Using and creating open education resources (oers)
Using and Creating
Lynn H. Ritchey
University of Cincinnati, Blue Ash
• Free Teaching and Learning Material
o Full Courses
o Learning Modules
o Homework Assignments
• Created by individuals and organizations that use a
Creative Commons (CC) copyright that indicates that
What are Open Education
What are the Benefits of OERs?
o No costly textbooks
o Expanded access to learning
o Continually updated resources
o Increased understanding of course material (68%)
o Quality supplemental learning material already available
o Increased visibility of your scholarly work
o Create your own resources
o Facilitate new ways of teaching and learning
o Greater diversity in the learning environment
o Multiple creators
What are the Disadvantages of
• Uneven quality of OERs
• Some do not have a user feedback mechanism
• Quality decreases without regular updating
• May need to be adapted to specific need
• Accessibility for students with disabilities
• Resistance to sharing intellectual property
• Language/cultural barriers
• Technological Issues
How Can You Use OERs?
• Although many people think of OERs are for online
and hybrid/blended courses. We are using OERs in
our traditional face-to-face courses, too.
o Supplement lecture with an OER
o Locate classroom activities and demonstrations
o Free e-texts or low-cost bound copies for students
o PowerPoint presentations/Lectures
o Graphics to enhance your own powerpoint/lectures
o Homework assignments that are more interactive and engaging for
How Can You Use OERs?
• All online courses and hybrid courses are using
o Publisher created content (high cost, created by a limited
number of people)
o Open Resources (low/no cost, created by many
• We can find resources to:
o Create learning modules/playlist
o Engage our learners
Finding Quality OERs
• Guides: information on finding, creating, and
o OER Commons
o Community College Consortium for Open Education Resources
o OpenStax (Rice University)
o MIT Open Courseware
• Repositories: A collection of learning objects
o Project Gutenberg
• Referatory: Provides links to a variety of resources
o Creative Commons
o College Open Text Books
• Search Engines
• After reviewing several OER creating sites. I have
decided to contribute my modules to Rice
University’s OpenStax and Merlot.
• Remember, you do not have to write a text, you
can contribute smaller modules or even a resources
from other sites that might be of interest to others.
• Title: What topic?
• Identify relevant concepts needed to successfully
• What is our learning outcome? What do we want
students to know after completing our OER?
• List the tasks to use the OER effectively, including
links to appropriate OERs.
• A conclusion that helps students reflect on the OER
• As you are creating your OERs, be certain you are
aware of how you should cite the work you
use, create, and modify.
• Usually, you will want to cite:
o The creator
o The URL
o CC Licensing Type
• Share away!