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Professional Ethics in computing

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This presentation is about Professional Ethics in computing which consists of Engineering ethics, Engineering as a social experiment, Safety, risks and management, and Global issues.

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Professional Ethics in computing

  1. 1. LYDIA MONOI & Dr. Fr Jossy P George CHRIST UNIVERSITY Professional Ethics in Computing
  2. 2. TOPICS COVERED UNITS • ENGINEERING ETHICS • ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENT • SAFETY RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS • GLOBAL ISSUES
  3. 3. • Evolution of human values • Morality and Ethics • Why do people behave unethically • Moral dilemma- The problem of vagueness ,the problem of conflicting reasons, the problem of disagreement. ENGINEERING ETHICS
  4. 4. Kohlberg’s theory Moral development in human being occurs over age and experience. Kohlberg suggested there are three levels of moral development, namely pre- conventional, conventional, and post-conventional, based on the type of reasoning and motivation of the individuals in response to moral questions. Gilligan’s theory According to Gilligan’s studies, men had a tendency to solve problems by applying abstract moral principles Men were found to resolve moral dilemma by choosing the most important moral rule, overriding other rules. In contrast, women gave importance to preserve personal relationships with all the people involved.
  5. 5. Engineering as Social Experimentation A test under controlled conditions that is made to demonstrate a known truth, to examine the validity of a hypothesis, or to determine the efficacy of something previously untried. Failures in Project • Partial ignorance • Uncertainty • Continuous monitory • Learning from the past
  6. 6. CODE OF ETHICS 5 CANONS • INTEGRITY • COMPETENCE • INDIVIDUALS RESPONSIBILITY • PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITY • HUMAN CONCERN
  7. 7. Safety, Responsibilities and Rights RISKS • Voluntary risk • Personal Risk • Acceptable Risk • Job related Risk• The knowledge about acceptance level of risk is useful to engineers. Safety was defined as the risk that is known and judged as acceptable. • Probability of safety = 1 – Probability of risk= Probability of occurrence ×Consequence in magnitude
  8. 8. RISK ANALYSIS • Scenario analysis (predicting the possible occurrence) • Failure modes and effect analysis • Fault tree analysis (“events” and “logic gates”) • Event tree analysis What is Risk-Benefit Analysis? Risk-benefit analysis is a technique, similar to ‘cost- benefit analysis’ used to analyze the risk in a project and to determine whether the project should be carried out or not.
  9. 9. GLOBAL ISSUES Important Dimensions of Global Issues: 1.Multinational corporations 2.Environmental ethics 3.Computer ethics 4. Weapons development RELATIVE VALUES • ETHICAL RELATIVISM (law or custom) • DESCRIPTIVE RELATIVISM (cultural values) • MORAL RELATIONALISM (all factors) COMPUTER ETHICS: •The study of ethical issues that are associated primarily with computing machines and the computing profession. WEAPON DEVELOPMENT:

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