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Holcim Corporate Dakar PCB Workshop 2011

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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Holcim Corporate Dakar PCB Workshop 2011

  1. 1. © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Traitement de déchets en cimenterie dans le Groupe Holcim Luiz Carlos R. de Sousa Holcim Group Support Ltd Sustainable Development – Alternative Resources luizcarlos.desousa@holcim.com Amine Badiri Ecoval Maroc S.A. Responsable Commercial amine.badiri@holcim.com Dakar 03 Janvier 2011
  2. 2. 2 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Sommarie • Holcim et le Développement Durable • Co-processing et élimination de déchets en Cimenterie • Introduction aux activités déchets du Groupe • Étude de Cas - Co-processing 4 Holcim Maroc et Ecoval • Étude de Cas - Elimination 4 Vietnam - Pesticides 4 Australie - Business as Ususal 4 Sri Lanka - PCBs • Conclusion
  3. 3. 3 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Présent dans 70 pays, Holcim est un leader mondial dans la production et commercialisation de ciments, granulats (gravats et sable), béton prêt à l’emploi et les services pour la construction Chiffres Clé du Groupe Holcim en 2009 Ventes Ciments 131.9 million t Ventes Granulats 143.4 million t Chiffre d’affaires 21,132 million CHF Personnel 92,000 employés Besoin énergie thermique 10.5 million tep1) Matière première consommée2) 187 million t 1) tep: tonne équivalent pétrole (42 GJ) 2) 2008 pour production ciment uniquement, exclus matières de substitution Marchés émergents Marchés mûrs
  4. 4. 4 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Le Développent Durable (Sustainable Development SD) - un élément de la vision et mission du Groupe parfaitement intégré a sa stratégie Vision Our vision is to provide foundations for society's future. Mission Our mission is to be the world's most respected and attractive company in our industry – creating value for all our stakeholders. Creation of Value Mindsets Strategy Goal Base Product Focus Geographic Diversification Local Management Global Standards People Better Cost Management Permanent Marketing Innovation Human Resources Excellence Corporate Social Responsibility Sustainable Environmental Performance Creation of Value Mindsets Strategy Goal Base Product Focus Geographic Diversification Local Management Global Standards People Better Cost Management Permanent Marketing Innovation Human Resources Excellence Corporate Social Responsibility Sustainable Environmental Performance Holcim Strategy House Triple bottom line Social progress Economic growth Environmental performance § SD performance well recognized - e.g. Holcim Selected as index component for the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index and the European Dow Jones STOXX Sustainability Index for seven years
  5. 5. 5 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Sommarie • Holcim et le Développement Durable • Co-processing et élimination de déchets en Cimenterie • Introduction aux activités déchets du Groupe • Étude de Cas - Co-processing 4 Holcim Maroc et Ecoval • Étude de Cas - Elimination 4 Vietnam - Pesticides 4 Australie - Business as Ususal 4 Sri Lanka - PCBs • Conclusion
  6. 6. 6 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Holcim co-processing experience La production de ciment en bref Extraction matières premières Preparation farine Cuisson du Clinker Broyage ciment et expeditions Farine crue § Ca: calcaire § Si: sable § Fe: pyrites § Al: argiles Clinker § Calcination et cuisson à 1,450 °C § Formation de phases minérales C2S, C3S, C3A, C4AF Ciment § CPO: Broyage avec gypse § Ciment composé: Broyage avec laitier, cendres volantes, filler...
