CENTRAL UNIVERSITY OF ECUADOR
FACULTYOF PHILOSOPHY, LETTERSAND SCIENCES
SCHOOL OF LANGUAGES
FOURTH SEMESTER MULTILINGUAL
SUBJECT: ECUADOR’S EDUCATION PROBLEMS
• Ethics there comes from the word Greek ETHOS which means in our
language "mansion“. According to this meaning, ethos means
• Ethical is the philosophical science entrusted to study or think about the
morality, but as the morality it has a human and social character. this
definition can be extended indicating that:The Ethics is the philosophical
discipline that studies the moral behavior of the man in company.
• The ethics is a science: it explains the things for his
reasons and not for occurrences of moments or
produced intuitions. The ethics are a scientific
• The ethics is caught by the reason: this means that
the ethics are not a product of the emotion or
instinct. The ethics take the reason as organ and
• The ethics is a practical science: It is done to be
realized in the daily life. It is to know to act and
fulfills his purpose when it is personified in the
human conduct. To learn ethics is to learn for the
• The ethics is a normative science: It gives norms for
the life, orientates the practical conduct, directs the
free decisions of the man. The ethics study the
normal thing any more he does not study the normal
of fact, but the normal of right.
LEVELS OFTHE ETHICS
Some authors indicate two levels of Ethics:
Which is properly theoretical;
and it takes charge determining
which " opinions or moral
beliefs are cost.
Also called regulation and
consists of guiding the
conduct to decide which is the
best decision between the
possible ones to realize in a
It is the study of morality and human
action to promote desirable behaviors.
By profession means an occupation that
is developed in order to collaborate with
the welfare of society.
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS REFERS TO:
THE PURPOSE OF
ETHICS IN THE
It is principally with the
application of moral
standards, based on
honesty, courtesy and
A professional must exercise their work
appropriately, since this has a social
purpose, which is to adequately cover the needs
that society must satisfy, thus contributing to the
ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENTS TO
COMPLY PROPERLY WITH THE
EXERCISE OF A PROFESSION:
Personal inclination to the
profession that it is.
Natural ability to exercise it
An adequate theoretical
A sufficient practical training.
Sense of duty and dedication to
It is the
who have had the
privilege of top level
Also the professions
have a social purpose
and this is to properly
serve the needs that
society must satisfy
Ethics is a cultural
value of society
and the time in
which we live.
Ethical standards are concerning permanent, and the
person can go integrating them as part of their habits
and attitudes, becoming virtues
Ethics is the way they exercise
their responsibility to the
values, principles and moral
standards. Does a trial evaluation
of a human action in the practical
life, values, principles and ethical
PROBLEMS OF PROFFESIONAL ETHICS
A lack of ethics not only affects the victims who suffer them, although
they are the first affected
Consequences there are many, the most important are:
• the low self-esteem of those who commit them
• the prestige of the profession.
This last occurs in two ways:
•destroys public confidence
•gets frustrated hopes of social sectors
AREAS IN WHICH PROFESSIONAL ETHICS PROBLEMS ARE
The teacher relationships with society:
•Teacher professional success depends on, the support that provide the
•The Professor, in a way, is a designated citizen, since he is the target of
a constant observation with regard to his overall behavior.
•Lifetime Professor belongs to the company. What other professionals
can carry out with impunity is not allowed to the Professor, who is
subjected to permanent criticism of all their actions.
•The Professor is the representative of the family and of society in
regard to the education of generations of children and adolescents.
AS IT SHOULD BE A GOOD TEACHER
We will see what are the ethical principles that should govern the
conduct of the teacher:
-The teacher must always project a worthy, professional image, and
as ethical principles, morality, honesty, justice, objectivity and
-A teacher must respect their students and the parents of your
students, your co-workers, your superiors.
-You must respect the opinions of others, including those of his
students, accepting the divergent points.
-The teacher must recognize the importance of participative work
-A teacher should not openly identify with a political line, nor to
proselytize, it should not carry badges, flags or symbols identifying
-A teacher must be a lifelong student, to impart teachings should
be updated and learn constantly according to the evolution of new
techniques, and didactic material.
-A good teacher will be in continuous contact with other
professionals who contribute to its enrichment as a teacher.
-A teacher should feel proud to be master and should participate
in the activities of the educational establishment.
-A teacher should not accept gifts or donations, payable to any
economic value that compromise their actions.
-You must examine the problems arising in the educational
establishment, contributing to the solution of the same.
-If consumed drugs or alcohol, it should not be master since it will
break the principle be example for students.
-A good teacher should be part of the family of students, so should
pursue self improvement plans, should be a guide for the other
members of the family of the student; It must promote and
support comprehensive education of students.
-Students need orientation psychological, sentimental, and attend
the teachers in many instances, therefore the teacher should be
able to assist with these needs.
-Teachers and educational institutions, are the second home for
our children, that's why in choosing them, we must do a careful
selection, since it will depend on values and the teachings
received at home have an effective continuity are not changed or