William Barclay Parsons, a well known engineer, opened a Manhattan office in 1885, First undertaking of his new venture was to design NewYork City's first subway, the IRT. Completed in 1904, this line from lower Manhattan to Harlem—remains the world's most heavily used rapid transit system. Global reach; Parsons' second major project was to chart a 1,000-mile railroad in China, from Hankow to Canton - still in use today. In 1906, Henry M. Brinckerhoff, pioneering highway engineer, brought expertise in electric railways. Known for his co-invention of the third rail, which revolutionized rapid transit, he also designed the network of roads at the 1939 World's Fair in New York. Sustainability always at the forefront of PB’s culture – ref Parsons quote - this ethos is very much at the heart of PB today 1. 2.
Client focus company, leader engineering professionals, with a worldwide business 1. 2. 3.
1. 2. 3.
So what is sustainability all about? The commission's report highlighted A number of organisations have changed this definition to profit, planet and people or the three Ps. Ecosystem-like-design The most basic definition of sustainability is along the lines of the original Brundtland report definition. It’s been around for a while now, but it is as robust as any other definition I’ve come across…
Sustainability is a long term goal of using resources in a way that enable future generation to use it in the same way
Another way of saying this is Sustainable Development A continued policy of PB that is in synch with current trends
How those elements have been captured in PB culture Vision is the overaction statement Currently interpretation of sustainability 1.
Proposal portal between the legal documentation and company policies. So what is sustainability all about? Recognising the integration of economic social and environmental factors Adaptation More than flexibility, is anticipation, looking for consequences not just reaction Look to problems in a different way (anticipation and change as Parsons said) innovation and best practice Environmental, social and economic elements are all important… … and their integration and synergies created… … are the key to understanding sustainability. … you can’t just do any one element and call that “sustainability” - … fundamentally there needs to be balance of all three elements.. For centuries we have operated on the same simple paradigm – that we live in a world of limitless resources and limitless capacity … Over the last century these operating rules have been in the hands of the economists…and their mantra has been.. … that an expanding economy equals world health! As we are now realising - it just ain’t so… Our one planet has limits - and we have to learn to live within our means… The most basic definition of sustainability is along the lines of the original Brundtland report definition. It’s been around for a while now, but it is as robust as any other definition I’ve come across…
Recognising the integration of economic social and environmental factors Adaptation More than flexibility, is anticipation, looking for consequences not just reaction Look to problems in a different way (anticipation and change as Parsons said) innovation and best practice
To provide sustainable solutions, how? Integrating sustainability in every stage of every project, to exploit this new market opportunity by being the market leader and not to be lead by the market. ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT
Jim Mantle slide road show FY08
Energy Efficiency = “Lowest Lying Fruit” or structurally difficult CPRS has created investment uncertainty but there are still runners at the starting line. ETS to raise $4Bn pa reinvestment in technology and structural market change is key. Will it be spent politically? Capital Markets are still flat. Regulatory Change must occur to facilitate the transition No base load renewable energy options currently available Water efficiency will be key to power station in the future.
Political pressure, Regulations and approval processes, Legal action, Technological constraints, Marked demand, Community action,, Employee morale Investor demands, Stakeholders demands, Reputational demands Ensuring each is comprehensively understood individually and it relates to other project considerations, Working systematically to integrate and consolidate these factors into a more usable form, Ensuring that this understanding and subsequent solutions are adaptable to predicted future trends, and Being innovative in the way these deliver values and manage costs and risks for our clients.
