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Research and development efforts on optimizing key parameters in industrial insect production - Anton Gligorescu, DTI

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Research and development efforts on optimizing key parameters in industrial insect production - Anton Gligorescu, DTI

  1. 1. Research and development efforts on optimizing key parameters in industrial insect production NJF 2018, 4-5 December Anton Gligorescu, Consultant – Insect Production, DTI
  2. 2. The Danish Technological Institute was founded in 1906 For more than 100 years, DTI has ensured the translation of the latest knowledge and technology into real value for Danish and international businesses.
  3. 3. Self-owned and not-for-profit More than 1,000 innovative employees, state of the art equipment and facilities as well as a strong global network.
  4. 4. Materials, Management Packaging and logistics Functional Coating Metal and Surface Technology Plastics Technology Product Development Tribology Materials Executive Vice President Mikkel Agerbæk Building and Construction, Management Concrete Glass and Windows Buildings and Environment Masonry Wood and Biomaterials Building and Construction Executive Vice President Mette Glavind Energy and Climate, Management Automobile Technology Energy Efficiency and ventilation Installation and Calibration Refrigeration and Heat Pump Technology Pipe Centre Transport and Electric Systems Energy and Climate Executive Vice President David Tveit Life Science, Management DTI Oil & Gas Laboratory for Chemistry and Microbiology Bioengineering and Environmental Technology Biotek Life Science Executive Vice President Sune D. Nygaard AgroTech, Management Bioressources and Biorefinery Plant Technology Field Trials, Technology and Analysis Software Development Food Technology AgroTech Executive Vice President Mikael Poulsen DMRI, Business Development Food Safety Meat Technology Measuring Systems and Data Integration Slaughterhouse Technologies Automation DMRI Executive Vice President Lars Hinrichsen Business and Society, Management Policy and Business Development Ideas and Innovation Training Business and Society Executive Vice President Jane Wickmann Board of Representatives Board of trustees Subsidiaries Danfysik A/S Teknologisk Institut AB Sverige DTI Polska Sp. z o. o. Teknologisk Innovation A/S Dancert A/S Danish Technological Institute Spain, S.L. Technological Institute President Søren Stjernqvist Production, Management Metrology and Quality Assurance Nano Production and Micro Analysis Robot Technology Health and Human Interaction Technologies Production Executive Vice President Anne-Lise H. Lejre Insect value chain @DTI
  5. 5. Focus areas of DTI Insect Production Team
  6. 6. Danish public R&D projects 2017/18 (>100k €) DTI lead highlighted in bold Mealworms  inVALUABLE (3.7M €, IFD)  SUSMEAL (1.1M €, IFD, Eurostars)  VALIN (175k €, GUDP)  Wholi Foods (~100k €, IFD)  ENORM (~100k €, IFD)  NLF (135k €, IFD)  Ikadan (135k €, IFD) Black Solider Fly (BSF)  WICE (390k €, MUDP)  SUPERIOR (375k €, MUDP)  Green Biorefining (360k €, F&I)  BIOCAST (~100k €, Interreg/EU) Crickets  GREEINSECT (1.34M €, DANIDA)  Syngja (200k €, IFD)  Synjga2 (185 €, FFI) >7M € portfolio
  7. 7. Black Soldier Fly (BSF) (Hermetia illucens) and Common mealworm (Tenebrio molitor)  Assessment of the suitability of different feeding substrates  Optimization of rearing system  Optimization of reproductive output  GHG and heat production  Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) modelling
  8. 8. Generic production process - Optimization
  9. 9. Performance of BSF larvae (BSFL) reared on different substrates Substrates tested (Project) Applicability FCR (dry matter) Grass, lucerne and red clover (Green Biorefining) N/A (tested individually at 100% inclusion level) - Spent grains + different carbohydrate- rich by-products (SUPERIOR) Medium-high - Dairy by-products (SUPERIOR) Medium - Beach cast + spent grains (BIOFISK) Low 7-10 Agro-industrial by-products (BIOCAST) High 2.3-3.2 Catering waste (WICE) High 1.6-2.4 Chicken feed High 1.6-2.8
  10. 10. Performance of BSFL reared on different substrates -BIOCAST Diet 1 Diet 2 Diet 3 Diet 4 Beach Cast 0.10 0.05 - - Spent Grain 0.15 0.20 0.19 0.25 Apple pomas - 0.10 - 0.10 Vinter wheat 0.20 0.10 0.11 0.10 Rapeseed cake - 0.02 - 0.02 Beet tops 0.05 - 0.02 - Sprouts from malts 0.05 0.10 0.03 0.10 Butter cakes 0.05 - 0.03 - Substrates Ratio
  11. 11. Optimization of BSFL reared on chicken feed FCR (dry matter basis) of BSFL batches Larval biomass (dry matter basis) of BSFL batches Feeding amount, feeding frequency, feed conditioning (e.g. fermentation), larval density - 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 kg/m³ - 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 FCR
  12. 12. Reproduction of BSF – optimizing fly density Egg production per cage at different fly densities at 31°C (avg±sd) 8.8 11.8 8.4 DENSITY 1: 1000 DENSITY 2: 1600 DENSITY 3:2300 Eggs/cage(g) Adult density Egg production per cage at different fly densities at 28°C (avg±sd) 18.5 16.2 - 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 Density 2: 1300 Density 1: 1000 Eggs/cage(g) Adult density Temperature (ºc) Density (adults/m³) Eggs (g) Nenates (kg) Larvae (kg) 28 6,000 46.4 3.7 211 31 7,200 29.5 2.4 134 Production estimation for 1m³ reproduction cage
  13. 13. inVALUABLE - Mealworm Insect Value Chain in a Circular Bioeconomy Duration: 2017-2019 (36 months) Total budget: 3.7M EUR (2.5M EUR investment from Innovation Fund Denmark) The vision of inVALUABLE is to create a sustainable resource-efficient industry for animal production based on insects (focus on T. molitor) The partners span the entire value chain and include entrepreneurs, experts in biology, biotech, automation, processing and food technology and safety. This interaction of competences is key to lifting insect production to an industrial level
  14. 14. inVALUABLE: Focal areas - mealworm Insect Value Chain in a Circular Bioeconomy
  15. 15. 0 100 200 300 400 0.11 0.21 0.42 0.84 Density (beetles/cm 2 ) Totalnumberoflarvae 0 5 10 15 20 0.11 0.21 0.42 0.84 Density (beetles/cm 2 ) Larvae/female/day 0 5 10 15 20 1 2 3 4 6 Reproduction period (days) Totalnumberoflarvae 0 5 10 15 20 1 2 3 4 6 Reproduction period (days) Larvae/female/day Tenebrio reproduction @ lab-scale
  16. 16. Tenebrio larval growth and respiration @ lab-scale T. molitor T. molitor
  17. 17. Measurement of key parameters @ pilot-scale CO2 and other GHG Day 46-47 (high resolution) GHG emission as CO2-equiv. of T. molitor larvae (age 36-48)
  18. 18. CFD modelling: Simulation of key parameters @ large-scale 3D virtual models simulating, e.g. temperature (shown) or gases (CO2 and other GHG, not shown)
  19. 19. THANK YOU! Anton Gligorescu E: ANGL@DTI.DK M: +45 7220 2904

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