PRE-RETROACTIVE PAY RAISES: How New York City teachers’ salaries have grown since their union contract expired in 2009


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Civil servants in New York—virtually all of whom belong to labor unions—generally are paid according to salary schedules providing for periodic pay raises based on job title and longevity. These salary schedule are incorporated in the city’s collective bargaining agreements.

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PRE-RETROACTIVE PAY RAISES: How New York City teachers’ salaries have grown since their union contract expired in 2009

  1. 1. PublishedbytheManhattanInstitute IssueBriefIssueBrief EXECUTIVE SUMMARY M ayor Bill de Blasio said the city’s current round of collective bargaining “may be the hardest assignment that anyone in the history of labor relations in this city has taken on.” The new mayor will have to reach contract agreement with 152 different unions representing nearly 300,000 municipal employees (see Appendix for a breakdown of unions and average salaries). The budgetary stakes will be highest for the largest of those unions, the 116,000-member United Federation of Teachers (UFT). While the city’s contracts with its other major unions expired in 2010 and 2011, the UFT agreement expired in October 2009, and the last base salary increase for teachers took effect in May 2008. In a union catchphrase widely echoed by the news media, UFT mem- bers—including more than 80,000 teachers—have been “working without a contract” longer than any other city employees. A contract giving teachers the same 4 percent annual raises granted to other unions in the 2008-10 round of collective bargaining would add $3.5 billion to the 2014 budget, the Citizens Budget Commission estimated.1 Billions more would flow from giving UFT and other unions addi- tional “retro” pay for subsequent years, broadening the expense base for additional raises going forward. Going forward, each additional percentage point increase for all city workers would cost about $300 No.26January2014 PRE-RETROACTIVE PAY RAISES How New York City teachers’ salaries have grown since their union contract expired in 2009 E.J. McMahon, Senior Fellow M I M A N H A T T A N I N S T I T U T E F O R P O L I C Y R E S E A R C H
  2. 2. IssueBriefNo.26 January 2014 2 city unions to hold compensation costs at a level the city can afford. But in all cases, the city should insist on contractual provisions suspending further pay increases after the next collective bargaining agree- ments expire. This will give unions greater incentive to come to the table and avoid working without a contract in the future. CLIMBING THE TEACHER PAY LADDER Civil servants in New York—virtually all of whom be- long to labor unions—generally are paid according to salary schedules providing for periodic pay raises based on job title and longevity.These salary schedule are in- corporatedinthecity’scollectivebargainingagreements. Police, firefighters, sanitation workers and correction officers have steeply graduated pay scales, entitling them to base pay hikes of up to 100 percent during the first six years of working. Uniformed employees can further supplement their salaries by earning night shift differentials, holiday pay, “longevity increments” for hitting additional experience levels, and overtime. Most non-uniformed employees, including clerical workers, also have relatively truncated salary schedules that allow them to reach the top base pay for their titles within a few years of hiring. By comparison with other city employees, teachers have a more extensive salary schedule, which starts with eight experienced-based salary “steps” followed by periodic longevity increments. As shown in Table 1, teachers receive nine annual pay increases during their first 10 years on the job (including an added longevity increment in year five), and a total of 14 pay hikes during their first 22 years. For each basic pay level, there also are six columns or “lanes” of progres- sively higher salaries linked to educational attainment, ranging from bachelor’s degree to master’s degree. The impact of steps, lanes and longevity increments on teacher pay in the absence of a base pay raise is il- lustrated in Figure 1. A new contract could revise the salary schedule by increasing or decreasing the number million a year, according to an estimate issued by the Office of Management and Budget before