Simple present

3,525 views

Published on

Se publica como recurso educativo para estudiantes de básica secundaria

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
3,525
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Simple present

  1. 1. Universidad Autónoma De BucaramangaMaestría en Tecnología Educativa y Medios Innovadores para la Educación Uso Educativo de Medios Tutor Mtro. Julio Cabero Almenara Estudiante Lydia Amparo Medina Martínez Noviembre 26 de 2012
  2. 2. • Understand texts about daily activities, family, friends and environment.• Ask and answer simple questions in simple present tense.• Use correct grammar structures in simple present tense.
  3. 3. El tiempo presente simple indica una acción habitual. Examples:
  4. 4. Para formar este tiempo se debe tener en cuenta:• Las oraciones afirmativas no usan verbo auxiliar.• Las oraciones afirmativas que estén en tercera persona del singular (he, she it) agregan “s” al verbo principal. Example:
  5. 5. Los verbos que terminan en ch, sh, s, x, o añaden es para formar elpresente en la tercera persona del singular. Examples: Wash She washes Go He goes Teach She teaches Box He boxes
  6. 6. Los verbos que terminan en y precedida de consonante, hacen la tercerapersona del singular cambiando la y por ies. Examples: Study He studies Cry He cries Fly It flies
  7. 7. A los verbos que terminan en y precedida de vocal, no se les hace ningúncambio. Simplemente se le agrega la s. Examples: Play He plays Buy She buys
  8. 8. El verbo have (tener) en tiempo presente simple, cuando esté en tercerapersona del singular (he, she, it) y en forma afirmativa no es have sinohas.
  9. 9. Las oraciones negativas e interrogativas usan do - does como verboauxiliar.
  10. 10. Do va acompañado de los pronombres I, you,we, they.Does va acompañado de los pronombres he,she, it. I He We She does You do It They
  11. 11. La estructura para formar oraciones afirmativas en tiempo presente simple es lasiguiente: subject (sujeto) + verb (verbo) + complement (complemento). SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT I live in Colombia You drink beer We prepare the meal You dance Very well They travel Every weekends
  12. 12. SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENTHe rides a bikeShe washes her clothingIt has several colors
  13. 13. La estructura para formar oraciones negativas en tiempo presente simplees la siguiente: subject (sujeto) + auxiliary verb (verbo auxiliar: do or does)+ not + principal verb (verbo principal ) + complement (complemento). S AV NOT PV C I do not live in Colombia You do not drink beer We do not prepare the meal You do not dance very well They do not travel every weekends
  14. 14. S AV NOT PV CHe does not ride a bikeShe does not wash her clothingIt does not have several colors
  15. 15. Si se desea, puede usarse la forma larga do not/ does not o la formacontracta (abreviada) don’t/ doesn’t. Examples: DO NOT DON’T DOES NOT DOESN’T I do not I don’t He does not He doesn’t We do not We don’t She does not She doesn’t You do not You don’t It does not It doesn’t They do not They don’tEXAMPLES:We don’t travel to Spain.She doesn’t clean the windows.
  16. 16. La estructura para formar oraciones interrogativas en tiempo presentesimple es la siguiente: auxiliary verb (verbo auxiliar: do or does) subject(sujeto) + principal verb (verbo principal ) + complement (complemento) +interrogation (interrogación - ?). AV S PV C ? Do I live in Colombia ? Do you drink beer ? Do we prepare the meal ? Do you dance very well ? Do they travel every weekends ?
  17. 17. AV S PV C ?Does he ride a bike ?Does she wash her clothing ?Does it have several colors ?
  18. 18. ATTENTION!!!Cuando no desees mencionar el pronombre personal dentro de la oración, puedesremplazarlo por cualquier nombre o sujeto (persona, animal, lugar, cosa).Examples: SINGULAR PRONOUNS HE SHE IT Jhonatan Monica Alejandra Dog Charles Marol Yesenia Elephant Diego Mother Notebook Father Sister Pencil Brother Girl Puente Nacional Boy Woman Colombia Lawyer Nurse School Engineer Babysitter Life
