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LUMINARY LABS WWW.LUMINARY -LABS.COM @LUMINARYLABS
OCTOBER 2016
What is
the Maker
Movement?
LUMINARY LABS WWW.LUMINARY-LABS.COM @LUMINARYLABS
2
“Of all things Americans are, we are makers. With our
strengths and our minds and spirit, we gather, we form,
and we fashion: makers and shapers and put-it-
togetherers.”
– Chevrolet, 1961
3
HACK
Arts & Crafts1900
1960
1990
2005
Where did the Maker Movement begin?
4
baking
woodworking
circuits
robotics
3D printing
sewing
3D rendering
I-o-T
programming
drones
brewing
welding
data
What is making?
open source
APIs
5
Who is making?
> 500 makerspaces in the US
> 145,000 attendees of Bay Area Maker Faire
> 300,000 readers of Make Magazine
> 1.7 million active Etsy sellers
> 3 million GitHub users
6
Why now?
7
Is it because we consume mindlessly?
Photo: media.adelphis.net
8Photo: Wikimedia
Is it because we consume too much?
9Photo: Lemerg.com
Is it because we spend all day staring at screens?
10Photo: Fast Company
Is it because we’re out of touch with how the things
we consume are made?
11Photo: VanityFair.com
Is it because we don’t feel like our day-to-day efforts
result in any tangible gains?
12
“There is something calming or reassuring or relaxing that
happens when you build something with your hands.
You’ve just made something bigger than yourself.
You’re not just being a consumer anymore.”
– Andrew Sliwinski, as quoted in the New York Times (2011)
13
But there’s more to the story.
Take the personal computer.
14Photo: Wikimedia
2400 BC, Abacus. Human is in control, and can
understand and manipulate every function.
15
1680, Napier’s Tables. We use math to take shortcuts
(logarithms) and build devices to execute that math, but we still
control the mechanics. The idea to put these mechanics inside
a box begins; we start to lose touch with what is actually
happening. Photo: Wikimedia
16
1680, Arithmometre. The box gets shinier, more permanent,
making it more difficult to peek ‘s actually happening inside is
much harder to see.
Photo: Wikimedia
17Photo: FCTP.it
1964, Olivetti Programma 101. The box is plastic now, with
more output for less input. Compared to computers at that time,
however, it can still be controlled in a fairly detailed way by the
user. Still a DIY attitude.
18Photo: Getty / IndiaTimes.com
1976, Apple I. As enterprise computers get bigger, Steve
Wozniak presents Apple I at the Homebrew Computer Club.
The box is more tactile and the innards are exposed.
19
Apple I
2015, iPhone 6. Inner workings are invisible. The user can
interact, but the actions are abstractions of what happens on the
inside. One survey reported that most people didn’t know their
iPhone battery could be replaced.
Photo: Apple
20
Where does making come in?
21
Our fear of technology often stems from not
understanding how it works.
Photo: Huffington Post
22
It’s not too late. Breaking things down is the best way to
understand their component parts.
Photo: images.dailytech.com
23
Kits like littleBits allow anyone to learn, play, and make with
basic electronics and circuits. Started by Ayah Bdeir after
quitting her job in finance, littleBits intends to create good and
help everyone have a basic understanding of technology.
Photo: Makezine
24
With littleBits, you can build this.
Photo: littleBits
25
It’s also low cost. The Arduino Gemma, a powerful wearable
programming tool, is just $10.
Photo: Adafruit
26
This is Raspberry Pi, an inexpensive, simple computer.
Photo: Raspberry Pi
27
With Raspberry Pi, you can build something as sophisticated as
this tablet (bonus points for crafting a wood case too).
Photo: flickr (michaelcmaker)
28Photo: Jewelbots
And it’s not just for coding experts. Jewelbots reimagined the
classic charm bracelet as a cutting-edge wearable to inspire
young girls to experiment with code.
29
Why does making matter to
America?
30
“Since the first Industrial Revolution, the power to make
things at scale has belonged to those who own the means
of production, which has meant big factories, big
companies, and the mass-market goods they were built
for. But the same was true for mass media in the 20th
century, and we’ve seen what the internet and its long tail
of content has done to that. Now imagine a long tail of
things: physical goods created with the web’s digital
innovation model. That’s the maker movement.”