Mayor Bloomberg left office. But for teachers, in particular, working without a contract doesn’t amount to working without any pay raises. Thanks to the Triborough Amendment, a state law requiring all contract provisions to remain in effect until a new agreement is reached, a sizable majority of teachers received salary increases during the first four years after the last UFT contract expired.2 This paper draws on five years of actual city payrolls to calculate the fiscal impact of Triborough-driven pay hikes for teachers continuously employed by the city from 2009 to 2013, as well as teachers hired since 2009 but continuously employed since then. Key findings: • Salary increases during the period totaled $1.2 billion, adding $469 million to city operating costs for 2013 alone. • For the 57,983 teachers who had not already risen to the top of the pay scale by 2009, average salaries rose over the next four years by an aver- age of $8,086—or nearly 12 percent.The average annual raise of 2.8 percent outpaced the local inflation rate, which averaged 2 percent during the same period. • Including pension contributions and payroll taxes, total compensation for teachers continuously employed during this period increased by $932 million a year, with a cumulative four-year increase of $2.1 billion. For most current teachers, a retroactive increase won’t end a pay raise drought. Rather, it will compound the value of step and longevity increases already paid by the city. In the coming months, Mayor de Blasio will need to bargain complex trade-offs with the UFT and other
  3. 3. Pre-Retroactive Pay Raises 3 General Descriptive Designation BaseBA+30creditsBA+60creditsApprovedMAor BA+30creditsw/36 creditsinareaof specialization BA+60creditsincluding approvedMAor36 creditsinareaof specialization Workexperiencefor tradelicenseorBA+60for otherstipulatedlicenses (seeagreement) Bachelors,Masters and30additional credits 1A45,53047,12450,07151,42554,37253,01957,320 1B45,53047,12450,07151,42554,37253,01957,320 2A48,43450,02852,97554,32957,27655,92360,224 2B48,43450,02852,97554,32957,27655,92360,224 3A48,83650,43053,37754,73157,67856,32560,626 3B48,83650,43053,37754,73157,67856,32560,626 4A49,54351,13754,08455,43858,38557,03261,333 4B49,54351,13754,08455,43858,38557,03261,333 5A50,15351,74754,69456,04858,99557,64261,943 5B50,15351,74754,69456,04858,99557,64261,943 6A50,81252,40655,35356,70759,65458,30162,602 6B51,74453,33856,28557,63960,58659,23363,534 7A53,12854,72257,66959,02361,97060,61764,918 7B56,37057,96460,91162,26565,21263,85968,160 8A59,40460,99863,94565,29968,24666,89371,194 8B63,00664,60067,54768,90171,84870,49574,796 5YRLONG64,00665,60068,54769,90172,84871,49575,796 10YRLONG67,09568,68971,63672,99075,93774,58478,885 13YRLONG69,19770,79173,73875,09278,03976,68680,987 15YRLONG73,63675,23078,17779,53182,47881,12585,426 18YRLONG74,80076,39479,34180,69583,64282,28986,590 20YRLONG83,41285,00687,95389,30792,25490,90195,202 22YRLONG88,25989,85392,80094,15497,10195,748100,049 OCCASIONALPERDIEMRATE:$154.97 NOTE:Ifyouareeligibleforthe5yearslongevity,pleaseadd$1000toyourannualsalary Example:JaneSmithhadcompleted5yearsoffull-timeworktheDOE.Sheiscurrentlyonstep6awiththeMastersDifferential.Herannualsalaryof$56,707.Hernewsalarycodeis 6Vandhernewannualsalaryis$57.707. Source:NewYorkCityDepartmentofEducation TABLE1.NEWYORKCITYTEACHERSALARYSCHEDULE EffectiveMay19,2008
  4. 4. IssueBriefNo.26 January 2014 4 of steps, lanes and longevity increments, or by distrib- uting a larger share of any overall increase to teachers based on seniority. In general, however, the expecta- tion of union members is that an average base salary increase—of, say, 1.25 percent, the amount budgeted in former Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s $2 billion col- lective bargaining reserve for the next three years—will be applied equally to every box on the schedule. In the meantime, however, the state’s Triborough Amendment required the city to continue paying all increases required under the salary schedule even though the contract expired. The result has been a salary increase, usually repeated salary increases, for a sizable majority of teachers.The following details are based on salary data supplied an- nually by the city and posted at www.SeeThroughNY. net, an independent government transparency website maintained by the Empire Center for Public Policy. There were 88,822 classroom teachers3 on the Depart- ment of