  7. 7. 7 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Holcim co-processing experience Le four à ciment est un outil idéal pour le co-processing de déchets en combustibles et matières de substitution (AFR) Tour Auto lavage des gaz par la farine (calcaire) Four rotatif Flamme 1800 - 2000 °C Gaz >1100 °C Temps de résidence > 10 s Solides : 1450°C > 15 min. AFR grossiers (pneux) Précalcinateur Gaz: > 900 °C Temps de résidence > 3 s Solides: >800 °C AFR: Alternative Fuels and Raw Materials AFR liquides solides grossiers AFR: résidus minéraux CaO, SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3 AFR liquides, solides fins
  8. 8. 8 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Holcim co-processing experience Avantages du processus cimentier en matière de gestion des déchets • Température très élevées et longs temps de séjour au delà de 3 secondes au dessus de 1100 °C • Auto-lavage des gaz la chaux représente plus de 60% en masse dans le cru • Valorisation double en énergie et matière fraction organique des déchets est utilisée comme combustible la fraction minérale est incorporée dans le produit fini • Efficacité et réutilisation totale 1 MJ dechet = 1 MJ combustible traditionel • Réduction globale des émissions réduction globale des émissions à effet de serre en évitant l’utilisation d’autres méthodes de traitement de déchets • Installations existantes Solutions au niveau local Incinérateur classique: investissement important pour la communauté
  9. 9. 9 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 La gestion de déchets en cimenterie offre deux options: Co-processing ou élimination, mais doit respecter des critères stricts de décision Does the waste meet the facility's waste acceptance criteria? (a) Is the waste able to sustain combustion at the prevailing process conditions in the kiln without the addition of supplemental fuel? (b) Does the waste have a relevant content of CaO (or CaCO3), SiO2, Does the waste comply with (a) and (b) simultanously)? refuse accept accept accept Material & energy recovery Energy recovery Material recovery no yes yes yes no no yes Is there a waste disposal alternative which offers better environmental performance criteria than co- processing in cement kilns? refuse yes no Source: SBC - Draft Technical Guidelines on Co-processing of Hazardous Waste in Cement Kilns Does the waste meet the facility's waste acceptance criteria? (a) Is the waste able to sustain combustion at the prevailing process conditions in the kiln without the addition of supplemental fuel? (b) Does the waste have a relevant content of CaO (or CaCO3), SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3 and/or SO3? Does the waste comply with (a) and (b) simultanously)? refuse accept accept Is there a local waste disposal problem to be solved or environmental benefits to be gained? accept accept refuse no yes yes yes yes no no no no yes Co-processing avec valeur ajoutée au procédé Co-processing avec valeur ajoutée au procédé Destruction seulement si solution locale Double valorisation Énergie + Matière Valorisation Énergie Valorisation Matière
  10. 10. 10 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Le Co-Processing c’est… …l’utilisation de déchets dans procédés industriels comme la production de ciment, de chaux ou d‘acier, des centrales électriques etc. ... substituant combustibles fossiles et de matières premières. Le Co-processing offre § Respect de la hiérarchie de gestion des déchets § Réductions des impacts globaux § Maintient la compétitivité du secteur industriel § Réduction des coûts de gestion des déchets Le Co-Processing est une alternative GER qui permet de réduite l’impact de nos activités industrielles
  11. 11. 11 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Le Groupe Holcim a des directives propres pour guider ses activités dans le domaine des déchets… Elements of sustainability I. Act as a partner to society by offering waste management solutions II. Keep our environment safe III. Add value to our core business What we will do IV. Ensure occupational health & safety V. Refuse the listed “banned wastes” VI. Guarantee the quality of our products How we will do it VII. Comply with the relevant regulations and promote best practices VIII. Monitor and control the inputs, process, products and emissions IX. Communicate transparently The 9 principles of our AFR policy
  12. 12. 12 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 … et participe activement aux initatives pour l’élaboration et l’implémentation de cadres législatifs a ce sujet http://www.coprocem.com http://www.basel.int/techmatters/cement-kilns/guidelines/Draft-TG_15Nov2010.doc Alliance Stratégique Holcim-GTZ Projet de Directives sur les déchets dangereux en cimenterie avec la convention de Bâle
