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    1. 1. Cerebral Palsy
    2. 2. General Information Cerebral palsy (CP) is a loose term for a group of disorders affecting body movement, balance, and posture. Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal development or damage in one or more parts of the brain that control muscle tone and motor activity (movement). The resulting disabilities first appear early in life, usually in infancy or early childhood. Infants with cerebral palsy are usually slow to learn movements such as rolling over, sitting, crawling, and walking.
    3. 3. The Three Types of Cerebral Palsy The three main types of cerebral palsy correspond to the different parts of the brain that are affected. 1. People with Spastic CP find that some muscles become very stiff and weak, especially under effort, which can affect their control of movement. This is the most common type of CP. 2. People with Athetoid CP has some loss of control of their posture, and tends to make involuntary movements. 3. People with Ataxic CP usually have problems with balance. They may also have shaky hand movements and irregular speech. Often people will have a mixture of the different types of CP. Spastic CP Athetoid CP Ataxic CP
    4. 4. The Reason For Cerebral Palsy Cerebral Palsy is most commonly the result of a failure of part of the brain to develop, either before birth or in early childhood. Occasionally it is due to an inherited disorder. It is sometimes possible to identify the cause of CP, but not always. The causes of cerebral palsy include illness during pregnancy, premature delivery, or lack of oxygen supply to the baby; or it may occur early in life as a result of an accident, lead poisoning, viral infection, child abuse, or other factors.
    5. 5. Statistics on Cerebral Palsy There are approximately 764,000 children and adults in the United States that exhibit one or more of the symptoms on Cerebral Palsy. Each year about 8,000 babies and infants are diagnosed with the condition. In addition, another 1,200 - 1,500 preschool age children are recognized each year to have cerebral palsy.
    6. 6. Identified Causes of Cerebral Palsy in the Newborn (Chart/Graph) 8% 5% 40% 22% Low Birth Rate Metabolic Errors 10% Infections 5% 10% Congenital Brain Abnormality Intraparium Asphygin Intrauterine Ischemic Event (Traumatic event while pregnant) Genetic and/or Chromosomal Abnormality
    7. 7. Symptoms of Cerebral Palsy Symptoms of cerebral palsy can be as simple as having difficulty with fine motor tasks like writing or using scissors, or as profound as being unable to maintain balance or walk. Severely afflicted patients may have involuntary movements, such as uncontrollable hand motions and drooling. Others suffer from associated medical disorders, such as seizures and mental retardation. Problems associated with muscles include muscle stiffness, poor muscle tone, uncontrolled movements, posture, balance, coordination, walking, speech, swallowing, and many other functions. Other problems with the body and brain include Important breathing problems, learning disabilities, bladder and bowel control problems, skeletal deformities, Picture eating difficulties, dental problems, digestive problems, and hearing and vision problems.
    8. 8. Research on Ceberal Palsy Scientists are working to find a cure for this disease. Additionally, many other public, government, and private institutions are researching possible cures and prevention, including: • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) • National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) • United Cerebral Palsy Research and Education Foundation (UCP) • March of Dimes • Easter Seals Studies are also being done to determine ways to better a child’s quality of life. there are 28 government studies on cerebral palsy, either ongoing or about to start. These studies include research on the use of botox to relieve drooling, hyperbaric treatment to increase oxygen and saturate body tissues for improved healing, acupuncture, and more.
    9. 9. How Was Cerebral Palsy Discovered? The first documented history of cerebral palsy dates back to the 1860’s. It was when an English surgeon named William Little came across a puzzling condition that affected young children. He wrote the first medical descriptions detailing “a disorder that caused stiff, spastic muscles in their legs, as well as slightly in their arms. It was more difficult for these children to accomplish tasks that other children found rather easy, such as grasping objects, crawling, and walking. Oddly enough, there conditions did not change, for better or worse, as they got older.” What was originally named Little’s disease is now known as cerebral palsy.
    10. 10. Relevant Facts Cerebral palsy doesn’t always cause profound disabilities. While one child with severe cerebral palsy might be unable to walk and need extensive, lifelong care, another with mild cerebral palsy might be only slightly awkward and require no special assistance. Supportive treatments, medications, and surgery can help many individuals improve their motor skills and ability to communicate with the world.
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