– Chris Anderson, WIRED magazine (2013)
31
Shifting the means of production. The playing field has been
leveled. Gartner projects that by 2018, nearly 50% of Internet of
Things solutions will be provided by startups less than three
years old.
Photo: ForeignAffairs
32
Creating the modern factory. Adafruit creates small, easy-to-
use electronics for makers. Its NYC headquarters is profitable
because it is able to iterate in house, develop new products
quickly in response to the market, attract high-quality talent, and
keep shipping costs low. Photo: Adafruit
33Photo: 3dprintingindustry.com
Transforming healing. This is a customizable, 3D-printed
cast. 3D printing and additive manufacturing are not new, but
the tools are miniaturizing and becoming more accessible to the
everyday person.
34
Empowering new innovators. MakerNurse invented the IV
House after watching nurses continually hack together IV
guards out of cut-up plastic cups.
Photo: ISDA
35Photo: pictures.attention-ngn.com
Democratizing research. CellScope is a university project that
turns an iPhone into a microscope monitor.
36
Making fashion more functional. 3D-printed textiles represent
a new medium—this 3D-printed fabric turns a jumpsuit into an
MP3 player.
Photo: Wired
37
Enabling music everywhere. Conductive paint + an Arduino
can turn any surface into a piano.
Photo: Limetrace
38
Changing how we connect with brands. Adobe
commissioned a reimagined version of its logo. Each square is
connected to an artist’s software, so whatever color they are
playing with displays on the box.
Photo: Behance
39
Shaping policy. In 2014, President Obama issued a call to
action that “every company, every college, every community,
every citizen joins us as we lift up makers and builders and
doers across the country.” Here, he checks out a robotic giraffe
at the first-ever White House Maker Faire in 2014. Photo: White House
40
Learn more & start making
+ General. Make: Magazine. Seminal publication for makers.
+ Makerspaces. Makerspaces.com. Makerspace resources
and support.
+ Policy. Nation of Makers. An effort from the White House to
support making across the nation.
+ Education. CTE Makeover Challenge. Models for high
school makerspaces, as demonstrated through a U.S.
Department of Education prize competition.
+ Industry. Maker Faire. Meet local makers and companies
that support making at a Maker Faire near you.

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What is the maker movement?

  • 1. 1 LUMINARY LABS WWW.LUMINARY -LABS.COM @LUMINARYLABS OCTOBER 2016 What is the Maker Movement? LUMINARY LABS WWW.LUMINARY-LABS.COM @LUMINARYLABS
  • 2. 2 “Of all things Americans are, we are makers. With our strengths and our minds and spirit, we gather, we form, and we fashion: makers and shapers and put-it- togetherers.” – Chevrolet, 1961
  • 3. 3 HACK Arts & Crafts1900 1960 1990 2005 Where did the Maker Movement begin?
  • 5. 5 Who is making? > 500 makerspaces in the US > 145,000 attendees of Bay Area Maker Faire > 300,000 readers of Make Magazine > 1.7 million active Etsy sellers > 3 million GitHub users
  • 7. 7 Is it because we consume mindlessly? Photo: media.adelphis.net
  • 8. 8Photo: Wikimedia Is it because we consume too much?
  • 9. 9Photo: Lemerg.com Is it because we spend all day staring at screens?
  • 10. 10Photo: Fast Company Is it because we’re out of touch with how the things we consume are made?
  • 11. 11Photo: VanityFair.com Is it because we don’t feel like our day-to-day efforts result in any tangible gains?
  • 12. 12 “There is something calming or reassuring or relaxing that happens when you build something with your hands. You’ve just made something bigger than yourself. You’re not just being a consumer anymore.” – Andrew Sliwinski, as quoted in the New York Times (2011)
  • 13. 13 But there’s more to the story. Take the personal computer.
  • 14. 14Photo: Wikimedia 2400 BC, Abacus. Human is in control, and can understand and manipulate every function.
  • 15. 15 1680, Napier’s Tables. We use math to take shortcuts (logarithms) and build devices to execute that math, but we still control the mechanics. The idea to put these mechanics inside a box begins; we start to lose touch with what is actually happening. Photo: Wikimedia
  • 16. 16 1680, Arithmometre. The box gets shinier, more permanent, making it more difficult to peek ‘s actually happening inside is much harder to see. Photo: Wikimedia
  • 17. 17Photo: FCTP.it 1964, Olivetti Programma 101. The box is plastic now, with more output for less input. Compared to computers at that time, however, it can still be controlled in a fairly detailed way by the user. Still a DIY attitude.