  13. 13. 13 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Sommarie • Holcim et le Développement Durable • Co-processing et élimination de déchets en Cimenterie • Introduction aux activités déchets du Groupe • Étude de Cas - Co-processing 4 Holcim Maroc et Ecoval • Étude de Cas - Elimination 4 Vietnam - Pesticides 4 Australie - Business as Ususal 4 Sri Lanka - PCBs • Conclusion
  14. 14. 14 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Holcim offre des services de gestion de déchets par ses propres subsidiaires spécialisées dans 38 pays de par le monde… http://www.geocycle.us/index.php?id=17328
  15. 15. 15 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 ..et traite un portefeuille improant et diversifié de déchets depuis des plastiques et des pneux aux déchets dangereux (peintures, solvants, sols contaminés, ….) Dangereux Non-Dangereux 6.6% de Croissance annuelle des volumes traités de entre 2003 et 2008 4,500 clients, entre communautés locales, compagnies locales et internationales de diverses industries comme… 5,868 5,4235,225 4,6954,966 4,258 0, 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6,000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 ['000tons] 32% 26% 26% Oil&Gas Pharmaceutical Chemical Car Industry
  16. 16. 16 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Sommarie • Holcim et le Développement Durable • Co-processing et élimination de déchets en Cimenterie • Introduction aux activités déchets du Groupe • Étude de Cas - Co-processing 4 Holcim Maroc et Ecoval • Étude de Cas - Elimination 4 Vietnam - Pesticides 4 Australie - Business as Ususal 4 Sri Lanka - PCBs • Conclusion
  17. 17. 17 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Étude de Cas Co-processing: Holcim Maroc et Ecoval Atelier de lancement du projet rAtelier de lancement du projet réégional PCBgional PCB DakarDakar –– FFéévrier 2011vrier 2011 Ecoval : Solution écologique & économique pour le traitement de déchets
  18. 18. 18 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Sommarie • Holcim et le Développement Durable • Co-processing et élimination de déchets en Cimenterie • Introduction aux activités déchets du Groupe • Étude de Cas - Co-processing 4 Holcim Maroc et Ecoval • Études de Cas - Elimination 4 Vietnam - Pesticides 4 Australie - Business as Ususal 4 Sri Lanka - PCBs • Conclusion
  19. 19. 19 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Des conditions strictes doivent être remplies pour procéder au traitement de déchets dangereux en cimenterie comme mentionné dans le projet de directives de la Convention de Bâle (1) An approved environmental impact assessment and all required national/local licenses, permits, authorisations and permissions; (2) Compliance with all relevant national and local regulations; (3) Suitable location, technical infrastructure, storage and processing equipment; (4) Reliable and adequate power and water supply; (5) Application of BAT for emission prevention, control and monitoring, ensuring compliance with regulation and permits, the application of which needs to be verified through regular baseline monitoring. (6) Exit gas conditioning/cooling and low temperatures (< 200°C) in the air pollution control device to prevent dioxin formation; (7) Clear management and organisational structure with unambiguous responsibilities, reporting lines and feedback mechanism; (8) An error reporting system (incident preventive and corrective action) for employees; (9) Qualified and skilled employees to manage wastes and health, safety and environmental issues; (10)Adequate emergency and safety equipment and procedures, and regular training; (11)Authorised and licensed collection, transport and handling of hazardous wastes; (12)Safe and sound receiving, storage and feeding of hazardous wastes; (13)Adequate laboratory facilities and equipment for hazardous waste acceptance and feeding control; (14)Adequate record keeping of wastes and emissions; (15)Adequate product quality control routines; (16)Implementation and adherence to a recognized environmental management system (EMS) including a continuous improvement programme; (17)Independent audits (government sanctioned or otherwise), emission monitoring and reporting; (18)Stakeholder dialogues with local community and authorities, and mechanisms for responding to comments and complaints; (19)Open disclosure of performance and compliance verification reports on a regular basis. Source: SBC - Draft Technical Guidelines on Co-processing of Hazardous Waste in Cement Kilns
