My final power point 3 4 march 2014


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  • My final power point 3 4 march 2014

    1. 1. Physical Education Life-orientation BY: ZOLEKA RASI 201213067
    2. 2. What does Physical Activity do for the body? What does Physical Activity do for the body? • Helps Control Weight
    3. 3. Physical Activity Reduces • Body fat percentage • Blood pressure in some adolescents with hypertension • Feelings of depression • Moodiness •  
    4. 4. Physical Activity May Prevent or Delay  The development of high Blood pressure  
    5. 5. Physical Activity may also reduce Risk of dying prematurely. Risk of dying from heart disease. Risk of developing diabetes.  Risk of developing colon cancer.
    7. 7. Why is physical education important in Primary schools Shaping our future students into healthy active people.
    8. 8. Why PE is important • Physical education is important course within schools with many benefits for children. • Promoting fitness to get children's blood pumping and increasing oxygen levels which promote concentration.
    9. 9. Why PE is important • Physical education promotes healthy exercise and healthy living, promotes team building and working as a member in a team.
    10. 10. Why PE is important • Physical education gives children the opportunity to be active every single day. • It gives children early exposure to team sports, and promotes good physical fitness. • Children who participate in physical education get a workout, and they also learn the importance of exercise as a life long habit.
    11. 11. Why PE is important • Giving children helpful information to shape a brighter and safer future by Keeping children healthy and teaching them healthy habits in terms of keeping them away from drugs.
    12. 12. Why PE is important • Students improve their interpersonal skills by also increasing their own levels of motivation and pride in what they do. • Success through team work is another major component within PE.
    13. 13. Why is Physical Education Important? Brain research clearly suggests:  That sensory and motor experiences are imperative to reinforcing and strengthening brain connections. Physical Education improves academic performance.
    14. 14. • Americans become increasingly less active with each year of age. •Inactivity among children has now been linked to sedentary living among adults.
    15. 15. • Evidence now exists to show that inactive children and youth are likely to become inactive adults.
    16. 16. • Most chronic illnesses, such as heart diseases, are a result of cumulative unhealthy lifestyles. •What is done in childhood and youth affects health later in life.
    17. 17. STATUS OF THE NATION – A NEED FOR CHANGE • The percentage of young people who are overweight has more than doubled in the past 30 years. •Inactivity and poor diet cause at least 300,000 deaths a year in the U.S. •Fewer than 1 in 4 children get 20 minutes of vigorous activity every day of the week. •About 1 in 4 children did not play on any sports teams, either at school or through community programs.
    18. 18. Activity improves cognitive performance by increasing the number of brain capillaries. at This happens with regular aerobic gre g. a is a jo exercise. is or Th y f Regular exercise helps provide more da glucose and oxygen to the brain. Regular exercise also helps remove waste products like carbon dioxide. Aerobic activity 3-4 days per week optimizes brain performance!
    19. 19. Preschool through Elementary To Increase Brain Growth & Development Focus on developing basic motor skills needed for human movement. Examples are:  Walking  Running  Jumping  Changing speed of movement  Changing direction of movement  Maintaining balance while the body is in motion
    20. 20. In order to promote brain growth and development At about age 10, the brain begins prioritization. Before the age of 10 years… • Motor skills and pathways need to be continually developed and reinforced.  Only the most practiced skills are kept and preserved. Physical Activity will reinforce and strengthen connections through sensory and motor experiences.
    21. 21. After 10 years of age and Through middle and High School People continue to develop motor pathways in the brain. How do they do that?  Require the learner to develop new motor skills.  Challenge the learner beyond the basic motor skills they should already possess.  Variety is the key!
    22. 22. A promising way to help people include more physical activity in their daily lives is……. Quality, Daily Physical Education Well-designed programs in schools to increase physical activity in physical education classes have been shown to be effective.
    23. 23. How much activity is needed for adolescents? Surgeon General suggests  Daily physical activity is best almost daily is OK. Activity can be part of play, games, sports, work, transportation, recreation, physical education, or planned exercise. The activity can be performed in the context of the family, school or community.
    24. 24. How much activity is needed for adults? • Perform 20-30 minutes of aerobic activity 3-5 times per week. • Incorporate lifelong wellness activities almost daily. • Follow appropriate active lifestyle diet.
    25. 25. Promoting Physical Activity In School
    26. 26. Physical Activity • Physical inactivity is a serious problem here in the United States. • If a physically active lifestyle is adopted early in life, the chances are better that it may continue into adulthood. • Schools can provide environments with opportunities for learning and practicing active lifestyle behaviors.
    27. 27. Physical Activity… • Any athletic, recreational or occupational activities that require physical skills and utilizes strength, power, endurance, speed, flexibility, range of motion or agility to increase physical fitness.