  19. 19. PLURAL PRONOUNS WE THEYYou and I The girlsMy friends and I The womenAlvaro, Johan, Anderson and I Angely, Valentina and HeidyMy students and I Oscar, Anderson and JohanThe children and I Esneyder and CamilaMy parents and I The tenth grade studentsMy mother and I The dog and the tigerThe workers and I The book and the eraser
  20. 20. Remplaza el sujeto de la oración por el pronombre personalcorrespondiente. Example: Does the pig eat chicken? Does it eat chicken?David fishes a big shark._____ fishes a big shark. Diego and Nathalia sleep in the hammock. _________ sleep in the hammock.
  21. 21. My mother cooks in the kitchen.________ cooks in the kitchen. You and I love each other. _______ love each other.Does the sun play with the ball?Does ______play with the ball?
  22. 22. The bow ties have different colors.________ have different colors. The firemen don’t produce fires. _______ don’t produce fires.
  23. 23. Do the rabbits eat carrots? Do ________ eat carrots?The butterflies fly in the sky._______ fly in the sky. Do Santa Claus and his reindeers fly in the sky? Do _______ fly in the sky?
  24. 24. Escribe el verbo auxiliar correspondiente y la forma correcta del verboprincipal. Example: I (eat - eats) eat chicken.The cat (don’t – doesn’t) ________ (sleep-sleeps) ______on the chair. (do – does) _______he (work – works) ______in the mine?My father (repair- repairs) _____________ his car.
  25. 25. (Do – does)_________ the camera man (run – runs) _________? My brother (skate – skates) __________ in the park.Mary (don’t - doesn’t) ______(sing - sings)_______in Bogota on Sundays. (Do – does) ________she (sew –sews) _______your clothes?Peter (trample – tramples) ________ the newspaper.
  26. 26. He (don’t – doesn’t)______(get up - gets up) __________ early on Mondays.You (go – goes)_______ to bed at ten at night. I (take – takes) ____________ a shower at six in the morning.
  27. 27. The twins (study – studies)_______everyday Jesus Christ (love – loves) ___________ you.My younger brother (cry – cries) ____________ for his toys.
  28. 28. They (sweep – sweeps) _________the floor. (Do – does) _______ he (kick – kicks)________ the soccer ball?Your grandmother (make – makes) ____________ the cake.
  29. 29. (Do – does) ________ we (sell – sells) _________ popcorn? He (smoke – smokes) _____________ cigarettes.(Do – does) _________ they (read – reads) __________ a book?
  30. 30. READING AND TRANSLATE THE PARAGRAPHYinna and Leidy swim in the swimming poolevery Monday and they eat hot dog, but Angievisits to her grandparents because they aresick. Esneyder runs in the park every Saturdayand Neify skates on Main Street. Heidy andMayra go to eat at Corral Paisa restaurantevery Friday. My partners make differentactivities. They are very interesting.
  31. 31. TRANSLATION
  32. 32. FIND THE VERBSO K A E P S W I M M E LH S A W O W E C N A D IE H L E R E S T G N I SK A I D R I N K O O C TA V C I K L O O K H U EM E E T I A G E T U P NU L O V E E E W E G E UM U R R S V R R A I P EA N E E D I A I C R E CE C V A E G O T O B E DR H E D A N C E P O L AD I D R I V E S Y L S D
  33. 33. NOW, WRITE TEN VERBS THAT YOU FOUND ENGLISH SPANISH
  34. 34. NOW, CHOOSE SOME VERBS AND WRITE FIVE SENTENCES SENTENCES ENGLISH SPANISHI go to bed at eleven at night. Me acuesto a las once de la noche.
  35. 35. UNSCRUMBLE THE SENTENCES AND TRANSLATE THEM INTO SPANISH.EXAMPLE:• read/ do/ book/ I/ not/ an/English I do not read an English book. Yo no leo un libro de inglés• soccer/Alexander/play/not/does ______________________________. _____________________________• Johan/ Does/ ?/ English/ the/ copy/ homework ______________________________. ____________________________• the/ on/ the/ sleeps/ cat/ sofa ______________________________. _____________________________• do/ mop/ We/ the/ classroom/ not ______________________________. _____________________________
  36. 36. Cuando respondas a preguntas cortas en tiempo presente simple, es necesarioque tengas en cuenta la siguiente estructura: AFFIRMATIVE SHORT ANSWERS DOES YES, SUBJECT PRONOUN DOES Yes , he does Yes , she does Yes , it does
  37. 37. AFFIRMATIVE SHORT ANSWERS DO YES, SUBJECT PRONOUN DOYes, I doYes, we doYes , you doYes , they do