  20. 20. 20 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 L‘exécution de tests ‚trial burn‘ est recommandable pour déterminer l‘efficacité de chaque four à ciment, spécifiquement pour l‘outil Destruction efficiency of hazardous organic constituents To verify the ability of a facility to efficiently destroy organic pollutants in an irreversible and sound way, the destruction and removal efficiency (DRE) or destruction efficiency (DE) should be determined, as demonstrated in a trial burn. The trial burn involves selecting a principal organic hazardous constituent (POHC) in the waste feed, and sampling and analysis to determine input and emission rates of the same POHC. A trial burn typically consists of a series of tests (one for each set of operating conditions for which the facility desires to be permitted), and there are usually three runs performed for each test. Source: SBC - Draft Technical Guidelines on Co-processing of Hazardous Waste in Cement Kilns
  21. 21. 21 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 F3C N Cl Cl N CN S O CF3 NH2 Pesticides éliminés à Hon Chong plant, Province de Kien Giang, Vietnam en Octobre 2003. • 40 tons de pesticides éliminés lors d’un test de 20 hours • Deux composés 4 Fenobucarb 18.8% 4 Fipronil 2.4% 4 Dissouts dans 10,7% de Cyclohexanone et 61% of solvants aromatiques O CHCH2CH3 CH3 O C CH3NH
  22. 22. 22 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Résultats du test au Vietnam, rapportés par K. Karstensen et al. Elimination des Pesticides Emissions gazeuses …destruction irréversible (DRE > 99.9999%) …non affectés exepté NOx à Erreur dans NCV du mélange combustible Dioxines/Furanes non detectées ni en ‘baseline’ ni lors de l’essai
  23. 23. 23 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 L’élimination de pesticides en cimenterie en Australie…
  24. 24. 24 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Visit : www.geocycle.com.au … fait partie du ‘business as usual’ • 12,000 t de «SBF» sont prépares et co-processés par an • Y inclus (en 2004) 1,400 tonnes de 4 pesticides 4 herbicides 4 insecticides • Co-processing du SBF avec élimination en parallèle à l’usine de Gladstone, Queensland, Australie • Demande de permis en cours pour d’autres usines
  25. 25. 25 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Plusieurs activités ont précédé le test d’élimination de PCBs a l’usine de Puttalam, Sri Lanka • Implication des parties prenantes, communication ouverte • Logistique détaillé avec supervision pour chaque étape • Inclusion dans le procès de licenciement de l’installation • Suivi du projet par expert international § Huiles de vidange éliminés contenant 4 59% de PCBs 4 36% de tri-chloro-benzene 4 5% de tetra-chloro-benzene
  26. 26. 26 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Holcim co-processing experience Conditions du test a Puttalam § PCB mélangé à l’huile lourde à 2 concentrations § Mesure des émissions en cheminée et prise d’échantillons de tous matériaux par laboratoire agrée australien § 10,000 litres du mélange traités à 2 débits différents. - PCB conc. (mg l -1 ) 14,000 10,500
  27. 27. 27 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Résultats du test au Sri Lanka, rapportés par K. Karstensen et al. démontrent absence de HCB et pas d’impact sur les déjà très basses émissions de Dioxines et Furanes. DRE (%) 99.99992 99.9999994
  28. 28. 28 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Sommarie • Holcim et le Développement Durable • Co-processing et élimination de déchets en Cimenterie • Introduction aux activités déchets du Groupe • Étude de Cas - Co-processing 4 Holcim Maroc et Ecoval • Études de Cas - Elimination 4 Vietnam - Pesticides 4 Australie - Business as Ususal 4 Sri Lanka - PCBs • Conclusion
  29. 29. 29 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Conclusions • Le co-processing en cimenterie est une pratique reconnue pour la gestion de déchets, dangereux ou non 4 Union Européenne*, SBC, GTZ, Philippines, Afrique du Sud • L‘élimination de déchets dangereux notamment les PCBs est possible en cimenterie 4 Sans impact sur l‘environnement 4 Comme solution à un problème de déchets local • Holcim a participé dans plusieurs tests ‚trial brun‘ et propose la réalisation d‘un tel test au Maroc 4 Sous réserve des conditions exposés *http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=MEMO/11/43&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
  30. 30. 30 © Holcim Group Support Ltd 2011 Acknowledgment • The author would like to thank Mr. Kare Karstensen for sharing several pictures and material from his articles for this presentation

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