Minister Albanese speech, Delta Sustainability report, Xstrata Sustainability report Client ask for integration, a complex project addressing different issues that we have to manage entirely and EFFICENTLY as a whole sustainable business Gri reporting for clients. Climate change response mechanism offer externally Leadership position between competitors A strategy to move from market lead to market leaders New product or service eco-efficiency/ carbon neutral/ reporting
20% of Renewables by 2020 will require investment of around $25 billion to build a scheme twice the size of the Snowy Mountains in half the time Coal >250 years of resource in Australia (Energy Traskforce 2004) Wind Existing wind farm development pipeline could soak up the entire target (>10,000MW) Exceptional Resource of 200 TWh (CSIRO) Bioenergy Good sugar cane and wood waste resource but project development pipeline is limited. Current pipeline is >1,000MW Natural Gas Reserves 67 years at current production (DITR) CSM Qld >5,000PJ (Dept of Energy) NSW >19,000 (DPI) Uranium 38% of Worlds Uranium and have about 100 years of currently known resource. Solar Australia has highest solar radiation of any continent, over 1,700 kWh/m2 Wave & Tidal Significant potential with extensive coastline
Delta has articulated a conceptual goal of 10% reduction in Wallerawang’s CO2 emissions intensity, while maintaining current generation levels, to be achieved through partial substitution of coal by biomass combustion for heat input into the power generation cycle. Delta’s experience to date with biomass cofiring, in the order of 1% heat input, is outlined Biomass in the form of sawmill waste (coarse sawdust) procured from the timber processing complex at nearby Oberon, NSW, is currently stored on site adjacent to the undercover coal storage area. Biomass is trucked to site and stored at a pit where it is fed from a small conveyor where it is delivered to the main coal conveyor and mixed with the coal for delivery to the coal mills. Currently, Wallerawang Power Station uses biomass material for cofiring in small quantities with pulverised coal in the existing coal boilers. Biomass cofiring has been used with varying success up to 2% of energy content, however, reasonably stable cofiring is ongoing with a mix of 1% biomass by energy input, as advised by Delta. The existing pulverising mill currently experiences operational problems caused by the addition of biomass material into the fuel mix. The ‘soft and moist’ nature of the biomass material in some circumstances causes a soft layer build up on the pulveriser mill roller surfaces. This creates clearance problems between grinding surfaces as biomass sticks to rollers which impacts on the ability of the mill to pulverise the coal. These problems occur due to the mill operating on a fuel type for which it was not designed. The construction of a new dedicated biomass boiler would eliminate this problem and result in the pulverising mill only crushing black coal for which it was designed. Observation of the biomass storage area and discussion with Delta Electricity staff identified the following points: The existing biomass storage area is sized for fuel needs of the pilot project only The current biomass storage facility is exposed to wind and weather and results in the dispersion of the relatively lightweight biomass material around the site.
To provide sustainable solutions, how? Integrating sustainability in every stage of every project, to exploit this new market opportunity by being the market leader and not to be lead by the market. Coal is 27% more pollutant of OIL Efficiency25 million BTU/ton 7.333 kwh/ton one ton 16 barrel 458 kwh /barrel WALLERAWANG THERMAL EFFICIENCY BLACK COAL 32.8% Oil 5.78 million BTU/ barrel or 1700 kwh /barrel 1000 kwh= 3.41million BTU
To provide sustainable solutions, how? Integrating sustainability in every stage of every project, to exploit this new market opportunity by being the market leader and not to be lead by the market. not monitoring our performances at the last stage, but examining the process that lead to these failures and monitor how effective we can control preventing these negative outcomes Lti LOST TIME INJURY LOST TIME INCIDENT
Some of this resources are already into your businesses. However, I am here to help and complement them, so I brought to you my CV to help you to evaluate my skills to involve me into your projects.
Transport and planning
Innovation and R&D
Physical and health
Remediation of damaged environment
Protection and enhancement of biodiversity
Over $100 billion may need to be invested in next 25 years to meet energy demand Key challenge for energy supply – need for investor confidence (which fuel to choose?) Investors require a stable, efficient and effective market and policy environment 3 risks – greenhouse policy; retail price regulation; and network regulation Technology Options are varied, but needs $$$ injection DSM, EE & Renewables – Growth is inevitable and will increase focus on Networks Gas – Infrastructure & LT Price ? Coal CCS – potential / $$$ / timing ?
