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Gay rights.pptx

  3. LGBTQ COMMUNITY • These riots marked the beginning of a larger fight for equal rights and acceptance of the LGBTQ+ community. • Before the 1960s, homosexuality was considered deviant and criminal behavior in the United States. • Many states had laws that criminalized homosexual activity, and there were few organizations that advocated for the rights of LGBTQ+ individuals. 3
  4. 4 SODOMY LAWS ARE AIMED AT GAY PEOPLE IN THE 70'S • Sodomy laws began to be used in a new way, distinctly against gay people, in the late 1960’s. • As the young gay rights movement began to make headway, and the social condemnation of being gay began to weaken, social conservatives began to invoke sodomy laws as a justification for
  5. STONEWALL RIOT The Stonewall Riots, also called the Stonewall Uprising, began in the early hours of June 28, 1969, when New York City police raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay club located in Greenwich Village in New York City. The raid sparked a riot among bar patrons and neighborhood residents as police roughly hauled employees and patrons out of the bar, leading to six days of protests and violent clashes with law enforcement outside the bar on Christopher Street, in neighboring streets and in nearby Christopher Park. The Stonewall Riots served as a catalyst for the gay rights movement in the United States and around the world.
  6. STONEWALL RIOT In 1966, three years before Stonewall, members of The Mattachine Society, an organization dedicated to gay rights, staged a “sip-in” where they openly declared their sexuality at taverns, daring staff to turn them away and suing establishments who did. When The Commission on Human Rights ruled that gay individuals had the right to be served in bars, police raids were temporarily reduced.
  7. 7 TURNING POINT • The Stonewall Riots were a turning point in the gay rights movement and galvanized activists to take further action. In the years following the Stonewall Riots, the gay rights movement gained momentum. Organizations such as the Gay Liberation Front and the Gay Activists Alliance formed and began to advocate for
  8. OUTCOME • They successfully lobbied for the repeal of anti-sodomy laws, the passage of anti- discrimination laws, and the recognition of same-sex marriages. Today, the LGBTQ+ community has achieved significant progress in terms of rights and acceptance. However, this progress has not been without resistance and there is still much work to be done to ensure equal rights for all. The Stonewall Riots of 1969 remain an important milestone in the fight for LGBTQ+ rights and an inspiration for future 8
  9. 9 AIDS • AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, a condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). • HIV is a retrovirus that attacks and destroys the body’s immune system, making it vulnerable to a variety of diseases and infections. • HIV is primarily spread through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing of needles, or from a pregnant mother to her baby during childbirth.
  10. REAGAN’S STANCE ON AIDS On September 17, 1985, President Reagan finally mentioned AIDS publicly when responding to a reporter's question. He called it a "top priority" and defended his administration's response and research funding. On October 2, Congress allocated nearly $190 million for AIDS research—$70 million more than the administration's request.
  11. FIRST CASES OF AIDS THE FILM "PHILADELPHIA" WAS NOT A FICTIONAL MOVIE, AS TRI-STAR PICTURES SAYS, BUT THE TRUE STORY OF AN ATTORNEY WHO SUED THE WORLD'S LARGEST LAW FIRM FOR FIRING HIM BECAUSE HE HAD AIDS, A LAWYER ARGUED TODAY. • The first cases of AIDS were reported in the United States in 1981, although it is believed that HIV had been present in the US for several years before then. • In the decades since, the virus has spread around the world, with the majority of infections occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. • While AIDS is no longer an automatic death sentence, it remains a major cause of death and disability, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. 11
  12. AIDS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA • Despite the fact that sub-Saharan Africa contains only about 11 percent of the Earth’s population, the region is the world’s epicenter of HIV/AIDS. • The numbers are daunting. Adult HIV prevalence is 1.2 percent worldwide (0.6 percent in North America), but it is 9.0 percent in sub-Saharan Africa. • UNAIDS estimates that at the end of 2001, there were 40 million people living with HIV/AIDS, 28.5 million of them from sub- Saharan African. • Five million adults and children became newly infected with HIV in 2001, 3.5 million of them from sub-Saharan Africa. • Three million people died from AIDS- related causes in 2001, and 2.2 million of 12
  13. LEGALIZATION OF GAY MARRIAGE • • A Gallup poll released in June found support legalizing same-sex marriage was on the uptick, increasing 10 percentage points between 2015 and 2022 to reach a new high of 70 percent. 13
  16. 16 SILENT SPRING • Silent Spring is considered the book that started the global grassroots environmental movement. • Released in 1962, it focuses on the negative effects of chemical pesticides that were, at the time, a large part of US agriculture. Rachel Carson and her work began initiating a shift in global environmental consciousness.
