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Human-Extended Machine Cognition, Paul Smart

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SOCIAM all-hands meeting, September, University of Oxford

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Human-Extended Machine Cognition, Paul Smart

  1. 1. Human-Extended Machine Cognition September 2017 Oxford, UK Paul Smart
  2. 2. The Extended Mind • Clark & Chalmers (1998): • Active externalism. • The machinery of the (human) mind extends beyond the bounds of skin and skull. • Two flavours: • Extended Mind Thesis (Mental States). • Extended Cognition Thesis (Mental Processes),
  3. 3. The Web-Extended Mind Web-Based System Extended Cognitive System
  4. 4. I
  5. 5. WWW Smart Sensors Smart Actuators AI AI
  6. 6. AI
  7. 7. If {feature} Then {Category} Hard for humans Easy for machines Finch? Bunting? Hard for humans Hard for machines Blue Belly? Conical Beak? Easy for humans Hard for machines
  8. 8. If {feature} Then {Category} Hard for humans Easy for machines Finch? Bunting? Hard for humans Hard for machines Blue Belly? Conical Beak? Easy for humans Hard for machines WORLD WIDE WEB Image Analysis Feature Selection Classification Feature Extraction Validation MACHINE HUMAN COMMUNITY
  9. 9. Cogs in the Machine? • Extended Cognition: • Technological resources form part of the physical machinery of human mind. • Human-Extended Machine Cognition: • We humans form part of the physical machinery that realizes the cognitive routines of machines. • We are part of their minds! “In handicrafts and manufacture, the worker makes use of a tool; in the factory, the machine makes use of him.” - Karl Marx
  10. 10. So What? • Interdisciplinary links between philosophy of mind and computer science. • Less controversial example of extended cognition. • Resolution of long-standing philosophical problems: • Better understanding of active externalism. • Ethics: • Tools ’r’ us.
  11. 11. Publications • Smart, P. R. (2017) Situating Machine Intelligence within the Cognitive Ecology of the Internet. Minds and Machines, 27(2), 357-380. • Smart, P. R. (2017) Extended Cognition and the Internet: A Review of Current Issues and Controversies. Philosophy & Technology, 30(3), 357-390. • Smart, P. R. (submitted) Human-Extended Machine Cognition. Cognitive Systems Research. • Smart, P. R (in prep) The Extended Mind, Revisited.

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