  38. 38. NEGATIVE SHORT ANSWERS DOES NO, SUBJECT PRONOUN DOESN’TNo , he doesn’tNo , she doesn’tNo , it doesn’t
  39. 39. NEGATIVE SHORT ANSWERS DO NO, SUBJECT PRONOUN DON’TNo, I don’tNo, we don’tNo, you don’tNo, they don’t
  40. 40. EXAMPLES:• Do I drink coffee? Yes, you do.• Do I need a pair of gloves? No, you don’t.• Do you play tennis? Yes, I do.• Do you have a tiger in your house? No, I don’t• Does he have breakfast at six in the morning? Yes, he does.• Does Peter go to bed at seven at night? No, he doesn’t.
  41. 41. • Does she speak English? Yes, she does.• Does Mary forget her son? No, she doesn’t.• Does it bite? Yes, it does.• Does the tiger eat lemon pie? No, it doesn’t.• Do we travel to United States? Yes, you do.• Do we lose the time? No, you don’t.• Do my friends and I do homework everyday? Yes, you do.
  42. 42. • Do you clean the windows every weekend? (Plural) Yes we do.• Do you cook serpents? (Singular) No, you don’t.• Do they make bread? Yes, they do.• Do they kill mice? No, they don’t.• Do Jaime and Erika go to the theater? Yes, they do.
  43. 43. ATTENTION!Cuando la pregunta se formula con elpronombre I (yo), se responde con you (tú,usted). Cuando se formula con you (tú,usted), se responde con I (yo). Si la preguntase formula con el pronombre we (nosotros),se responde con you (ustedes), y si se formulacon you (ustedes) se responde con we(nosotros).
  44. 44. También se debe tener en cuenta que cuandose pregunta con un nombre de personaanimal o cosa, no se responde con el mismonombre sino con el pronombrecorrespondiente. Example: does your fatherdrive his new car? Yes, he does. Does Bettytravel to Paris on Sunday? No, she doesn’t.Does your dog bite? Yes, it does. Do thechildren play in the park? Yes, they do. DoCharles and I brake the glasses? No, youdon’t.
  45. 45. ANSWER THIS QUESTIONSEXAMPLE:Does he cry?No, he doesn’tDoes your boss have money?Yes, he does.Do they talk?______, _________ _________.
  46. 46. Does your grandmother clean the window?______, _________ _________.Does your sister iron the clothes?______, _________ _________.Do they hate each other?______, _________ _________.
  47. 47. Does the soldier mop with a broom?______, _________ _________.Does Jesus pray for us?______, _________ _________.Does your father drive a train?______, _________ _________.
  48. 48. Does Santiago walk in the swimming pool?______, _________ _________.Does she hang the clothes?______, _________ _________.Do I clap?______, _________ _________.
  49. 49. Do they fish?______, _________ _________.Does your brother bullfighting?______, _________ _________.Does the girl jump the wall?______, _________ _________.
  50. 50. Do they travel by bus?______, _________ _________.Do I take a bath only Mondays?______, _________ _________.Do they row in the river?______, _________ _________.
  51. 51. Does your uncle ride a horse?______, _________ _________.Does the rabbit hide?______, _________ _________.Do we love each other?______, _________ _________.
  52. 52. Marian gets up at half past five in the morning. She prays andshe has a shower. Next, she has breakfast . She goes to schoolat half past six, because she starts school at seven o’clock. Shelikes study and her favorite subjects are English, Spanish,Geography and Music, but she doesn’t like Biology. Shefinishes School at half past one in the afternoon, and shegoes home on foot. she has lunch at two o’clock. Then shemeets with her friends and plays basketball with them. At fiveo’clock she goes home and does her homework with Ricardoand Duvan. She has dinner at half past seven. Finally, shewatches TV and goes to bed at about ten o’clock.
  53. 53. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS• Does Marian get up at ten in the morning? ______, _________ _________.• Do Marian and her friends play basketball? ______, _________ _________.• Does Marian never pray? ______, _________ _________.• Does Marian go home by bus? ______, _________ _________.• Do Marian, Ricardo and Duvan do homework? ______, _________ _________.
  54. 54. NOW WRITE YOUR DAILY ROUTINE AND READ IT TO YOUR PARTNERS. MY DAILY ROUTINE

×