This gold rush changed the state of California forever. From what started out as a simple inspection, had now turned into a full time occupation for some people. ◦ James Marshall arrived at Sutter’s Fort in 1845.While inspecting the site on January 24, 1848 Marshall found some ‘sparkling pebbles’ and thought they were just pieces of Quartz. He thought they might be gold, after undergoing some more tests, his theory proved true. Spring 1949- many people from all over the world were coming to California in hopes of making their fortunes finding gold as well.
Began in 1846 and lasted two years. ◦ This increased the United States by almost half of its previous landmass. Wilmot Proviso- Democratic Congressman David Wilmot introduced the Wilmot Proviso, which aimed to prohibit slavery in new territory acquired from Mexico. Wilmots proposal did not pass Congress, but it spurred further hostility between the factions. In 1847 the House of Representatives passed the Wilmot Proviso, stipulating that none of the territory acquired should be open to slavery. The Senate avoided the issue, and a late attempt to add it to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was defeated.
During the Gold Rush, most southerners brought their personal slaves with them to aid in the process of searching in the mines for gold. What first started as only being legal in Texas, soon (about 10 years later) became legalized in Utah and New Mexico. California didn’t follow suit even though most of the representatives and senators had joined their votes in supporting slavery.
Southern born politicians living in California owned their own slaves and it was okay because they came from states that legalized the rights of slave labor. This group of people tried to split California into allowing slavery in the lower half of the state. When congress didn’t approve, they focused their efforts into getting places like Cuba to accept slavery.