• Pre-Raphaelites-a group of 19th-century English painters, poets, and critics who reacted against Victorian materialism and the neoclassical conventions of academic art by producing earnest, quasi-religious works. The group was inspired by medieval and early Renaissance painters up to the time of the Italian painter Raphael.
HistoryThe Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was established in 1848.
The Brotherhoods early doctrineswere expressed in four declarations• to have genuine ideas to express• to study Nature attentively, so as to know how to express them• to sympathize with what is direct and serious and heartfelt in previous art, to the exclusion of what is conventional and self-parodying and learned by rote• most indispensable of all, to produce thoroughly good pictures and statues
The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood• James Collinson (painter)• William Holman Hunt (painter)• John Everett Millais (painter)• Dante Gabriel Rossetti (painter, poet)• William Michael Rossetti (critic)• Frederic George Stephens (critic)• Thomas Woolner (sculptor, poet)
THE FOUR STEPS IN ART CRITICISMDescribe - what things are in the painting? Think of things likeclothing, environment, etc.Analyze - how are the elements of art (line, shape, form,texture, space, color and value) are used? How are theprinciples of unity pattern, rhythm, variety, balance, emphasisand proportion used?Interpret - what is the artist trying to say to you? What isgoing on in the picture or artwork?Judgement- What do I think about this artwork? Do I like it?Why or why not?
DESCRIBING ANALYZING INTERPRETING JUDGINGSubjects: Elements: Content:•People •Colors •The artist’s statement•Animals •Value •Meaning of the work•Objects •Shapes •How do you relate to•Scenes or events •Forms the painting? •Lines •Why did the artistInformation: •Texture create the artwork?(credit line) •Space•Title•Artist Principles:•Year it was created •Unity pattern•Size •Rhythm•Location •Balance •Variety •Emphasis •Proportion