Oral PresentationMethods of Research and Enquiry<br />The Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding: <br />Its Association with Intellectual and Motor Development Among New Zealand Primary School Children.<br />Lucy Lu<br />ID:0945994<br />Liverpool JMU. (2006)<br />
“Does exclusive breastfeeding provides intelligence and motor skills development<br />advantages to New Zealand primary school children in comparison to children who were<br />not exclusively breastfed?”<br /><ul><li>Existing evidences show: there are positive associations between exclusive breastfeeding and a range of health benefits
Psychological developments in children are important, since they can predict many important life outcomes (Weiss, 2006).
In New Zealand, only 14% infants born in 2007 were exclusively breastfed for six months
Gross Motor Quotient</li></li></ul><li>Method<br /><ul><li>Duration of exclusive breastfeeding obtained from both maternity records and mothers’ recalls.
Mothers do not know the real purpose of the study; this is to avoid bias.
Wechsley Intelligence Scale for Children -4th Ed. (Intelligence Quotient) (90min) (Pearson Education, 2011)
The Test of Gross Motor Development -2ed Ed. (Motor Development) (20min) (Pearson Education, 2011)
A code is allocated to each child for confidentiality.
Both WISC-IV and TGMD-2 are carried out by experienced professionals. i.e. psychologists and PE teachers</li></li></ul><li>Analysis<br /><ul><li> Inferential statistics allow researchers to know whether or not the pattern obtained from the 1067 children can be applied to all NZ primary school children (Davidson & Tolich, 2003)
Bi-variate analysis allow us to examine the relationship between two variables </li></ul>duration of exclusive breastfeeding VS IQ<br /> duration of exclusive breastfeeding VS Gross Motor Score<br /><ul><li> Categorised to <1month, 1-3 months, 3-6 months, 6+ months.
Means of IQ and Gross Motor Scores are calculated for each group in order to compare
Standard error are calculated base on 95% confidence interval.
Future Implications <br /><ul><li> WHO advised all mothers to exclusively breastfeed their babies until sixth month as this provide a range of health benefits to babies (World Health Organization, 2003) . </li></ul>Babycares-info. (2011, January 01).<br /><ul><li>NZCOM requires all midwives to promote exclusive breastfeeding and provide UP-TO-DATE factual information for women in care (NZCOM, 2010).
Therefore, findings from this study can be used to encourage women to exclusively breastfeed their babies as recommended by WHO. </li></ul>Babycares-info. (2011, January 01).<br />
References<br />Babycares-info. (2011, January 01). Cute baby pictures. Retrieved from http://babycares-info.blogspot.com/2011/01/baby-pictures.html<br />Davidson, C., & Tolich, M. (2003). Charting research design. In C.Davidson, & M. Tolich (Eds.), Social science research in New Zealand (pp. 102-120). New Zealand: Pearson Education New Zealand.<br />Happy Breastfed Babies. (2009, March 01). Happy breastfed babies. Retrieved from http://www.happybreastfedbabies.com/2009/03/about-happy-breastfed-babies.html<br />Liverpool JMU. (2006). Liverpool primary schools join in new activity initiative. Retrieved from: http://www.ljmu.ac.uk/NewsCentre/81654.html<br />Pearson Education (2011). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-fourth edition. Retrieved from: http://www.pearsonassessments.com<br />Peason Education (2011). Test of Gross Motor Development-second edition. Retrieved from http://www.pearsonassessments.com/HAIWEB/Cultures/en-us/Productdetail.htm?Pid=076-1618-201&Mode=summary<br /> Weiss, L.G. (2006). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children four advanced clinical interpretation. United States: Academic Press, Elsevier. <br />World Health Organization. (2003). Global strategy for infant and young child feeding. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/gs_infant_feeding_text_eng.pdf<br />NZCOM. (2008). Midwives handbook for practice. Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand College of Midwives Inc. <br />