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Structural Functional Theory

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Structural Functional Theory

  1. 1. STRUCTURAL FUNCTIONAL THEORY
  2. 2. states that society is made up of various institutions that work together cooperation states that is made up of various institutions that work together cooperation states that is made up of various that work together cooperation Fami lies Neighbo rhood Associat ions Scho ols Churc hes states that is made up of various that work together Talcott Parsons Robert Merton FUNCTIONAL IMPERATIVES A DAPTATIONG OAL ATTAINMENTI NTEGRATIONL ATENCYSCHEMES A DAPTATIONG OAL ATTAINMENTI NTEGRATIONL ATENCYSCHEME : LEVELS Assumptions Systems have the property of order and interdependence of parts Systems tend toward self-maintaining order, or equilibrium The system may be static or involved in an ordered process of change The nature of one part of the system has an impact on the form that the other parts can take Systems maintain boundaries with their environments Allocation and integration are two fundamental processes necessary for a given state of equilibrium of a system Systems tend toward self-maintenance involving the maintenance of the relationships of parts to the whole, control of environmental variations, and control of tendencies to change the system from within Social structures provide preset patterns which evolve to meet human needs Stability, order, and harmony Maintenance of society IMBALANCE DISINTEGRATION Churc hes Scho ols Associat ions Neighbo rhood Fami liesThe proponents of this theory focus on order and stability to the neglect of the process of change.

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