    28. 28. Physical Activity is Important • • • • Improves cardiovascular and respiratory functioning Reduces coronary artery disease (CAD) risk Increased quality of life. Beneficial improvements in cardiovascular and respiratory function include: • An increased ability of exercising muscles to consume oxygen, • Lowered resting and exercise heart rates, • Increased stamina • Resistance to fatigue • More effective management of diabetes • Reduced bone-mineral loss • Decreased blood pressure • Increased efficiency of the heart.
    29. 29. How much physical activity is recommended for children?
    30. 30. Physical Activity is good! • According to the new 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, children and adolescents should engage in at least 60 minutes of physical activity on most, preferably all, days of the week.
    31. 31. How can we incorporate physical activity into school?
    32. 32. Even if physical activity requirements are declining, schools can promote physically active lifestyles. • Provide time during the school day for quality physical activity. • Sponsor parent-child activity programs after school. • Encourage and enable school personnel to be active role models by their • • • • • • • • participation in physical activity. Allow access to facilities before and after school hours and during vacation periods. Plan fitness breaks: periodic 5 minute aerobic activities to break up the school day or class. Provide students and teachers with physical and social environments that encourage and enable physical activity. Encourage and enable parental involvement in physical activity. Schedule an activity break after lunch. Provide extracurricular programs, e.g. walking clubs, jumping rope, in-line skating. Encourage teachers to provide time for unstructured physical activity during recess. Incorporate physical activity in other subjects such as math, science, language arts, spelling and geography.
    33. 33. The impact of physical activity
    34. 34. Impact • Schools that promote physical activity may have a significant impact on reducing childhood obesity, chronic disease, and, ultimately, adult mortality. • As research has shown physical activity has been associated with increased academic performance, self-concept, mood, and mental health, the promotion of physical activity and exercise may also improve quality of life.
    35. 35. Gym Rules • Physical education is a collective • You have 5 minutes to change when coming into class. You will have instant activity until we start class. Instant activity includes using basketballs, volleyballs, foam footballs, jump ropes, hula hoops and any other equipment that is put out in they gym. effort – everyone needs to put forth maximum effort and try your hardest in EVERY activity.
    36. 36. • Warm ups will be a combination of dynamic stretching, static stretching, body weight exercises and cardio work. • We will be working as a class to build muscle and be healthier. • Be respectful to your teachers and classmates. Always ask yourself, “what would Jesus do?” • The gym is a safe zone. Everyone has the right to play and be included without being laughed at or made fun of. Unsportsmanlike behavior will not be tolerated.
    37. 37. Grading g • Participation is 70% of your grade. That means: • going for the ball all the time. • trying to get open for a pass. • not letting your teammates do all the work. • being sweaty and out of breath when class ends.
    38. 38. • Homework and quizzes are 30% of your grade. • Homework must be turned in when due. If not, points will be added to your responsibility card and the work MUST be turned in by the next class. • Study guides will be posted on Option C. • Some assignments will be posted on my blog. Make sure you know how to get to it.
    39. 39. 1. Have in mind the developmental needs of the children. 2. Observe progression of exercises. 3. Start with easy movements and gradually have more complicated ones. 4. Variety of movements or combinations may add interest and will also involve more muscles. 5. Observe symmetry and unity in creating exercises for different groups.
    40. 40. We will start the year with fitness testing. Each student will know his or her body fat percentage, how many calories he or she needs, and come up with a goal for the semester. Pacer run Curl ups Push ups Sit and reach 20 yard dash
    41. 41. PE has the potential to decrease levels of obesity
    42. 42. • PE programmes have a significant influence on the future health of children, by encouraging pupils to take part in a wide variety of physical activities
    43. 43. Many additional benefits for pupils • • • • co-operation in group situations acceptance of success and failure, concepts of working hard and ‘fair play’ appreciation of the skills and attributes of others
    44. 44. Physical Education (PE) provides children with the knowledge, skills and understanding necessary to perform a variety of physical activities, maintain physical fitness and to value as well as enjoy physical activity as an ongoing part of a healthy lifestyle.
    45. 45. HAVE FUN, PLAY HARD
    46. 46. References Graham, George, Shirley A. Holt.Hale, and Melissa Parker. “Children Moving: A Reflective Approach to Teaching Physical Education”. 07 March 2014 “President’s Council for Physical Education and Sports Research Digest.” Motivating Kids in Physical Activity. 2000. 07 March 2014. “Moving into the Future: National Standards for Physical Education”. National Standards for Physical Education. 2nd Ed. March 23, 2009. Haspela, J and Reyes, G. “ Teaching the Psychomotor phase of physical education. . 07 March 2014. Anand, G. Physical Education. 2014. 07 March 2014