Students will explore Earth’s vegetation regions in order to explain the the relationship between climate and vegetation.
The Amazon Basin in Brazil and the islands of Indonesia areexamples of _________________.
Tropical Rainforest The trees are very tall and of a great variety of species. One rarely finds two trees of the same species growing close to one another. The vegetation is so dense that little light reaches the forest floor. Most of the plants are evergreen, not deciduous. The branches of the trees are festooned with vines.
New England and Northern Europe have____________________
Mid-Latitude (deciduous) Forest hardwood trees (e.g., beech, maple, oak, hickory) which are deciduous; that is, shed their leaves in the autumn. The number of different species is far more limited than in the jungle. Large stands dominated by a single species are common. Deer, raccoons, and salamanders are characteristic inhabitants.
Coniferous Forest Colder parts of the mid-latitudes Trees have needles and seed cones Trees are evergreen Redwoods in California are one example Canada and Siberia, Russia are also examples of coniferous forest.
Chaparral Trees in the chaparral are mostly oaks, both deciduous and evergreen--scrub oaks and shrubs like manzanita and the California lilac. All plants are adapted to drought by such mechanisms as waxy, waterproof coatings on their leaves.
_______________________ tropical areas close to the equator mostly grasses with scattered trees and shrubs has a wet season and dry season wildfires are common Most of southern Africa and parts of Brazil are savannas.
_________________________ Two types, depending on rainfall: "tall grass" or "short grass" Cooler climates Wildfires are common Typical in the American Midwest. Also called "steppes" in central Asia
Desert Scrub cactus plants, specialized to store watercactus grow widely scattered due to little rain Arizona and parts of Pakistan are examples of desert scrub.
Tundra Climate is always cold. No trees. Short growing season.small plants, wildflowers, lichen (tiny, brightly colored plants) permafrost under the soil
Ice Cap Ice. Pure ice. Nothing but ice. This shot is from Greenland. How did that guy get there? Greenland and Antarctica are examples of ice cap.
Highland Climate At higher elevations, climate can be very different than the surrounding area. For instance, there is an alpine ski lodge in the middle of the Arizona desert. The mountains of Peru and northern India are examples of highland climates.