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Medical research

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This is a brief presentation about medical research, fields of investigation and bioethical principles.

Published in: Health & Medicine, Education
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Medical research

  1. 1. MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />Dr. Lucila De la Calle Andrade, M.D.<br />UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE CHIMBORAZO <br />RIOBAMBA-ECUADOR<br />
  2. 2. MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />“Biomedicalresearch (orexperimental medicine), in general simplyknown as medicalresearch, isthebasicresearch, appliedresearch, ortranslationalresearchconductedtoaid and supportthebody of knowledge in thefield of medicine”. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_research)<br />
  3. 3. CATEGORIES OF MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />Clinicaltrials: evaluation of new treatments<br />Preclinicalresearch: elaboration of knowledgeforthedevelopment of new therapeuticstrategies<br />Translationalresearch, iterativefeedbackloopsbetweenthebasic and clinicalresearch<br />
  4. 4. FIELDS OF MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />PublicHealth<br />Epidemiology<br />Preventive medicine          <br />Behavioralhealth<br />
  5. 5. FIELDS OF MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />Cancer<br />Aging<br />Endocrinology<br />Neuroendocrinology<br /> Diabetes<br />
  6. 6. FIELDS OF MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />Cellularbiology<br />Molecular biology<br />Pharmacology<br />Psychopharmacology<br />Neuroscience<br />Genetics<br />Virology<br />
  7. 7. FIELDS OF MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />BiomedicalInformatics<br />Biomedicaltechnology<br />Animal testing<br />Humanexperimentation<br />
  8. 8. BIOETHICAL PRINCIPLES<br />The World Medical Association has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles to provide guidance to physicians and other scientists that do medical research on humans.<br />Medical research involving human beingsincludes research on human material or identifiable information.<br />The physician's duty is to promote and safeguard the health of people. The Knowledge and the mind of a medical professional are dedicated to fulfilling that duty.<br />http://www.sld.cu/galerias/pdf/sitios/rehabilitacion-logo/declaracion_de_helsinky.pdf<br />
  9. 9. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE<br />“Qualitativeresearchmayseemunscientific and anecdotaltomanymedicalscientists. However, as thecritics of evidencebased medicine are quicktopointout, medicine itselfis more thantheapplication of scientificrules.Clinicalexperience, basedon personal observation, reflection, and judgment, isalsoneededtotranslatescientificresultsintotreatment of individual patients”.<br />http://www.bmj.com/content/316/7139/1230.full<br />
  10. 10. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH AND EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE<br />“Qualitativemethods can help bridge the gap betweenscientificevidence and clinicalpractice<br />Qualitativeresearchfindingsproviderigorousaccounts of treatmentregimens in everydaycontexts<br />This can helpusunderstandthebarrierstousingevidencebased medicine, and itslimitations in informingdecisionsabouttreatment<br />Recognisingthelimits of evidencebased medicine doesnotimply a rejection of researchevidencebutawarenessthatdifferentresearchquestionsrequiredifferentkinds of research<br />http://www.bmj.com/content/316/7139/1230.full<br />
  11. 11. PUBLICATION OF MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />Medicalresearchispublishedthroughscientific magazines, virtual meansormedicalupdatingevents.<br />
  12. 12. BIBLIOGRAPHY<br />http://www.fisterra.com/mbe/investiga/index.asp<br />http://www.sld.cu/galerias/pdf/sitios/rehabilitacion-logo/declaracion_de_helsinky.pdf<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_research<br />
  13. 13. MEDICAL RESEARCH<br />END OF PRESENTATION<br />THANK YOU<br />

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