  17. CROP DUSTING Aerial spraying and dusting permit prompt coverage of large areas at the moment when application of pesticide is most effective and avoid the need for wheeled vehicles that might damage crops. 17
  18. CROP SPRAYING HOMES: HOW CAN IT AFFECT YOU? OP SPRAYING NEAR HOMES: HOW CAN IT AFFECT YOU? • Even unsuspecting individuals can be at risk for pesticide exposure without being aware of it. This type of accidental exposure is known as pesticide drift. This occurs because pesticides aren’t only used in agricultural settings. These chemicals may also be used in business establishments, parks, homes, and even in public places. • This is especially a problem in rural areas in the United States where homes are usually near crop fields. Pesticide drift occurs when a pesticide that’s applied in a certain area moves beyond the site of application. Unfortunately, this type of exposure can also have detrimental effects on your health. 18
  19. PESTICIDE DRIFT EXPOSURE AND YOUR HEALTH Pesticides are chemicals used to prevent, kill, repel or control insects, plants, microorganisms or animals that are harmful or a nuisance. Insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and rodenticides are types of pesticides. Pesticides may be used on farms, homes, businesses, and public places. People can be exposed to pesticides through direct use of products or through contaminated air, water, soil and treated materials. 19
  20. IS THE ROUNDUP WEED KILLER (GLYPHOSATE) BAD FOR YOU? • Roundup is a highly debated topic these days. Some studies claim that the active ingredient, glyphosate, may be increasing the risk of many diseases. • On the other hand, Roundup has long been considered one of the safest herbicides available on the market. • However, Roundup contains more than just glyphosate. It also contains a lot of other ingredients, which help make it a potent weed killer. Some of these ingredients may even be kept secret by the manufacturer and called inerts. • Several studies have actually found that Roundup is significantly more toxic to human cells than just glyphosate. 20
  21. ROUNDUP AND AGENT ORANGE • The use of Agent Orange was an experimental form of chemical and biological warfare, designed to strip foliage and deny the enemy jungle cover - and to deprive enemy forces of their food supply (directly spraying rice-fields, for instance). • Experimental in this instance meaning no idea of the long-term effects of this deadly herbicide, which can release dioxin - one of the most potent toxins known to mankind. • And now, five decades later, with the cooperation of the US government, Monsanto is knocking on Vietnam's door with another potentially carcinogenic herbicide: Roundup. GMO seeds are considered dangerous not only because they are modified, but also because they are designed to work with the chemical herbicide Roundup, Monsanto's market-leading glyphosate brand. 21 What is the difference between glyphosate and Agent Orange?
  23. 23 STUDY: ROUNDUP WEED KILLER COULD BE LINKED TO WIDESPREAD BEE DEATHS • The build-up of glyphosate in crops is suspected as a leading cause of a spike in cases of autism, cancer, and long-term illnesses in America. • Not to mention a possible link with bee colony die-offs. The use of Roundup is highly controversial, and it has already been banned in a number of countries around the globe.
