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What is the maker movement?

  2. 2 “Of all things Americans are, we are makers. With our strengths and our minds and spirit, we gather, we form, and we fashion: makers and shapers and put-it- togetherers.” – Chevrolet, 1961
  3. 3 HACK Arts & Crafts1900 1960 1990 2005 Where did the Maker Movement begin?
  4. 4 baking woodworking circuits robotics 3D printing sewing 3D rendering I-o-T programming drones brewing welding data What is making? open source APIs
  5. 5 Who is making? > 500 makerspaces in the US > 145,000 attendees of Bay Area Maker Faire > 300,000 readers of Make Magazine > 1.7 million active Etsy sellers > 3 million GitHub users
  6. 6 Why now?
  7. 7 Is it because we consume mindlessly? Photo:
  8. 8Photo: Wikimedia Is it because we consume too much?
  9. 9Photo: Is it because we spend all day staring at screens?
  10. 10Photo: Fast Company Is it because we’re out of touch with how the things we consume are made?
  11. 11Photo: Is it because we don’t feel like our day-to-day efforts result in any tangible gains?
  12. 12 “There is something calming or reassuring or relaxing that happens when you build something with your hands. You’ve just made something bigger than yourself. You’re not just being a consumer anymore.” – Andrew Sliwinski, as quoted in the New York Times (2011)
  13. 13 But there’s more to the story. Take the personal computer.
  14. 14Photo: Wikimedia 2400 BC, Abacus. Human is in control, and can understand and manipulate every function.
  15. 15 1680, Napier’s Tables. We use math to take shortcuts (logarithms) and build devices to execute that math, but we still control the mechanics. The idea to put these mechanics inside a box begins; we start to lose touch with what is actually happening. Photo: Wikimedia
  16. 16 1680, Arithmometre. The box gets shinier, more permanent, making it more difficult to peek ‘s actually happening inside is much harder to see. Photo: Wikimedia
  17. 17Photo: 1964, Olivetti Programma 101. The box is plastic now, with more output for less input. Compared to computers at that time, however, it can still be controlled in a fairly detailed way by the user. Still a DIY attitude.
  18. 18Photo: Getty / 1976, Apple I. As enterprise computers get bigger, Steve Wozniak presents Apple I at the Homebrew Computer Club. The box is more tactile and the innards are exposed.
  19. 19 Apple I 2015, iPhone 6. Inner workings are invisible. The user can interact, but the actions are abstractions of what happens on the inside. One survey reported that most people didn’t know their iPhone battery could be replaced. Photo: Apple
  20. 20 Where does making come in?
  21. 21 Our fear of technology often stems from not understanding how it works. Photo: Huffington Post
  22. 22 It’s not too late. Breaking things down is the best way to understand their component parts. Photo:
  23. 23 Kits like littleBits allow anyone to learn, play, and make with basic electronics and circuits. Started by Ayah Bdeir after quitting her job in finance, littleBits intends to create good and help everyone have a basic understanding of technology. Photo: Makezine
  24. 24 With littleBits, you can build this. Photo: littleBits
  25. 25 It’s also low cost. The Arduino Gemma, a powerful wearable programming tool, is just $10. Photo: Adafruit
  26. 26 This is Raspberry Pi, an inexpensive, simple computer. Photo: Raspberry Pi
  27. 27 With Raspberry Pi, you can build something as sophisticated as this tablet (bonus points for crafting a wood case too). Photo: flickr (michaelcmaker)
  28. 28Photo: Jewelbots And it’s not just for coding experts. Jewelbots reimagined the classic charm bracelet as a cutting-edge wearable to inspire young girls to experiment with code.
  29. 29 Why does making matter to America?
  30. 30 “Since the first Industrial Revolution, the power to make things at scale has belonged to those who own the means of production, which has meant big factories, big companies, and the mass-market goods they were built for. But the same was true for mass media in the 20th century, and we’ve seen what the internet and its long tail of content has done to that. Now imagine a long tail of things: physical goods created with the web’s digital innovation model. That’s the maker movement.” – Chris Anderson, WIRED magazine (2013)
  31. 31 Shifting the means of production. The playing field has been leveled. Gartner projects that by 2018, nearly 50% of Internet of Things solutions will be provided by startups less than three years old. Photo: ForeignAffairs
  32. 32 Creating the modern factory. Adafruit creates small, easy-to- use electronics for makers. Its NYC headquarters is profitable because it is able to iterate in house, develop new products quickly in response to the market, attract high-quality talent, and keep shipping costs low. Photo: Adafruit
  33. 33Photo: Transforming healing. This is a customizable, 3D-printed cast. 3D printing and additive manufacturing are not new, but the tools are miniaturizing and becoming more accessible to the everyday person.
  34. 34 Empowering new innovators. MakerNurse invented the IV House after watching nurses continually hack together IV guards out of cut-up plastic cups. Photo: ISDA
  35. 35Photo: Democratizing research. CellScope is a university project that turns an iPhone into a microscope monitor.
  36. 36 Making fashion more functional. 3D-printed textiles represent a new medium—this 3D-printed fabric turns a jumpsuit into an MP3 player. Photo: Wired
  37. 37 Enabling music everywhere. Conductive paint + an Arduino can turn any surface into a piano. Photo: Limetrace
  38. 38 Changing how we connect with brands. Adobe commissioned a reimagined version of its logo. Each square is connected to an artist’s software, so whatever color they are playing with displays on the box. Photo: Behance
  39. 39 Shaping policy. In 2014, President Obama issued a call to action that “every company, every college, every community, every citizen joins us as we lift up makers and builders and doers across the country.” Here, he checks out a robotic giraffe at the first-ever White House Maker Faire in 2014. Photo: White House
  40. 40 Learn more & start making + General. Make: Magazine. Seminal publication for makers. + Makerspaces. Makerspace resources and support. + Policy. Nation of Makers. An effort from the White House to support making across the nation. + Education. CTE Makeover Challenge. Models for high school makerspaces, as demonstrated through a U.S. Department of Education prize competition. + Industry. Maker Faire. Meet local makers and companies that support making at a Maker Faire near you.

Editor's Notes

  1. Photo by Luminary Labs
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  24. Gartner’s Jim Tully recently projected that by 2018, nearly 50% of the Internet of Things solutions would be provided by startups which are less than three years old. By 2025, crowdfunding investment market is projected to reach $93 billion. (PBS, December 2013) Photo:
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