Warm-Up

C2

If YOU were there …
You are a farmer living in a village on the coast of India.
For centuries, your people ha...
Religion
Origin of Islam
Where did Islam begin?

Who began the religion of Islam?

• Location: Arabian Peninsula
(in the c...
Religion
Beliefs of Islam

How does Islam believe Allah speaks to
humanity?

Who is the greatest and final prophet?

• Isl...
Religion
Beliefs of Islam

Where can the beliefs of Islam be
found?

Is Islam monotheistic or polytheistic?

What is a maj...
Religion
Beliefs of Islam

FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM
1. Faith: only one God, and his prophet
is Mohammed
2. Prayer: Pray five ...
Religion
Diffusion of Islam

Where did the Islamic Empire spread
to?

• Islam spread quickly within a
100 years of Mohamme...
Religion
Diffusion of Islam

Who ruled the Islamic Empire?

What is the difference between Sunni
and Shiite Muslims?

• Af...
Religion
Diffusion of Islam

Where did Islam spread peacefully?
How?

How did Islam spread into Eastern
Europe?

• Islam s...
Choose 6 of the 10
1. Where did Islam begin?
2. Who began the religion of Islam and is believed to be the greatest
prophet...
Islam and West Africa Lesson 1 - Religion (Islam)
Islam and West Africa Lesson 1 - Religion (Islam)
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Islam and West Africa Lesson 1 - Religion (Islam)

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Islam and West Africa Lesson 1 - Religion (Islam)

  1. 1. Warm-Up C2 If YOU were there … You are a farmer living in a village on the coast of India. For centuries, your people have raised cotton and spun its fibers into a soft fabric. One day, a ship arrives in the harbor carrying Muslim traders from far away. They bring interesting goods you have never seen before. They also bring new ideas. What IDEAS might you learn from the traders?
  2. 2. Religion Origin of Islam Where did Islam begin? Who began the religion of Islam? • Location: Arabian Peninsula (in the city of Mecca), south of Mesopotamia deep in the desert. • Founder: Mohammed
  3. 3. Religion Beliefs of Islam How does Islam believe Allah speaks to humanity? Who is the greatest and final prophet? • Islam believes that God (Allah) speaks through prophets. • Islam recognizes many of the prophets of Judaism and Christianity; including Jesus. • Islam believes Mohammed is the greatest and final prophet of God (Allah).
  4. 4. Religion Beliefs of Islam Where can the beliefs of Islam be found? Is Islam monotheistic or polytheistic? What is a major belief about God (Allah) in Islam? • Islam’s beliefs were written down by Mohammed in their most sacred book called the Qur’an. • One of the most important beliefs of Islam is that there is only one God (Allah); monotheism. • Islam believes that God (Allah) is just and rewards man according to his deeds.
  5. 5. Religion Beliefs of Islam FIVE PILLARS OF ISLAM 1. Faith: only one God, and his prophet is Mohammed 2. Prayer: Pray five times a day facing Mecca (holiest city) 3. Alms: pay the zakat (a 2.5% charity tax) and other donations to the needy 4. Fasting: During the month of Ramadan (the month when Mohammed wrote down the Qur’an). 5. Hajj: make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once if economically and physically possible.
  6. 6. Religion Diffusion of Islam Where did the Islamic Empire spread to? • Islam spread quickly within a 100 years of Mohammed’s death. • Muslims conquered the whole Arabian Peninsula, the Middle East, Persia, northern Africa, and Spain. • This created a massive Islamic Empire that made Islam the official religion of the region.
  7. 7. Religion Diffusion of Islam Who ruled the Islamic Empire? What is the difference between Sunni and Shiite Muslims? • After the death of Mohammed, a Caliph ruled the Islamic Empire. • Sunni Muslims believe the Caliph can be any good Muslim man. • Shiite Muslims believe the Caliph must be a descendent of Mohammed.
  8. 8. Religion Diffusion of Islam Where did Islam spread peacefully? How? How did Islam spread into Eastern Europe? • Islam spread peacefully to West Africa, India, and Southeast Asia through trade. • Islam would also spread into Eastern Europe by destroying the Byzantine Empire.
  9. 9. Choose 6 of the 10 1. Where did Islam begin? 2. Who began the religion of Islam and is believed to be the greatest prophet? 3. Where can Islamic beliefs be found? 4. Is Islam monotheistic or polytheistic? 5. Name all five pillars of Islam. 6. Where and how did the beliefs of Islam spread within the first 100 years after the prophet’s death? 7. Who ruled the Islamic Empire? 8. What is the difference between Sunni and Shiite Muslims? 9. Where did Islam spread peacefully? How? 10. How did Islam spread into Eastern Europe?

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