Education payroll for all or part of the fiscal year ending June 30, 2009, according to city records. By fiscal 2013, the total had dipped to 84,631. Out of that total, 62,628 teachers were on the payroll continuously from 2009 to 2013, including 4,645 who already were earning the top base salary of $100,049 when the period began. The remaining 57,983 continuously employed teachers received base pay increases averaging 11.6 percent from fiscal 2009 to 2013.This equated to an annual pay bump averaging 2.8 percent a year during a period when the consumer price index in the New York metro area was rising by about 1 percent a year. The average base salary for this group, including teachers who attained the top step before the end of the period, rose from $69,590 to $77,676. Their total salary increases over the four-year period came to $1.1 billion, adding $469 million to operating costs in 2013. Total teacher salaries paid by the city between 2009 and 2013 actually dropped slightly, reflecting both staff cuts due to attrition and the replacement of more senior, highly paid teachers with less experienced, lower-paid newcomers. However, these new teachers also received pay increases. For those hired since 2009 and continuously employed through 2013, raises totaled $58 million, or $34 million in 2013 alone. While it has a significant impact on the budget, this aspect of the teacher’s contract is not well understood by the public—or the news media. For example, a 6.4% 0.8% 1.4% 1.2% 3.3% 4.5% 11.6% 6.0% 4.8% 3.1% 6.4% 1.6% 11.5% 5.8% 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Figure 1. Annual Percentage Change in Teacher Salaries Assuming No Base Salary IncreaseFIGURE 1. ANNUAL PERCENTAGE CHANGE IN TEACHER SALARIES ASSUMING NO BASE SALARY INCREASE Source: City of New York, Mayor’s Office
  5. 5. Pre-Retroactive Pay Raises 5 May 2013 Daily News article on the status of munici- pal collective bargaining agreements began this way: The president of the city teachers union, Michael Mulgrew, has two words for the next mayor: Pay up. The … members of his union have not had a raise in 4 1/2 years, he says, since the last teachers contract expired in 2009. A teacher earning $54,000 in 2009 might now be pulling down an additional $7,000 annually if the city had signed a new labor pact.4 In fact, teachers earning around $54,000 did receive a pay increase of about $7,000 during the four years following their last official raise. Specifically, as of 2008-09, there were 2,620 teachers with salaries be- tween $54,000 and $55,000, averaging of $54,552, according to payroll records. As of 2013, for continu- ously employed teachers in this group, average pay had increased to $61,567—up $7,015, or about 13 percent, over the 2009 average of $54,552. FULLY LOADED COMPENSATION COSTS Salaries also drive the cost of two additional ele- ments of compensation costs: the employer share of federal Social Security and Medicare payroll tax, which comes to 7.65 percent of salaries, and required contributions to the New York City Teach- ers’ Retirement System, which increased from 30.8 percent of teacher salaries in 2009 to 36.5 percent of salaries in 2013. Figure 2 illustrates average total salaries, payroll taxes and pension contributions for all teachers continu- ously employed between 2009 and 2013. As shown, this measure of compensation rose from $99,434 to $114,324 per teacher, excluding employer-paid health insurance premiums. Paraprofessionals—teaching assistants working mainly in special education and early childhood edu- cation—comprise the second largest group of UFT members.They receive lower pay and are covered by a different salary scale with fewer step increments than are available to teachers. However, most paraprofes- sionals have also received pay hikes since the last UFT contract expired. The 17,893 paraprofessionals continuously employed by the city from 2009 to 2013 saw their average pay increase by 12.7 percent, from $27,056 to $30,454 as a result of Triborough-required step increases. Those raises added $61 million to the city budget as of 2013. 71,849 73,874 75,730 77,535 79,334 27,584 28,999 29,356 31,808 34,990 99,434 102,873 105,086 109,343 114,324 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 city fiscal year Base Salary Fringe FIGURE 2. TOTAL AVERAGE SALARY + FRINGE COST* TEACHERS CONTINUOUSLY EMPLOYED BY NYC, 2009-13 * Federal payroll tax (FICA) plus pension contribution.
