Ch21

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Ch21

  1. 1. Succeeding in Your OrganizationMultiMedia by 2001 South-
  2. 2. A Career Perspective Involves a global view A proactive of career progress or strategy. growth. Requires a person to adopt a broad vision that includes all the elements involved in a successful career.MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  3. 3. Taking A Career Perspective Career Planning Career Management • Career • Analyzing and Development Understanding Stages the Organization • Aligning with the • Career Planning Organization Steps • Strategies for Career AdvancementMultiMedia by 2001 South-
  4. 4. Successful Career Elements Skills Skills Objectives Objectives Stress Stress improvement improvement Timetables Timetables Power Power Organizational OrganizationalCareer stagesCareer stages Values Values politics politics MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  5. 5. Kotter Seven Rules for Career Success Do not rely on convention. Keep your eyes on globalization and its consequences. Move toward the small and entrepreneurial organization and away from the big and bureaucratic. Do not just manage; now you must also lead. Never stop trying to grow; lifelong learning is increasingly necessary for success. Increase your competitive drive. Wheel and deal if you can; take chances and seek opportunities. MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  6. 6. Career Planning ProcessPerforming a Identifying self- opportunities assessment Evaluatin g progress Matching Developing skills to objectives andcareer-related timetables activities MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  7. 7. Four Stages of Career Development Exploration Establishment Mid-Career Late Career and Trial and Advancement Growth? Leveling?h w r Gr eer a C Decline? t o 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 75 Approximate Age MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  8. 8. Characteristics of the Four Stages of Career Development MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  9. 9. Steps in Career Planning Step 1: Self-Assessment A data-gathering process that includes evaluating your values, interest, skills, abilities, experience, and likes and dislikes. Requires a clear and objective view. MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  10. 10. AttributesLookedfor inManagementApplication MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  11. 11. Steps in Career PlanningStep 2: Exploring Opportunities and Options • Requires examining the opportunities that exist in the industry and within a company. – What are the future prospects for the industry? – What career opportunities exist in the industry? – What jobs are available? – What jobs relate to a career path? – What are the future prospects for the company? – What positions will open up in the company? – What skills does the company value? – What training and development are available? – Who is being promoted? MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  12. 12. Career Planning Warning Signs Are you learning? If your job was open, would you get it? Benchmark your skills regularly. What would you do if your job disappeared tomorrow? MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  13. 13. Steps in Career Planning Step 3: Establishing Objectives 1. Make short- and long-term decisions. 2. Make the long-term decisions first and then derive the short-term decisions from them.MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  14. 14. Once Long-Term Objectives are Established, Other Decisions Follow Which functional or specialty area of the organization Which functional or specialty area of the organization needs to be learned about? needs to be learned about? What jobs and experiences will lead to the ultimate What jobs and experiences will lead to the ultimate objective? objective? What skills are needed to attain the objective? What skills are needed to attain the objective? What people and other resources are necessary to What people and other resources are necessary to achieve the objectives? achieve the objectives? What work assignments will be valuable? What work assignments will be valuable? MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  15. 15. Steps in Career PlanningStep 4: Developing a Plan of Action Establishing specific timetables for completing Establishing specific timetables for completing training. training. Gaining new exposure in a company. Gaining new exposure in a company. Identifying potential barriers and resources to Identifying potential barriers and resources to work around the barriers. work around the barriers. MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  16. 16. Steps in Career PlanningStep 5: Executing and Evaluating the Plan  Take charge of career.  Follow up and evaluate progress on the plan.  Consider individual growth, career progress, and new assignments. MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  17. 17. Schein’s Model of the Phases of Organizational Socialization PHASE I Entry• Occupational choice• Occupational image• Anticipatory socialization to occupation• Entry into labor market MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  18. 18. Schein’s Model of the Phases of Organizational Socialization PHASE II Socialization• Accepting the reality of the human organization• Dealing with resistance to change• Learning how to work: coping with too much or too little organization and too much or too little job definition• Dealing with the boss and deciphering the reward system–learning how to get ahead• Locating one’s place in the organization and developing identity MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  19. 19. Schein’s Model of the Phases of Organizational Socialization PHASE IIIMutual Acceptance: The Psychological ContractOrganizational Acceptance Individual Acceptance• Positive performance appraisal • Continued participation in organization• Pay increase • Acceptable job performance• New job • High job satisfaction• Sharing organizational secrets• Initiation rites• Promotion MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  20. 20. Actions Likely to be Valued andRewarded in Today’s Organization Hard work Risk taking Team player Makes contributionsMultiMedia by 2001 South-
  21. 21. Strategies for Career Advancement Creating Visibility Developing Managing Mentor Stress Relationships Career AdvancementDeveloping Working with Networks the Boss Understanding Committing to Power and Lifelong Politics Learning MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  22. 22. Considerations for Volunteering1. What new experience or knowledge can be gained?2. What will be the impact on your immediate boss and the boss’s success?3. What will be the impact on the organziation?4. What will be the exposure to multilevel management? MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  23. 23. Politics is Life and Involves Investing in a relationship Investing in a relationship Investing in time, energy, and emotions Investing in time, energy, and emotionsMultiMedia by 2001 South-
  24. 24. Identifying the Power Structure Who are the people on whom the leaders of the organizations rely? What skills and knowledge do these people provide? Are you able to supply the same skills and knowledge? Could these people help you as sponsors or mentors?MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  25. 25. Acquiring Power Four Ways Developing expertise in areas critical to the company Developing expertise in areas critical to the company Developing a network of contacts Developing a network of contacts Acquiring line responsibility Acquiring line responsibility Solving others’ problems Solving others’ problems MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  26. 26. Causes of Negative Stress for Managers• Downsizing or other threats to security• Limited opportunities for advancement• Limited decision-making responsibility• Incompatibility with immediate supervisor’s leadership style• Incongruence of values between the manager and the company• Boredom or underutilization• Take-home work and erratic work schedule• Constant change• Task or work overload• Unrealistic deadlines• Sexual harassment• Physical environment: noise, lighting, privacy, climate MultiMedia by 2001 South-
  27. 27. Critical Causes of Negative Stress Incongruence of values between the manager and the company Downsizing or layoffs that threaten security or long- range plans Limited opportunities for advancement Role ambiguity Incompatibility with the immediate supervisor’s leadership style MultiMedia by 2001 South-

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