  • 18. 18Photo: Getty / IndiaTimes.com 1976, Apple I. As enterprise computers get bigger, Steve Wozniak presents Apple I at the Homebrew Computer Club. The box is more tactile and the innards are exposed.
  • 19. 19 Apple I 2015, iPhone 6. Inner workings are invisible. The user can interact, but the actions are abstractions of what happens on the inside. One survey reported that most people didn’t know their iPhone battery could be replaced. Photo: Apple
  • 21. 21 Our fear of technology often stems from not understanding how it works. Photo: Huffington Post
  • 22. 22 It’s not too late. Breaking things down is the best way to understand their component parts. Photo: images.dailytech.com
  • 23. 23 Kits like littleBits allow anyone to learn, play, and make with basic electronics and circuits. Started by Ayah Bdeir after quitting her job in finance, littleBits intends to create good and help everyone have a basic understanding of technology. Photo: Makezine
  • 24. 24 With littleBits, you can build this. Photo: littleBits
  • 25. 25 It’s also low cost. The Arduino Gemma, a powerful wearable programming tool, is just $10. Photo: Adafruit
  • 26. 26 This is Raspberry Pi, an inexpensive, simple computer. Photo: Raspberry Pi
  • 27. 27 With Raspberry Pi, you can build something as sophisticated as this tablet (bonus points for crafting a wood case too). Photo: flickr (michaelcmaker)
  • 28. 28Photo: Jewelbots And it’s not just for coding experts. Jewelbots reimagined the classic charm bracelet as a cutting-edge wearable to inspire young girls to experiment with code.
  • 29. 29 Why does making matter to America?
  • 30. 30 “Since the first Industrial Revolution, the power to make things at scale has belonged to those who own the means of production, which has meant big factories, big companies, and the mass-market goods they were built for. But the same was true for mass media in the 20th century, and we’ve seen what the internet and its long tail of content has done to that. Now imagine a long tail of things: physical goods created with the web’s digital innovation model. That’s the maker movement.” – Chris Anderson, WIRED magazine (2013)
  • 31. 31 Shifting the means of production. The playing field has been leveled. Gartner projects that by 2018, nearly 50% of Internet of Things solutions will be provided by startups less than three years old. Photo: ForeignAffairs
  • 32. 32 Creating the modern factory. Adafruit creates small, easy-to- use electronics for makers. Its NYC headquarters is profitable because it is able to iterate in house, develop new products quickly in response to the market, attract high-quality talent, and keep shipping costs low. Photo: Adafruit
  • 33. 33Photo: 3dprintingindustry.com Transforming healing. This is a customizable, 3D-printed cast. 3D printing and additive manufacturing are not new, but the tools are miniaturizing and becoming more accessible to the everyday person.
  • 34. 34 Empowering new innovators. MakerNurse invented the IV House after watching nurses continually hack together IV guards out of cut-up plastic cups. Photo: ISDA
  • 35. 35Photo: pictures.attention-ngn.com Democratizing research. CellScope is a university project that turns an iPhone into a microscope monitor.
  • 36. 36 Making fashion more functional. 3D-printed textiles represent a new medium—this 3D-printed fabric turns a jumpsuit into an MP3 player. Photo: Wired
  • 37. 37 Enabling music everywhere. Conductive paint + an Arduino can turn any surface into a piano. Photo: Limetrace
  • 38. 38 Changing how we connect with brands. Adobe commissioned a reimagined version of its logo. Each square is connected to an artist’s software, so whatever color they are playing with displays on the box. Photo: Behance
  • 39. 39 Shaping policy. In 2014, President Obama issued a call to action that “every company, every college, every community, every citizen joins us as we lift up makers and builders and doers across the country.” Here, he checks out a robotic giraffe at the first-ever White House Maker Faire in 2014. Photo: White House
  • 40. 40 Learn more & start making + General. Make: Magazine. Seminal publication for makers. + Makerspaces. Makerspaces.com. Makerspace resources and support. + Policy. Nation of Makers. An effort from the White House to support making across the nation. + Education. CTE Makeover Challenge. Models for high school makerspaces, as demonstrated through a U.S. Department of Education prize competition. + Industry. Maker Faire. Meet local makers and companies that support making at a Maker Faire near you.