  6. 6. IssueBriefNo.26 January 2014 6 MODIFYING CONTRACT LANGUAGE The promise of regularly scheduled pay increases based on experience, especially early in an employee’s career, is intended to serve as a recruitment and retention tool. But preserving automatic pay hikes even after the expiration of a contract also provides significant added negotiating leverage for unions— particularly the UFT, since the teacher salary schedule calls for frequent annual raises for the majority of the union’s members. The challenge this poses to management is not lim- ited to New York City. Municipal and school officials throughout New York state opposed enactment of the Triborough Amendment of 1983 and have been calling for its repeal or modification ever since. Even assuming that Gov. Andrew Cuomo and the legislature remain unwilling to change the law, New York City is no t without options. Whatever other concessions are traded in municipal collective bargaining talks, De Blasio can bolster the city’s position in future negotiations by insisting on pro- visions suspending salary schedules once contracts expire. This will give the UFT and other unions a stronger incentive not to spend years “working without a contract.” ENDNOTES 1 Citizens Budget Commission, 7 Things New Yorkers Should Know About Municipal Labor Contracts in New York City, May 2013. 2 The provision known as the Triborough amendment is N.Y.S. Civil Service Law, Section 209-a(1)e. For more on the law and its impact, see Empire Center, Triborough Trouble: How an obscure state law guarantees pay hikes for government employees, January 2012, at 3 The count consists of Department of Education employees in the “pedagogical” category who had “teacher” titles, including regular substitutes, in general, special and adult education. Calculations for teachers continuously employed during the periods in question are based on the “agency hire date” for each named employee, as provided by the city Office of Payroll Administration. 4 “UFT, PBA bosses say billions owed in back pay for union members,” Daily News, May 28, 2013, 1.1357100#ixzz2qlmnjjCX
  7. 7. Pre-Retroactive Pay Raises 7 UnionDescriptionHeadcountAverage Compensation* Costofa1% SalaryIncrease AlliedBuildingInspectors(ABI)L211-BuildingandConstructionInspectors620$87,691$543,682 AssistantDeputyWardens/DeputyWardensAssociation(ADWA)Assistantdeputywardensanddeputywardensat DepartmentofCorrectionfacilities 131$224,501$294,097 CorrectionCaptainsAssociation(CCA)Captains736$188,198$1,385,138 CaptainsEndowmentAssociation(CEA)NYPDCaptains758$279,245$2,116,678 CorrectionOfficersBenevolentAssociation(COBA)CorrectionOfficers7,631$138,576$10,574,732 Principals5,930$170,950$10,137,308 CouncilofSchoolSupervisors&Administrators(CSA)DOET-BankHourlyProfessionals107$98,116$104,995 CSATotal:6,037$169,659$10,242,303 L1181-Assoc.TrafficEnforcement443$68,771$304,657 L1182-TrafficEnforcementAgent2,301$52,050$1,197,660 CommunicationsWorkersofAmerica(CWA)L1180-PrincipalAdmin.Assoc.5,94882,4194,901,891 Local1183-BoardOfElections704$49,022$345,049 DOEDistrictBusinessManagers141$97,364$137,284 CWATotal:9,536$72,213$6,886,539 Chaplains36$74,003$26,665 “L371SocialServiceEmployeesUnion(SSEU) SocialServiceTitles”15,417$72,890$11,237,723 L375CivilServiceTechnicalGuild(CSTG)Engineers5,015$99,964$5,013,212 RadioAndTelevisionTitles87$75,605$65,920 JobTrainingParticipants946$29,265$276,818 SchoolCrossingGuards1,177$35,074$412,752 L420-HospitalTechnicians50$55,726$27,863 HighwayRepairers541$125,003$676,265 InstitutionalServiceTitles91$50,980$46,484 ClericalTitles15,440$55,735$8,605,250 AccountingAndEDPTitles4,788$97,958$4,689,937 HealthServiceTitles2,483$73,977$1,837,222 SupervisoryMaint.Titles706$98,433$694,603 Non-SupervisoryMaint.Titles3,733$57,378$2,142,011 APPENDIX:NYCCOLLECTIVEBARGAININGUNITS—HEADCOUNT,COMPENSATIONAND SALARYINCREASEESTIMATESASOF12/31/2012