University of Sydney Apr09
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability in PBLuisa Nenci Sydney, 9 April 2009
Engineering a sustainable futureOverviewCorporate IntroductionSustainability- What’s it allaboutSustainability in PBSustainability- BusinessImperativeSustainability in PracticeSustainability Capability
Engineering a sustainable futureMeeting client needs for over 100 years“It is not [ only ] the design that governs[ a project ] but its adaptability to theeconomic and social needs at the time”William Barclay Parsons
Engineering a sustainable future1900 1901 1914Meeting client needs for over 100 yearsBattersea Power StationPanama CanalNew York City Subway
Engineering a sustainable futureBlueScope Steel Cogen1997 2002 2006Meeting client needs for over 100 yearsBarajas International AirportHawaii’s H3 Highway2007Beijing Olympics
Engineering a sustainable futurePB offers a range of core capabilitiesHazardousMaterialsHazardousMaterialsEnvironmentEnvironmentGISGISPlanningPlanningMarineMarineMechanical EngineeringMechanical EngineeringElectrical & SystemsElectrical & SystemsInfrastructureEngineeringInfrastructureEngineeringProjectManagementProjectManagementRailRailStrategic ConsultingStrategic ConsultingSustainabilitySustainabilityTransportEngineeringTransportEngineeringTransportPlanningTransportPlanningTunnelsTunnelsWaterEngineeringWaterEngineeringConstructionServicesConstructionServicesClimate ChangeClimate Change
Engineering a sustainable futurePB in country projectsPB offices PB Major PresenceGlobal Expertise – local understanding14 offices inAustralia andNew Zealand
Engineering a sustainable futureAustralia-Pacific OfficesBendigoGold CoastSunshine CoastPerthAdelaideMelbourneCanberra SydneyNewcastleSingletonBrisbaneAucklandWellingtonChristchurchWollongong
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Corporate OverviewNet Global Revenue FY2008 US$2.2 Billion(Including A$270M AU/NZ)Over 13,000 employeesworldwide (2,500 in AU/NZ)PeopleSales
Engineering a sustainable futureWhat does sustainability mean for you?Personally?Professionally?In practical terms,what can you doabout it?
Engineering a sustainable futureThe goal of sustainabledevelopment is to ”meet theneeds of the present withoutcompromising the ability offuture generations to meet theirown needs”.Bruntland Definition, World Commission on Environmentand Development .Our Common Future , 1987Sustainability – what’s it all about?
Engineering a sustainable futureTriple Bottom Line:balanced approach toeconomic development,environmental protection andsocial well being.John Elkington founder of SustainAbilitySustainability – what’s it all about?
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability in PB“Engineering requirestwo abilities – first, thetechnical skill andsecond, the mind and theknowledge to conceivethat which is useful andwill be for theconvenience of mankindin the long run.William B. Parsons (1923)
Engineering a sustainable futureTo be a positive and highly influential force in the developmentand operation of infrastructure around the world.Through service to our clients and collaboration with colleagues,we will create a lasting legacythat improves the lives of people and communities.Sustainability in PB
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability in PB: Policy Context– Sustainability Vision– Corporate ResponsibilityProgram– Climate Change Business Unit– Carbon Neutrality– Ethics Business Procedure –BP 10– ISO 14001 EMS– ISO 9001 QAS
Engineering a sustainable futureintegration adaptation innovationSustainability in PB
Engineering a sustainable future integration: Integrate each of the Triple Bottom Lineelements (Economy, Environment, Community), tounderstand what will make for a successful project. adaptation: Sustainability is about changing and evolvingto promote overall wellbeing, not to sustain the status quo.Designing a project to fit in with local social, economic andenvironmental characteristics both today and tomorrow. innovation: It’s the key to moving forward. As projectunderstand, plan, design and adapt to local characteristic(present and future), innovation tends to occur (cleversolutions that address multiple criteria or adaptationchallenges- can be technological or part of the way that theproject was run) – this is the value adding part.Sustainability in PB
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Sustainable Business• Position PB as the leading infrastructure providerin Australia in the provision of sustainablesolutions in our key market areas.• Integrate sustainability into the planning,design, management and operation of all PBprojects.• Champion a culture of sustainability in all ourbusinesses within two years.• Lead the development of new services in whichPB can leverage our leadership insustainability.
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability in PB
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability – Business Imperative• Resources are more scarce and becomingmore expensive• Energy is more scarce and becoming moreexpensive• Regulations are heading towards mandatorysustainability/corporate responsibilityreporting• Approvals are getting more stringent• A social licence to operate is getting moredifficult to attain• Market expectations are rising• How value for money is assessed is changing
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability – Business ImperativeCorporate strategy and profitabilityare vulnerable to social,economic and environmentalpressures.
