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Oral PresentationMethods of Research and Enquiry<br />The Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding: <br />Its Association with ...
“Does exclusive breastfeeding provides intelligence and motor skills development<br />advantages to New Zealand primary sc...
Psychological developments in children are important, since they can predict many important life outcomes (Weiss, 2006).
In New Zealand, only 14% infants born in 2007 were exclusively breastfed for six months
Lack of study based in New Zealand
To give evidence supported information</li></li></ul><li>Design <br /><ul><li> Quantitative approach
Observational study with natural experimental design
Children with any psychological  or physical disorders are excluded
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2011 lucy lu_0945994_oral_presentation

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Oral Presentation for MORE 11 Feb 2011

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2011 lucy lu_0945994_oral_presentation

  1. 1. Oral PresentationMethods of Research and Enquiry<br />The Duration of Exclusive Breastfeeding: <br />Its Association with Intellectual and Motor Development Among New Zealand Primary School Children.<br />Lucy Lu<br />ID:0945994<br />Liverpool JMU. (2006)<br />
  2. 2. “Does exclusive breastfeeding provides intelligence and motor skills development<br />advantages to New Zealand primary school children in comparison to children who were<br />not exclusively breastfed?”<br /><ul><li>Existing evidences show: there are positive associations between exclusive breastfeeding and a range of health benefits
  3. 3. Psychological developments in children are important, since they can predict many important life outcomes (Weiss, 2006).
  4. 4. In New Zealand, only 14% infants born in 2007 were exclusively breastfed for six months
  5. 5. Lack of study based in New Zealand
  6. 6. To give evidence supported information</li></li></ul><li>Design <br /><ul><li> Quantitative approach
  7. 7. Observational study with natural experimental design
  8. 8. Children with any psychological or physical disorders are excluded
  9. 9. Forms are giving to parents to sign;
  10. 10. 1067 children are selected from children whose parents agreed to participate
  11. 11. Duration of exclusive breastfeeding
  12. 12. Intelligence
  13. 13. Motor skills development
  14. 14. Months
  15. 15. Intelligence Quotient
  16. 16. Gross Motor Quotient</li></li></ul><li>Method<br /><ul><li>Duration of exclusive breastfeeding obtained from both maternity records and mothers’ recalls.
  17. 17. Mothers do not know the real purpose of the study; this is to avoid bias.
  18. 18. Wechsley Intelligence Scale for Children -4th Ed. (Intelligence Quotient) (90min) (Pearson Education, 2011)
  19. 19. The Test of Gross Motor Development -2ed Ed. (Motor Development) (20min) (Pearson Education, 2011)
  20. 20. A code is allocated to each child for confidentiality.
  21. 21. Both WISC-IV and TGMD-2 are carried out by experienced professionals. i.e. psychologists and PE teachers</li></li></ul><li>Analysis<br /><ul><li> Inferential statistics allow researchers to know whether or not the pattern obtained from the 1067 children can be applied to all NZ primary school children (Davidson & Tolich, 2003)
  22. 22. Bi-variate analysis allow us to examine the relationship between two variables </li></ul>duration of exclusive breastfeeding VS IQ<br /> duration of exclusive breastfeeding VS Gross Motor Score<br /><ul><li> Categorised to <1month, 1-3 months, 3-6 months, 6+ months.
  23. 23. Means of IQ and Gross Motor Scores are calculated for each group in order to compare
  24. 24. Standard error are calculated base on 95% confidence interval.
  25. 25. Graph can be helpful</li></li></ul><li>
  26. 26. Future Implications <br /><ul><li> WHO advised all mothers to exclusively breastfeed their babies until sixth month as this provide a range of health benefits to babies (World Health Organization, 2003) . </li></ul>Babycares-info. (2011, January 01).<br /><ul><li>NZCOM requires all midwives to promote exclusive breastfeeding and provide UP-TO-DATE factual information for women in care (NZCOM, 2010).
  27. 27. Therefore, findings from this study can be used to encourage women to exclusively breastfeed their babies as recommended by WHO. </li></ul>Babycares-info. (2011, January 01).<br />
  28. 28. References<br />Babycares-info. (2011, January 01). Cute baby pictures. Retrieved from http://babycares-info.blogspot.com/2011/01/baby-pictures.html<br />Davidson, C., & Tolich, M. (2003). Charting research design. In C.Davidson, & M. Tolich (Eds.), Social science research in New Zealand (pp. 102-120). New Zealand: Pearson Education New Zealand.<br />Happy Breastfed Babies. (2009, March 01). Happy breastfed babies. Retrieved from http://www.happybreastfedbabies.com/2009/03/about-happy-breastfed-babies.html<br />Liverpool JMU. (2006). Liverpool primary schools join in new activity initiative. Retrieved from: http://www.ljmu.ac.uk/NewsCentre/81654.html<br />Pearson Education (2011). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-fourth edition. Retrieved from: http://www.pearsonassessments.com<br />Peason Education (2011). Test of Gross Motor Development-second edition. Retrieved from http://www.pearsonassessments.com/HAIWEB/Cultures/en-us/Productdetail.htm?Pid=076-1618-201&Mode=summary<br /> Weiss, L.G. (2006). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children four advanced clinical interpretation. United States: Academic Press, Elsevier. <br />World Health Organization. (2003). Global strategy for infant and young child feeding. Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/gs_infant_feeding_text_eng.pdf<br />NZCOM. (2008). Midwives handbook for practice. Christchurch, New Zealand: New Zealand College of Midwives Inc. <br />

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