  8. 8. IssueBriefNo.26 January 2014 8 RealEstateTitles275$92,541$254,489 MotorVehicleOperations661$63,653$420,459 L2507/L3621-EMS3,639$72,102$2,623,798 SludgeBoatTitles59$100,587$59,346 DistrictCouncil37(DC37)L924-Laborers593$112,011$663,905 RadioRepairMechanics110$129,122$142,034 L1795-HighPressurePlantTenders99$98,569$97,546 PressOperator(CylinderPress)22$112,613$24,716 FurnitureMaintainers2$76,214$1,524 L1320-SewageTreatmentWorkers861$113,332$975,786 Locksmiths31$77,737$24,098 Compositors(Job)3$156,097$4,683 ClockRepairers0$101 LibraryCustodians193$43,965$84,914 LibrarianTitles1,199$73,311$879,276 Culturals1,113$49,514$551,119 SeasonalTitles379$46,840$177,397 DOESchoolLunchEmployees4,632$37,983$1,759,503 DOEFilmInsp.Assistants1$39,410$226 DOEGeneralServiceEmployees2$55,146$1,103 DOESchoolAides5,242$36,938$1,936,464 DOEParaprofessional-FamilyWorkers1,142$42,844$489,394 DOENeighborhoodWorkers2,497$58,472$1,459,764 DC37Total:73,265$66,040$48,384,370 Glaziers1195,46810,501 DistrictCouncil9(DC9)L1969-Painters7598,55873,918 DC9Total:86$98,163$84,420 DetectivesEndowmentAssociation(DEA)NYPDDetectives4,879$230,829$11,262,139 DoctorsCouncilSEIU(Clinicians)Doctors156223,415349,626 EMSSuperiorOfficersAssiciation(EMS-SOA)EMSChiefs31$146,724$45,485 FireAlarmDispatchersBenevolentAssociation(FADBA)FireAlarmDispatch.Benev.Assoc.184$85,453$157,234 InternationalAllianceofTheatricalStageEmployeesandMoving PictureTechnicians(IATSE),Local306 L306-AudiovisualAideTechnicians4171,65529,567 L3-ElectricalInspectors68$92,971$63,220
  9. 9. Pre-Retroactive Pay Raises 9 L3-SeniorStation.Engineer(Elec.)49$168,050$82,344 L3-Station.Engineers(Electric)163$144,545$235,608 InternationalBrotherhoodofElectricalWorkers(IBEW)L3-Electricians549127,582700,696 CommunicationElectricians39$134,645$52,512 L3-SupervisorOfMechanics47152,89971,863 IBEWTotal:915$131,799$1,206,243 InternationalBrotherhoodofTeamsters(IBT)DOESchoolLunchManagers441$69,684$307,306 CivilServiceBarAssociation(CBSA)-Attorneys823112,505925,454 SpecialOfficers7,36755,5654,093,616 InstitutionalTitles2265,71514,457 InstitutionalTitles170$56,729$96,440 PublicInfo.AndHealthEducation15081,568122,253 ElevatorMechanics46$107,383$49,396 “InternationalBrotherhoodofTeamsters,Local237 (IBTL237)” Plasterers22105,85923,305 MaintenanceWorkers24381,774198,679 Horseshoers3$88,907$2,667 IBT-CementMasons38112,33042,787 IBT-Bricklayers25128,98232,246 IBT-Roofers19100,28919,055 MasonsHelpers2$94,197$2,088 DOESchoolGuards67$50,675$33,968 IBTL237Total:8,997$62,870$5,656,412 L30-SeniorStationaryEngineers50177,83188,915 L15-Welders25$160,401$40,100 L30-StationaryEngineers219155,117340,023 InternationalUnionofOperatingEngineers(IUOE)L15,30-Oilers195146,187285,039 L14,L15-RollerEngineers55$160,297$87,885 L14-CraneOperators6$170,699$10,242 DOET-BankCustodians844$144,547$1,219,976 IUOETotal:1,394$148,649$2,072,182 IUOE/ServiceEmployeesInternationalUnion(SEIU)L15,30,246-TractorOperators41$153,693$62,785 D1199-PharmacistsAndDietitians27$107,798$28,598 1199SEIUL144-Microbiologists&HospitalTechnicians150$75,720$113,593 L1199SEIUTotal:177$80,540$142,191
