Crusades?
How long did the Crusades last?
Wha...
Write about your Crusade!
1. Select a partner
2. Make a choice! Knight or Serf
3. You will be writing a letter to each oth...
Medieval Europe Lesson 5 - The Crusades
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Medieval Europe Lesson 5 - The Crusades

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Medieval Europe Lesson 5 - The Crusades

  1. 1. Warm-Up B2 Answer the 2 questions in the first concept column – The Catholic Church.
  2. 2. Crusades The Causes Who called for the Crusades? • 1095 Pope Urban II asks Europe’s lords to launch a crusade, or holy war, against the Muslim Turks • Why? 2 Reasons: Why did Christians start the Crusades? 1. Christian pilgrims to the holy land were being attacked. Putting holy land in Christian control would help defend Christians. 2. Prevent Muslim Turks from conquering the Byzantine Empire
  3. 3. Crusades The Fight How long did the Crusades last? • The Crusades lasted over a period of nearly 200 years, and took place in many locations. • The First Crusade was a huge success for the Christians. What was the result of the First Crusade? • They setup 4 Christian kingdoms from captured lands and Jerusalem was the biggest prize of them all.
  4. 4. Crusades The Fight What was the Muslim response to the Crusades? What did King Richard accomplish during the Third Crusade? • After the first Crusade the Muslim communities surrounding the 4 Christian kingdoms wanted revenge. • Several more crusades took place, and overtime the Muslims would recapture all the Christian kingdoms, including Jerusalem. • The Third Crusade saw King Richard fail at recapturing Jerusalem for the Christians, but he did strike a deal with Saladin (leader of the Muslims) who agreed to allow Christians to travel to the Holy Land safely.
  5. 5. Crusades The Effects • The Effects of the Crusades: 1. Failed to accomplish goals longterm 2. Weakened feudalism What were the four main effects of the Crusades? 3. Decreased the influence of the Catholic Church; weakened the power of the Pope. 4. Increased trade
  6. 6. Crusades First Effect The Crusades largely failed. How could one say the Crusades partly succeeded? • The Crusades mostly failed to accomplish its goals. • The Crusades and Reconquista in Spain (the recapturing of Spain for Christian control) were successful in stopping the spread of Islam into Europe, at least for a while.
  7. 7. Crusades Second Effect How did the Crusades lead to the weakening of feudalism? • Nobles spent much of their money on the crusades, and many lords never returned from the wars. • This allowed kings to gain more power, which would weaken feudalism and lead to more centralization.
  8. 8. Crusades Third Effect • The Crusades were called for by the Pope. He claimed the Crusades were holy and any who What kind of claims did the Pope make about the Crusades? fought would go straight to heaven. Why did people begin to question the power of the Catholic Church? • If this were true then why did it fail? The failure of the Crusades led some to question the political authority and power of the Church.
  9. 9. Crusades Fouth Effect What did Christians discover as a result of the Crusades? • The Christians discovered new ideas, technologies and luxury in the Holy Land. • Many wanted to bring these things home with them, and a new desire for trade grew in Europe. What was the effect of increased trade outside of Europe? • This increased trade led to the growth of cities in Italy which developed a trade-based economy (instead of a manor).
  10. 10. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Who called for the Crusades? Why did Christians start the Crusades? How long did the Crusades last? What was the result of the First Crusade? What was the Muslim response to the Crusades? The Crusades largely failed. How could one say the Crusades partly succeeded? 7. How did the Crusades lead to the weakening of feudalism? 8. What kind of claims did the Pope make about the Crusades? 9. Why did people begin to question the power of the Catholic Church? 10. What was the effect of increased trade outside of Europe?
  11. 11. Write about your Crusade! 1. Select a partner 2. Make a choice! Knight or Serf 3. You will be writing a letter to each other about your journey and the result of your Crusade. 4. Include details from your notes and your textbook (pages 528-531) 5. At the end of your letter you must say; Knight: you have captured Jerusalem! Serf: you are mortally wounded and the Muslims have killed all the peasants.

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