Editor's Notes

  1. Photo by Luminary Labs
  2. Sources: http://www.popsci.com/rise-makerspace-by-numbers https://www.etsy.com/about/?ref=ftr http://makermedia.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Make-and-Makezine-rates.pdf http://makerfaire.com/media-kit-press-resources/
  3. Photo: http://media.aphelis.net/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/EYERMAN_1952_3D_Bwana_Devil_A.jpg
  4. Photo: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/Fredmeyer_edit_1.jpg
  5. Photo: http://lemerg.com/704974.html
  6. Photo: http://h.fastcompany.net/multisite_files/fastcompany/poster/2013/07/3013789-poster-1920-faq-about-self-building-self-tooling-people-free-manufacturing-plants.jpg
  7. Photo: http://photos.vanityfair.com/2015/03/11/550056c21bb97fd46fe0253b_t-wall-street-flash-boys-michael-lewis-cop.jpg
  8. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/15/magazine/the-kitchen-table-industrialists.html?_r=0
  9. Photo: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/55/Abacus_5.jpg
  10. Photo: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_computing_hardware#/media/File:Napier%27s_calculating_tables.JPG
  11. Photo: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/32/Arithmometer_Veuve_Payen.png
  12. Photo: http://www.fctp.it/media/press/Programma%20101%20-%20la%20memoria%20del%20futuro.jpg
  13. Photo: http://photogallery.indiatimes.com/photodhamal-gadget/news-events/first-apple-computer-auctioned/articleshow/20292917.cms
  14. http://www.apple.com/pr/products/ http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/new-batteries-plus-bulbs-survey-reveals-9-in-10-americans-have-at-least-one-battery-powered-device-with-a-poor-performing-battery-300116725.html
  15. Photo: http://i.huffpost.com/gen/2526352/images/o-ROBOT-APOCALYPSE-facebook.jpg
  16. Photo: http://images.dailytech.com/nimage/Apple_Watch_Teardown_iFixit_Cropped.jpg
  17. Photo: http://cdn.makezine.com/uploads/2014/01/img_9152.jpg
  18. Photo: http://cdm.link/app/uploads/2013/11/littlebits_keytar.jpg
  19. Photo: https://www.adafruit.com/products/2470nn-----------------------------------------nVisit?main_page=product_info&products_id=2470
  20. Photo: https://www.raspberrypi.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Pi2ModB1GB_-comp.jpeg
  21. Flickr photo sourced via http://www.wired.co.uk/article/pipad
  22. Photo: http://www.wired.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Jewelbots-7.jpg http://www.fastcompany.com/3046519/most-creative-people/how-minecraft-inspired-jewelbots-the-programmable-bracelets-for-tween-g
  23. Source: https://www.wired.com/2013/04/makermovement/
  24. Gartner’s Jim Tully recently projected that by 2018, nearly 50% of the Internet of Things solutions would be provided by startups which are less than three years old. By 2025, crowdfunding investment market is projected to reach $93 billion. (PBS, December 2013) Photo: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2015-12-14/equality-and-american-democracy
  25. Photo: https://blog.adafruit.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/04/adafruits-ladyada-limor-fried-na.jpg
  26. Photo: http://3dprintingindustry.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/cast-close-3d-printing.jpg
  27. Photo: http://www.idsa.org/awards/idea/medical-scientific-products/intravenous-site-protector-dressing
  28. Photo: http://pictures.attention-ngn.com/portal/171/353780/products/1408371370.9664_6_o.jpg
  29. Photo: https://www.wired.com/2014/04/3-d-printed-fabrics-turn-body-suit-into-wearable-mp3-player/
  30. Photo: http://www.limetrace.co.uk/introducing-the-touch-board
  31. Photo: https://www.behance.net/gallery/GSP-BETA-Group-Adobe-Logo-Remix/14717247
  32. Photo: https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/06/18/president-obama-white-house-maker-faire-today-s-diy-tomorrow-s-made-america
  33. Further reading: http://www.wired.com/2011/08/big-diy/all/1 http://www.wired.com/2013/04/makermovement/ http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/01/13/making-it-2 http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/15/magazine/the-kitchen-table-industrialists.html?_r=0