  24. Presentation title 24 JUDY TINDLE’S RECIPE FOR PET FRIENDLY WEED KILLER • 1 gallon White Vinegar • 2 cups borax powder • MIX WELL • Add 1/3 Blue Dawn Dish Detergent • STIR IN WELL • SPRAY ONLY WHAT NEEDS TO
  25. THE GREEN REVOLUTION • In the United States, the Green Revolution had a slightly different impact. • Instead of increasing yields, the focus was on improving the quality of crops. • This was done by introducing new varieties of crops, such as hybrid corn, that were better adapted to local growing conditions. • The result was a shift from small-scale farming to large-scale agriculture, and the development of an industrial agricultural system that has been the basis for the modern American food system. 25
  26. WOMEN’S LIB In the middle of the 20th century, an age-old quest for safe and effective oral contraception was realized. The woman who made that happen was Margaret Sanger (1879–1966), the founder of the American Birth Control League, the forerunner of Planned Parenthood Federation of America 26
  27. HTTPS://WWW.YOUTUBE.COM/WA TCH?V=5NDQXLX3PDA Margaret Sanger’s Brainchild In her 70s, and years after most people retire, Sanger achieved one of the greatest accomplishments of her career. As honorary president and chair of Planned Parenthood Federation of America, she drove the research and development of the century’s most revolutionary medical breakthrough — after penicillin — the pill. Sanger had won for most women in the U.S. the right to use contraception. Now she would develop a method that was nearly 100 percent effective. 27
  28. THE WOMEN’S LIBERATION MOVEMENT The women’s liberation movement of the 1960s was inspired by the civil rights movement of the 1950s. Women of color were particularly active in the movement, and they focused on intersectional issues such as racism and sexism. The movement was also influenced by Marxism, with activists demanding economic equality as well as social and political rights. 28
  29. END DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN The main goals of the women’s liberation movement were to end discrimination against women, secure equal rights and opportunities, and achieve economic equality. To this end, activists campaigned for changes in the law, such as the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and the Equal Rights Amendment of 1972. They also fought for access to birth control, abortion, and childcare. 29
  30. DID EPA WORK? Today Mar 14, 2023, is Equal Pay Day in 2023, a reminder of systemic inequality faced by women and especially those of color. In the U.S., women who work full-time, year-round, are paid an average of 83.7 percent as much as men, which amounts to a difference of $10,000 per year. 30
  31. NOW Activists also engaged in direct action tactics such as protests, sit-ins, and boycotts. They also used the media to raise awareness of their cause and to challenge stereotypes about women. Women’s liberation organizations such as the National Organization for Women (NOW) and the Women’s Strike for Peace were formed in the 1960s, and they continue to be active today. 31
  32. WHAT DID THE PILL DO FOR WOMEN? In the decade after the Pill was released, the oral contraceptive gave women highly effective control over their fertility. By 1960, the baby boom was taking its toll. Mothers who had four children by the time they were 25 still faced another 15 to 20 fertile years ahead of them. Growing families were hemmed into small houses, cramped by rising costs. "By the end of the fifties, the United States birthrate was overtaking India's," Betty Friedan would write in The Feminine Mystique in 1963. Both men and women were beginning to ask, "Is this all there is?" 32
  33. ABOUT THREE-IN-TEN MEN SAY WOMEN’S GAINS HAVE COME AT THE EXPENSE OF MEN • Despite the successes of the Women’s Liberation Movement, there is still work to be done. • Women are still underrepresented in many areas of society, such as politics and science, and gender- based discrimination is still a problem in many parts of the world. • Therefore, it is important to continue to fight for the rights of women and to continue to push for greater equality for all. 33
  34. SEXUAL HARASSMENT About three-quarters of Americans who say country has work to do on gender equality see sexual harassment as a major obstacle 34
  35. BETTY FRIEDAN • IN 1963, BETTY FRIEDAN (1921– 2006) published The Feminine Mystique, a founding text of modern feminism that is considered one of the most influential books of the twentieth century. 35
  36. THE FEMININE MYSTIQUE • The feminine mystique is the false notion that a woman’s “role” in society is to be a wife, mother and housewife - nothing else. • The mystique is an artificial idea of femininity that says having a career and/or fulfilling one’s individual potential somehow go against women's pre-ordained role. • The mystique is the constant barrage of homemaker-nurturer- mother images that esteem the virtue of keeping house and raising children as essential womanhood, while criticizing the “masculinity” of women who want to do other things, whether along with or instead of the mystique-approved duties. 36
  37. THE PROBLEM THAT HAS NO NAME By the 1950s the average marriage age for women in America dropped to 20.14 million girls were engaged by 17. Proportion of women attending college in comparison with men dropped from 47 percent in 1920 to 35 percent in 1958 A new degree was instituted for the wives- ”Ph.T” Putting Husband Through Women during world war. Some women in their 40s and 50s looked nostalgically at the careers they had given up while most of the young women had no careers whatsoever on their agendas. Their primary concern was to find a husband and have children. 37
  38. COMMERCIALS FROM THE 60’S Presentation title 38