Codes and Conventions of a
Canted angles to create confusion and disorientation.
Long tracking shots to create tension.
POV shots to show what the protagonist or antagonist sees.
Depth of field to focus on protagonist, blurring the
background and making the audience panic when there is
movement they cannot see clearly.
• Extreme close-ups of protagonist’s face to show their fear.
• Quiet scenes with sudden sounds to create tension; for
example rustling of trees, loud bangs, non-diegetic
• Slow editing can create suspense and an unsettling feeling;
the audience senses because nothing has been a fast pace
for a while then something bad is going to happen.
• Colours such as black and red to connote death,
evil, danger and blood.
• Props such as weapons show there is violence,
danger and characters will need to fight off evil.
• Props such as a Bible, suggesting religious themes.
• The main protagonist, the hero/victim of the film.
• The antagonist, a villain – tends to be a monster,
demons, ghosts, zombies, mutated freak or serial
• The careless teenagers who often get killed first.
• Creepy children.
• Authority figures, such as police.
Good vs Evil
Living dead – zombies/vampires
Scientific experiments gone wrong