  10. 10. IssueBriefNo.26 January 2014 10 IronworkersLocal40BridgeRepairerAndRiveters40$129,639$51,856 LieutenantsBenevolentAssociation(LBA)NYPDlieutenants1,721$253,417$4,361,308 LawEnforcementEmployeesBenevolentAssociation(LEEBA)EnvironmentalPoliceOfficers183$79,953$146,314 L5-Boilermakers11$155,262$17,079 BoilermakersLocalLodgeNo.5L5-Blacksmiths22$139,454$31,364 L5-MetalWorkMechanics40$128,618$51,447 LOCAL5Total:73$135,922$99,890 MarineEngineersBeneficialAssociation(MEBA)LicensedFerryBoatTitles142$94,191$133,552 NewYorkCityDetectivesInvestigators’Association(NYCDIA)DetectiveInvestigators264$94,260$248,388 NewYorkCityDeputySheriffs’AssociationNYCDeputySheriff’sAssociation105$122,432$128,554 NewYorkStateNursesAssociation(NYSNA)StaffNurse91107,72298,079 StaffAnalysts3,134106,0833,324,827 OrganizationofStaffAnalysts(OSA)Administrators-SchoolSafety&Traffic55$97,318$53,525 OSATotal:3,189$105,932$3,378,351 OtherDOEUniqueTitles55$90,288$49,659 Patrolmen’sBenevolentAssociation(PBA)NYPDPoliceOfficers22,579$155,445$35,097,994 L1-PipeCaulkers1$127,923$1,279 PlumbersLocal1ofNewYorkCityL1-Plumbers310120,899374,621 PLUMBERSTotal:311$120,921$375,900 PaversandRoadBuildersDistrictCouncil,Laborers’International UnionofNorthAmerica(LIUNA) Inspectors(HighwaysAndSewers)215$75,296$162,026 ProfessionalStaffCongress-CityUniversityofNewYork(PSC-CUNY)RepresentseducationalworkersatCUNY4,104109,2224,482,525 SergeantsBenevolentAssociation(SBA)NYPDSergeants4,597$211,817$9,737,232 L246-SignPainters11$91,721$10,089 L246-CarriageUpholsterers1$95,961$960 L246-AutoMechanics1,086113,9481,237,119 L246-AutomotiveServiceWorkers108$62,961$68,312 ServiceEmployeesInternationalUnion(SEIU)L300-Buyers68779,069543,436 L806-BridgePainters32$126,160$40,371 L246-RubberTireRepairers20$80,455$16,251 L246-SheetMetalWorkers33$136,208$44,482 L621-SupervisorOfMechanics(M.E.)192159,271305,053 SEIUTotal:2,170$104,434$2,266,072 SanitationOfficersAssociation,SEIULocal444SanitationOfficers1,004$181,972$1,826,995
  11. 11. Pre-Retroactive Pay Raises 11 SteamfittersLocalNo.638L638-Steamfitters102127,068129,609 RiggersNYDistrictCouncil6$114,581$6,875 Caulkers,ShipCarpenters8$113,656$9,092 UnitedBrotherhoodofCarpentersandJoinersofAmerica(UBCJ)DockbuildersNYDistrictCouncil7$134,849$9,439 CarpentersNYDistrictCouncil278113,940316,854 UBCJTotal:299$114,434$342,261 UnitedCollegeEmployeesofFashionInstituteofTechnology/SUNY (UCE-FIT) Representsfaculty,non-classroomfaculty,andstaff atFIT. 95894,452904,863 UniformedFirefightersAssociation(UFA)Firefighters7,664$197,272$15,118,959 Fireboat33$250,972$82,821 Wipers10$229,029$22,903 UFATotal:7,707$197,544$15,224,683 UniformedFireOfficersAssociation(UFOA)FireOfficers2,350$248,686$5,844,123 HearingOfficers(PerSession)110$108,887$119,642 StaffNurse2,385$84,245$2,008,973 Teachers80,800$107,060$86,504,819 DOEParaprofessional-Classroom20,386$43,893$8,948,220 Non-Pedagogical-10/12Months27$79,445$21,744 UnitedFederationofTeachers(UFT)DOET-BankPerDiem4,856$40,985$1,990,111 DOET-BankHourlyProfessionals5,119$69,892$3,577,791 DOESupervisorOfSchoolSafety113$87,980$99,417 MentalHealthWorkers2,616$118,375$3,096,697 EducationAnalyst194$100,864$195,321 UFTTotal:116,606$91,387$106,562,736 UnitedMarineDivision(UMD),InternationalLongshoremen’s Association MarineTitles,L333UMD271$76,311$206,477 UnitedProbationOfficersAssociation(UPOA)ProbationOfficersUnitedAssoc.665$85,984$571,797 UniformedSanitationmen’sAssociation(USA)SanitationWorkers6,164$116,095$7,156,099 UniformedSanitationChiefsAssociation(USCA)SanitationChiefs75$221,961$166,471 GrandTotal292,096$103,239$301,556,939 NOTES: *Calculationincludesthecostofsalary,“spins”(overtime,holidaypay,night-shiftdifferential),FICAandpensioninCityfunds. —IncludesDOE,CUNYJuniorColleges,Libraries,CulturalsandFIT. —ExcludesHHC&NYCHA,asthosesalariesarenotfundedthroughCityTaxLevydollars. —Excludesfundingfromothersources(federal,state,etc.) —Excludesbargainingunitsassociatedwithnon-unionizedtitles. Source:OfficeoftheMayor