Engineering a sustainable future• Clients with increasing expectations• Opportunities to improve internal operationalefficiency• Compliance to current & emerging legislativerequirements• Opportunities for new products & services• Competitors adopting progressively• Potential for positive market influenceSustainability – Business Imperative
Engineering a sustainable futureWhat does sustainability mean for you?Can you thinkof any otherchallenges anddemandsfaced byyourclients?
Engineering a sustainable futureAustralian Energy Market OverviewCoal Generation produces 85% of the energyin the NEMAustralia is the largest exporter of coal &second largest exporter of energyPower generation contributes approximately36% to Australia’s carbon emissionsAustralian’s consume about 8,000 kW/hr ofelectricity per capita, behind Canada & the US20% of Renewables by 2020 and 60% by 2050& Kyoto Protocol – CPRS by 2010EnergyExporterEnergyExporterEnergy =CarbonEnergy =CarbonHighDemandHighDemandAmbitiousEmissionTargetsAmbitiousEmissionTargetsDependant on CoalDependant on Coal
Engineering a sustainable futurePotential ResultSource: NGF
Engineering a sustainable futureGas Resource – Big and GrowingSource: AGA
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability in PracticeIdentifying Sustainabilityoutcomes:• Biomass Fuel for Wallerawang• SewerFix Wet Weather Alliance• Glendell Liddell MineInfrastructure Project
Engineering a sustainable futureWallerawang: Fuel type
Engineering a sustainable futureWallerawang: Fuel storage
Engineering a sustainable futureWallerawang: Fuel supply
Engineering a sustainable futureWallerawang: Fuel type
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability in Practice• WallerawangEnergygenerationefficiencyBlack Coal 33%35$MWhBiomass 31-33%Max 31$MWhEmission factor800 KgCO2-e/MWh7,490 MWh5,992 tCO2-e/MWhyear7,490 MWh~60,2 tCO2/yearCommunity Uncertainty Security
Engineering a sustainable futureWhat does sustainability mean for you?What doessustainabilitymean foryou inpractice?
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Principles of SustainableInfrastructure- 1Redesign of (existing or renewal of)infrastructure in light of global climatechange – specifically looking at how wedesign future infrastructure to be either”carbon neutral” or with a significantlyreduced carbon footprint and how shouldour infrastructure be designed to takeaccount of future climatic predictions?
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Principles of SustainableInfrastructure - 2Economic, social andenvironmental modelling ofland use and transportation –the modelling could be used forassessment of policies onemissions, energy use andinfrastructure costs e.g. life-cycle analysis, ecological footprinting, CBA.
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Principles of SustainableInfrastructure - 3Sustainable material selection– looking at the quality,durability, adaptability,suitability, resource efficiencyand energy conservation(both embedded andoperational) of projectmaterials.PB
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Principles of SustainableInfrastructure – 4The protection of existinginfrastructure fromenvironmental degradation, e.g.the preservation, renewal andlongevity extension of materialsand the relevance andapplicability of systems.
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Principles of SustainableInfrastructure - 5Moving to Zero Wasteenvironments i.e. cradleto cradle designsolutions, recycling andreuse.
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Principles of SustainableInfrastructure - 6The proper economicevaluation of socialinfrastructure elements insociety – includingenvironmental, andphysical and mental healthbenefits.
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Principles of SustainableInfrastructure - 7The remediation of damagedenvironments – specificallyfocusing on damaged soil andwater supplies, and therestitution of food productionand capacity for consumptionpurposes.
Engineering a sustainable futurePB Principles of SustainableInfrastructure - 8Revitalisation andrestitution of ecology – therevitalisation of ourecological systems, andrestitution of ecologicalbiodiversity.
Engineering a sustainable futureWhat does sustainability mean for you?discuss thestatementsand thequalities ofeach
Engineering a sustainable futureSustainability and YouLuisa NenciSustainability PrincipalRegional DirectorateNSW/ACTTel 9272 5416Email LNenci@pb.com.au