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  2. 2. AMSTERDAM <ul><li>Amsterdam is the official capital of the Netherlands. </li></ul><ul><li>The city is situated between the IJ bay and the north shores of the Amstel River to the southeast. </li></ul>
  3. 3. It has a population of about 750,000 inhabitants <ul><li>The shield There are historians who believe that the crosses represent the three dangers that affect Amsterdam: flood, fire and the black plague. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Climate The city has a mild climate, under strong influence of the Atlantic Ocean The winters are usually cold, but not extreme, but temperatures below zero are quite common. It usually snows two or three days a year. Summers are hot with temperatures around 25 degrees
  5. 5. Business Amsterdam is the capital of Holland regarding to business and finance <ul><li> Many companies and Dutch banks have their main offices in Amsterdam, including ABN Amro, Heineken, ING, Ahold, Delta Lloyd, Royal Dutch Shell and Philips. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Universities <ul><li>the Universiteit van Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><li>Vrije Universiteit </li></ul>
  7. 7. Other institutions include a university art academy, the De Rietveld academie, and two high schools, De Hogeschool van Amsterdam and the Amsterdamse Hogeschool voor de Kunsten. The Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis
  8. 8. Cycling Amsterdam is famous for the huge number of bicycles and is the world center of the bicycle culture. Almost all the main streets have bike paths, and you can leave your bike anywhere in Amsterdam there are about 700,000 riders
  9. 9. Airport Schiphol Airport is about 3 meters below sea level, making it the busiest airport in the world and the fifth in Europe (after London Heathrow, Frankfurt, Paris Charles de Gaulle and Madrid-Barajas) Airport and is the tenth of the world.
  10. 10. Tourist Attractions <ul><li>The club Ajax Amsterdam is located and Amsterdam ArenA stadium in this city. Also the prestigious Concertgebouw concert hall is home to the equally famous symphony orchestra of the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, which gave its first concert on November 3, 1888. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The van Gogh Museum has the largest collection of paintings by Van Gogh in the world. </li></ul><ul><li>the Stedelijk Museum of Modern Art </li></ul>MUSEUMS
  12. 12. MUSEUMS <ul><li>Rijksmuseum </li></ul><ul><li>Rembrandt </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>ROYAL PALACE (in Castilian). It is located on the Dam Square and was built in 1655 and is a good example of Dutch Classicism. Was transformed into a royal residence in the Napoleonic era. </li></ul><ul><li>DAM PLAZA It is the heart of the city, and in addition to the Royal Palace are: The &quot;Madame Tussand Scenerama&quot; (left), where they offer a great show that makes a journey through the history of Holland. The Bevrijdingsmomument &quot;(right), is a 22m obelisk. tall and is the national monument erected to the Liberation in 1956, in honor of the Dutch killed in World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>CHANNELS In Amsterdam it is unavoidable to make a boat ride through the canals, but it has a paste very important when large groups to go up the boats, they are talking among themselves and do not stop listening to the explanations are given of the monuments. </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Anne Frank is a very popular tourist destination, as well as the Museum Amstelkring whose attic is a clandestine Catholic church of the seventeenth century. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The atmosphere homo <ul><li>Amsterdam has enough atmosphere homo (gay), especially around Reguliersdwarsstraat Street, near the Rembrandtplein. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1989 is the Club iT, a homo club of Europe's largest. Amsterdam is still the largest city homo Europe. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The District Red Among the most popular areas of the city is Chinese neighborhood <ul><li>the color of the lights that illuminate the premises showing, through windows, prostitutes working in this area of the city. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The coffee shops Red in the District, as in other parts of the city, known as coffee shops selling small amounts of marijuana ,
  18. 18. Inventors Holland has also given many famous inventors. The electronics company Philips invented the compact disc or CD , an invention of our time. The first CD released in 1982. The scientist Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) became famous for inventing the pendulum clock . This is a clock that moves by the regular movement of a pendulum. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) discovered the microscope . He more than half, with plates of copper or silver and lens manufacturing. We also found evidence of bacteria.